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Results 601 - 650 of 1032
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Abele-Horn M - - 1997
In this prospective study, the prevalence of the two Ureaplasma urealyticum biovars, parvo and T960, was determined in pregnant women and in gynecological patients colonized by ureaplasmas. Furthermore, we investigated the association of these biovars with gynecological complications and adverse pregnancy outcome. Isolates of U. urealyticum from 254 women were ...
Dufour P - - 1997
Myotonic dystrophy is a rare disease (1/8000), that is rarely associated with pregnancy, due to the fact that parents carrying the disease often encounter hypogonadism. Myotonic dystrophy is a neuro-endocrinian 'heredo-degenerative' dystrophy, with dominant autosomic transmission. Its association with pregnancy can lead to several problems. The myotony is often aggravated ...
Eliyahu S - - 1997
Essential thrombocythemia is a myeloproliferative disorder characterized by a persistent increase in the platelet count. The disease occurs more often in late middle age, but reports confirm the possibility of earlier occurrence. When the disease affects women during pregnancy, an adverse pregnancy outcome is possible: abortion, intrauterine fetal death, abruptio ...
- - 1997
Platelet adhesiveness (PA) is a valuable measure of ex vivo platelet function. A low PA is a usual feature of von Willebrand disease (vWd). However, PA has rarely been measured during vWd pregnancies. The aim of this work was to observe the behaviour of PA in vWd pregnancies. PA was ...
Eisenberg V H - - 1997
Acute pneumonia complicating pregnancy can have serious consequences for both the mother and the fetus. Streptococcus pneumoniae remains the most common bacterial pathogen, but Legionella pneumophila must be considered as well, especially in severe multisystem disease. With severe disease, premature delivery may occur as has been described in the only ...
Berghella V - - 1997
Patients with treated Wilson's disease and no residual impairments should have successful pregnancies. We report a case of a neurologically impaired patient with Wilson's disease who had a successful pregnancy with no complications. This is the first case to document that compliance with penicillamine therapy as low as 500 mg/day ...
Silver H M - - 1997
There has been great concern in the past regarding the possible fetal infection and teratogenicity from Lyme disease contracted during pregnancy because of the similarities of disease caused by Borrelia burgdorferi to syphilis. Although the initial retrospective case reports were alarming, more recent prospective data have been reassuring. This article ...
Steen V D - - 1997
Pregnancy in systemic sclerosis may be uneventful, with both good maternal and fetal outcomes. Because scleroderma is a multisystem disease and complications do occur, however, careful antenatal evaluations, discussion of potential problems, and participation in a high-risk obstetric monitoring program is very important to optimize the best outcome. Because women ...
Nelson J L - - 1997
Amelioration of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) occurs in about three quarters of pregnancies. Most women who improve experience initial relief in the first trimester. RA almost invariably recurs within 3 to 4 months of delivery. The effect of pregnancy upon the risk of first developing RA is similar in some respects ...
Marsal S - - 1997
The effects of pregnancy on the course of Behçet's disease (BD), and vice versa, are unknown and little has been reported. We have studied three groups of women: (1) group A included 61 pregnancies in 23 women with BD, 25 pregnancies took place in 10 patients already diagnosed (group 1A) ...
Petelenz T - - 1997
Hemodynamic changes related to pregnancy in women with Congenital Heart Disease (ConHD) or Acquired Valvular Heart Disease (AVHD) require special medical care during pregnancy and especially immediately prior to, and after delivery. Following a five year retrospective study (1978-1982), the authors monitored prospectively over a period of 12 years (1983-1994), ...
Fondevila C G - - 1997
Platelet adhesiveness (PA) is a valuable measure of ex vivo platelet function. A low PA is a usual feature of von Willebrand disease (vWd). However, PA has rarely been measured during vWd pregnancies. The aim of this work was to observe the behaviour of PA in vWd pregnancies. PA was ...
