Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1032
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Hirose M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Fetal subdural hematoma is a rare condition not considered a complication of Crohn disease in pregnancy. CASE: A young woman with a diagnosis of Crohn disease presented at 22 weeks' gestation with diarrhea and melena for 3 weeks. Dietary and medicinal therapies were begun. At 28 weeks' gestation, fetal ...
Friedman S - - 2001
The peak age of onset for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) coincides with the peak age for conception and pregnancy, and gastroenterologists will frequently be called on to treat pregnant IBD patients. The greatest threat to a normal conception and pregnancy is active disease, not active medicine. The majority of IBD ...
Skomsvoll J F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To study female reproduction, i.e., number of births, subsequent pregnancy rate, and interpregnancy interval after diagnosis of inflammatory rheumatic disease. METHODS: In a national population based cohort study, reproduction in mothers with rheumatic disease, registered with the Medical Birth Registry of Norway 1967-1995, were compared to mothers without such ...
Sanders C L - - 2001
Women with renal disease who conceive and continue a pregnancy are at significant risk for adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Risk is inversely related to the degree of renal insufficiency. Pregnancy-induced changes in the urinary tract can temporarily increase renal function compromise, such as nephrosis, but most often results in ...
Nomikos I N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory events may eventually trigger host response, which acting via a broad spectrum of complex biological processes and molecular interactions may either enhance or resolve the symptoms of acute surgical illness (ASI). Staging the sequence of biological events that take place at the cellular level during the ...
Kato M - - 2001
The clinicopathological and biological significance of Hodgkin's disease and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which are infrequently encountered in women of childbearing age, remains to be clarified. We recently reviewed 4 cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the T/natural killer (T/NK)-cell phenotype, all of which were associated with pregnancy and characterized by the expression ...
Rajapakse Ramona - - 2001
The management of both male and female patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who wish to have a baby is challenging. For women, the most important factor to bear in mind is that the outcome of pregnancy is largely influenced by disease activity at the time of conception. Women with ...
Gilstrap L C LC - - 2001
Of the numerous physiological changes associated with pregnancy that may have effects on various diseases, the marked increase in blood volume probably exerts the most pronounced effect. This increase may affect the serum level of many medications, as well as affecting various laboratory tests. Other important changes occur in the ...
Winbery S L - - 2001
Dyspepsia with or without nausea is common during pregnancy. Known ulcer disease, gastritis, and GERD may improve during pregnancy. Many women have a stoic and long-suffering posture during pregnancy owing to an unrealistic expectation concerning the teratogenicity of commonly used drugs. It is appropriate in medicine to alleviate pain and ...
Furman B - - 2001
Wilson's disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism characterized mainly by liver cirrhosis and neurological disorders. Appropriate treatment with chelating agents allows normal fertility function. We report five consecutive successful pregnancies of the same woman, treated in the high-risk unit at our medical center. The management dilemmas and ...
Levy H L - - 2001
The frequency and types of congenital heart disease in offspring from pregnancies in women with hyperphenylalaninemia were examined in the international prospective Maternal Phenylketonuria Collaborative Study. Relationships of congenital heart disease in offspring to the basal blood phenylalanine level in the mother, metabolic control through diet during pregnancy, and phenylalanine ...
Scott L D - - 2001
Pelvic inflammatory disease, a common gynecologic problem with an estimated 1 million cases annually, results in serious sequelae. Endometritis, a common obstetric problem occurring in more than 15% of all pregnancies, is the leading cause of maternal mortality. Risk factors are numerous. Diagnosis is not always definitive and relies heavily ...
Katz J A - - 2001
Most women with inflammatory bowel disease who desire to become pregnant can expect to conceive successfully, carry to term, and deliver a healthy infant. However, the management of inflammatory bowel disease during pregnancy remains challenging, and some women with ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease will have difficulty becoming pregnant or ...
Al-Fares S I SI Department of Dermatological Immunopathology, St John's Institute of Dermatology, Guy's King's and St Thomas' School of Medicine, St Thomas' Hospital, London, - - 2001
Pregnancy is associated with immunological, endocrine, metabolic and vascular changes that may adversely affect the skin. The specific dermatoses of pregnancy are disease entities almost exclusively related to the pregnancy or the puerperium. At the conclusion of this learning activity, participants should be aware of the main entities of the ...
Papa G - - 2001
In the last few years Cupressus sempervirens has been identified as the cause of an increasing number of cases of late winter-early spring pollinosis in Mediterranean countries. We conducted a 4-year retrospective study of a large group of subjects with documented allergic respiratory disease in order to determine the prevalence, ...
Pinn G - - 2001
This fifth article in the series looks at the long tradition of using herbal treatment for managing complications during pregnancy and with the menstrual cycle. Despite widespread use there has been surprisingly little research into the outcomes or the potential risks of using herbal therapies during pregnancy. Similarly phytoestrogens have ...
Miyata N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Caution should be exercised in treating patients with autoimmune diseases during pregnancy. CASES: We successfully treated three cases of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's disease (VKH disease) during pregnancy. OBSERVATIONS: In the second trimester (14-27 weeks) of 1 patient, inflammation was mild and could be treated by topical corticosteroid. There is the possibility ...
