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Results 151 - 200 of 1024
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Yu Dan - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update on the current knowledge of Asherman syndrome. DESIGN: Literature review. SETTING: The worldwide reports of this disease. PATIENT(S): Patients with Asherman syndrome who presented with amenorrhea or hypomenorrhea, infertility, or recurrent pregnancy loss. INTERVENTION(S): Hysteroscopy and hysteroscopic surgery have been the gold standard of diagnosis ...
Dietrich Charles S CS - - 2008
Surgical diseases frequently arise in gravid patients, with an estimated 1 in 500 pregnancies requiring nonobstetric surgical intervention. Evaluation and treatment generally are the same as for the nonpregnant patient, but pregnancy may mask some of the typical presenting symptoms, leading to delayed diagnosis. This article highlights some of the ...
Tursi Antonio - - 2008
PURPOSE: Available literature data show that celiac disease (CD) is a frequent cause of recurrent miscarriage. However, data are lacking for pregnancy outcome when the patient is on a gluten-free diet (GFD). A case-control study about the effect of GFD on pregnancy was conducted from 1995 to 2006. A cohort ...
Manau Carolina - - 2008
AIM: The aim of this secondary analysis is to explore whether the application of different definition criteria of periodontitis, used in other similar studies, has an influence on the significance of the association between periodontitis and prematurity or low birth weight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fourteen periodontitis definitions and more than ...
Habal Flavio M - - 2008
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic disorder affecting young adults in their reproductive years. Many young women with IBD express concern about the effect their disease will have on fertility, pregnancy course and fetal development. This article presents an approach to management of IBD in the pregnant patient, including ...
Pãunescu Maria Magdalena MM Department of Dermatology, Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Str Mãrã e ti 5, Timisoara, Romania. - - 2008
The dermatoses of pregnancy represent a heterogeneous group of pruritic inflammatory skin diseases related to pregnancy and/or the postpartum period. Whereas some dermatoses are distressing only to the mother because of severe pruritus, others are associated with fetal risks including fetal distress, prematurity, and stillbirth. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment ...
Nyholm Jessica L - - 2008
Our objective was to evaluate the effect of maternal hydration status on the maternal renal collecting system during the third trimester of pregnancy. Thirty-five patients with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies were studied between 28 and 40 weeks of gestation. Ultrasound of the maternal kidneys was performed at baseline and after oral ...
O'Donnell S - - 2008
One of the most frequently asked questions during consultation with those affected by inflammatory bowel disease is what are its effects on pregnancy, and how the treatment will impact on conception and pregnancy outcomes. To review available data regarding the safety of biological therapies during pregnancy, primarily in woman with ...
Mohteshamzadeh Mobin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A female with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was followed up over the course of four pregnancies. Her first three pregnancies were unsuccessful. Her fourth pregnancy resulted in a live birth, but at what expense? INVESTIGATIONS: The diagnosis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease was confirmed by ultrasound imaging. ...
Vora Neeta - - 2008
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common disorder. However, the consequences of ADPKD on male and female reproductive health are not widely known. Several abnormalities are found in men with ADPKD, including necrospermia, immotile sperm, seminal vesicle cysts, and ejaculatory duct cysts. Female fertility is not affected. Affected ...
Rodrigues Gabriel - - 2008
Hydatid disease, manifesting as single or multiple hydatid cysts and caused by Echinococcus granulosus, is common in many parts of the world, especially the tropical countries. Although rare, this disease can also present during pregnancy, especially in endemic areas. Although much has been written about hepatic hydatidosis, there are only ...
Martens Daniëlle H J DH Department of Pediatrics, Beatrix Children's Hospital, University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands. - - 2008
Reports on pregnancies in women with glycogen storage disease type Ia (GSD-Ia) are scarce. Because of improved life expectancy, pregnancy is becoming an important issue. We describe 15 pregnancies by focusing on dietary treatment, biochemical parameters, and GSD-Ia complications. Carbohydrate requirements (milligrams per kilogram per minute), triglyceride and uric acid ...
