Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 773
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Tetzschner T - - 1997
The aim of the study was to assess pudendal nerve function serially during pregnancy and after delivery. Twenty-eight women participated at 14, 30 and 36 weeks of pregnancy and 12 weeks postpartum. A prospective study of pudendal nerve terminal motor latency during pregnancy and after delivery was carried out. Results ...
- - 1997
This paper summarizes the final results of an open multicenter study in 13 hospital gynecological units in Scotland and England. In the study, 1018 pregnant women with up to 9 week amenorrhoea received 600 mg oral mifepristone followed 48 h later by vaginal gemeprost 1 mg for the induction of ...
Calhoun B C - - 1997
This article discusses decisions involving whether to terminate late-term pregnancies when fetal anomalies have been detected. Partial-birth abortion performed on fetuses with chromosomal abnormalities, while performed under the guise of reducing suffering, threatens the best interests of the mother and infant. An alternative for parents faced with the decision to ...
Jannet D - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate our use of the association of mifepristone and misoprostol for terminating second and third trimester pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and six patients undergoing termination of pregnancy between January 1993 and June 1995 in our center were studied. Each patient received ...
Bonne O B - - 1996
Pregnancy in patients with anorexia nervosa is rarely suspected. Amenorrhea is invariably present, often accompanied by sensations such as a bloated abdomen, nausea, vomiting, and fatigue. The detection of conception in anorectic patients is often delayed. Two extreme cases of belated recognition of pregnancy (at Weeks 25 and 26) in ...
Lipitz S - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of late selective fetal termination based on combined data from eight tertiary perinatal centres. DESIGN: Israeli law requires institutional committee approval for pregnancy termination. Moreover, after 24 weeks only a district superior committee can approve the termination. A total of 36 bichorionic twin pregnancies who ...
Kerber R E - - 1996
This study examines in a prospective, multicenter trial the feasibility and advantage of current-based, transthoracic defibrillation. Current-based, damped, sinusoidal waveform shocks of 18, 25, 30, 35, or 40 amperes (A) were administered beginning with 25 A for polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) or 18 A for monomorphic ...
Yapar E G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of methods for second trimester pregnancy termination. METHODS: A prospective randomized study of women undergoing pregnancy termination between 14 and 28 weeks gestation. Three hundred and forty patients with poor cervical condition (Bishop score < or = 4) in whom one of five termination methods ...
Ngai S W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of oral misoprostol and mifepristone for cervical priming before first trimester termination of nulliparous pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective double blind randomised study. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Hong Kong. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred nulliparous women undergoing termination of pregnancy between 8 and 12 weeks ...
Kyle P M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine the failure rate of karyotyping from samples taken after termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality. METHODS: Perinatal autopsy reports over a 12-month period were reviewed to identify those with cytogenetic studies performed after termination of pregnancy for fetal abnormality. RESULTS: During the audit period, there were 104 ...
Gordy F M - - 1996
A 19-year-old pregnant woman presented with an enlarging lesion in the right mandible. She was examined by a general dental practice resident in the hospital outpatient clinic and subsequently managed by the resident as an inpatient. Both moral and ethical questions arose because of the discovery of the lesion early ...
Wong K S - - 1996
A prospective randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial was conducted in 70 subjects to determine whether pre-treatment with misoprostol could facilitate termination of second trimester pregnancy by gemeprost. The women received either 400 micrograms oral misoprostol or placebo tablets 12 hours before the administration of vaginal pessary of gemeprost 1 mg every ...
Haberal A - - 1996
Eighty-four patients with early complicated pregnancies such as intrauterine death, blighted ovum pregnancy and missed abortion were treated with oral misoprostol. If abortion did not occur, 200 micrograms misoprostol was given once an hour, with an average dose of 1000 micrograms (min 200 micrograms, max 1200 micrograms). Complete or partial ...
Lei Z W - - 1996
The study examined the effect of pretreatment counseling upon discontinuation of 150 mg depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate (Depo-Provera (DMPA)), given for contraception. A total of 421 Chinese women participated, 204 receiving detailed structured pretreatment and ongoing counseling on the hormonal effects and probable side effects of DMPA and 217 receiving only routine ...
Ho P C - - 1996
A prospective randomized study was conducted to compare the efficacy of misoprostol with gemeprost when combined with mifepristone for termination of second trimester pregnancy. Patients requesting termination of second trimester pregnancy were randomized into two groups. In both groups of patients, 200 mg of mifepristone was given 36 to 48 ...
Koopersmith T B - - 1996
Misoprostol is a prostaglandin analogue which has uterotonic properties. Administered vaginally, it is an effective agent for induction of second trimester abortions. This study was undertaken to determine if the vaginal administration of misoprostol is effective for inducing first trimester abortions. Fifty-eight women with pregnancies less than 10 weeks gestation ...
Schaff E A - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effectiveness of an abortion by methotrexate and misoprostol, including side effects, subjects' satisfaction, and optimal treatment strategies. METHODS: The study evaluated a prospective ongoing trial of women with an 8-week gestation or less wanting an abortion. Subjects received intramuscular methotrexate (50 mg per m2 of ...
