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Results 251 - 300 of 1021
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Tandon Vishal R - - 2006
Pregnancy in most cases, is associated with remission of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but a quarter of patients continue to have active disease or even worsening of the disease and most patients who improve, relapse in the postpartum period. The pathophysiology of this improvement in disease activity during pregnancy remains unknown, ...
Roseboom Tessa - - 2006
Small size at birth is linked with an increased risk of chronic diseases in later life. Poor maternal nutrition during gestation may contribute to restricted fetal growth, leading to increased disease susceptibility in later life. Animal studies have shown that undernutrition during gestation is associated with reduced life span and ...
Phupong Vorapong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Kikuchi disease is a rare but distinctive type of necrotizing lymphadenitis. It has a self-limiting clinical course and usually affects the cervical lymph nodes in young women. Although Kikuchi disease occurs most often in young women, it is rare during pregnancy. CASE: A 28-year-old woman, primigravida, 8 weeks pregnancy, ...
Germanakis Ioannis - - 2006
Fetal echocardiography allows for early detection of congenital heart disease, and pregnancy termination may be an option in cases of complex defects. In the current study, the most important factors contributing to the diagnosis and termination of affected pregnancies are reviewed and their combined effect on the future prevalence of ...
Riis Lene - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) often affects patients in their fertile age. The aim of this study was to describe pregnancy outcome in a European cohort of IBD patients. As data are limited regarding the effect of pregnancy on disease course, our second objective was to investigate whether ...
Mendez-Sanchez Nahum - - 2006
Gallbladder disease is a highly prevalent disease in western countries as a consequence of several genetic, biochemical, and environmental factors. Females are a high risk group, and pregnancy increases this risk considerably. In fact, gallbladder diseases are the second most common indication for nonobstetric surgical intervention in pregnancy. In this ...
Nava-Ocampo Alejandro A - - 2006
A 36-year-old pregnant patient has symptoms of peptic disease. Treatment with diet and lifestyle modifications and also antacids has given her little relief. If she were not pregnant, I would prescribe a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) for her. She is now 4 weeks pregnant, and I need to determine whether ...
Kikuchi N - - 2006
Buerger's disease is an inflammatory occlusive vascular disorder involving small- and medium-sized arteries in the distal extremities and is usually complicated with thrombophlebitis. Since Buerger's disease develops most frequently in men who smoke, pregnancy complicated with this disease is extremely rare. Only three pregnancies have been reported previously. All cases ...
de Boer Nanne K H - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The use of azathioprine (AZA) in the treatment of autoimmune diseases during pregnancy are believed to be relatively safe, particularly taking into account the potential risks for mother and fetus should the underlying disease become active due to withdrawal of this thiopurine. However, essential evidence on the safety of ...
Takahashi Ken-ichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Enterostomy is often undergone by patients with Crohn's disease (CD) due to severe anorectal lesions such as rectovaginal fistula (RVF). Reports of successful pregnancy and delivery, which are important determinants of quality of life for female CD patients with stoma, are limited. Thus, we investigated problems associated ...
Doria Andrea - - 2006
One of the most important immunological modifications during pregnancy is the Th1/Th2 shift, due to the progressive increase of progesterone and estrogens during pregnancy, which reach their peak-level in the third trimester of gestation. At high levels, estrogens seem mainly to suppress Th1 cytokines and stimulate Th2-mediated immunological responses as ...
Thukral Chandrashekhar - - 2006
The management and treatment of gastrointestinal ailments in pregnant women requires special attention and expertise, since the safety of the mother, fetus and neonate remains the primary focus. Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy is common, as is symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease. Peptic ulcer disease occurs less frequently and with fewer ...
Oumeish Oumeish Youssef - - 2006
Miscellaneous groups of dermatoses are associated with pregnancy and affected by gestation, but they do not coincide with any known classifications. They are inflammatory in nature and include psoriasis, acne, hidradenitis suppurativa, atopic dermatitis, and erythema multiforme. Such dermatoses can either improve or worsen during pregnancy. This review focuses on ...
