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Hellani Ali - - 2008
Recurrent IVF failure, implantation failure and early embryo demise can be attributed to the high frequency of chromosomal aneuploidy observed in human embryos. Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) using multiple displacement amplifications (MDA) and array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) was successfully performed on eight patients with a minimum of seven recurrent ...
Liu Wei - - 2008
Wnt proteins constitute one of the major families of secreted ligands that function in developmental signaling, however, little is known of the role of Wnt5a during inner ear development. It is hypothesized that Wnt5a acts as a mediator of chondrogenesis in the developing otic capsule, a cartilaginous structure that surrounds ...
Assou S - - 2008
Identification of new criteria for embryo quality is required to improve the clinical outcome of in vitro fertilization. The aim of this study was to determine the gene expression profile of cumulus cells (CC) surrounding the oocyte as biomarkers for embryo potential and to identify genes to be used as ...
Pollard Jeffrey W - - 2008
Successful embryo implantation requires complex interactions between the uterus and embryo, including the establishment of maternal immunologic tolerance of fetal material. The maternal-fetal interface is dynamically populated by a wide variety of innate immune cells; however, the relevance of uterine DCs (uDCs) within the decidua to the success of implantation ...
Plaks Vicki - - 2008
Implantation is a key stage during pregnancy, as the fate of the embryo is often decided upon its first contact with the maternal endometrium. Around this time, DCs accumulate in the uterus; however, their role in pregnancy and, more specifically, implantation, remains unknown. We investigated the function of uterine DCs ...
Pontes J H F - - 2009
To investigate why the preferred means to produce bovine embryos in Brazil has changed from in vivo to in vitro, we compared these two approaches in the same Nelore cows (n=30) and assessed total embryo production and pregnancy rates. Without a specific schedule, all cows were subjected to ultrasound-guided ovum ...
Rogge Jessica R - - 2008
Plasticity in hatching timing allows embryos to balance egg- and larval-stage risks, and depends on the ability of hatching-competent embryos to continue developing in the egg. Hypoxia can slow development, kill embryos and induce premature hatching. For terrestrial eggs of red-eyed treefrogs, the embryonic period can extend approximately 50% longer ...
Aziz Seerat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess outcomes in embryos with a crown-rump length (CRL) of 5 mm or less without embryonic cardiac activity (ECA) among pregnant women with vaginal bleeding in the first trimester. METHODS: A retrospective study of all first-trimester sonograms in women with vaginal bleeding ...
Na Yi-Rang - - 2009
3,3',4,4',5-Pentachlorinated biphenyls 126 (PCB126) is a global environmental contaminant that can induce cellular oxidative stress. We investigated whether vitamin E can protect against toxicity from PCB126 during zebrafish (Danio rerio) development. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 100nM PCB126 and compared with a second group that was co-exposed with 100muM vitamin ...
Mitchell Megan - - 2009
The nutrient requirements and metabolic pathways used by the developing embryo transition from predominantly pyruvate during early cleavage stages to glucose at the blastocyst; however, the complexities involved in the regulation of metabolism at different developmental stages are not clear. The aims of this study were to examine the role ...
Green R E - - 2009
The aim of this study was to evaluate the viability in the effect of open pulled straw (OPS) vitrification procedure of sheep embryos after direct transference. Embryos were produced in vivo and cryopreserved in slow freezing or OPS vitrification. The survival rates of cryopreserved embryos were compared to non-frozen standard ...
Seli Emre - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify biomarkers associated with reproductive outcome using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR) metabolomic profiling of embryo culture media. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: An academic assisted reproductive technology (ART) program; a university research center. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing ART treatment. INTERVENTION(S): Spent media samples from embryos that resulted in ...
Warner Carol M - - 2008
Non-invasive methods of assessing embryo quality are critical for pregnancy success following IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). The addition of new non-invasive morphological and biochemical analyses may further improve pregnancy success, allowing the transfer of a single embryo, thereby reducing the risks involved in multiple births following IVF/ICSI. The ...
Gil-Villa Aura María - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether increasing antioxidant intake in men with high levels of DNA damage or lipid peroxidation improves gestational results in couples with history of recurrent embryo loss. DESIGN: Descriptive study (case series). SETTING: Early recurrent embryo loss program at the University of Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. PATIENT(S): Seventeen men ...
Mio Yasuyuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to clarify developmental changes of early human embryos by using time-lapse cinematography (TLC). STUDY DESIGN: For human ova, fertilization and cleavage, development of the blastocyst, and hatching, as well as consequent changes were repeatedly photographed at intervals of 5-6 days by using an ...
Dreesen J - - 2008
The aim of this study was to validate the overall preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)-PCR procedure and to determine the diagnostic value. Genotyped embryos not selected for embryo transfer (ET) and unsuitable for cryopreservation after PGD were used for confirmatory analysis. The PGD genotyped blastomeres and corresponding embryos were compared, and ...
Nokhbatolfoghahai Mohsen - - 2008
Lithium carbonate is used as a standard treatment for manic depression. While researchers have investigated the teratogenic effects of lithium carbonate on embryos of various animals in later stages of development, very limited work has been done on the probability of effects at early stages of development. In this study, ...
Jaiswal Yogesh Kumar - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced DNA damage in preimplanting embryonic and uterine cells during preimplantation period of pregnancy that may ultimately inhibit the process of implantation in mouse. DESIGN: Animal study. SETTING: Academic research environment. ANIMAL(S): Sixty four Park strain female mice. INTERVENTION(S): The "minimum dose" (MD) of LPS was ...
Zeng Xiangfang - - 2008
Four experiments were conducted with 120 pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats to determine effects of dietary arginine supplementation on embryonic survival. Rats were fed a nonpurified diet supplemented with 1.3% (wt:wt) L-arginine-HCl or 2.2% (wt:wt) L-alanine (isonitrogenous control) throughout pregnancy (Expt. 1), between d 1 and 7 of gestation and then the ...
Vutyavanich Teraporn - - 2008
AIM: To compare the outcomes of slow freezing with ultra-rapid freezing (URF) of cleavage-stage human embryos on aluminum foil. METHODS: Two-cell mouse embryos were used to test our method of ultra-rapid freezing. The embryos were randomly allocated to a non-frozen control (208 embryos), and slow (204 embryos) or ultra-rapid freezing ...
Qian Yu-li - - 2008
To evaluate the accuracy of a scoring system combining zygote and embryo morphology in predicting the outcome of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. In a study group, 117 consecutive IVF or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles with embryo transfer were carried out and 312 embryos were scored using a combined ...
Prakash B S - - 2008
Yak and mithun are two domesticated herbivores of high economic importance to the farming community living in highlands. Improved yak and mithun production could significantly enhance the living standards of these highlanders. Over the years, their dwindling numbers have been a cause of serious concern. In view of the lack ...
Pullman Gerald S - - 2008
Stage-specific analyses of starch and 18 sugars, including pentoses, hexoses, disaccharides, trisaccharides, oligosaccharides and sugar alcohols, were made throughout seed development for zygotic embryo and female gametophyte (FG) tissues of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.). Tissue was most often analyzed in triplicate from two open-pollinated families grown in different locations ...
Wrathall A E - - 2008
Early experiments suggested that scrapie transmission via sheep embryos was a possibility, and gave rise to much controversy. However, when account is taken of the complex genetic effects on ovine susceptibility to scrapie, and of the several different scrapie strains with different clinical and pathological effects, the overall conclusion now ...
López-García Carlos - - 2008
Polyamines play an essential role in murine development, as demonstrated by both gene ablation in ornithine decarboxylase (ODC)-deficient embryos and pharmacological treatments of pregnant mice. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which ODC inhibition affects embryonic development during critical periods of pregnancy are mostly unknown. Our present results demonstrate ...