Jared Heather - - 2008
Periodontal diseases affect the majority of the population either as gingivitis or periodontitis. Recently there have been many studies that link or seek to find a relationship between periodontal disease and other systemic diseases including, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, and adverse pregnancy outcomes. For adverse pregnancy outcomes, the literature is ...
Kukla L - - 2008
18 chronic diseases were investigated in a population of 13,115 women living in six settings of West- (Avon UK, the Isle of Man), Central- (the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic) and East-Europe (the Ukraine and Russia), that collaborate in the European Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood (ELSPAC project). ...
Sebestyen Andras - - 2008
The influence of membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) on maternal and fetal outcome is controversial, as is the effect of pregnancy on the course of preexisting nephrotic syndrome. We report a case of successful management of a pregnancy with preexisting severe nephrotic syndrome due to biopsy-proven primary MGN. Our patient became pregnant ...
Al-Saran Khalid A - - 2008
Fertility is markedly reduced in patients with chronic renal failure. For women with pre-existing renal disease, pregnancy is associated with an increased rate of fetal complications and a considerable risk of renal disease progression. Due to substantial improvements in antenatal and neonatal care, fetal outcome has improved considerably in the ...
Ouimet Janine M - - 2008
To estimate the frequency of work disability (WD) in a cohort of patients with Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) vs an internal control group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with a known high frequency of WD; and to investigate the association between WD and other factors including Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability ...
Chopra Seema - - 2008
Autoimmune diseases such as systemic sclerosis, Wegner's granulomatosis, and polyarteritis nodosa are rarely seen in pregnancy, unlike systemic lupus erythematosus, whose association with pregnancy is well studied. Dermatomyositis is a protean disease that affects women in reproductive age. There are only a few case reports documenting the outcome of pregnancy ...
Adams Waldorf Kristina M - - 2008
Pregnancy has both short-term effects and long-term consequences on the maternal immune system. For women who have an autoimmune disease and subsequently become pregnant, pregnancy can induce amelioration of the mother's disease, such as in rheumatoid arthritis, while exacerbating or having no effect on other autoimmune diseases like systemic lupus ...
Håberg Siri E - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) aims to provide new insights in a broad variety of diseases. The goal of the study is to understand pathways in disease development, and identify preventive measures. Several designs are suitable for studying genetics in complex diseases like asthma and allergy, ...
Watanabe Yasuko - - 2008
We examined the influence of D177N (D178N in humans) mutation on the conformational stability of the S2 region of moPrP(C) with varying pHs by using the SDSL-ESR technique. The ESR spectrum of D177N at pH 7.5 was narrower than that of Y161R1, referred to as WT( *). The ESR spectrum ...
Robillard Pierre-Yves - - 2007
Developed countries represent 20% of the population in the world, but only 12% of human births annually, while 98% of medical publications are issued from these areas. What we can read on preeclampsia is correct, but only for 12% of human pregnancies! In addition, reproductive patterns in the developed world, ...
Toth Bettina - - 2007
Eukaryotic cells release vesicles into their environment by membrane shedding (ectosomes or microparticles) and secretion (exosomes). Microparticles and exosomes occur commonly in vitro and in vivo. The occurrence, composition and function(s) of these vesicles change during disease (progression). During the last decade, the scientific and clinical interest increased tremendously. Evidence ...
Lee Lydia K - - 2007
Physiological adaptations of pregnancy affect neurological function in health and disease. Women often experience self-limited sensory abnormalities that resolve shortly after delivery. More important, pregnancy can predispose to the onset or deterioration of permanent neurological disorders. Lastly, complications of pregnancy may develop in patients with preexisting neurological disease. Therefore, a ...
