Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1032
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Gladen B C - - 1999
Lipid peroxidation is thought to be important in numerous disease states, including pregnancy complications. Study of its role requires markers, but the variability of available markers in non-diseased populations has not been well-characterized. We examined the variability over time of blood lipid hydroperoxides, as measured by iodometric analysis, in 49 ...
Smith G - - 1998
The red cell alloantibody, anti-U, is uncommon but is a recognised cause of haemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn. We describe six pregnancies complicated by the presence of maternal anti-U, and review nine other well-documented cases. In these 15 cases severe haemolytic disease occurred only with titres of > ...
Subhani J M - - 1998
The management of inflammatory bowel disease during pregnancy is a particular challenge because adequate disease control before and during gestation is essential for both maternal and foetal health. As a practical problem this situation arises frequently, because a quarter of patients conceive after the diagnosis of their disease. Many of ...
Brunner G - - 1998
This report contains the observations of 9 women who received omeprazole for severe reflux disease during different stages of pregnancy. Four patients took omeprazole at the time of conception, and 3 of these patients continued omeprazole therapy without interruption until delivery. One patient discontinued therapy in the 8th week of ...
Tan J - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of heart disease diagnosed de novo in pregnancy in a West London population and to re-examine the current role of routine cardiovascular examination in antenatal care in the UK. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Obstetric medical clinics at Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital, University College Hospital ...
Lam Y H - - 1998
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia is commonly associated with congenital heart disease. Their coexistence indicates a poor prognosis. Prenatal diagnosis of these conditions in early pregnancy allows the option of pregnancy termination. We present a case of left-sided fetal diaphragmatic hernia and complex congenital heart disease diagnosed by ultrasound examination at 12 ...
Caliezi C - - 1998
Pregnancy and delivery are critical events in women with von Willebrand's disease type 3. Prophylactic treatment for delivery and early postpartum period is recommended. Vaginal delivery is considered safe. However, experience is based on rare case reports. We report the management of two pregnancies and successful deliveries in a woman ...
Saidi A S - - 1998
There are limited data regarding the outcome of pregnancy in women after intervention for coarctation of the aorta (CoA). The Texas Children's Hospital Cardiac Database was used to identify female patients with CoA born before 1980 who had undergone balloon angioplasty or surgery. Patients with Turner's syndrome and cyanotic congenital ...
Yanagawa T - - 1998
We report a 31-year-old woman who developed myopathy and neuropathy during pregnancy. She was diagnosed as having mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS). A T-to-C transition mutation at nucleotide position 3271 was detected in the mitochondrial gene. Her symptoms subsided spontaneously and she delivered a male infant ...
Sawhney H - - 1998
Two hundred and seventy five pregnancies in patients with congenital heart disease during 1980-1996 were analyzed retrospectively. Maternal and perinatal outcome was compared in 251 pregnancies of women with acyanotic and 24 pregnancies of women with cyanotic heart disease. Congenital heart disease was diagnosed during the index pregnancy in 26.1% ...
Komiyama M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Many female patients with moyamoya disease are of childbearing years, including those who were diagnosed before entering their childbearing years. However, there have been no extensive reviews of the management of pregnancy and delivery in association with moyamoya disease. The purpose of this report is to describe ...
Struble R G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Growth cone-associated protein (GAP43) is found in growing axons and we hypothesized that systemic treatment with antineoplastic agents should disrupt regeneration of olfactory receptor cells. Disruption of regeneration should be evidenced by decreased presence of growing axons in the olfactory bulb. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate GAP43 in human olfactory bulb ...
Robillard P Y - - 1998
Pregnancy-induced hypertensive disorders (and especially preeclampsia) remain nowadays the major problem of human reproduction as it occurs in at least 10% of all world population births. It is a major cause of maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity in developed and developing countries. This disease was until recently classically considered as a ...
Teerlink J R - - 1998
Valvular heart disease may have a significant impact on the course and outcome of pregnancy with implications for fetal as well as maternal health. Optimally, serious symptomatic valvular heart disease should be detected and treated before pregnancy. Whether a pregnant woman is known to have valvular heart disease or is ...
Clarkson C P - - 1998
A case is presented of a 31-year-old Filipino female, gravida 5 para 2, at 38 weeks plus 5 days gestation, with known type I Gaucher's disease who underwent repeat cesarean delivery. After cesarean delivery, the patient developed disseminated intravascular coagulation and required transfusion of eight 6-packs of platelets, 6 units ...
Mavrommatis C G - - 1998
Occurrence of Non Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in pregnancy is very rare. A 24-year-old woman with NHL stage IVB complicating pregnancy is presented. The diagnosis was made by biopsy at 27 weeks. The patient received combination chemotherapy which led to remission of the disease. The baby was delivered by an emergency ...
Squatrito R C - - 1998
The incidence of malignant melanoma is rising, and this may be the most frequently encountered malignancy during pregnancy. Because effective treatment of advanced or metastatic disease remains elusive, the key to adequate therapy is surveillance for early disease with prompt diagnostic work-up and treatment. Review of the most prominent reports ...
