Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1023
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Ajayi, A. O.
Multiple sclerosis is a common neurological disease, which affects young adults. Its course is unpredictable and runs over decades. It is considered as an autoimmune disease in which there is demyelination of the brain and spinal cord. The case presented is a young adult pregnant Nigerian who had a flare ...
Chattaway Jeanne M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence supporting the use of propylthiouracil (PTU) versus methimazole for the treatment of Graves' disease during pregnancy. DATA SOURCES: An English-language literature search was conducted using MEDLINE (1966-March 2007). Identified articles were then reviewed for additional sources. Search terms included hyperthyroidism, Graves' disease, pregnancy, propylthiouracil, and ...
Suraweera Nirosha - - 2007
Reproductive factors have been shown by epidemiology studies to alter colorectal cancer risk in women. Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) patients carry a germline adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) mutation predisposing to multiple adenoma formation in the intestine. The Min mouse provides a good model of FAP, and we recently reported a ...
Hot Arnaud - - 2007
Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is an extremely rare disease, and even less common in women of childbearing age. Patients with severe disease or those who are un-responsive to corticosteroids are usually treated with cytotoxic drugs, especially cyclophosphmide. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has became a promising, but not completely accepted, form of treatment ...
Radhika A G - - 2007
Myotonic dystrophy is a rare heredodegenerative muscular disorder in which pregnancy is unusual. Because of the autosomal dominant inheritance of the disease, 50% of children of an affected parent may have the disease; 20% of them are asymptomatic at birth. Foetal involvement may be manifested by polyhydramnios, arthrogryposis multiplex in ...
Steen Virginia D - - 2007
Pregnancy in systemic sclerosis may be uneventful with good maternal and fetal outcomes. Scleroderma is a multisystem disease and complications do occur; however, careful antenatal evaluations, discussion of potential problems, and participation in a high-risk obstetric monitoring program are important to optimize the best outcome. Women who have diffuse scleroderma ...
Gómez Vázquez Jesús Alfredo - - 2007
Pregnancy in end-stage renal disease patients is infrequent and is associated with fetal loss, premature delivery, intrauterine growth restriction, and lack of control of or exacerbation of or onset of hypertension. Even after replacement of renal function, the prognosis for the patient and the fetus is poor. A point of ...
Rule Andrew D - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) can be estimated using serum markers such as serum creatinine (SCr) or cystatin C. This review presents new insights into estimated GFR based on theory, validation studies, SCr assay standardization, cystatin C, and longitudinal comparison with measured GFR. RECENT FINDINGS: The estimation of ...
Fischer Michael J - - 2007
Chronic kidney disease complicates an increasing number of pregnancies, and at least 4% of childbearing-aged women are afflicted by this condition. Although diabetic nephropathy is the most common type of chronic kidney disease found in pregnant women, a variety of other primary and systemic kidney diseases also commonly occur. In ...
Ryazantseva N V - - 2007
We studied in vitro effects of recombinant interleukin-5, interleukin-3, and eotaxin on programmed death of eosinophils from healthy donors and patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphomas associated with severe blood eosinophilia. Interleukin-5 and eotaxin produced the most potent antiapoptotic effect on eosinophils from healthy donors. In patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, spontaneous apoptosis ...
Watnick Suzanne - - 2007
Women with kidney disease of childbearing age should expect proactive counseling regarding pregnancy and contraception. Discussions should include the impact of pregnancy on their kidney disease and the impact of kidney disease on maternal and fetal outcomes. However, nephrologists rarely discuss sexual dysfunction, infertility, menstrual irregularities, and contraception with their ...
Blowey Douglas L - - 2007
Pregnancy in women with chronic kidney disease is not uncommon and is not without risk to the mother and child. This article reviews the literature on the outcome of infants from pregnancies in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including those receiving dialysis and those living with a functional kidney ...
