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Results 501 - 550 of 1032
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Fuhrman L - - 2000
Awareness of pregnancy-related skin changes can facilitate improved care of women during pregnancy by identifying those skin changes that require further evaluation. Women experience significant endocrine and metabolic changes during pregnancy that can cause both physiologic and pathologic alterations in the skin, nails, and hair. This review discusses the physiologic ...
Ravindran J - - 2000
Liver disease is an important and serious condition in pregnancy. The Confidential Enquiries Into Maternal Deaths in Malaysia showed that there were 23 maternal deaths attributed to liver disease between 1991-1994. Over the same period, there were 1066 reported maternal deaths with 929 of them being due to direct and ...
Leiba H - - 2000
The clinical course of four patients with visual loss in the postpartum period due to acute optic neuritis is described. Factors that disclosed the underlying etiology and expression of disease are discussed. The clinical records of four women examined and managed for visual loss after uncomplicated pregnancies and term deliveries ...
Alavi A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical outcome during pregnancy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with changes in the levels of exposed immunoglobulin G (IgG) terminal sugars. METHODS: Serum IgG glycosylation from 23 pregnant patients with RA was analyzed during the prenatal, antenatal, and post-partum periods. Patients were randomly selected on ...
Colman J M - - 2000
Care of pregnant patients with congenital heart disease requires understanding of the specific congenital defect, the nature of previous surgical correction, and the residua and sequelae. General risks and principles can be adduced in management decisions. In addition, lesion- and patient-specific details are important. There are only a few conditions ...
Rahman J - - 2000
The outcome of 274 viable pregnancies in 229 patients with cardiac disease that delivered at the King Fahad Hospital, Al-Khobar, Saudi Arabia, between 1982 and 1998 was reviewed. The incidence was 0.6% of deliveries. Rheumatic heart disease complicated 208 (75.9%) pregnancies, congenital heart lesion in 49 (17.9%) and the remaining ...
Moser M A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Although there is general agreement that conception should be avoided when Crohn's disease is active, many questions remain unanswered for the woman with Crohn's disease in remission who becomes pregnant. METHODS: Sixty-five charts of women with Crohn's disease quiescent at the start of pregnancy were identified between January 1993 ...
Cohen Y - - 2000
The aim of the present work was to review the published evidence on the association of Bell palsy (BP), an acute idiopathic peripheral facial paralysis of unknown etiology, with pregnancy. Reports have shown that women of reproductive age are affected two to four times more often than men of the ...
Rajapakse R O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The outcomes of pregnancies after maternal use of 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during pregnancy have been reported, but data are lacking for outcomes when the fathers use this drug. METHODS: Subjects were male patients with IBD seen at one center between 1970 and 1997. Patients and ...
Marana H R - - 2000
AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is an unusual neoplasm which is generally associated with a dismal prognosis. Given the poor prognosis and the predominance in the third and fourth decades of life when fertility tends to decrease, reports of term pregnancies after treatment of this disease are ...
Tanaka M - - 2000
Pharmacological vitrectomy refers to the use of enzymes in an effort to liquefy vitreous and to weaken the adhesion of vitreous cortex to the internal limiting membrane during or before performing vitreous surgery. It is well known that the vitreoretinal interface plays important roles in developing many blinding diseases. To ...
Llewelyn M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to characterise the presentation of tuberculosis in pregnancy and the difficulties in diagnosis in an area of the UK with a high incidence of tuberculosis. METHODS: A prospective case series was investigated at Northwick Park Hospital, a university affiliated district general hospital in Brent and ...
Read H S - - 2000
Six patients who developed de Quervain's disease during pregnancy or within 12 months of childbirth were treated surgically. Histopathological examination of the tendon sheaths using alcian blue stain showed that myxoid degeneration was responsible for the thickening observed in the sheath. Characteristic intramural deposits of mucopolysaccharides were present, predominantly in ...
Bar J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The preconception and intraconception parameters that are relevant to outcome in women with underlying renal disease remain controversial. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the types and frequencies of short- and long-term (2 years after delivery) maternal and neonatal complications in 38 patients with primary renal disease (46 pregnancies), most of them ...
Brewer G J - - 2000
Therapy of Wilson's disease continues to evolve. In 1997, zinc acetate was added to the list of drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration, which includes penicillamine and trientine. The mechanism of zinc's anticopper action is unique. It induces intestinal cell metallothionein, which binds copper and prevents its transfer ...
Ladwig P - - 2000
Homozygous sickle cell anaemia (Hb S) is the most common major haemoglobinopathy in the United States, occurring in approximately 1 in 626 African Americans. While haemoglobinopathies involving Hb S occur commonly in blacks of African descent, they are also found in people of Middle Eastern, East Indian and Mediterranean origin. ...
Sato-Matsumura K C - - 2000
A mother and daughter having ichthyosis follicularis with alopecia and photophobia (IFAP) are reported, with histopathological and electron microscopic findings. We have followed the clinical course of the mother for 26 years since she was 5 years old, and the daughter since birth. They have had almost all the classical ...
Shulman L M - - 2000
Pregnancy in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) is a rare occurrence. Previous reports based on retrospective analysis suggest that pregnancy may have a deleterious effect on PD. We describe the effects of pregnancy on the symptomatology of a 33-year-old woman with PD using quantitative neurologic and quality-of-life scales prepartum, intrapartum, ...
Sampaio-Barros P D - - 2000
The aim of the study was to analyse the gynaecologic history of 150 Brazilian patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) by comparing the outcome of the pregnancies before and after disease onset and in the two clinical variants of SSc, as well as to assess the effects of the pregnancy on ...
Valenzano M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare hereditary disease characterised by systemic degeneration of elastic tissue. Calcification of elastic fibres seen histologically is pathognomonic for the disorder. Most pseudoxanthoma elasticum patients show no serious complications during pregnancy. CASE: We report a case of a 29-year-old white woman with pseudoxanthoma elasticum, ...
Ostensen M - - 2000
The ameliorating effect of pregnancy on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been well known since 1938 and repeatedly confirmed for 75% of RA pregnancies. Improvement of symptoms usually occurs already in the first trimester and increases as pregnancy progresses. A flare of RA is observed within 6 months after delivery in ...
Tongsong T - - 1999
The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of sonographic cardiothoracic ratio at midpregnancy in predicting fetal hemoglobin Bart disease. Among 17,254 pregnant women screened for severe thalassemia between June 1994 and November 1998, 345 pregnant women at risk for having a fetus with hemoglobin Bart disease underwent ...
Byrd D C - - 1999
Hydroxyurea is classified as an S-phase antineoplastic agent (pregnancy category D). Two women became pregnant while taking hydroxyurea for sickle cell anemia and delivered live infants with no congenital anomalies. Although teratogenic effects of hydroxyurea were reported in animal studies, several case reports suggest the agent may have minimal teratogenic ...
Lam Y H - - 1999
Limb reduction defect is a rare event but is found in eight per cent of fetuses affected by haemoglobin Bart's disease. We present a case of haemoglobin Bart's disease with terminal transverse limb reduction defects of all four limbs diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound examination at 12 weeks of gestation. The ...
Asgari M A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety of renal stone treatment by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) during pregnancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 824 women of reproductive age who were treated by ESWL were analysed and the patients surveyed using a questionnaire about pregnancies, to which 636 (76%) responded. Of these ...
Wasserstein M P - - 1999
Methylmalonic acidaemia is an inborn error of metabolism characterized by recurrent episodes of life-threatening ketoacidosis. With improved and intensive treatment, these patients are living into adulthood, but many experience late-onset disease complications such as chronic renal failure, chronic pancreatitis and osteopenia. We report the successful delivery of a healthy baby ...
Vargas-Parada L - - 1999
Cysticercosis is a parasitic disease caused by the larval stage or cysticercus of the cestode tapeworm Taenia solium. Cysticerci are able to survive in the host tissues for long periods in the presence of an immune response. Tissues of cestodes contain mineral concretions termed calcareous corpuscles. These corpuscles might serve ...
Poncelet C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the diagnosis of reflex sympathetic dystrophy of the lower extremities in pregnant women. SUBJECT: Disease analysis using a retrospective series of nine cases and a review of the literature (57 patients and 159 sites of reflex sympathetic dystrophy). RESULTS: This disorder should be considered in any ...
Tewari K - - 1999
A 40-year-old multigravid woman was examined on multiple occasions during pregnancy because of persistent gastrointestinal symptoms. A metastatic, unresectable gastric carcinoma that had evolved to linitis plastica was diagnosed at 26 weeks' gestation. The patient was delivered of a viable infant at 27 weeks' gestation, and she died of disease ...
Bamjee Y - - 1999
The Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) was used to assess the periodontal status of 213 handicapped persons attending seven institutions in Johannesburg. Fewer than 2% had healthy mouths, 8% had bleeding only, followed by calculus (46%), shallow pockets (40%) and deep pockets (4%). The mean number of sextants ...
Musiej-Nowakowska E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To study interaction of early onset pauciarticular juvenile chronic arthritis (EOP-JCA) and pregnancy in the Polish population, in particular to confirm the ameliorating effect of pregnancy on disease activity reported by others and to analyse the factors that govern the occurrence of postpartum flare, with emphasis on the potential ...
Batchelder M A - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy toxemia may lead to appreciable mortality among jills and their offspring. The objective of this report was to increase awareness of the disease, its likely cause, and practical prevention and treatment measures. METHODS: Ten cases of pregnancy toxemia were evaluated. Jills were in late gestation (mean, ...
Masiukiewicz U S - - 1999
Hyperthyroidism due to autoimmune Graves' disease is the leading cause of thyrotoxicosis in pregnant women. The peak incidence of the disease is in the second through the fourth decade of life, which encompasses the reproductive years for women. Although menstrual irregularity is frequent in women with mild to moderate hyperthyroidism, ...
Barrett J H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the influence of pregnancy on disease activity in women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: One hundred forty pregnant women were recruited from a nationwide campaign and were followed prospectively in the last trimester and at 1 and 6 months postpartum. Standardized assessment of ...