Atmaca A - - 2006
Pregnancy in acromegaly is a rather rare event since the fertility is reduced in acromegalic women. Besides, metabolic complications of acromegaly are harmful to both mother and fetus. Little is known about the outcome of pregnancy in acromegalic women. Here, we report seven cases of pregnancy out of 48 acromegalic ...
Ramos-E-Silva Marcia - - 2006
The relationship between pregnancy and diseases of the elastic fibers, such as pseudoxanthoma elasticum, cutis laxa, and anetoderma, is discussed in this article. Dermatologists and other physicians must be aware that these problems may be present in pregnant women and must also know how to counsel those who suffer from ...
Oumeish Oumeish Youssef - - 2006
Impetigo herpetiformis is a rare pustular disorder that occurs primarily in pregnancy and is often associated with hypocalcemia. The onset commonly presents in the last trimester of pregnancy; the condition may persist until delivery and it rarely continues in the postpartum period. There is an increase in morbidity and mortality ...
Muallem Maya M - - 2006
Pregnancy affects all organ systems in the body, including the skin. Some skin changes are physiological, whereas others such as the dermatoses of pregnancy are pathological. Dermatologists regularly encounter pregnant patients, and the identification of normal skin changes and their differentiation from disease states are essential to insure the well-being ...
Torgerson Rochelle R - - 2006
The endocrinologic, immunological, and vascular changes that occur during pregnancy are far-reaching. These systemic factors produce profound local impact on the physiology and pathology of the oral cavity, vagina, and vulva. Physiological changes can be expected and tolerable or of such severity that they are viewed as pathological. Existing disease ...
Stratta Piero - - 2006
- To what extent can ailing kidneys adapt their functions to the demands of pregnancy? - What risks is the nephropathic patient prone to throughout pregnancy compared with those of the general population, and which specific risks does her kidney disease determine? - What risks is the baby of a ...
Prescott Susan L - - 2006
The role of early allergen exposure has been a central focus in the effort to curtail the rising rates of allergic disease. Exposures in pregnancy have been of interest because the first signs of disease are often seen in early infancy. However, so far, strategies to avoid or reduce allergen ...
Vun Yin Yin - - 2006
A 19-year-old primigravida with a long history of plaque psoriasis presented during the second trimester with exacerbation of the disease. Examination revealed widespread psoriatic plaques with peripheral pustules. She was diagnosed with generalized pustular psoriasis of pregnancy. Histology of lesional skin was consistent with pustular psoriasis. Topical corticosteroids under occlusion ...
Castaman G - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Type 2M von Willebrand disease (VWD) Vicenza is characterized by the presence of ultra-large von Willebrand factor (VWF) multimers in plasma and very low factor VIII (FVIII)/VWF measurements. So far, R1205H mutation, alone or associated with M740I defect, has been constantly detected in these patients. No data on FVIII/VWF ...
Altuntas Fevzi - - 2006
We report a case of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) in a 28-year-old pregnant woman with prolonged fever and generalized lymphadenopathy. We evaluated the patient for etiology of the fever and adenopathy, which were unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. Cervical lymph node histology showed KFD. Currently, there is scant data available regarding the ...
Langley-Evans Simon C - - 2006
The environment encountered in fetal and neonatal life exerts a profound influence on physiological function and risk of disease in adult life. Epidemiological evidence suggests that impaired fetal growth followed by rapid catch-up in infancy is a strong predictor of obesity, hypertension, non-insulin-dependent diabetes and CHD. Whilst these associations have ...
Parke A - - 2006
Most autoimmune diseases occur more commonly in females and many of these young women wish to become mothers. For pregnancy to proceed successfully immunomodulation and physiological changes preparing the reproductive system need to occur. Pregnancy occurring in a chronically ill mother who requires medications in order to maintain her own ...