Mayr N A - - 1998
Malignant disease requiring radiation therapy during pregnancy presents an enormous challenge for the clinician. The optimal radiotherapeutic management of the patient and the optimal management of the pregnancy involve directly opposing demands. Ionizing radiation should be avoided during pregnancy whenever possible. Doses in excess of 0.1 Gy (10 rad) delivered ...
Naidoo K - - 1998
A patient with von Hippel-Lindau disease presented during her seventh week of pregnancy with obstructive hydrocephalus and brainstem compression caused by multiple cerebellar haemangioblastomas. Surgery was performed to relieve the hydrocephalus and remove the right cerebellar tumour. The patient's subsequent course supports the hypothesis of vascular engorgement of cerebellar haemangioblastomas ...
Sorosky J I - - 1998
Cancer complicating pregnancy is uncommon, with an incidence of approximately 1 in 1000 pregnancies. The obstetrician attending 250 deliveries per year would need to accumulate 40 years of clinical experience to encounter two to three cases of PABC. The increases in the size, weight, vascularity, and density of the breasts ...
Verdú L I - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Lymphocytic hypophysitis is an unusual autoimmune disease that causes partial or total hypopituitarism and often is associated with pregnancy. Only four spontaneous pregnancies have been reported after this disease. We report a case of ovulation induction in a woman with this antecedent as well as the course of the ...
Ely E W - - 1998
In the present report we describe 4 previously healthy women who developed cryptococcal pneumonia during pregnancy, and 1 pregnant woman with cryptococcal meningitis. These cases illustrate a previously uncharacterized spectrum of cryptococcal disease. We also discuss 24 patients previously reported who had cryptococcal meningitis during pregnancy. Finally, we review the ...
Giannakopoulos P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To examine the neuroanatomical correlates of apraxia in Alzheimer disease. PATIENTS: Twenty-three patients with clinically overt Alzheimer disease. DESIGN: Anterograde study and neuropathologic case series. Clinical severity was assessed using the Global Deterioration Scale. Ideomotor praxis was examined on transitive and intransitive movements and meaningless gestures, and dressing ability ...
Dashe J S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To characterize perinatal outcomes and long-term maternal complications from thrombotic microangiopathy manifested during pregnancy, and to review the clinical course and long-term follow-up of pregnant women with this condition at our institution over the past 25 years. METHODS: We identified prospectively pregnant women who met clinical and laboratory criteria ...
Nelson J L - - 1998
The advent of molecular biologic techniques has resulted in the recognition of bidirectional traffic of cells at the maternal-fetal interface. In this light, and because women are preferentially affected by a wide variety of autoimmune diseases, the subject of pregnancy immunology is of special interest. That pregnancy often induces remission ...
Grünewald S - - 1998
We present the favourable outcome of a pregnancy in a woman with maple syrup urine disease. Keeping the maternal plasma levels of the branched-chain amino acids between 100 and 300 mumol/L is compatible with delivery of a normal infant. Leucine tolerance increased progressively from the 22nd week of gestation from ...
Ralston S J - - 1998
Liver hematoma and rupture is a rare but devastating complication of pregnancy. The majority of cases have been associated with severe preeclampsia, but unlike typical preeclampsia, it is a disease of older, multiparous patients. Although there are predictable findings on liver pathology, the underlying pathophysiology is poorly understood. Early recognition ...
Kadir R A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the obstetric outcome in women with von Willebrand's disease or factor XI deficiency. SETTING: Haemophilia Centre and Haemostasis Unit, The Royal Free Hospital. POPULATION: Women with von Willebrand's disease (n = 31) and with factor XI deficiency (n = 11) registered at the Royal Free Hospital Haemophilia ...
Doveren R F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest that physiological changes in pregnancy mimic early symptoms of tuberculosis. If true, this could influence the diagnostic delay of the disease and the outcome of pregnancy. METHODS: From the register of the Public Health Centre, all female patients with culture-proven tuberculosis aged between 22 and 35 ...
Kumar A - - 1998
The association of Wegener's granulomatosis and pregnancy is rare and poses unique therapeutic challenges, particularly when active disease presents in early pregnancy. We describe a 22-yr-old woman who recovered successfully from her initial episode of Wegener's granulomatosis with a standard course of treatment with prednisolone and cyclophosphamide. Two and a ...
Korelitz B I - - 1998
Despite the lack of prospective studies on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and pregnancy, the evidence strongly supports the conclusions that fertility is compromised in active Crohn's disease; heredity plays an important role in type and location of disease; fetal outcome is essentially no different than in the ...
al-Abdulkareem A A - - 1998
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to determine the pattern and time trend of consanguineous marriage and its adverse health effects on the offspring in Dammam city, Eastern Province, in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This city is known to attract Saudis from different parts of the country because ...
McGregor J A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Survey office-based obstetric-gynecologic practitioners regarding their knowledge of infectious disease care and antibiotic use. METHODS: A survey questionnaire of multiple-choice questions was mailed to Fellows of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists about clinical entities for which recommendations have undergone recent changes or about which there was a ...