Bugalho A - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to study the capacity of vaginal misoprostol in combination with methylergometrine to achieve complete evacuation of the uterus without ensuing surgical evacuation of the uterine cavity. METHODS: We performed this trial on 228 women seeking pregnancy interruption. Vaginal misoprostol was given in a dosage of 800 ...
Daryani Y - - 1996
To determine the proportion of an unselected pregnant population referred to a Fetal Medicine Unit, we undertook an observational time-limited cohort study. Of 530 pregnant women booked for delivery at our hospital and with a local postcode in the local District Health Authority, 81 (15.3%) were referred to the Fetal ...
Christodoulou C N - - 1996
An original route of prostaglandin F2alpha administration for uterine evacuation in a case of a midtrimester intrauterine death is presented. The ultrasonographic study revealed a hydropic fetus with a massive nuchal cystic hygroma and oligohydramnios. Given our previous experience with intrafetal prostaglandin administration in a similar case but with a ...
Magnani R J - - 1996
This study considers whether pregnancy terminations reported in Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) calendar data can be classified accurately as having been spontaneous or induced based upon other information collected in the survey interview. A classification scheme is proposed that is an adaptation of the method developed by the World ...
Chan A - - 1995
The oral retinoids, isotretinoin and etretinate, are highly teratogenic drugs which have been available in Australia since 1985 because of their unique effectiveness in severe cystic acne, psoriasis and other keratinization disorders. Only dermatologists can prescribe them, but in spite of strict guidelines by the manufacturers and the College of ...
Chervenak F A - - 1995
The authors provide an ethical justification for three indications for performing selective termination of multi-fetal pregnancies. These indications are (1) achieving a pregnancy that results in a live birth or one or more infants with minimal neonatal morbidity and mortality, (2) achieving a pregnancy that results in a live birth ...
Hausknecht R U - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Although medical termination of pregnancy is available in Europe and China as an alternative to surgical termination, political and social factors have blocked medical approaches to pregnancy termination in the United States. Methotrexate, which is toxic to trophoblastic tissue, has been used safely to treat unruptured ectopic pregnancies. This ...
Prasad R N - - 1995
The combination of an antiprogestogen with prostaglandin has been shown to be an effective alternative to surgical procedures for pregnancy termination in the first 49 days of amenorrhoea and has been available in France since late 1988. Mifepristone when used alone caused poor efficacy with unacceptable vaginal bleeding. The addition ...
Durosinmi M A - - 1995
The acceptability of prenatal diagnosis (PND) of sickle cell anaemia (SCA) as a means of controlling sickle cell disorder in Nigeria was examined using a structured questionnaire. The respondents were comprised of 92 adult female patients with SCA, aged 15-20 (23 +/- 6) years; 53 HbAS mothers, aged 20-61 (37 ...
Ho P C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether mifepristone (RU486) is more effective than laminaria tent in shortening the induction-abortion interval in termination of second trimester pregnancies with gemeprost. DESIGN: Prospective randomised comparative trial. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in a University teaching hospital. SUBJECTS: Sixty-two women undergoing termination of pregnancy in the ...
Rietberg C C - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine if cervical ripening with the prostaglandin E2 analogue dinoprostone effectively shortens the induction-to-delivery interval in midpregnancy terminations with sulprostone. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively studied 100 women admitted for pregnancy termination at midgestation because of fetal anomalies between September 1989 and January 1993. Three regimens were used: 27 ...
Ngai S W - - 1995
The effectiveness of oral misoprostol versus vaginal gemeprost for cervical dilatation prior to vacuum aspiration was compared in women in the 6th to 12th week of pregnancy. Sixty-four nulliparous women requesting termination of pregnancy between 6th to 12th weeks of gestation were randomized to receive either 400 micrograms misoprostol orally ...
Lorenzen J - - 1995
The main interest in our study was to find out if advice given to facilitate mourning after perinatal child loss (looking at the dead child, picture, burial) could be used to help parents terminating pregnancies for fetopathic reasons. To evaluate the acceptance and to compare the outcome in grief reactions ...
Trott E - - 1995
Dilation and evacuation is the most common and safest means of pregnancy termination during the first and early second trimesters. The major complication is uterine perforation. This can lead to significant sequela including hemorrhage, infection, and embolism. This case illustrates how these complications present and how they can be effectively ...
el-Refaey H - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Medical termination of pregnancy can be successfully performed with a combination of mifepristone (RU 486) and a prostaglandin analogue. We conducted a prospective, randomized trial to compare oral with vaginal administration of the prostaglandin E1 analogue misoprostol for first-trimester abortion in women treated initially with mifepristone. METHODS: The study ...
Hirabayashi Y - - 1995
In order to examine how the gestational period influences the spread of spinal anaesthesia, we have measured the extent of spinal block produced by hyperbaric amethocaine 8 mg in 90 women. The patients were allocated to one of five groups according to the gestational period: non-pregnant group (n = 17), ...
Reece E A - - 1995
Our objective was to explore the feasibility of using both transvaginal endoscopy and transabdominal needle embryofetoscopy for early prenatal diagnosis. Our experience with both terminating and continuing pregnancies is presented in this report. Following the granting of informed consent, patients undergoing first-trimester terminations were invited to participate in this program. ...
