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Barker D J - - 1995
The epidemiological observations that prenatal and perinatal events lead to adult disease are now well supported by animal data. The events in the periconceptual period, in early and late pregnancy and in infancy can effect programming of cardiovascular, endocrine and metabolic regulatory systems. However, the mechanisms underlying these pathological changes ...
Granovsky-Grisaru S - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: We report our experience on the gynecologic and obstetric features of 53 female patients with Gaucher's disease. STUDY DESIGN: Each patient was interviewed for a detailed medical history, and all underwent a complete physical examination and laboratory work-up. RESULTS: Delay of puberty onset was encountered in two thirds of ...
Rabinovitz M - - 1995
Pregnancy in women with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is uncommon, and once it occurs it usually does not worsen the liver disease. First manifestation of PBC during pregnancy in women with no known liver disease at the time of conception is very rare, and the natural history of this disease ...
Presbitero P - - 1995
Pregnancy and delivery in women with congenital heart disease remain inadvisable for patients at high risk due to the following congenital diseases: (1.) Severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (increase of pressure gradient); (2.) Eisenmenger syndrome (increase of right to left shunt with worsening of cyanosis and fetal growth retardation); ...
Fallon W F WF - - 1995
The timely diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominal conditions during pregnancy can challenge the surgical consultant. Familiarity with the anatomic and physiologic changes present in normal pregnancy is essential, as is the knowledge of relative risk by trimester. The general surgeon will be called upon to diagnose and treat appendicitis, biliary ...
Bassa A A Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Natal, - - 1995
Takayasu's disease is commonest in women of childbearing age. Obstetricians are therefore faced with the dilemma of optimal management in pregnancy. This report of 3 cases suggests that Takayasu's disease is associated with a good maternal and fetal outcome. The basic disease appears to be unaffected by pregnancy.
Sullivan H J - - 1995
The pathophysiology of mitral and valvular heart disease is presented with an emphasis on the relationship of these conditions to pregnancy. Management options are discussed. Special attention is directed to patients who have prosthetic valves in place and who become pregnant. The care of this group of patients may be ...
Mason WH - - 1995
Recent outbreaks of measles have reestablished the disease as an important pathogen. Various aspects of measles reviewed here include epidemiology, clinical presentation, complications, occurrence in pregnancy, prevention, and therapy with vitamin A and ribavirin.
Mendelson M A - - 1995
Advances in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease have improved survival for children born with complex congenital lesions. As the female patient enters adulthood, questions regarding the safety and feasibility of pregnancy arise. The hemodynamic changes of pregnancy may be well-tolerated by some patients and yet quite challenging ...
Cummings C W - - 1995
None of the consultants was comfortable with the idea of proceeding with the biopsy of a neck mass in an outpatient clinic setting. All warned about the possible relationship of the mass with important anatomic structures. With regard to needing further information, physicians requested an imaging study of the neck, ...
Scott L L - - 1995
End-stage renal disease complicates only a small percentage of pregnancies, but, of these, virtually all become anemic due to a deficiency in erythropoietin. Erythropoietin has been shown to correct anemia due to renal disease in nonpregnant patients. We report two cases of erythropoietin use during pregnancy complicated by severe anemia ...
Freixinet J - - 1995
Congenital pulmonary arteriovenous fistula is frequently associated with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (Rendu-Osler-Weber disease). With the increased blood flow in pregnancy such fistulas enlarge, occasionally giving rise to haemothorax, which generally has a poor prognosis. A familial case is presented in which massive haemothorax required emergency thoracotomy in the 27th week ...
Mhalu F S - - 1995
Antistreptolysin O (ASO) and antideoxyribonuclease B (ADN B) titres were determined on sera from blood donors in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and from Bergen, Norway and were compared with titres in patients with features of postgroup A streptococcal diseases in Dar es Salaam. The upper limit of normal ASO titres ...
Swisher S G - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Biliary disease during pregnancy is rare and the need for surgery in these cases is controversial. We evaluated our experience with biliary disease during pregnancy with regard to outcome and cost containment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the clinical course of pregnant women with biliary disease at the University ...
Ida H - - 1994
Morphological and biochemical analysis of tissue from a 21-week-old fetus with Krabbe disease was performed. Galactosylceramidase activity was virtually absent in cultured amniotic cells obtained during the pregnancy of this fetus. The prenatal diagnosis was confirmed by enzymatic analysis of fetal cultured skin fibroblasts and by enzyme analysis of fetal ...
Brice P - - 1994
In the present paper, we report two cases of normal pregnancy after high dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in two of the 72 women belonging to a group of 188 patients transplanted in our unit for advanced malignant lymphoma. These pregnancies occurred 19 and 33 months after ...
Iacono R P - - 1994
Fetal graft research and renewed interest in Leksell's postero-ventral pallidotomy (PVP) stimulated reconsideration of surgical therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD), particularly with regard to improving akinetic symptoms previously thought resistant to surgical lesions. Review of our series and other published results of PVP and fetal graft show that PVP has ...