Cygler J - - 1997
In order to safely treat a 23 weeks pregnant woman for supradiapharagmatic Hodgkin's disease, without compromising the fetus, a custom shielding table was constructed and extensive phantom measurements were performed. For 10 MV photons, the optimal shielding combination was found to consist of a 5 cm thick lead sheet placed ...
Murphy K J - - 1996
The authors reviewed all chest radiographs obtained for pregnant women at a university hospital over a 15-year period to determine the intrathoracic complications of pregnancy and diseases occurring during pregnancy. The characteristic physiologic changes seen on chest radiographs during normal pregnancy are reviewed. Examples of intrathoracic diseases that may occur ...
Lorraine J K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Cyclic angioedema with eosinophilia is an unusual condition characterized by recurrent bouts of eosinophilia with edema, fever, and responsiveness to prednisone. To date, the prognosis of patients with this disease reported in the literature has been excellent. METHODS: In this paper, a young woman with this syndrome is described. ...
Utsumi T - - 1996
The incidence of adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) arising in women of childbearing age is documented infrequently. This report is the second in the world's literature of a case of ATL that occurred during pregnancy. A 43-year-old woman developed ATL during pregnancy and died of widespread disease 4 weeks after cesarean ...
Janczewska I - - 1996
A deterioration of liver function may occur during pregnancy in patients with chronic liver disorder. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic progressive liver disorder with a highly variable and fluctuating course. This study aims at investigating the outcome of pregnancy in patients with PSC and, conversely, the effect of ...
Wanchu A - - 1996
The outcome of pregnancy in systemic scleroderma (SSc) has been a subject of much interest. In a retrospective analysis of 59 pregnancies of 17 mothers with SSc, the effect of disease on pregnancy outcome was variable. There was no adverse effect on fertility. While there was an apparent decrease in ...
Oliveira T A - - 1996
The benefits of surgical treatment for patients with congenital heart disease in relation to pregnancy are still controversial. We studied 48 pregnant women (mean age = 25 years) with surgically-corrected congenital heart diseases (Group 1). This included 15 cyanotic diseases: Fallot's tetralogy (11 cases); Ebstein's anomaly (2 cases); transposition of ...
Jungers P - - 1996
Reflux nephropathy is one of the most prevalent renal diseases and a leading cause of chronic renal failure in women-of childbearing age. To evaluate the issue and possible complications of pregnancy in women with reflux nephropathy, we retrospectively analyzed fetal and maternal outcome in 158 women who had 375 pregnancies ...
Ulm M R - - 1996
Coronary heart disease and myocardial infarction (MI) is rarely seen in women below the age of 40 years and even more rarely during pregnancy. The first case of MI during pregnancy was described by Katz in 1992 (1). Current literature reviewed by Samara et al. 1989 (2) listed only 62 ...
Gelb A B - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The natural histories of Hodgkin's disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) during pregnancy are not well understood. METHODS: All cases of HD and NHL diagnosed during pregnancy at Stanford University Medical Center since 1987 were reviewed and clinical follow-up was obtained. Various immunohistochemical studies and in situ hybridization for ...
Ehrich J H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Between 1967 and 1990, 820 successful pregnancies in 718 women on renal replacement therapy (RRT) were reported to the EDTA Registry. METHODS: This study analyses data on repeated successful pregnancies in 102 of these women, of whom 99 had two and three had three pregnancies. RESULTS: Primary renal diseases ...
Castiglione F - - 1996
The incidence of relapses of inflammatory bowel disease in pregnancy ranges from 20 to 35%. The effect of pregnancy on Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis after pregnancy has been investigated here. During the survey period, 29 pregnancies occurred in 18 Crohn's patients, and 25 in 19 ulcerative colitis patients. Incidence ...
Deblieux P M - - 1996
Pregnancy increases the risk for respiratory failure from to numerous pulmonary diseases. Adult respiratory distress syndrome, aspiration, venous air embolism, asthma, thromboembolism, and heart disease are etiologies shared by non-pregnant women. However, their management is complicated by complex physiologic changes during pregnancy. Amniotic fluid embolism and tocolytic-induced pulmonary edema are ...