Stover Jean - - 2007
The nutritional management of pregnant adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) presents the challenge of combining necessary modifications in nutrient requirements for both pregnancy and kidney impairment. The dietitian must follow these women closely to ensure adequate intakes of kilocalories, protein, and specific vitamins and minerals. Combining the suggested energy ...
Hou Susan - - 2007
Preeclampsia was first recognized as a cause of proteinuria unique to pregnancy in 1843 and the risk of pregnancy in women with preexisting renal disease was noted in the 1930s. Since then, we have recognized that the majority of women with kidney disease who become pregnant have surviving infants. The ...
Saraste Maija - - 2007
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling autoimmune disease of the central nervous system, typically affecting women of childbearing years. Although the disease course of MS is highly unpredictable, disease activity is almost invariably halted during pregnancy. After delivery, however, the relapse rate increases. Despite early recognition of this pattern of ...
Váncsa A - - 2007
The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence and outcome of pregnancy in idiopathic inflammatory myopathy patients who became pregnant after the onset of the disease. Female idiopathic inflammatory myopathy patients (173) were included in our study. The patients' charts and clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. One hundred ...
Chambers Christina - - 2007
I have a patient planning pregnancy who has resistant rheumatoid arthritis that will require treatment with some of the "new" medications. Which ones are safe to use during pregnancy, and which ones do we know enough about to tell whether they are safe or not? For most new disease-modifying biologic ...
Mohaupt Markus - - 2007
Various hypotheses as to the origin of preeclampsia have been explored over time. Diseases of pregnancy are difficult to study for several reasons. One limitation is due to the fact that preeclampsia and associated diseases clinically present in the second and third trimenon, but seem to originate early in pregnancy. ...
Sulaiman K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The relationship between pregnancy and typhoid fever is not well defined. The objective of this study was twofold: to assess the effect of the pregnant and postpartum host on typhoid disease expression, and to explore the relationship between typhoid fever and pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Over an 11-year period, all ...
Somani Babu Lal - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To develop a kinetic, inexpensive, automatable assay for ceruloplasmin as ferroxidase. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dithiothreitol has been used to stabilize the substrate and quinolones to complex the ferric. RESULTS: Mean ferroxidase activity in healthy adults, Wilson's disease and pregnancy was 787.29, 178.5 and 1828.09 IU/L, respectively. Correlation coefficient of ...
Hibbard Judith U - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile illness characterized by mucosal inflammation, skin rash, and cervical lymphadenopathy, with potential for cardiac sequelae, including coronary aneurysms with subsequent thrombosis, infarction, and death. Pregnancy in affected women presents multiple maternal risks. CASE: A woman with Kawasaki disease complicated by coronary aneurysms underwent ...
Matsuo Koji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alport syndrome is a disorder associated with mutations in the type IV collagen gene and manifested by progressive glomerulonephritis. Little is known about the effect of Alport syndrome on pregnancy outcome. CASE: We report a patient with Alport syndrome whose pregnancy was complicated by rapidly progressive severe preeclampsia, fetal ...
Amitay-Layish Iris - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) coincident with pregnancy is rare, and the literature regarding mycosis fungoides (MF), the most common primary cutaneous NHL, and pregnancy is strikingly sparse. The effect of pregnancy on MF, or on parapsoriasis en plaque (PPP), and the effect of these diseases on pregnancy, are still unknown. ...
Carroll I Dale - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of dengue with the concomitant rise in travel during pregnancy makes it likely that a pregnant woman will plan travel to or present after travel to endemic areas. METHOD: Literature search and communication with researchers. RESULTS: Case reports of dengue during pregnancy, the peripartum period and ...
Tarr Megan - - 2007
Although disseminated blastomycosis is a rare complication in pregnancy, delay in diagnosis and treatment can be fatal. We investigate the use of the Blastomyces urine antigen in diagnosis following disease progression in the intrapartum, postpartum, and neonatal periods. We describe a case of disseminated blastomycosis in a pregnant adolescent and ...