Briemberg Hannah R - - 2007
Neuromuscular disease in pregnancy is a broad topic and includes focal neuropathies that occur with increased incidence during pregnancy and the puerperium, as well as preexisting inherited neuropathies or myopathies and chronic autoimmune diseases such as myasthenia gravis and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. Although the precise etiology of the focal ...
Kovavisarach Ekachai - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the maternal and perinatal outcomes at Rajavithi Hospital from January 1st, 2000 to December 31st, 2004, (5 years), (3rd period) with those occurring in the previous two periods:1st and 2nd (1965-1970, (6 years) and 1985-1990, (6 years) respectively. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective analysis of various medical records ...
Hatfield Tamera - - 2007
Goodpasture's disease is a rare phenomenon in pregnancy. It is characterized by antiglomerular basement membrane antibodies resulting in glomerulonephritis and pulmonary hemorrhage. We present a case of a patient with a preconceptional diagnosis of Goodpasture's disease and chronic hypertension. Multidisciplinary antepartum care included close monitoring and treatment of blood pressure, ...
Smith M C - - 2008
It is now recommended practice to use estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) values to screen for and monitor chronic renal disease. The most frequently used formula in the general population is that described following the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study whereby serum creatinine is adjusted for age, ...
Campanati A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Tumour necrosis factor-alpha upregulates the expression of a cutaneous T cell-attracting chemokine (CTACK/CCL27), that promotes migration of cutaneous lymphocyte-associated antigen-positive lymphocytes into the skin. The role of CTACK/CCL27 in pathogenesis of psoriasis has recently been documented but no data are available at the present time on its modification in ...
Wiegratz Inka - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the influence of pregnancy on primary umbilical endometriosis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Gynecologic endocrinology outpatient department of a university hospital. PATIENT(S): 27-year-old nulliparous woman. INTERVENTION(S): Surgical treatment with total excision of the umbilicus during early pregnancy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Progressive enlargement of endometriotic umbilical lesions during pregnancy. ...
Karamermer Yusuf - - 2007
The prevalence of coronary artery disease in female patients is increasing due to changing lifestyle patterns including cigarette smoking, diabetes and stress. Since women are delaying childbearing until older age, acute coronary syndrome will more frequently occur during pregnancy. Although rare, acute coronary syndrome during pregnancy often has devastating consequences. ...
Hoendermis Elke S - - 2008
Truncus arteriosus, a rare and complex congenital heart disease, is hallmarked by a single great vessel (truncus) that arises over a large ventricular septal defect and provides both the pulmonary and systemic circulation. Pregnancy reports after repair for truncus arteriosus are scarce. Therefore, the maternal and offspring outcomes are unknown. ...
Day Clara - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Renal disease may present for the first time in pregnancy, either as symptomatic disease or as a consequence of antenatal screening. The role of antenatal and post-partum percutaneous renal biopsy in the management of such patients is discussed. METHODS: We describe two series of women; the first is a ...
Jelin Eric B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The appropriate management of biliary tract disease during pregnancy is uncertain. Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy can be performed safely during pregnancy, the timing and indications for this surgical intervention have not been firmly established. METHODS: We constructed a Markov decision analytic model that incorporates maternal well-being and fetal outcome into ...
Heetun Z S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects mainly the young population. The effect of IBD and its treatment on fertility and pregnancy is therefore an important clinical consideration. AIM: To review the best management of IBD in the reproductive and pregnant population. METHODS: A MEDLINE and an EMBASE search were performed ...
Hameed Afshan B - - 2007
Cardiac disorders complicate less than 1% of all pregnancies. Physiologic changes in pregnancy may mimic heart disease. In order to differentiate these adaptations from pathologic conditions, an in-depth knowledge of cardiovascular physiology is mandatory. A comprehensive history, physical examination, electrocardiogram, chest radiograph, and echocardiogram are sufficient in most cases to ...