Boyd A S - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Various hormonal states are known to be associated with the waxing and waning of psoriasis. Patients with psoriasis commonly experience changes in their cutaneous disease during pregnancy or post partum. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated 100 women with psoriasis by questionnaire and interview. The women had been seen at the Baylor ...
Navarre C B - - 1996
An understanding of the relationship between gastrointestinal (GI) motility and disease is imperative for the proper treatment of large animal patients, especially as new therapeutic agents become available. However, the abundance of information that has become available in the last 2 decades makes gaining this understanding a formidable task. This ...
Janoff H B - - 1996
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by congenital malformation of the great toes and by progressive heterotopic ossification of the soft tissues in specific anatomic and temporal patterns. We observed classic findings of FOP in 2 Native American half-sisters with the same ...
Dickey W - - 1996
Coeliac disease is an important cause of malabsorption, particularly of folic acid, in adults. We investigated the possibility that it might be a maternal risk factor for neural tube defect (NTD)-associated pregnancy by screening affected mothers using serum endomysial antibody (EmA) which has high sensitivity and specificity for coeliac disease. ...
Holley J L JL Renal-Electrolyte Division, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, PA, - - 1996
Assessment and comparison of pregnancy outcomes in women with renal disease and women with high risk pregnancies due to medical illness without renal disease. A prospective, matched controlled study. The High Risk Obstetrical Clinics of Magee Women's Hospital, a primary and referral center where approximately 9,500 deliveries occur per year. ...
Smecuol E - - 1996
BACKGROUND AND AIM: While gynaecological and obstetric disorders have been reported among women with coeliac sprue, their true prevalence and relationship to the coeliac disease process has not been completely elucidated. Our aims were to determine: (1) the prevalence of gynaecological and obstetric problems in patients with coeliac disease and ...
Temizkan M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: A 28-year-old woman developed a cholangiocarcinoma after using oral contraceptives for eight years. The common bile duct and the gallbladder were removed and four hepaticojejunostomies were performed. RESULTS: Seven years after surgery no evidence of disease recurrence is detectable and the patient wants advice regarding her wish for pregnancy. ...
Reinker K A - - 1996
A review of 106 cases of Legg-Perthes disease disclosed 26 in whom a particularly poor radiographic appearance was seen. Hinge abduction was detected in 19 of these patients and was suspected but not proven in the remainder. Hinge abduction was found to occur early in the course of Legg-Perthes, and ...
Hadi H A - - 1995
Neurofibromatosis (NF) is a common genetic disease that affects multiple organ systems. We studied eight women with NF and the outcome of their 14 pregnancies. One patient and her fetus died of a massive intracranial hemorrhage as a result of ruptured glioblastoma of the basal ganglia. The incidence of live ...
Jungers P - - 1995
According to some nephrologists, pregnancy has damaging effects on renal function in primary glomerulonephritis, but the evidence is conflicting. We evaluated the effect of pregnancy on the occurrence of end-stage renal failure (ESRF) in 360 patients with various histological forms of primary glomerulonephritis but with normal renal function (serum creatinine ...
Lampert M B - - 1995
Congestive heart failure is an uncommon complication of pregnancy with potentially life-threatening consequences. Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a disease of unknown cause in which severe left ventricular dysfunction occurs during late pregnancy or the early puerperium. In the past, the diagnosis of this entity was made on clinical grounds; however, modern ...
Bourlier R A - - 1995
Pregnancy may occur in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, a chronic inflammatory joint disease. This disease, which is included in the group of seronegative spondylarthropathies, may be characterized by both intra- and extra-articular manifestations. Although most pregnant patients with ankylosing spondylitis experience normal spontaneous vaginal deliveries, manifestations of the disease may ...
Shapiro S - - 1995
Little has been written concerning the surgical treatment of pregnant patients with pseudotumor cerebri. We present four cases of pregnant women who underwent lumboperitoneal shunt placement during pregnancy for progressive visual loss despite maximal medical therapy. The intraperitoneal pressure measured during surgery was significantly less than the cerebrospinal fluid pressure. ...