Phillipson G - - 1998
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal recessive disease. CF and congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) share a genetic and embryological background. Since the 1960s, medical therapy to reduce the progressive obstructive lung disease and nutritional deficiencies has resulted in most CF patients reaching adulthood. With ...
Ceci O - - 1998
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an uncommon myocardial disease arising in the latter part of pregnancy or during the first five postpartum months, in the absence of any obvious cause and with no previously known heart disease. The risk of recurrence of PPCM is considered low when left ventricular size and ...
Ostensen M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study reproductive performance and interaction between ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and pregnancy in a large population of female patients. METHODS: In collaboration with the Ankylosing Spondylitis International Federation, a questionnaire including clinical data and details on past and recent pregnancies was sent to the female members of national and ...
Blowey D L - - 1998
Pregnancy in women receiving renal replacement therapy is not without risk to the mother and fetus. This article reviews the information on fetal outcome in pregnancies associated with renal transplantation and dialysis. The incidence of neonatal mortality, prematurity, and small-for-gestational-age infants is increased in pregnancies associated with maternal renal replacement ...
Thilén U - - 1997
About one per cent of all pregnancies are affected by maternal heart disease, which may have significant influence on the maternal and foetal outcome. In this context rheumatic heart disease is declining and congenital heart disease is becoming the dominant category. Our experience of pregnancy in the new groups of ...
Elstein D - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To date there has been little published experience with enzyme replacement therapy in pregnant women with symptomatic type I Gaucher disease. STUDY DESIGN: We describe six patients, including three with repeated early pregnancy loss, five of whom successfully carried pregnancies to term; the last pregnancy was terminated because of ...
Russi E W - - 1997
When physicians encounter pregnant patients with respiratory complaints, they face a challenging set of clinical problems. To understand the clinical cardiopulmonary manifestations of diseases occurring during pregnancy, knowledge of the basic physiologic changes during pregnancy is necessary. The most prevalent chest related complaint in pregnant women is shortness of breath, ...
Uchide K - - 1997
There are few reports on the course of Ménière's disease during pregnancy. We report here the clinical course of Ménière's disease before, during and after pregnancy and discuss the possible effect of pregnancy on Ménière's disease and the treatment of Ménière's disease during pregnancy. In the present case, the vertigo ...
Modigliani R - - 1997
Women with ulcerative colitis (UC) are usually young and thus likely to undergo pregnancy. They should be advised to conceive when the disease is quiescent. Steroids and salicylates may be used normally during pregnancy, possibly without exceeding a dose of 2g/day for mesalazine. Azathioprine can be maintained if its indication ...
Dike G L - - 1997
A 23-year-old pregnant Pakistani female presented with hemichorea and hemiballismus at six weeks gestational age. Similar symptoms had occurred during a previous pregnancy resulting in a spontaneous abortion. Chorea gravidarum, a disorder characterized by choreiform and athetoid movement presenting during pregnancy, is rare. In the past, rheumatic disease was generally ...
Elenkov I J - - 1997
Pregnancy and the postpartum period are associated with significant changes in levels of several hormones, such as estrogen, progesterone, cortisol and possibly catecholamines. Moreover, several autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis tend to remit, develop or exacerbate during pregnancy or the postpartum period. Thus, the question arises: are the changes ...
Zappia M - - 1997
The long-duration response (LDR) to chronic levodopa treatment may mask the short-duration response (SDR) to a single dose of the drug in Parkinson's disease (PD). As a result, the measurement of SDR may be inaccurate for establishing levodopa dosing regimen in individual patients. To evaluate the possible contamination of SDR ...
Guzelian G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Behçet's syndrome is an immune-mediated connective tissue disorder, and its primary manifestations are oral and genital ulcerations. To our knowledge no cases of adverse fetal outcome have been reported in pregnancies complicated by this disease. CASE: A 27-year-old primigravid woman with a diagnosis of Behçet's disease came to our ...
Jones D C - - 1997
Regardless of the cause or degree of renal insufficiency, some common themes have run through the conclusions of many investigators studying chronic renal disease and pregnancy: fetal survival, once thought rare, now appears to be commonplace; maternal renal function, previously thought unlikely to survive a pregnancy, is not adversely affected ...
Mendelson M A - - 1997
Advances in the detection and treatment of congenital heart disease has made it possible for children born with congenital heart disease to reach adulthood. Pregnancy often is feasible in the woman born with congenital heart disease; however, the type of lesion, surgical repair, and residual hemodynamic state will determine the ...
Martorell L - - 1997
Myotonic dystrophy is characterised by the striking level of somatic heterogeneity seen between and within tissues of the same patient, which probably accounts for a significant proportion of the pleiotropy associated with this disorder. The congenital form of the disease is associated with the largest (CTG)n repeat expansions. We have ...
Lyde C B - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Three pregnancies occurred in a cohort of 40 patients with Hansen disease during a 6-year period. There are few recent reports in the English literature that deal with pregnancy in patients with Hansen disease. These 3 cases are presented in the context of previously reported cohorts. OBSERVATIONS: In patient ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >