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Zhang Wei W Department of Rheumatology, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Institute for Rheumatology, Shanghai Second Medical University , Mid ShanDong Rd., 145, Shanghai 200001 , PR - - 2003
Abstract A systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pregnancy is no longer regarded as unacceptable, with an early diagnosis, a mild disease condition, and good interdisciplinary collaboration ensuring intense surveillance of pregnant SLE patients. The key point is a sufficiently long period of disease quiescence before conception. A low dose of prednisone ...
Danielsson Kristina Gemzell - - 2003
At the development of receptivity the endometrium undergoes specific changes. Several factors have been suggested as markers of endometrial receptivity. A common feature for most of these factors is that they are directly, or indirectly, regulated by progesterone. The effect of various doses and regimens of mifepristone on endometrial development ...
Boise Richard - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To pilot brief reproductive health counseling for women obtaining pregnancy testing in a managed-care setting who did not desire pregnancy. METHODS: Women received counseling, access to contraception and a booster call at 2 weeks. Changes in contraceptive behavior were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 85 women who completed counseling, 58 (68%) ...
Weiss Eve - - 2003
This study analyzed data gathered from a survey of online information on the intrauterine device (IUD) to determine the content and quality of information available to consumers and providers, as evidenced by the presence or absence of a series of attributes measuring the accuracy and objectiveness of information provided. While ...
Croxatto Horacio B - - 2003
The use of levonorgestrel (LNG) alone or combined with ethinylestradiol (Yuzpe regimen), for hormonal emergency contraception (HEC) has been approved in several countries whereas in others it is still under debate or has been rejected under the claim that these formulations abort the developmental potential of the embryo. The issue ...
van Bogaert Louis-Jacques LJ Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Philadelphia Hospital (MEDUNSA Satellite Campus), Dennilton, - - 2003
To investigate whether the free availability of contraception affects the need for termination of pregnancy (TOP). Case-control study. South African rural hospital. Three thousand and ninety-five TOP seekers and 439 non-pregnant controls. Structured questionnaire followed by ultrasonography. Current use or recent discontinuation of contraception and the reason for discontinuation. Less ...
Agoestina T - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of one vs two insertions of quinacrine and the long-term safety of quinacrine sterilization (QS) 8 years after the procedure in Indonesia. METHODS: Between March 1993 and September 1995, a randomized trial was conducted in 6 academic centers in Indonesia. In February 2003, a follow-up ...
Alpizar F - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety, efficacy and acceptability of quinacrine sterilization (QS) in Costa Rica. METHODS: From 1989 though August 1993, 694 women volunteered for QS in my private practice. All were referred by a family planning clinic or a local hospital obstetric service. The protocol used involved the transcervical ...
Steiner Markus J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine which of three different approaches increased women's understanding of risk of pregnancy associated with different contraceptive methods. METHODS: We randomly assigned 461 reproductive-age women to one of three tables presenting pregnancy risk (Food and Drug Administration table with numbers, World Health Organization table with numbers and categories, ...
Faúndes A - - 2003
Emergency contraception (EC) consists of either 1.5 mg of levonorgestrel (LNG) in one or two doses, or a combination of LNG with ethinylestradiol, administered for up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse. Clinical studies indicate that LNG alone is more effective and has less side effects. Its effectiveness decreases the ...
- - 2003
Around 5% of women aged 16-49 years in Great Britain use a progestogen-only pill (POP; 'minipill') as contraception. These pills are used as alternatives to combined oral contraceptives (COCs), compared to which they are less reliable at preventing pregnancy: the estimated contraceptive failure rate of POPs is 0.5 pregnancies per ...
Harvey S Marie - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the acceptability of the diaphragm with the aim of facilitating the development of female-controlled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention methods. More specifically, we assess associations between being a current (vs. former) diaphragm user and characteristics that are hypothesized to influence the acceptability of contraceptive methods; and ...