Gomez Céline - - 2008
The vertebrate body axis is subdivided into repeated segments, best exemplified by the vertebrae that derive from embryonic somites. The number of somites is precisely defined for any given species but varies widely from one species to another. To determine the mechanism controlling somite number, we have compared somitogenesis in ...
Bauersachs S - - 2008
The endometrium undergoes marked functional changes during estrous cycle and pregnancy. As the adjacent environment of the conceptus, it represents the maternal interface for embryo-maternal communication, which is essential to maintain pregnancy. Transcriptome studies provide the unique opportunity to assess molecular profiles changing in response to endocrine or metabolic stimuli ...
Balaban B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare two methods of cryopreservation for the cleavage-stage human embryo: slow freezing and vitrification. METHODS: A total of 466 Day 3 embryos, donated with consent, underwent cryopreservation by either slow freezing in straws or vitrification using the cryoloop. The vitrification procedure did ...
Na Yong-Jin - - 2008
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the number of early cleaving embryos as an effective predictor for multiple pregnancies in human in vitro fertilization (IVF). METHODS: The study analyzed early cleavage (EC) in 190 cycles of IVF. The EC of embryos to the two-cell stage was ...
Yan Chang-Liang - - 2008
The present study was designed to investigate the cryotolerance of in vitro fertilised (IVF) mouse embryos at various preimplantation developmental stages. IVF mouse embryos were vitrified by the open-pulled straw (OPS) method. After warming, embryos were morphologically evaluated and assessed by their development to blastocysts, hatched blastocysts or term. The ...
Bromer Jason G - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The present article describes the current status of embryo assessment in assisted reproductive technologies and discusses two important issues that derive, at least in part, from our inability to adequately assess the reproductive potential of individual embryos: low implantation rates and high multiple pregnancy rates. After an ...
Pretzer S D - - 2008
The progression from a fertilized oocyte to a newborn puppy is a remarkable phenomenon that occurs in a period of approximately two months. Embryonic development encompasses the period of time at which three germ layers differentiate: ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. Organ systems are formed from these germ layers, with most ...
Browne R W - - 2008
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is the sole lipoprotein present in follicular fluid (FF). The objectives of this study were to examine HDL lipid composition and associated enzyme activities in FF and serum and to relate these levels to embryo morphology parameters in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Serum and FF ...
Balaban B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities of oocyte morphology affect embryo quality and viability. Whether morphological abnormalities of the oocyte influence cryosurvival and further development of derived embryos is not known. The aim of this study was to compare cryosurvival and progression to the blastocyst stage of frozen-thawed embryos derived from normal and abnormal ...
Sireesha G V - - 2008
The mammalian embryo is encased in a glycoproteinaceous coat, the zona pellucida (ZP) during preimplantation development. Prior to implantation, the blastocyst must undergo 'hatching' or ZP escape. In hamsters, there is a thinning of the ZP followed by a focal lysis and a complete dissolution of the ZP during blastocyst ...
Gandara Carlos André Tarrio - - 2008
PURPOSE: To reproduce the experimental model of gastroschisis in chicken embryos and to prove that the histopathological changes that occur in this model can be compared to those in human gastroschisis. METHODS: A total of 278 Leghorn hen (Gallus domesticus) eggs were used. The embryos were divided into three groups: ...
Stahlschmidt Zachary R - - 2008
Parental care is a widespread and ecologically relevant adaptation known to enhance the developmental environment of offspring. Parental behaviors, however, may entail both costs and benefits for developing offspring. In Children's pythons (Antaresia childreni), we monitored both maternal egg-brooding behavior and intra-clutch oxygen partial pressure (PO2) in real-time to assess ...
Drews B - - 2008
The elephant has an extraordinary long pregnancy, lasting 21 months. However, knowledge on embryo development is limited. To date, only single morphological observations of elephant embryo development associated with placentation are available, all lacking correlation to gestational age. The present study describes morphological characteristics of early embryo development in the ...