Scardina G A - - 2007
The aim of this study was to observe the microcirculation characteristics of the human interdental papilla in healthy patients in vivo. Twenty healthy patients were examined. Capillaroscopy was used to investigate the characteristics of microcirculation of the human periodontal mucosa. Visibility, course, tortuosity, as well as the average caliber of ...
Mayer Amit - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Zollinger Ellison syndrome (ZES), an ulcerative disease of the upper gastrointestinal tract that involves the production of high levels of gastrin and gastric acid, is a rare, symptomatic, endocrine neoplastic disease. CASE: We report a rare case of gastrinoma that was first diagnosed during pregnancy in which the primary ...
Patni Shalini - - 2007
This brief report raises the ethical dilemma encountered by an obstetrician involved in the care of a pregnant woman with life-threatening disease. This is a particularly difficult issue if the maternal well-being is in conflict with the survival of the unborn child.
Worda Christof - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia is a rare but life-threatening disease characterized by telangiectasias and arteriovenous malformations in different organs. When it is associated with pregnancy, this disease causes significant morbidity and mortality. CASE: We describe the pregnancy course of a primigravida with severe hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia. Her antepartum course was ...
Calcaterra V - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies on fertility in women with Turner syndrome have shown that spontaneous pregnancies occur in about 2-7% of patients. Fertility problems and obstetrical complications are frequently observed in untreated patients with celiac disease. We report the case of a patient, affected by Turner syndrome and celiac disease, in whom ...
Malgarinos G - - 2007
Taking into account the relative confusion in the literature concerning the influence of pregnancy on the underlying inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and vice versa, as well as the influence of drugs on the foetus and the gestation itself, we performed this prospective study, in order to further elucidate this interesting ...
Friedman Sonia - - 2007
It is not surprising that women with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a greater risk of an adverse pregnancy outcome. Although it is ideal to be in remission during conception and pregnancy, women often flare during this critical time. Paradoxically, while pregnant, women often stop the medications that have worked ...
Ocheni S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with increased maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to review the pregnancy outcomes in patients with SCD as seen at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital(UNTH), Enugu, South-eastern Nigeria. METHODS: This is a ...
Behcet Al - - 2007
To evaluate the presentation, timing, etiology, risk factors, mortality, and outcome of ischemic stroke (IS), intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke (ICH/HS), and cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) occurring during pregnancy and the postpartum period in southeast Turkey. The study was carried out from September 2003 to September 2005 at the emergency department of ...
Nørgård Bente - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: CD is associated with increased risk of adverse birth outcomes, but existing studies have not assessed the impact of disease activity during pregnancy. We examined the impact of disease activity on birth outcomes: LBW, preterm birth, LBW at term, and CAs. METHODS: All births by CD women in North ...
de Man Yaël A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy has a favorable effect on the course of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), although the magnitude of this effect is equivocal because RA assessment tools have never been validated in pregnancy. The goal of this study was to assess how pregnancy influences the scoring of the Disease Activity Score in ...
Benchimol Barbosa Paulo Roberto - - 2008
Peripartum (or postpartum) cardiomyopathy is a rare disease affecting 1:1,500 to 1:15,000 successful pregnancies in otherwise healthy women, has usually a relentless course and roughly 35% six-months mortality rate. In Latin America, Prof. A.B. Benchimol, the first Chairperson of Cardiology in the history of medical school in Brazil, and his ...
BonDurant R H - - 2007
The outcomes of insults to the bovine conceptus depend on the predilection of the insulting agent for the gravid reproductive tract, the virulence of the insult, and the developmental maturity/immune competence of the conceptus at the time of the insult. Agents that are lethal at one time during gestation may ...
Davies Gregory A L - - 2007
The incidence of rheumatic heart disease in most industrialized countries is decreasing. Those women who have regurgitant lesions will commonly experience an improvement in symptoms, and therapy is required only in the most severe cases. Women with mild to moderate stenotic lesions can usually expect a good outcome to pregnancy, ...
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