Wilder Rebecca - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Investigators have reported that periodontal disease may be a risk factor for pregnancy complications including preterm delivery (PTD) and low birth weight (LBW). This study assessed obstetricians' knowledge and practice behaviors concerning periodontal disease and its role in adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: One hundred ninety four practicing obstetricians in ...
Papantoniou Nikolaos - - 2007
Takayasu arteritis is a nonspecific chronic inflammatory vascular disease of unknown etiology with a higher incidence during the child-bearing years. It usually involves the branches of the aortic arch. Most of the patients enter the pregnancy being already diagnosed as having the disease and being on medication. The state of ...
Schutt Vivian A - - 2007
Liver injury and dysfunction in a pregnant woman may be caused by intrinsic features of the pregnancy itself, disorders that are coincidental with pregnancy or pre-existing liver disease that is exacerbated by pregnancy. The clinical setting, gestational age and standard liver biochemistry testing are useful tools in helping to establish ...
Mottet Christian - - 2007
Crohn's disease commonly affects women of childbearing age. Available data on Crohn's disease and pregnancy show that women with Crohn's disease can expect to conceive successfully, carry to term and deliver a healthy baby. Control of disease activity before conception and during pregnancy is critical, to optimize both maternal and ...
Ilnyckyj Alexandra - - 2007
Ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) affect women of reproductive age. Surgical intervention is often required. Therefore, the implications of disease treatment and pregnancy need to be understood. The standard surgery for UC is proctocolectomy, followed by ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA). This review summarises the literature describing the ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2007
Pregnancy results in dramatic changes in the cardiovascular system. Maternal heart disease complicates 0.2%-3% of pregnancies. Valvular heart disease in women of reproductive age is most commonly due to rheumatic heart disease, endocarditis, or congenital abnormalities. In general, regurgitant lesions are well tolerated during pregnancy because the increased plasma volume ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2007
Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States. A number of other spirochetal diseases, if contracted in pregnancy, have been shown to cause fetal harm and there is concern over a similar effect with gestational borreliosis. Previously published individual case reports have suggested a possible association ...
Nijland Mark J - - 2007
Developmental programming is defined as the process by which gene-environment interaction in the developing organism leads to permanent changes in phenotype and function. Numerous reports of maternal nutrient restriction during pregnancy demonstrate altered renal development. Typically this alteration manifests as a reduction in the total number of glomeruli in the ...
Ehrlich Stefan - - 2007
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune disease of the central nervous system. Like various other autoimmune disorders, MS normally improves during pregnancy. Pregnant MS patients experience a significant reduction in relapse rates and magnetic resonance (MR) disease activity. How sex steroid hormones affect disease course remains unclear. We hypothesized ...
Zuppa A A - - 2006
A case of a pregnancy occurring in a woman with previously diagnosed Wegener's granulomatosis and the following neonatal follow-up are described. Complete clinical and laboratory disappearance of disease activity was achieved by steroid treatment before pregnancy. The newborn was followed up for 6 months; he always showed normal clinical and ...
Robyr R - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The recognition of a fetal anomaly can lead to the same diagnosis being made in one of the asymptomatic parents unaware of the problem. We analyzed cases in which the discovery of a fetal anomaly led to the discovery of a genetic familial disorder. METHODS: Families in which the ...
Hauser Robert A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Motor fluctuations and dyskinesias can cause disability and reduce quality of life for patients with Parkinson disease (PD). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate factors associated with the development of motor fluctuations and dyskinesias and to assess the sequence in which they occur in individual patients. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective analysis ...
Wexler Isaiah D - - 2007
Progressive pulmonary disease may preclude the option of pregnancy for a number of women in their child-bearing years due to the severity of the disease. For a subset of women with chronic lung disease including cystic fibrosis, pregnancy is possible, but can have a devastating effect both on the prospective ...