Smith J F JF - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Crigler-Najjar disease, a rare cause of maternal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in pregnancy, poses no threat to the mother, and the elevated bilirubin levels do not seem harmful to the fetus. However, the disease is expressed in two forms, one of which is fatal. CASE: The maternal total bilirubin (mostly unconjugated) ...
Haas J P - - 1994
A set of 200 patients with early onset pauciarticular juvenile chronic arthritis (EOPA-JCA) from Munich (165) and Prague (35) was investigated for the subtypes of HLA-DRB1*03, *08, *11, *12, *13 and *14. In addition, the relationship of DRB1, DQA1, DQB1 and DPB1 alleles with iridocyclitis in patients with EOPA-JCA was ...
Le Van Kim C - - 1994
After anti-RhD, anti-Rhc is the most important red cell alloantibody which can cause haemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) when the mother is Rhc-negative and the fetus Rhc-positive. We report here the development of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays which detect the presence of the Rhc alleles in amniotic cells ...
Futrell N - - 1994
Although neurological manifestations are well described in patients with connective tissue diseases, there is no evidence of increased frequency during pregnancy. Treatment varies with the neurological disorder and the nature of pathogenetic process, with modifications of usual therapies sometimes required during pregnancy. Termination of pregnancy is a consideration only with ...
Kaufman G E - - 1994
Significant progress has unquestionably occurred in the diagnosis and treatment of fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia. However, fundamental aspects of this disease are still not fully understood, especially those factors that account for the diverse clinical spectrum of this disease. This impacts our ability to counsel patients regarding the ultimate ...
Lishner M - - 1994
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is infrequently diagnosed during pregnancy. Most NHL's complicating pregnancy are aggressive and disseminated. This presentation together with the possible teratogenecity of diagnostic methods dictate a limited staging workup during pregnancy. Although prognosis had been reported to be poor, there is recent evidence to suggest that when properly ...
Michaud J - - 1994
We report on 3 cases with a fetal presentation of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), which illustrate the variable expression of ADPKD during fetal life. Fetus 1 was diagnosed at 20 weeks of gestation by ultrasonography; a molecular prenatal diagnosis was performed at 10 weeks on fetus 2, a ...
Frenkel Y - - 1994
A 20-year-old woman with cyanotic congenital heart disease composed of corrected transposition of the great vessels, severe pulmonic stenosis, atresia of the left pulmonary artery and a large ventricular septal defect, had a successful pregnancy following a pulmonary-systemic shunt (Blalock-Taussig). The hemoglobin decreased from 21 to 16 g/dL following the ...
Clarkson P M - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the outcome of pregnancy in patients with transposition of the great arteries and an intact ventricular septum after a Mustard operation. BACKGROUND: Before the introduction of surgical treatment, most children with transposition of the great arteries died in early infancy. A number of these patients have ...
Wulfeck D - - 1994
Pregnancy complicated by development of Crohn's disease is rare. The presentation of symptomatic Crohn's disease during pregnancy was initially described in 1946. Crohn's disease has been described in a number of atypical locations and with development of unusual fistulas. The cases associated with pregnancy have in common a clinical picture ...
Gilbert C - - 1994
Hormonal, immunological and neural factors contribute, but none exclusively, to the remission of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in pregnant women. It is proposed (1) that a reset of neurotransmitter status early in pregnancy (associated with enhanced dopaminergic (DA) activity and subtly modified norepinephrinergic-DA functional interrelationships, and altered cholinergic function) initiates and ...
Ryan I P - - 1994
Glycogen storage disease type IA is associated with metabolic abnormalities that can compromise fetal outcome. Normal outcome can be achieved by maintaining euglycemia throughout gestation. We report three consecutive pregnancies in a patient with glycogen storage disease type IA. The patient, a 35-year-old woman, has been maintained on a regimen ...
Roger D - - 1994
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN: For a period of 1 year, all pregnant women presenting with itching were investigated by clinical, histologic, immunopathologic, and laboratory studies. Fifty-one of 3192 pregnant women were studied. RESULTS: We identified (1) two typical cases of herpes gestationis, with an approximate incidence of one in 1700 pregnancies; ...
Presbitero P - - 1994
In a series of 416 women with congenital heart disease seen in the Royal Brompton National Heart and Lung Hospital, London, and the Hospital Giovanni Bosco, Torino, Italy, there were 822 pregnancies. The outcomes of 96 pregnancies in 44 patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease were studied. Patients with the ...
Lindheimer M D - - 1994
Physicians may be called upon to guide patients with renal disease on the advisability of conceiving or maintaining a gestation, or to manage pregnancies permitted to continue. The prevailing view is that the degree of functional impairment and the presence or absence of hypertension prior to conception determine both pregnancy ...
Hou S H - - 1994
Pregnancy in women with renal insufficiency and end-stage renal disease, while uncommon, is definitely possible, and such women should not assume they are infertile. Contraception should be prescribed for those who do not want to conceive. For the woman who is dialysed during pregnancy, the risks can be minimized by ...
Canobbio M M - - 1994
As the number of women with congenital heart disease continues to rise, information regarding reproduction is and will become an important part of their follow-up care. Until now the focus of reproduction has been on pregnancy outcomes. Practitioners must become better informed about issues of fertility, contraception, and childbearing to ...