Davis R L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to assess the impact of new consensus guidelines issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and the American Academy of Pediatrics to prevent perinatal group B streptococcal disease. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a descriptive analysis and a ...
Mendelson M A - - 2001
It is necessary to adopt a proactive, prevention-based strategy for addressing gynecologic and obstetric issues in the adolescent with heart disease. Pregnancy carries known cardiovascular alterations, manifestations and risks. The nature of the underlying cardiac disease needs to be considered in preconception counseling and in the prevention of pregnancy. Specific ...
Koh L K - - 2001
Congenital disorders of neuromuscular transmission are commonly referred to as congenital myasthenia gravis because of their clinical similarity to the immune-mediated disease. Differentiation between the immune-mediated and congenital forms of the disease is important, because therapy established for the former may not be appropriate for patients with the latter presentation. ...
Echols K T - - 2001
Mycosis fungoides complicating pregnancy is rarely encountered. As it is a form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, some of the treatment options are contraindicated in pregnancy, and the disease may become unresponsive to safer conventional therapies. We report a patient who, in her third trimester of pregnancy, failed to respond to ...
Kimura T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cyclic neutropenia is characterized by regularly recurring episodes of neutropenia. It has been reported that pregnancy often has a mitigating effect on the symptoms. However, there have been no detailed studies on changes in the neutrophil count before, during and after pregnancy. CASE: A 24-year-old woman with cyclic neutropenia ...
Charan Mohan - - 2001
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in pregnancy presents a special challenge for the clinician, predominantly because of the potential side effects of pharmacologic interventions on the fetus. Lifestyle and dietary modifications, change in sleeping posture, and antacid medications are emphasized, as these options pose little risk to the fetus. When these ...
Favaloro E J - - 2001
von Willebrand's disease (VWD) is now recognised to be the most common inherited bleeding disorder and is due to defects and/or deficiencies in von Willebrand factor (VWF). The latex immuno-assay (LIA) procedure has become a popular VWF:Ag detection methodology because of the ability to automate testing. In this report, we ...
Neill A M - - 2001
The issues relating to assisted reproduction in women with severe medical disease can be divided into the likely effect of pregnancy upon the medical condition, and how the medical condition may adversely affect pregnancy outcome. In addition, consideration of the hazards relating to the process of assisted conception, in particular ...
Hassan K - - 2001
Pregnancies in women suffering from advanced chronic renal failure are frequently associated with deterioration of maternal renal function, premature births and low birth weights. Prophylactic dialysis is sometimes instituted since this intervention ameliorates the uremic milieu and improves maternal status and fetal uterine environment. This report describes a successful pregnancy ...
Frossard J L - - 2001
Ischemic bowel disease is generally considered a disease of the elderly and usually consists of reversible colopathy. Nonocclusive causes of ischemic colitis include low-flow states due to cardiac dysfunction and hypovolemia and use of certain medications including progestational medication. We report 2 cases of ischemic colitis in young women. The ...
Heneghan M A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data in the literature on the risks associated with, and optimal management of, pregnancy in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). AIMS: To assess maternal and fetal outcomes in relation to clinical management of pregnancy in a large cohort of patients with well defined AIH. ...
Fadilah S A - - 2000
A 27-year-old Indian woman at 23 weeks' gestation presented with decompensated liver cirrhosis, coagulopathy, restrictive lung disease with cor pulmonale and preeclampsia. She was diagnosed to have sea-blue histiocyte syndrome (SBHS) at the age of 13 years and was treated conservatively. There was worsening liver, respiratory and bone marrow function ...
Witzig T E - - 2000
Rituximab (Rituxan; Genentech, Inc, South San Francisco, CA and IDEC Pharmaceutical Corporation, San Diego, CA) is a monoclonal antibody that targets the CD20 antigen present in most B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Previous studies have shown overall response rates (ORR) of approximately 50% in relapsed patients. Ibritumomab is the murine parent anti-CD20 ...
Su GL - - 2000
There are four unique liver diseases that occur only during pregnancy and resolve after delivery. Several liver diseases occur more commonly during pregnancy. These must be distinguished form acute or chronic liver diseases that coincidentally occur during pregnancy.
Cashin-Hemphill L - - 2000
Pregnancy in patients with severe hypercholesterolemia and coronary artery disease results in multiple problems both for mother and fetus; the most potent agents for low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol reduction, the HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) cannot be used during pregnancy. We present a case in which LDL apheresis via heparin-induced extracorporeal ...
Morales M - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To study the effects of Crohn's disease on the course of pregnancy and the influence of pregnancy on the activity of Crohn's disease. METHODOLOGY: The course of 35 pregnancies in 23 women with Crohn's disease were reviewed over a 12 years period. RESULTS: Nine pregnancies (25%) started when Crohn's ...
Dennis M W - - 2000
The finding of low factor VIII levels in pregnancy immediately raises concern of haemophilia A carriage, especially with a history of bleeding in the maternal grandfather. However, the diagnosis of type 2N von Willebrand disease (2N vWD) should also be considered as illustrated here. This is also the first reported ...