Chung L - - 2006
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) and mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD) are rare autoimmune diseases which share the common feature of non-inflammatory vasculopathy. Studies evaluating pregnancy outcomes in these patients have yielded conflicting results. We sought to describe the outcomes of pregnancies associated with SSc and MCTD followed at our center utilizing ...
Sermon K D - - 2006
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is an early form of prenatal diagnosis whereby embryos obtained in vitro are tested for the presence of a certain genetic disease. Patients who are at risk to have a child with a genetic disease can thus avoid a prenatal diagnosis and a possible termination of ...
Torgersen Keiko L - - 2006
When a woman learns that she is pregnant, her emotions are like a roller coaster. To her, she is pregnant. She begins to plan all the things that could be and is in constant motion to await the 9 months until the arrival of her bundle of joy. However, to ...
Basgul A - - 2006
Nephrotic syndrome occurs very rarely, about 0.012-0.025% of all pregnancies. Here, we report a rare case of early onset nephrotic syndrome developing de novo in the 17th week of pregnancy. A renal biopsy was done and the specimens revealed typical features of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. The patient had a progressive ...
Tutuncu Levent - - 2006
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a systemic disease with an autosomal recessive inheritance. The most serious complication of FMF is renal amyloidosis. Pregnancy may adversely affect renal function in FMF patients with amyloidosis and nephrotic syndrome. A 20-year-old woman with FMF related nephrotic syndrome became pregnant while receiving colchicine therapy. ...
Yu Yanhong - - 2006
Malignant neoplastic diseases (MND) are unusual complications during perinatal period and compose a dilemma for both patients and the health practitioners. Little is known about the information in Chinese suffering perinatal MND. Analyzing medical records and questionnaire, information on a series of 25 patients with a diagnosis of perinatal MND ...
Kaaja Risto J - - 2005
Physiologic changes of pregnancy include insulin resistance, thrombophilia, immunosuppression, and hypervolemia. These changes may herald the development of disease in later life. To summarize current evidence on how pregnancy reveals risk of chronic disease. MEDLINE was searched for articles published between 1990 and 2005 relating pregnancy conditions to the development ...
Earing Michael G - - 2005
Women with congenital heart disease (CHD) now comprise most patients with heart disease seen during pregnancy, accounting for 80% of all patients. In general, pregnancy is well tolerated in patients with CHD. For some women with particularly high-risk lesions and poor functional class, however, pregnancy poses significant risk for cardiovascular ...
Cho Yoon-Young YY Department of Internal Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, - - 2005
Relapse and exacerbation of Graves' disease during pregnancy is rare, and thionamide induced agranulocytosis is an uncommon side effect. We report a case of a pregnant woman in her 24th week of gestation that experienced a relapse of Graves' disease that was complicated by propylthiouracil induced agranulocytosis. Following the discontinuation ...
Sheiner Eyal - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Celiac disease is a permanent intolerance to gluten, probably induced by an autoimmune mechanism. Controversy exists regarding the association between celiac disease and infertility, abortions, intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) and stillbirths. The present study was designed to investigate pregnancy outcome of patients with celiac disease. METHODS: A retrospective comparison ...
de Boer Nanne K H - - 2005
6-Thioguanine is used as an escape thiopurine for treating inflammatory bowel disease patients intolerant or refractory to azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine or methotrexate. Case reports show conflicting data on the use of 6-thioguanine throughout pregnancy. The administration of the standard thiopurines is believed to be relatively safe. We describe two patients with ...
Boelen Erik J H - - 2005
Degeneration of the intervertebral disc is the most common cause of back pain. In case of early stage degenerative disc disease or traumatic herniations, a suitable treatment may be to replace the nucleus pulposus, preserving the annulus fibrosus. Eight new hydrogel biomaterials were prepared and studied for their potential as ...
