Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1029
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Manterola Carlos - - 2004
Twelve pregnant women with hydatid disease are presented with median age of 29; 11 (91.7%) had a liver cyst and one (8.3%) had a kidney cyst as the primary disease location. Four (33.3%) had additional cysts located in the pelvis, peritoneal cavity and/or spleen; eight (66.7%) had two or more ...
Katz Jeffry A - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inflammatory bowel disease commonly affects women during the childbearing years, and young couples are often concerned about the potential effects of inflammatory bowel disease on fertility, pregnancy, and the fetus. This review will critically consider advances over the past 2 years in our knowledge of the effects ...
Tieu Kim - - 2004
The neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) impairs mitochondrial respiration and damages dopaminergic neurons as seen in Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we report that L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase type II/amyloid binding alcohol dehydrogenase (HADH II/ABAD), a mitochondrial oxidoreductase enzyme involved in neuronal survival, is downregulated in PD patients and in MPTP-intoxicated mice. We also show ...
Kim Tae-Sun - - 2004
A 26-year-old woman presented with an intraventricular haemorrhage during the 27th week of gestation in July 1996, and recovered without general or neurological complications after external ventricular drainage. The fetus was delivered spontaneously through the vagina at the 30th week of gestation, but eventually died. Cerebral angiography demonstrated typical appearances ...
Gordon Caroline - - 2004
Until about 15 years ago, the general advice to women with autoimmune rheumatic diseases, especially systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis and vasculitic syndromes, was to avoid pregnancy as there was a high risk of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. However, it is now clear that these risks can be ...
Pereira Adriana - - 2004
Pregnancy induces significant physiologic stresses on the pulmonary and cardiovascular systems that may precipitate respiratory compromise. In addition, certain disease states that are unique to the pregnant woman, such as amniotic fluid emboli syndrome, may be associated with respiratory failure. The physiologic changes that affect the pregnant woman are reviewed. ...
Steinlauf Adam F - - 2004
Gastroenterologists are not infrequently faced with questions regarding pregnancy when advising or treating their patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To advise patients effectively, the following factors must be considered: (1) the inheritance patterns of IBD for accurate counseling and family planning; (2) the effects of active IBD versus medications ...
Ando Takao - - 2004
The course and severity of the autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) is known to be influenced by pregnancy as evidenced by disease suppression during pregnancy and initiation, or exacerbation, of disease postpartum. AITD is also known to affect both fertility and pregnancy outcome as evidenced by increased fetal loss. However, the ...
Lachman Eylan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Laminaria are used worldwide for the preparation of the cervix for termination of pregnancy. CASE: The patient presented with recurrent episodes of pelvic inflammatory disease. Her history was significant for treatment with laminaria 4 years before presentation. After 6 months of evaluation, a diagnostic dilation and curettage was performed ...
Kimby Eva - - 2004
The optimal treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) during pregnancy is currently undefined. The potential teratogenic effects of conventional chemotherapy preclude its use during the first trimester of pregnancy. We report the case of a pregnant woman with relapsed indolent follicular NHL who was treated with rituximab (unintentionally) during the first ...
Harris J M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Inverse associations between allergic disease and sibship have been consistently described and are frequently explained by purported lower rates of early infection among children from small families. Alternative explanations include the possibility that pregnancy itself determines maternal atopic status. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that atopy defined by skin ...
Kunynetz R A - - 2004
Oral isotretinoin, since its introduction more than 20 years ago, has been and still is the "gold standard" in the treatment of acne and its variants. This is the only approach to acne with the possibility of a permanent "cure" or long term remission. The role of isotretinoin has evolved ...
Østensen Monika E - - 2004
NSAIDs or cyclooxygenase inhibitors (COX inhibitors), including aspirin, are widely used to treat pain, fever and the articular symptoms of chronic rheumatic diseases. Manifestations of connective tissue or autoimmune diseases are commonly treated with glucocorticosteroids. The effect and side effects of NSAIDs depend on the isoforms of cyclooxygenases that they ...
Elstein Yonatan - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The study was undertaken to investigate the outcome of pregnancies in Gaucher disease, particularly in enzyme-treated women. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed of pregnant women evaluated at a referral clinic. RESULTS: There were 43 (17 treated, 26 untreated) women with 66 pregnancies (23 treated, 43 untreated). The ...
Dennery Phyllis A - - 2004
In the cell, reducing and oxidizing molecules modulate the redox state. In embryonic and fetal growth, increased oxidative stress may be detrimental, but an oxidized state can also be beneficial. This is because redox may also affect key transcription factors that can alter gene expression during development. In addition, redox ...
Blakely L Johnetta - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The goal of the current study was to assess the effect of pregnancy on the subsequent risk of recurrence after treatment for breast carcinoma, adjusting for established prognostic factors. METHODS: Between 1974 and 1998, 383 patients age < or =35 years were treated for breast carcinoma with adjuvant chemotherapy ...