Williams D L - - 2000
PURPOSE: To present a case of Moyamoya disease with intracranial hemorrhage complicating pregnancy. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 36-yr-old parturient at 34 wk gestation presented with left hemiparesis, headache, nausea and vomiting. Subsequent deterioration in level of consciousness and the development of a dilated right pupil necessitated immediate intubation. Urgent non-contrast CT ...
Allan L D - - 2000
Series reporting congenital heart disease detected in utero all indicate a different spectrum and severity of disease than is seen in postnatal series, with a tendency toward more severe disease with a poorer outcome. This is largely because of the manner in which cases are selected for fetal echocardiography. As ...
Daley T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine if oral lesions exhibiting bowenoid features reflect the diverse microscopic appearance and biologic behaviour of Bowen's disease and bowenoid papulosis of the skin and genitalia. STUDY DESIGN: Seven cases of oral bowenoid lesions (6 with follow-up data) were assessed for differences in histologic features, human papillomavirus (HPV) ...
Auzary C - - 2000
Five cases of pregnancy occurring in three women with previously diagnosed Wegener's granulomatosis are described. The disease was diffuse in one case and localised in the other. Initial treatment consisted of a combination of corticosteroids and intravenous cyclophosphamide in two women, and methotrexate in one. Four pregnancies ended in live ...
Nizzi F A FA - - 2000
During pregnancy many physiologic changes occur that result in an increase in coagulation factors and a decrease in fibrinolytic activity. Because hemorrhage during pregnancy is a major cause of maternal morbidity, it is important to recognize and understand the pathophysiology of hereditary and acquired bleeding disorders. This article reviews von ...
Koch R - - 2000
The Maternal Phenylketonuria Study began in 1984 and during the intervening years, 572 pregnancies in hyperphenylalaninemic women and 99 controls and their outcomes have been evaluated. Among hyperphenylalaninemic women who delivered a live infant, only 15.9% were treated and in metabolic control preconceptually, however, another 18.4% were in control by ...
Ie S - - 2000
Numerous mechanical, biochemical, and immunologic changes occur during pregnancy. Because of these changes, pregnant women are more susceptible to infection, thromboembolic disease, exacerbation of underlying immunologic disease, and heart failure than women who are not pregnant. The differential diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in a pregnant woman is broad; thus, ...
Shimaoka Y - - 2000
PROBLEM: The systemic T helper 1/T helper 2 (Th1/Th2) cytokine balance during normal human pregnancy is controversial, and observations about the balance in the postpartum period have only been reported for up to 3 months. METHOD: Whole-blood, from 83 healthy pregnant women, 80 healthy postpartum women, and 31 healthy non-pregnant ...
Koch R - - 2000
Maternal phenylketonuria (PKU) syndrome results in multiple congenital anomalies in the offspring, usually consisting of microcephaly, intrauterine growth retardation, dysmorphology, and congenital heart disease. Pregnancies treated preconceptionally with a phenylalanine-restricted diet and control of maternal blood phenylalanine levels within the recommended range result in normal offspring. However, in this 15-year ...
Roqué H - - 2000
von Willebrand Disease (vWD) affects approximately 1% of Americans and as many as 25% of women referred for evaluation of menorrhagia. We briefly review the history of vWD, its molecular defects, and diagnostic criteria for each subtype of disease. We also address obstetric management of the patient with vWD. While ...
Munkholm P - - 2000
Pattern recognition of the long-term disease course before, during, and after pregnancy can provide us with data about the influence of pregnancy on IBD, and vice versa. Determinants that predict an indolent versus an aggressive disease course are currently being sought. Our intention is to analyze the disease course during ...
Antic N - - 2000
The occurrence of Burkitt's-like lymphoma (BL) during pregnancy is rarely diagnosed and its outcome is poor. A case of BL localized in the uterus, ovaries and breast during the course of pregnancy is presented. The patient was treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy and was disease-free for 6 ...
Kubis K C - - 2000
A 32-year-old woman noted left lid retraction during pregnancy. Examination revealed unilateral enophthalmos without symptoms of diplopia or sinus disease. Orbital imaging showed characteristic features of the silent sinus syndrome, which were confirmed intraoperatively. The clinical and imaging attributes of this syndrome are discussed, including possible mechanisms of disease development. ...
Fuhrman L - - 2000
Awareness of pregnancy-related skin changes can facilitate improved care of women during pregnancy by identifying those skin changes that require further evaluation. Women experience significant endocrine and metabolic changes during pregnancy that can cause both physiologic and pathologic alterations in the skin, nails, and hair. This review discusses the physiologic ...
Alavi A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether clinical outcome during pregnancy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with changes in the levels of exposed immunoglobulin G (IgG) terminal sugars. METHODS: Serum IgG glycosylation from 23 pregnant patients with RA was analyzed during the prenatal, antenatal, and post-partum periods. Patients were randomly selected on ...
Leiba H - - 2000
The clinical course of four patients with visual loss in the postpartum period due to acute optic neuritis is described. Factors that disclosed the underlying etiology and expression of disease are discussed. The clinical records of four women examined and managed for visual loss after uncomplicated pregnancies and term deliveries ...
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