Cook C L - - 1995
This review of recurrent pregnancy loss examines our current understanding of the major etiologies of this unfortunate condition including genetic and endocrine abnormalities, anatomic variations, autoimmune conditions, alloimmune problems, systemic disease, and infection. Diagnostic protocols and treatment strategies are briefly presented. With a high rate of spontaneous normal pregnancy outcome, ...
Burakoff R - - 1995
The IBD patient should be optimistic about a potential pregnancy. Inactive IBD is not associated with decreased fertility. Inactive IBD does not affect the course of pregnancy; however, IBD has been associated with increased preterm deliveries. Active IBD during pregnancy is associated with increased stillbirths and spontaneous abortions but not ...
Sadural E - - 1995
Most hematologic malignancies are rare during the childbearing years with the exception of Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, the continued spread of retroviruses, such as human immunodeficiency virus, in the heterosexual population may result in a substantial rise in viral-induced non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Although pregnancy does not affect the natural course of these ...
Jamidar P A - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticobiliary disease in pregnancy is relatively uncommon. The frequency of choledocholithiasis in pregnancy requiring intervention has been reported to be as low as one in 1200 deliveries. Traditionally, intervention in these patients has been surgical. Although surgery has an overall low morbidity and mortality for the expectant mother, it ...
Kundrotas L W - - 1995
Transient transverse folds of the esophageal mucosa as seen by barium esophagography and on endoscopic examination have been termed "felinization." This finding has been considered a normal variant or has been associated with reflux esophagitis. No symptoms have been associated with its presence. In 280 unselected patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal ...
Lima F - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To study the fetal and maternal outcome of pregnancy in patients with granulomatous vasculitis. METHODS: Four pregnancies in two patients with Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) and one patient with Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) were identified and followed in our specialised clinic for pregnancy and connective tissue diseases. RESULTS: Three pregnancies ended ...
Rogers R G - - 1995
The purpose of our study was to review the effects of Crohn's disease on pregnancy outcomes. Over a 6-year period, we identified 17 women with pregnancies complicated by Crohn's disease. The mean age of the women was 26 years, with a mean age of diagnosis at 17 years. Crohn's disease ...
Adair C D - - 1995
We describe two pregnancies in the same patient with Caroli's disease (congenital dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts). The first pregnancy was uneventful concerning the maternal Caroli's disease. The second pregnancy highlights the serious and potentially lethal complications of an acute episode to both the fetus and mother. The patient ...
Hemmelder M H - - 1995
Pregnancy may be followed by a postpartum acceleration of renal function loss in patients with renal disease. We retrospectively analyzed the effects of pregnancy on progressive renal function decline, and the risk factors for an acceleration, in a group of 19 renal disease patients with 30 pregnancies and a group ...
Bhagwat A R - - 1995
Pregnancy is associated with major hemodynamic changes in the cardiovascular system that can contribute to greater morbidity and mortality in women with underlying heart disease. Therefore, the diagnosis and management of these disorders in the pregnant patient require understanding of cardiovascular physiology during pregnancy, labor, delivery, and the puerperium. It ...
Greenberg D - - 1995
Pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA) is a rare hereditary salt-wasting syndrome which is caused by decreased renal tubular responsiveness to aldosterone. The syndrome consists of hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, dehydration, failure to thrive and increased urinary salt loss. A case of PHA was previously described where fetal polyuria was the probable cause of hydramnios. We ...
Ogasawara K K - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Von Hippel-Lindau disease is an autosomal-dominant genetic disorder with variable penetrance characterized by multiorgan hemangioblastomas and a predisposition to carcinoma. CASE: A 23-year-old pregnant woman at 35 weeks' gestation, with a family history of von Hippel-Lindau disease, presented with paraplegia caused by an acute intramedullary hemorrhage from a spinal ...
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