Howsepian A A - - 2008
In this essay, I attempt to provide answers to the following four queries concerning the metaphysics of early human embryogenesis. (1) Following its first cellular fission, is it coherent to claim that one and only one of two "blastomeric" twins of a human zygote is identical with that zygote? (2) ...
Liu Qun - - 2008
To assess the relationship between pronuclear scoring and day-3 embryo quality and pregnancy outcome and to determine the clinical value of pronuclear stage scoring system in human in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET) program, a pronuclear scoring system was used to score zygotes 16-20 h after insemination during conventional IVF or ...
Besenfelder U - - 2008
The collection of extra numbers of bovine embryos by superstimulation of donors underlies variation concerning yield of morulae and blastocysts. Our study aimed at establishing a correlation between hormonal treatment and embryo development during oviductal passage including repeated flushing. A transvaginal endoscopic procedure was used to flush the oviducts at ...
Shirazi A - - 2008
Ovine embryos were produced by maturation, fertilization and in vitro culture (IVM/IVF/IVC) of oocytes collected from slaughtered prepubertal ewes. At 24 h post IVM, oocytes were fertilized with fresh semen collected from Lori-Bakhtiari breed at a concentration of 1.0 x l0(6) sperm mL(-1). The presumptive ova/embryos were transferred into the ...
Prades Marie - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent to which transfers of frozen single embryos increase cumulative pregnancy rates. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: IVF unit of a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Patients undergoing IVF cycles that were carried out from 2001 to 2005 (n = 1758). Patients were assigned to three groups according to ...
Wang Huachun - - 2008
The plant life cycle includes diploid sporophytic and haploid gametophytic generations. Female gametophytes (embryo sacs) in higher plants are embedded in specialized sporophytic structures (ovules). Here, we report that two closely related mitogen-activated protein kinases in Arabidopsis thaliana, MPK3 and MPK6, share a novel function in ovule development: in the ...
Shi Li-Hong - - 2008
The interspecies somatic cell nuclear transfer (iSCNT) technique for therapeutic cloning gives great promise for treatment of many human diseases. However, the incomplete nuclear reprogramming and the low blastocyst rate of iSCNT are still big problems. Herein, we observed the effect of TSA on the development of rabbit-rabbit intraspecies and ...
Longo Monica - - 2008
Artemisinin derivatives are effective and safe drugs for treating malaria, but they are not recommended during the first trimester of pregnancy because of resorptions and abnormalities observed in animal reproduction studies. Previous studies in rats showed that artemisinin embryotoxicity derives from the depletion of primitive red blood cells (RBCs) over ...
Feil Deanne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Single embryo transfers (SETs) require the most viable embryo from a cohort to be selected. Day 4 embryos may provide a selection advantage similar to blastocyst transfer as embryos are replaced post-embryonic genome activation and into the uterus where they would normally reside. However, there is currently no adequate ...
Verwoerd-Dikkeboom C M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to demonstrate that Carnegie Stages could be assigned to embryos visualized with a 3D virtual reality system. METHODS: We analysed 48 3D ultrasound scans of 19 IVF/ICSI pregnancies at 7-10 weeks' gestation. These datasets were visualized as 3D 'holograms' in the BARCO I-Space ...
Adams N J - - 2008
Development patterns in birds range from precocial species, which hatch chicks largely capable of independent existence, to altricial species, chicks of which are highly dependent on their parents for extended periods. Previous work indicates precocial chicks have a robust corticosterone response from hatching whereas non-precocial and altricial chicks have a ...
Hesters Laëtitia - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the first division morphology on embryo development and IVF-embryo transfer outcome. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital, France. PATIENT(S): All zygotes from 201 couples were checked for early cleavage. We defined as "even," early cleaved (EC) zygotes with 2 cells of even size; as ...
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