Barak Shlomi - - 2003
Pregnancy has far-reaching systemic effects extending beyond the reproductive system. Oral and masticatory changes during pregnancy have been documented for many years; however, their magnitude and frequency have not been stressed. This review highlights the major oral complications during pregnancy. Pregnancy gingivitis and pregnancy tumor are described and presented, and ...
McGready R - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of late pregnancy and also oestrogen supplementation on the CYP2C19-mediated biotransformation of proguanil (PG) to its active antifol triazine metabolite cycloguanil (CG). METHODS: Case control study conducted on the NW border of Thailand; a single dose of PG (4 mg/kg) was administered to Karen women ...
Shlay Judith C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the effectiveness of sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinic-initiated contraceptive care. STUDY DESIGN: Nonpregnant women (n=877) attending an urban STD clinic using either no contraception or only condoms were randomly assigned to either an intervention (n=437) or control group (n=440). Both groups received condoms with ...
Pettinato Andrea - - 2003
The decline in adolescent pregnancy rates noted in the 1990s has been attributed to more teenagers choosing abstinence, the availability of long-acting contraceptive options, and the increased use of condoms. Many adolescents remain at risk of unplanned pregnancy, however, because of method failure, inconsistent or incorrect use, or discontinuation of ...
Trussell James - - 2003
Emergency contraception, which prevents pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse, has the potential to significantly reduce the incidence of unintended pregnancy and the consequent need for abortion. The cost-effectiveness of emergency contraceptive pills in the public sector in the USA is determined. The cost-savings when a single emergency contraceptive treatment is ...
Wan Livia S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effectiveness, side effects, and retention rate of the levonorgestrel two-rod implant used as a long-acting contraceptive. METHODS: Voluntary participants, ages 18-40 years and desiring long-acting contraception, were enrolled in the study. The original design was to observe the participants for 5 years. Later, the follow-up period ...
Mohamed Safwat A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the acceptance of postpartum intrauterine contraceptive devices (PPIUCD) among the inhabitants of Assiut governorate, Egypt and to study the factors that influence this acceptance. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Contraceptive counseling was given to 3,541 clients: 1,880 and 1,661 during the antenatal visits and postpartum hospitalization, respectively. Acceptors during ...
Fulcheri Ezio - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: In this retrospective study, we describe cases of pregnancy initiated despite an intrauterine device (IUD), which occurred in our setting in the last 10 years (from January 1992 to December 2001), aiming to point out the effects of IUD in terms of miscarriage or fetal problems. METHODS: Histopathologic reports ...
Collins J - - 2003
The long-term clinical effects of ethinyl estradiol and the impact on environmental safety of the alkylated estrogen components used in combined contraceptive pills remain the subject of debate. The development of improved methods for the use of progestogen-only contraception would represent a viable and desirable option. Several progestogen compounds are ...
Pakarinen Päivi - - 2003
Women who seek an abortion are motivated to use contraceptive methods afterwards. Because the return of fertility after abortion is immediate, there is a need for effective and safe contraception promptly after the termination of pregnancy. A randomized trial of Mirena and NovaT intrauterine contraceptive devices inserted at the time ...
Foran Therese M - - 2003
The range of contraceptive options and consumer awareness of new contraceptive methods have both increased significantly over the past 10 years. New methods available in Australia include lower-dose oral contraceptive pills, new oral progestogens, progestogen implants, a progestogen-bearing intrauterine device and polyurethane female condoms. Contraceptive options which may soon be ...
Davis Anne R - - 2003
Unintended pregnancy and abortion rates among US adolescents remain high although hormonal contraception is safe and effective in this population. Controversies affecting the provision of hormonal contraception for adolescents include the side effects of oral contraceptives, the possibility that progestin-only injectables lead to decreased bone health, and debate as to ...
Devonshire V - - 2003
Two-thirds of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients are women, and the average age of onset overlaps the childbearing years. Clinicians are frequently asked, therefore, about the most appropriate form of contraception and the risk of an MS relapse/exacerbation during pregnancy and the post-partum period. This paper reviews the literature on the ...
Aziken Michael E - - 2003
CONTEXT: The reproductive health hazards of unintended pregnancies and unsafe abortions are well documented. The potential of emergency contraceptives to prevent unwanted pregnancy in developed countries has been described, but in Nigeria, the awareness about the method is poor and no study has looked at efficacy. METHODS: Between September and ...
Lindberg Claire E - - 2003
Adolescent pregnancy remains a significant problem in the United States today, despite availability of effective contraceptive methods. Not all sexually active adolescents use contraception, and even those who do use contraception sometimes use it incorrectly. Emergency contraception, which refers to methods of pregnancy prevention used after unprotected intercourse, has the ...
Xiaoqin Chen - - 2003
To investigate the status of copper-bearing intrauterine device (IUD) replacing inert IUD in Sichuan Province, cluster random sampling method was adopted for the survey. Questionnaires were completed and IUD were inspected through ultrasound among 12,804 subjects of 15 counties, who were inserted an IUD from 1994 to 1998. The insertion ...
Dearling Rosie - - 2003
Following childbirth, most hormonal methods are an effective way to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. There are a few medical conditions that may prevent a woman taking the COC; these need consultation with a family planning doctor. On the whole most oestrogen-free methods are suitable, particularly if a woman is breastfeeding. ...
Busch de Ahumada Luisa C - - 2003
This clinical presentation describes the therapeutic process of a 5-year-old male child presenting as a main symptom quasi-delusional feminine enactments starting at an early age, which persisted for most of his five-year treatment. This symptom was understood in terms of an attempt at restitution, itself the result of being confronted ...
Sicat Brigitte L - - 2003
Ortho Evra is the first transdermal patch approved for the prevention of pregnancy. Comparative trials have shown that Ortho Evra has efficacy similar to the oral contraceptives Mercilon (not available in the United States) and Triphasil for the prevention of pregnancy when used as directed. Adverse effects with Ortho Evra ...
Louch Jeff - - 2003
Three canisters of semipermeable membrane devices (SPMDs), each containing five SPMDs, were deployed at three different locations on a transect across a small river removed from the impact of near-field point sources. Following a 62-day deployment, the masses of various polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) sequestered by each SPMD in each ...
Walsh Terri L - - 2003
CONTEXT: To reduce unintended pregnancy and HIV infection, it is critical to develop reliable male condoms that will attract consumers who reject conventional latex condoms. METHODS: In a prospective clinical trial conducted in 1998-2000, 830 monogamous couples were randomized in equal numbers to use either a nonlatex condom or a ...
Avecilla-Palau Angels - - 2003
Scarce data are available on the relation between the effectiveness of intrauterine device (IUD) and the gynecologic features of a woman. A nested case-control study was conducted to determine whether the uterine position and hysterometry affect the pregnancy rate of copper IUD. Seventy-one cases (pregnant women with IUD) and 284 ...
El-Tagy Ahmed - - 2003
This nonrandomized observational clinical study evaluated the safety and acceptability of intrauterine device insertion either immediately or 2 weeks after abortion, according to the patient's preference. Participants were 300 women with first-trimester abortions who agreed to immediate or delayed insertion. End points were bleeding patterns, pregnancy, expulsion, perforation, infection and ...
Bianchi-Demicheli Francesco - - 2003
This study is part of a larger prospective research program focusing on termination of pregnancy (TOP). One hundred and three women requesting TOP were interviewed before the intervention and 6 months later using open and closed questions and psychological tests. This paper focuses on contraceptive practices before and after abortion. ...
Sogukpinar N - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to determine the knowledge status of women concerning postcoital contraception when they turn to curettage in order to terminate an undesired pregnancy. METHODS: This defining study has been carried out at a maternity hospital in Izmir on pregnant women admitted for curettage. We ...
Guenther Lyn C - - 2003
Tazarotene is a receptor-selective retinoid, which is efficacious in the treatment of patients with psoriasis, acne vulgaris, and photoaging. It normalizes keratinocyte differentiation, reverses keratinocyte hyperproliferation, and has anti-inflammatory effects. Clinical studies have shown that tazarotene 0.1% gel has greater comedolytic activity than tretinoin (Retin-A 0.025% gel, Retin-A Micro 0.1%) ...