Figueiró-Filho Ernesto Antonio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present review was to close the gap in the approach to pregnant women with visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) by providing up-to-date information to obstetricians about physiopathology, epidemiology, vertical transmission, drugs and treatment during pregnancy. BACKGROUND: Infection with Leishmania chagasi during pregnancy is rare and deserves special ...
Malhotra M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare the pregnancy outcomes of women having valvular heart disease with the pregnancy outcomes of healthy women. METHODS: A retrospective comparison of the maternal and fetal pregnancy outcomes of 312 women with valvular heart disease and 321 healthy women cared for at a tertiary care hospital during the ...
Tongsong Theera - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of various sonographic markers at midpregnancy in predicting fetal hemoglobin Bart disease. METHODS: Four hundred eighty-eight pregnancies at risk of having fetuses with hemoglobin Bart disease were recruited for prenatal diagnosis with cordocentesis at 18 to 21 gestational weeks. Before cordocentesis, the sonographic markers, including ...
Turco A E - - 2004
The presence of a small population of cells or DNA in one individual that derives from another genetically distinct person is referred to as microchimerism; this process may occur in course of pregnancy from mother to fetus, and vice versa. The clinical similarities between some features of autoimmune diseases and ...
Doria A - - 2004
The physiological adaptation of the immune system to pregnancy can potentially affect the course of all autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD), conversely the autoimmune processes characteristic of these conditions may compromise the foetal outcome. Unfortunately, very few reports on pregnancy outcome in patients with rare ARD are available. In this paper, ...
Greco L - - 2004
In a previous hospital based study, we suggested that undiagnosed coeliac disease has a prevalence, among pregnant women, of 1:80, and is a cause of unfavourable outcome of pregnancy. In order to confirm or dismiss this hypothesis, which has significant public health implications, we carried out a large population based ...
Yalaz M - - 2003
Normal fertility is sustained by progress in the medical therapy of Wilson's disease; however, pregnancy complications are encountered more frequently. The mother we present is a Wilson's disease patient who had been compliant with D-penicillamine for the preceding 13 years. She was admitted with unplanned pregnancy at the 16th gestational ...
Sánchez-Luceros Analía - - 2003
Gestation is a challenge to haemostasis and it is associated with significant haemostatic changes. Several studies have evaluated von Willebrand factor in normal pregnancy, but none considered the personal history of bleeding. We studied a group of healthy non-bleeding women (184 pregnant, 64 puerperium, 37 non-pregnant) to evaluate normal ranges ...
Faiz Shakeel A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review all cases of valvular heart disease during pregnancy in a regional Saudi-Arabian population between 1993-1997, determine its incidence, contributing factors and its effect on the outcome of pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective study of 33,200 cases between 1993-1997 performed over a period of 5 years in the Department ...
Lubbe Darlene E - - 2003
This random survey was to determine the flexible nasopharyngoscope disinfection practice employed by South African otolaryngologists and to establish whether a breach in the disinfection process exists. The study also aimed to identify organisms most likely to be transmitted via endoscopy and to propose a protocol for the disinfection of ...
Lashuel Hilal A - - 2003
Although APP mutations associated with inherited forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are relatively rare, detailed studies of these mutations may prove critical for gaining important insights into the mechanism(s) and etiology of AD. Here, we present a detailed biophysical characterization of the structural properties of protofibrils formed by the Arctic ...
Park In Whee - - 2003
Dermatomyositis in pregnancy is rare. Pregnancy may be a precipitating factor at the onset or may develop during the course of dermatomyositis, which would exacerbate disease activity. In this study, we report a 22-year-old female patient who developed generalized skin rash and progressive muscle weakness in the twelfth week of ...
Shemin Douglas - - 2003
Pregnancy occurs uncommonly in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and fetal outcome tends to be poor, with high rates of prematurity and mortality. Dialysis, by complementing residual renal function, may improve fetal outcome in pregnant women with CKD. Although there are no prospective or randomized trials that examine the ...
Saheeb B D O - - 2003
A case of midline lethal granuloma in a 28-year- old female Nigerian patient is reported. Oral, ocular and nasal lesions were present and these preceded a spontaneous abortion of a three month old pregnancy. The clinical course of the disease and its similarity to other granulomatous diseases, which are generally ...
Uzun Soner - - 2003
Although Behçet's disease is mainly diagnosed during the reproductive periods of life, we know little about the influence of pregnancy on the clinical course of Behçet's disease. Therefore, we analyzed the relationship between Behçet's disease and pregnancy retrospectively, in order to detect any possible interaction between the two multisystemic processes, ...
Rabiah Peter K - - 2003
PURPOSE: To report the course of uveitis disease activity during pregnancy and the postpartum period in women with noninfectious uveitis. DESIGN: Observational case series. METHODS: The medical records of women with noninfectious uveitis and pregnancy during follow-up at a large eye hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with pregnancy were included ...
Raychaudhuri Siba P - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Since the landmark study on rheumatoid arthritis, many reports have suggested that physiological changes during pregnancy often induce remission of systemic and cutaneous inflammatory diseases. In this study we investigated the clinical course of psoriasis during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: In this retrospective study information was collected from Psoriasis Life History ...