Beier Klaus M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD) category concerning reproductive dysfunctions not caused by organic disorder. METHODS: Forensic (n=93) and obstetrical cases (n=78) of denied and concealed pregnancies are compared and discussed. RESULTS: Denied pregnancies occur with a ratio of 1:475 ...
Sax Tracy Williams - - 2006
Many neuromuscular conditions occur more frequently during pregnancy and include carpal tunnel syndrome, Bell's palsy, lumbosacral radiculopathy, meralgia paresthetica, intercostal neuralgia, and other compression neuropathies. Preexisting or coincident neuromuscular diseases, including demyelinating polyneuropathies, inflammatory muscle disease, myasthenia gravis, and inherited nerve and muscle disease present specific problems during pregnancy. We ...
Lockshin M D - - 2006
This paper presents a critical appraisal of the current evidence and recommendations regarding the use of pharmaceuticals and biologicals in pregnancy. Clinical experience is often at variance with published recommendations as studies have not taken into account the differences in physiology in the various stages of gestation and between animal ...
Walker Fiona - - 2007
The Fontan operation is performed on those with highly complex congenital heart disease and has improved the survival and quality of life of such patients. Inevitably there are late complications secondary to extensive surgery and long-term survival estimates are about 70% at 10 years and 60-63% at 15 years. Pregnancy ...
Smith Harriet O - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The New Mexico Tumor Registry (NMTR) and Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registries were utilized to determine (30+)-year trends in gestational trophoblastic disease and choriocarcinoma. STUDY DESIGN: Age-adjusted incidence rates of gestational trophoblastic disease per 100,000 woman-years (1973-2003) and ratios per live births and pregnancies were calculated using ...
Dobbenga-Rhodes Yvonne A - - 2006
Maternal heart disease complicates 0.2 to 3% of pregnancies and is responsible for 10% to 25% of maternal deaths. Many healthy women manifest subtle signs of cardiac failure during uncomplicated pregnancy and birth. Classic symptoms of heart disease mimic common symptoms of late pregnancy, such as palpitations, shortness of breath ...
Vettore Mario Vianna - - 2006
The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate analytical studies on periodontal disease as a possible risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcomes. A literature search of the MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS bibliographic databases and CAPES thesis database was conducted up to December 2005, covering epidemiological studies of periodontal disease ...
Shub Alexis - - 2006
Periodontal disease is a common infectious disease in women of reproductive age. The disease is often not diagnosed and in studies of over 10 000 women has been associated with preterm birth, small for gestational age newborns, and preeclampsia. It has been shown in a smaller number of women that ...
Wallis Helen - - 2006
Patients with congenital heart disease who wish to become pregnant offer a challenge to obstetricians, cardiologists and anesthetists. Although no large randomized trials exist to support the management of this emerging population, small prospective and retrospective studies provide valuable data on the likely success of pregnancy and the risks involved. ...
Patel Akash A - - 2006
For several decades, dermatologists have utilized azathioprine to treat numerous debilitating skin diseases. This synthetic purine analog is derived from 6-mercaptopurine. It is thought to act by disrupting nucleic acid synthesis and has recently been found to interfere with T-cell activation. The most recognized uses of azathioprine in dermatology are ...
Ringel Isabel - - 2006
Immunological changes during pregnancy influence the course of neurological autoimmune diseases in different ways. In case of pregnancy immunomodulatory standard therapies such as interferon-beta, glatiramer acetate,monoclonal antibodies and cytostatics mostly should be discontinued. In those cases intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy might be an alternative. In some diseases, contemporary publications describe ...
Tandon VishalR, Sharma Sudhaa, ...
Pregnancy in most cases, is associated with remission of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but a quarter of patients continue to have active disease or even worsening of the disease and most patients who improve, relapse in the postpartum period. The pathophysiology of this improvement in disease activity during pregnancy remains unknown, ...
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