Maikranz P - - 1994
Although the anatomical and physiological changes of normal pregnancy may predispose to kidney stone formation, it remains an uncommon occurrence. Correct diagnosis is often difficult. Ultrasonography has become the primary radiological diagnostic tool, with a limited excretory urogram only necessary in complicated cases. Nephrolithiasis during pregnancy occurs more frequently during ...
Merrill J - - 1994
This paper reports on a 22-yr old female patient with recurrent bouts of Henoch-Schönlein purpura since puberty occurring monthly at the time of menstruation. Remissions occurred during pregnancy, and on several occasions and in a dose responsive manner when the patient was prescribed birth control pills containing progesterone and oestradiol. ...
Mitra A G - - 1994
BACKGROUND: There are three syndromes of histiocytosis X: eosinophilic granulomatosis of the lungs, Hand-Schüller-Christian disease, and Letterer-Siwe disease. Although there have been five case reports of Hand-Schüller-Christian disease in pregnancy, we found none describing pregnancy in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis. CASE: We present a report of eosinophilic granulomatosis of the ...
Lane K L - - 1994
A 28-year-old woman with prior neurosurgery involving the placement of a cadaveric dural graft developed a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder with prominent cerebellar dysfunction that was proven at autopsy to be Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. She represents the second American to develop Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in association with a dural graft. The unusual ...
Hacker S M - - 1994
A 28-year-old pregnant woman had acute superficial thrombophlebitis in the right axilla. Aside from pregnancy, there were no risk factors for hypercoagulability. This case is presented as a variant of Mondor's disease. The pendulous breasts associated with her pregnancy and strenuous lifting may have predisposed the patient to the disease.
Tanzi P - - 1994
Herpes gestationis is a rare autoimmune disease of pregnancy characterized by itching and skin lesions. The disease causes prominently maternal discomfort, but fetal and neonatal complications have been reported; however the frequency and severity of fetal illness are still debated. We describe three cases of herpes gestationis diagnosed and managed ...
Tsai Y C - - 1994
A case of idiopathic autoimmune hemolytic anemia occurring during the third trimester of pregnancy is presented. The hemolytic process was quite severe in the mother but responded to steroid therapy. A healthy baby without evidence of hemolysis was delivered uneventfully through the vagina. We postulate the mechanism of the discuss ...
Connolly H M - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: The outcome of pregnancy in Ebstein's anomaly was studied in 72 such patients (44 women, 28 men) who had had pregnancies or fathered children. BACKGROUND: Patients with Ebstein's anomaly often reach childbearing age. Reports of the outcome of pregnancy in Ebstein's anomaly are available; however, the number of patients ...
Stallmach T - - 1994
Chorioamnionitis is a major hazard to pregnancy in the second trimester. It affects the fetomaternal unit, causing febrile illness in the mother. The fetus eventually is expelled because uterine contractions can no longer be suppressed after a certain stage of the disease. To determine the effects of chorioamnionitis on the ...
Trallori G - - 1994
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a disease condition which typically affects young people; pregnancy is therefore frequent in women with this disease. 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is known to be efficacious in maintaining remission of UC, but its safety in pregnancy has not yet been established. In the present study, the safety ...
Collier P M - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Although many patients with linear IgA dermatosis (LAD) are young and have persistent disease, little is known about the interactions between LAD and pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study the effects of LAD on pregnancy, and vice versa. METHODS: Our study included 12 patients with LAD who underwent ...
van Walderveen M A - - 1994
We followed two women with MS during pregnancy by means of serial unenhanced MR imaging. On each follow-up image, we assessed the number of new or enlarging lesions. Both women showed a decrease in MR disease activity during the second half of pregnancy and a return of MR disease activity ...
Verdru P - - 1994
We studied 200 female patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) to investigate whether pregnancy after the onset of disease influences long term disability. As an index of progression, we used the time between disease onset and wheelchair dependence. Patients who had at least one pregnancy after onset were wheelchair dependent after ...
Kobayashi Y - - 1994
This report records necrotizing meningoencephalitis in three pug dogs. It is the first record of the disease in Japan. There were three characteristic histopathological findings, namely (1) a non-suppurative inflammatory cell infiltration of the cerebral hemispheres, including both gray and white matter, (2) meningeal and perivascular infiltrates of mononuclear cells, ...
Abbott J - - 1994
Several medical illnesses commonly occur in the pregnant patient admitted to the emergency department. Some, such as hyperemesis gravidarum and urinary tract infection, occur exclusively or with increased frequency in pregnancy. Thromboembolic disease is the leading cause of maternal death in pregnancies that survive the first 3 months. Sickle cell ...
Okoth F A - - 1994
Famotidine has been used for the treatment of peptic ulcers and Zollinger Ellison syndrome and is also useful in reflux and erosive oesophagitis. To evaluate the effects of Famotidine 20 mg given twice daily in the symptomatic relief of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease with normal oesophagus or mild endoscopic oesophagitis, patients ...
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