Reid B D - - 1995
This paper will outline the advantages of utilizing gamma radiation as a means for terminally sterilizing parenterals and other pharmaceutical products. The factors which must be evaluated in order to qualify a product for radiation sterilization will be detailed. It will also compare the characteristics of this method with other ...
Green J M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To examine the attitudes of obstetricians in England and Wales concerning prenatal diagnosis and termination of pregnancy and to compare these with a similar survey carried out in 1980. METHODS: Postal questionnaires, based on those used in 1980, were sent to a random sample of 555 nonacademic consultant obstetricians, ...
Lim J M - - 1995
Misoprostol seems to be a drug with many potential uses apart from the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers. The oral tablet appears to be effective for termination of midtrimester pregnancy when administered intravaginally. Further research should be carried out to determine its full range of action in order that ...
Prasad R N - - 1995
Prostaglandin analogues have proven to be safe and effective for second trimester pregnancy terminations when given by various routes. Of these, the intra-amniotic (IA) route has proven to be safer, especially in women with medical disorders, as it causes the least occurrence of systemic side-effects. Previously, blind transabdominal IA instillation ...
Van Look P F - - 1995
Antiprogestogens, which block the action of progesterone at the cellular level through binding to the progesterone receptor, are proving to be one of the most significant developments in endocrinology in recent years. Several hundreds of such compounds have been synthesized, but only a few of them have been evaluated to ...
Feitz W F - - 1994
Since sonographic evaluation of the fetus became routine, prenatally established diagnosis of multiple or severe malformations raises the question of whether a pregnancy should be terminated. To answer this question properly, all aspects concerning the life of a child born with a serious malformation, such as exstrophy of the bladder, ...
Hwang S F - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy, safety and influence on subsequent fertility of sulprostone, a prostaglandin E2 analog, in terminating pathological pregnancies via the extraamniotic route. METHODS: Forty pregnant women with intrauterine fetal death or major congenital anomalies were enrolled. Sulprostone was instilled into the extraamniotic space through a silicon Foley ...
Narbonne G M - - 1994
The thick, richly fossiliferous succession of the upper Windermere Supergroup, Mackenzie Mountains, northwestern Canada, provides a test of integrated biostratigraphic and chemostratigraphic frameworks in terminal Proterozoic correlation. The C- and Sr-isotopic abundances of lower Keele Formation carbonates approximate those for other pre-Varanger samples, confirming that the simple disc-like fossils of ...
Lurie S - - 1994
A four to five years follow-up upon subsequent fertility was performed on 46 women who underwent a midtrimester termination of pregnancy. Thirty out of 31 (96.8%) women who wanted to conceive became pregnant. Of those, term delivery rate was 73.3%. Only one woman who desired to conceive could not become ...
Jain J K - - 1994
BACKGROUND: The most widely used medical method of terminating second-trimester pregnancy is the intravaginal administration of prostaglandin E2 (dinoprostone [PGE2]). This treatment is highly effective but is associated with severe gastrointestinal side effects and hyperpyrexia. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing the efficacy and safety of misoprostol, a ...
Lindholm P - - 1994
One hundred and twenty patients undergoing early legal termination of pregnancy by dilatation and suction curettage before 12 weeks of pregnancy were randomly allocated to receive total intravenous propofol anaesthesia either alone or supplemented with fentanyl 1.5 micrograms.kg-1 or alfentanil 15 micrograms.kg-1. Supplementation with fentanyl or alfentanil improved operating conditions ...
Krolikowski A - - 1994
Extra-amniotic injection of prostaglandin F2a has proved to be an effective method of termination of pregnancy, although its use has been associated with serious complications including rupture of the uterus and maternal death. In this retrospective study of 45 patients who required termination of pregnancy in Eshowe Hospital for intra-uterine ...
Bond G R - - 1994
We report the clinical course of a woman 31 weeks pregnant who ingested misoprostol (a prostaglandin E1 analog, Cytotek, used to prevent gastric ulcer) and trifluoperazine (Stelazine). Manifestations of toxicity included hypertonic uterine contraction with fetal death, hyperthermia, rhabdomyolysis, hypoxemia, respiratory alkalosis, and metabolic acidosis. We are concerned that misoprostol ...
Ranta S - - 1994
The aim of the investigation described was to study experiences and views about hemophilia, genetic counseling, carrier testing, and termination of pregnancy among first-degree female relatives of Finnish hemophilia A patients. Altogether, 167 women participated in the study, which was carried out by a mailed multiple-choice questionnaire. For comparison, a ...
Evans M I - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to develop the most comprehensive database possible to counsel patients about selective termination for fetal abnormalities, because no one center has sufficient data to assess much more than crude loss rates. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 183 completed cases of selective termination from 9 centers in ...
Robbin M L - - 1994
In vivo studies of the location of the normal conus medullaris in infancy and childhood have been extended to the fetus utilizing sonography. This prospective study of 33 fetuses showed that the fetal conus medullaris can be visualized in the prone fetus as early as 19 menstrual weeks. By the ...
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