Rajendran R - - 2003
There is no evidence of an increased quantity of ingestion of copper in areca nut chewers by way of habitually swallowing the 'quid juice' allegedly contain 'appreciable quantity' of soluble copper. Our experimental findings are favour of assuming that the amount of copper ingested, if at all, is well within ...
Shulman Lee P - - 2003
Despite the wide variety of reversible contraceptives, unintended pregnancy rates in developed nations are still considered markedly elevated by most epidemiologists and clinicians. Indeed, the US has one of the highest unintended pregnancy rates among the industrialized nations of the world. Although many factors appear to influence this problem, what ...
D'Cruz Osmond J - - 2003
WHI-05 (5-bromo-6-methoxy-5,6-dihydro-3'-azidothymidine-5'-(p-methoxyphenyl) methoxyalaninyl phosphate, CAS 213982-93-5) is a highly promising anti-viral and spermicidal agent with clinical potential as a vaginal contraceptive which can prevent the sexual transmission of AIDS. In this study, the contraceptive activity of WHI-05 in rabbits was evaluated. Exposure of semen to WHI-05 at the time of ...
Goa Karen L - - 2003
Ethinylestradiol 20 microg/day plus norelgestromin 150 microg/day have been formulated into a transdermal patch for hormonal contraception. The predominant mechanism of action for transdermal ethinylestradiol/norelgestromin (Ortho Evra, Evra) is inhibition of ovulation by suppression of gonadotropins. It suppresses follicular development, induces changes to the endometrium that reduce the probability of ...
Cook L - - 2003
The diaphragm is usually used with a spermicide. However, some practitioners have suggested that spermicides offer no additional contraceptive protection and have advocated alternative guidelines for the use of diaphragms. The objective of this review was to compare the effectiveness, safety and acceptability of the diaphragm with and without spermicide. ...
Van Vliet H A A M - - 2003
Side effects caused by oral contraceptives discourage compliance with and continuation of oral contraceptives. Three approaches have been used to decrease these adverse effects: reduction of steroid dose, development of new steroids, and new formulas and schedules of administration. The third strategy led to the biphasic oral contraceptive pill. To ...
Grimes D - - 2003
Insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD) immediately after delivery is appealing for several reasons. The woman is known not to be pregnant, her motivation for contraception may be high and the setting may be convenient for both the woman and her provider. However, the risk of spontaneous expulsion may be ...
Van der Wijden C - - 2003
50 % of pregnancies are unwanted. For several reasons including difficulty in obtaining contraceptives, no or ineffective contraception is used to prevent these unwanted pregnancies. The Lactational Amenorrhoea Method(LAM) however is a contraceptive method available and accessible for many women. To assess in fully breastfeeding women, staying amenorrheic, the efficacy ...
Stanford Joseph B - - 2002
There are many potential mechanisms of action for the intrauterine device (IUD), which vary by type of IUD (inert, copper, or hormonal). This paper reviews the evidence for each potential mechanism of action. On the basis of available data for fertilization rates and clinical pregnancy rates, the relative contribution of ...
Perslev A - - 2002
The aim of this study was to describe knowledge about and use of emergency contraception (EC) among Danish women requesting termination of pregnancy. The study included 1514 women (response rate 83.7%) referred during the period August 2000 to May 2001. Sufficient knowledge of EC was defined as knowledge about both ...
Furlong Lesley-Anne - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To alert clinicians to the risk of ectopic pregnancy when certain contraceptive methods fail by summarizing data from trials reviewed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). STUDY DESIGN: The review focuses on 7 contraceptive drug products with an increased risk of ectopic pregnancy when the method fails. ...
Weston Gareth C - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to assess potential uptake of male hormonal contraception (MHC) in migrant fathers in a post-partum setting, and to compare them to Australian-born fathers. It was a cross-sectional study of a convenience sample from the post-natal ward of a tertiary level obstetric hospital. Seventy-six English-speaking ...
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