Robinson G - - 1999
A patient with severe Alzheimer's disease (AD) presented with a severe impairment in naming nouns but selective sparing of the naming of verbs. Her impairment in naming nouns was presented across a wide range of categories investigated. To our knowledge, this is the first case documenting the selective preservation of ...
Lacomis D - - 1999
Advances in molecular genetics are allowing better phenotype to genotype correlation of the non-dystrophic myotonic disorders. We report a 32-year-old woman, who first noted myotonia that was associated with weakness during her first pregnancy. The work-up disclosed that she had Thomsen's disease which is not known to be associated with ...
Famularo G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The biologic significance of microchimerism from pregnancy in systemic sclerosis and other autoimmune diseases is not fully characterized. METHODS: We based this brief review on a systematic search of the MEDLINE database for all relevant articles published between 1980 and July 1998, indexing systemic sclerosis, microchimerism, and pregnancy as ...
Klein S K - - 1999
Recent literature has revealed different percentages of prenatal detection of congenital heart disease. Therefore we chose to analyse the sensitivity of this screening in Isère county and to scrutinize to which extent factors like severity of the anomaly, extracardiac anomalies and maternal age influence the sensitivity. This retrospective study covers ...
Steen V D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine fertility and pregnancy outcome in women with systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) who had disease onset before age 45 years. METHODS: All living women with scleroderma who had first been evaluated at the University of Pittsburgh Scleroderma Clinic after January 1, 1972 were sent a detailed self-administered questionnaire ...
Alonso-Martínez I - - 1999
We present a woman with moyamoya disease. The patient was born by prolonged vaginal delivery after a long pregnancy lasting 43 weeks. During her first years of life she depicted poor psychomotor development. When she was 9 years old a diagnosis of moyamoya disease was made. Annual neurologic evaluations have ...
Sakarelou N - - 1999
An 18-year old woman with type I Gaucher disease and two uncomplicated pregnancies is described. Although she experienced one miscarriage and pregnancy was associated with exaggeration of the clinical symptoms, leading to the diagnosis of the disorder, both her 2nd and 3rd pregnancies were uneventful and deterioration of her clinical ...
Baylis C - - 1999
During normal pregnancy, an early, marked, and sustained increase occurs in glomerular filtration rate (GFR) secondary to renal vasodilation. An optimal increase in GFR is a good predictor of pregnancy outcome. The pregnant rat provides an excellent model of the gestational renal hemodynamic response, and invasive studies in this species ...
Anselmo A P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the possibility that women affected by Hodgkin's disease (HD) during their second or third trimester of pregnancy can safely carry their pregnancy to term. METHODS: From 1986 to 1997, 6 women came to our Center during the second trimester of pregnancy and were diagnosed as having HD. ...
Way J C - - 1999
Desmoid tumours are rare, benign tumours arising from fibrous tissue in muscle fascia or aponeurosis. They are most common in women of child-bearing age and most often appear during or after pregnancy in this age group. The recommended treatment is wide surgical excision, if possible, but unresectable tumours may be ...
Stromberg K D - - 1999
ABSTRACT The relationship between leaf-associated population sizes of Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens on asymptomatic leaves and subsequent bacterial leaf streak (BLS) severity was investigated. In three experiments, X. translucens pv. translucens was spray-inoculated onto 10-day-old wheat seedlings over a range of inoculum densities (10(4), 10(5), 10(6), 10(7), and 10(8) CFU/ml). ...
Hoet J J - - 1999
Experimental investigations in animals have highlighted the role of early reduced calorie and protein nutrition on fetal cardiovascular development, and the occurrence of a transition from a low fetal arterial blood pressure in late gestation to a high arterial blood pressure postnatally. These observations may explain the correlation between health, ...
Diav-Citrin O - - 1999
A patient being treated for sickle cell disease with hydroxyurea (1 g/d) conceived, and drug treatment was discontinued at nine weeks gestational age. The pregnancy and delivery were complicated by vaso-occlusive crises. A healthy male infant was born at 39 weeks with no evidence of congenital malformations. A literature review, ...
Grimbert P - - 1999
We retrospectively evaluated maternal and fetal outcomes in a series of women with von Hippel-Lindau disease. Data resulted from 56 pregnancies in 30 women. Symptoms related to von Hippel-Lindau disease occurred in 3 of 56 pregnancies. In this unselected group of patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease, most pregnancies had a ...
Shivakumar V - - 1999
Screening for skin and sexually transmitted diseases was undertaken in 170 pregnant women in all the trimesters of pregnancy. Pruritus was the commonest presenting symptom (58.82%). Candidiasis (21.78%) was the commonest cause of white discharge per vagina, Condylomata acwninata (4.70%) was the commonest sexually transmitted disease. Three patients (1.76%) were ...
Jospe E S - - 1999
Inflammatory bowel disease often occurs during peak reproductive years. Rates of conception, pregnancy outcome and disease course during pregnancy should be discussed prior to attempted conception. The majority of patients whose disease is well controlled prior to pregnancy should expect a fertility rate comparable to the general population, and an ...
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