Garcia-Donaire J A - - 2005
Renal transplantation restores fertility within an average of 6 months, so women of childbearing age are able to consider pregnancy. Successful pregnancies have been reported in recent years under different immunosuppressive regimens, but the optimal treatment to achieve the maximum safety for both the mother and fetus remains unclear. Tacrolimus ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2005
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a rare genetically transmitted connective tissue disorder, non-specific to pregnancy. Because of multi-organ involvement and the varied presentations of this disease, no uniform obstetric and anesthetic recommendations regarding the peripartum care of these parturients can be made.
Schultz Kara L - - 2005
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pregnancy may cause ocular changes, both physiologic and pathologic, and may be associated with the development of new disease or may alter the course of preexisting disease. This paper discusses these changes and reviews diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, preeclampsia, cortical blindness and central serous chorioretinopathy. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent ...
Sahin Ebru - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease is an infection of sheep and cattle. Affected human beings are only chance intermediate hosts. It is a rare condition in pregnancy. CASE REPORT: We present a 15-week pregnant patient with cysts in the liver and in the right adnexa identified by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging. ...
Budev Marie M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The presence of underlying pulmonary disease in women of childbearing potential can present a significant challenge during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Management of the underlying disease, recognizing and preventing disease progression, and, most important, managing and minimizing toxic side effects of various therapies require the expertise of an ...
Sahni V - - 2005
A thirty four year old female presented with upper and lower respiratory symptoms in the third trimester of pregnancy. After the delivery of a healthy baby, the symptoms progressed to involve multiple organ systems and eventually a diagnosis of limited Wegener's Granulomatosis (Carrington-Liebow syndrome) was made. The extremely rare combination ...
Weisshaar Elke - - 2005
During pregnancy and also during childhood, pruritus can have manifold aetiologies and should therefore always be taken seriously. In pregnancy, pruritus is the main dermatological symptom, occurring in 18% of women. Pregnancy-specific dermatological diseases such as polymorphic eruption of pregnancy (PEP), Pemphigoid (Herpes) gestationis, Pruritus gravidarum are accompanied by severe ...
Serjeant Graham R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare pregnancy outcome in sickle cell-haemoglobin C (SC) disease with that in homozygous sickle cell (SS) disease and age-matched controls with a normal haemoglobin (AA) genotype. DESIGN: A cohort study followed from birth. SETTING: Sickle Cell Clinic, University Hospital and other Jamaican hospitals. POPULATION: Ninety-five pregnancies in 43 ...
Sauk Jenny - - 2005
Inflammatory bowel disease includes two primary disorders, ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. These diseases mainly affect young adults, with a peak occurrence between 15 and 25 years of age. The causes of these diseases are largely unknown, with current treatments targeted against the heightened inflammatory response witnessed in the intestinal ...
Haga Hans-Jacob - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of pregnancy in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). METHODS: A questionnaire covering demographic data and the outcome of pregnancies was answered by 58 patients with pSS and 157 controls. For 36 patients and 93 controls, we analyzed detailed data about pregnancy, birth, and status ...
Haq A I - - 2006
Ulcerative colitis (UC) affects women of all ages, with a peak incidence in the third and fourth decades, at the prime of their reproductive years [Baiocco PJ, Korelitz BI (1984) The influence of inflammatory bowel disease and its treatment on pregnancy and fetal outcome. J Clin Gastroenterol 6(3):211-216]. We describe ...
Elkayam Uri - - 2005
A large number of prosthetic heart valves (PHV) are being implanted in patients with both congenital and acquired valvular disease. Many of the recipients of such valves are women of childbearing age who desire to have children. The main issues involved with pregnancy in a patient with PHV include the ...
Mazhar Syeda Batool - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine fetal and maternal outcomes in women presenting with heart disease during pregnancy and labor. DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Gynae/Obstetrics, MCH, Center, Unit II, PIMS, Islamabad, during a period of 2 years from March 2001 to February 2003. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-two ...
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