Hou Jia-Woei - - 2003
Restrictive dermopathy (RD) is a very rare and lethal congenital skin disease. It is inherited by an autosomal recessive pattern with characteristic features of abnormally rigid skin, generalized joint contractures (arthrogryposis), and dysmorphic facies consisting of downward slanting eyes, a small pinched nose, low-set ears, a fixed open mouth in ...
Tilson Richard S. - - 2003
Physicians treating patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis will often need to care for them throughout pregnancy and deal with the surrounding issues of fertility, childbirth, and sexuality. Patients often worry about continuing medications during pregnancy and feel particularly at risk for poor birth outcomes. However, because pregnancy outcomes ...
Lok C A R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a desire for pregnancy changed after etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide and vincristine (EMA/CO) treatment for gestational trophoblastic disease and whether the incidence of infertility and adverse pregnancy outcome differed from the general population. DESIGN: A cohort study was performed. Data were collected from hospital records ...
Arayssi Thurayya K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare clinical disorder of unknown etiology characterized by hip pain and functional disability that resolve spontaneously in 6-24 months. OBJECTIVES: To report 2 patients with TOH during pregnancy who had rapid resolution of their illness with the use of calcitonin. To ...
Sam Susan - - 2003
Pregnancy may occur in the setting of endocrine diseases or be the first time these diseases manifest clinically. Management of pregnancy in these circumstances is challenging and requires a high degree of vigilance on the part of the treating physicians. The best outcome is achieved by a multidisciplinary approach consisting ...
Silva C A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of pregnancy in 28 females with dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM), assess the outcome in those who became pregnant after the onset of the disease and review the literature of all published cases. METHOD: Fifty-four patients with myositis have been under long-term follow-up from 1976-2001 ...
Lambert Nathalie - - 2003
Recent studies indicate cell traffic occurs between the fetus and mother during pregnancy and that low numbers of fetal cells commonly persist in the maternal circulation for years thereafter. Microchimerism refers to a small number of cells or DNA from one individual harbored in another individual. Autoimmune diseases are more ...
Nanda A - - 2003
Pemphigoid gestationis (PG) is a rare autoimmune disease of pregnancy. We report a series of 22 cases of PG in Kuwait. They constituted 18% of all the autoimmune bullous diseases registered in our centre over a span of 11 years. PG was observed to be the third most common bullous ...
Pan Vivien L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still disease is a rare febrile disorder that can present for the first time during pregnancy. It is a diagnosis of exclusion with nonspecific laboratory results. Good maternal and fetal outcomes can be expected after initial diagnosis and treatment. CASE: A 21-year-old (gravida 2, para 1) at 20 ...
Ristić Arsen D - - 2003
There is no evidence that pregnancy affects susceptibility to pericardial disease. However, when such a condition occurs, its proper diagnosis and management may be crucial for the outcome of the pregnancy. Hydropericardium is the most frequent form of pericardial involvement in pregnancy. It is typically a small, clinically silent pericardial ...
Bentov Yaakov - - 2003
Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) is caused by Rickettsia conorii, an obligate intracellular parasite of eukaryotic cells. Although, usually this disease has a benign course, a rapidly fatal outcome can occur even in young healthy adults. We describe a case of a 40-year-old Bedouin woman gravida 11, para 10, who was ...
Zlatanic Jusuf - - 2003
PURPOSE: 6-Mercaptopurine (6-MP) has proven efficacy in the therapy of inflammatory bowel disease. Its teratogenicity is demonstrated in animal studies when used at very high doses, whereas human data suggest that 6-MP at maintenance doses is safe. We report the outcome of 72 pregnancies in patients with inflammatory bowel disease ...
Silverberg Michael J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis conferred by a maternal history of genital warts in pregnancy, and to identify additional cofactors such as the method of delivery (cesarean versus vaginal) and procedures or complications during pregnancy. METHODS: A retrospective cohort design was used to evaluate maternal ...
Garattini Silvio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the degree of innovation of the products with indications for CNS diseases approved for the European market through the centralized procedure. METHODS: This paper examines the documentation available on nine products approved by the European Medicines Evaluation Agency in its first years of activity. RESULTS: The Committee ...
Goettler Claudia E - - 2003
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the current morbidity and mortality of Crohn's disease presenting for the first time in pregnancy. METHODS: A review of the English-language literature was performed to collect all reported cases of Crohn's disease presenting in pregnancy. RESULTS: This review demonstrates a maternal mortality of 4 percent and ...
Sandhu Bimaljit S - - 2003
Liver disease has an impact on women's health during pregnancy because of the complex interactions between the physiologic changes induced by pregnancy and the pathophysiologic changes of liver disease. In particular, liver diseases that predominantly afflict females, such as primary biliary cirrhosis and autoimmune hepatitis, pose a special problem for ...
Richter Joel E - - 2003
Approximately two thirds of pregnant patients develop heartburn. The origin is multifactorial, but the predominant factor is a decrease in LES pressure caused by female sex hormones, especially progesterone. Mechanical factors play a small role. Serious reflux complications during pregnancy are rare; therefore EGD and other diagnostic tests are infrequently ...
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