Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1223
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Inal M M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors affecting the pregnancies with intrauterine devices. DESIGN AND METHODS: The intrauterine device (IUD) locations in pregnancies with IUDs referring to SSK Aegean Maternity Hospital were determined by ultrasonography (USG) in a 6 year period. Three hundred and eighteen pregnancy cases (pregnancy group) were observed together ...
Gupta Gopal - - 2005
Vaginal contraception, the oldest method of fertility regulation that remained virtually forgotten for a few decades has recently come under focal review due to an increase in STDs and HIV infections worldwide. Today it is being considered very strongly that a conceptual microbicidal spermicide can tender protection against pregnancy as ...
Brunner Huber Larissa R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Annually, 3 million pregnancies in the United States are classified as unintended, with many of these unintended pregnancies occurring to women who use some type of contraceptive. Obesity may be affecting the biological effectiveness of contraceptives. We investigated whether there is an association between body weight and unintended pregnancy ...
Sitruk-Ware Regine - - 2006
Although it is estimated that the population growth rate will decline to a replacement level by 2050, it is also now predicted that the total world population will reach 8.9 billion in that year -- far higher than the 2004 estimate of 6.4 billion. More than 26 billion new couples ...
Mauck Christine K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: FemCap is a silicone-rubber barrier contraceptive approved for marketing in the United States. To address reported problems with removal and dislodgment, the device's developer added a strap to the device and increased the height of the brim. This trial assessed whether the new design reduced removal difficulties and had ...
Baker Dan L - - 2005
Practical application of fertility control technology in free-ranging wild ungulates often requires remote delivery of the contraceptive agent. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the potential of remote delivery of leuprolide acetate for suppressing fertility in female elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni). Fifteen captive adult female elk were randomly ...
Conard Lee Ann E - - 2005
Emergency contraception is increasing in use and has become a universal standard of care in the United States. This article reviews available forms of emergency contraception, their indications, contraindications, adverse effects and efficacy at preventing pregnancy. This article describes the mechanism of action of different forms of emergency contraception and ...
Arora Nalini - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Induced abortion is associated with high morbidity and mortality in India. Use of regular contraception with emergency contraception (EC) as backup can reduce the incidence of induced abortion. The study aimed to assess women's knowledge, practice, preference and acceptance of different contraceptive methods with special reference to the causes ...
Kim Man Deuk - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles affects fertility in women desiring future pregnancy. METHODS: Of 288 patients managed with UFE with PVA particles for uterine myoma or adenomyosis between 1998 and 2001, 94 patients were enrolled in this study. The age range of ...
Chern Bernard - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present our initial experience in the use of the Essure permanent birth control device in a predominately Asian population. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Minimally Invasive Surgery Unit, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore. POPULATION: Eighty women seeking permanent birth control. METHODS: From 22 June 2001, women who ...
- - 2005
Teen birth rates in the United States have declined during the last decade but remain much higher than rates in other developed countries. Reduction of unintended pregnancy during adolescence and the associated negative consequences of early pregnancy and early childbearing remain public health concerns. Emergency contraception has the potential to ...
Pakarinen Päivi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A randomized study was performed to compare the efficacy, safety and acceptability of a new model of an intracervical/intrauterine contraceptive device (ICD) releasing 20 microg of levonorgestrel (LNG) per day. METHODS: The LNG-ICD was inserted in Group I into the cervical canal and in Group II into the uterine ...
Murthy Amitasrigowri S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Published comparisons of oral contraceptive pill (OCP) initiation methods demonstrate that OCP initiation at the office visit ("Quick Start") resulted in higher continuation rates into the second cycle. This trial was performed to investigate whether Quick Start with the contraceptive patch would provide similar results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty ...
De Santis Marco - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine pregnancy and neonatal outcome after the failure of levonorgestrel as an emergency contraceptive. DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Telephone consultations concerning reproductive risk factors conducted by Telefono Rosso-Teratology Information Service, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. PATIENT(S): Women exposed to levonorgestrel (36 cases) compared ...
Trussell James - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception, which prevents pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse, has the potential to reduce significantly the incidence of unintended pregnancy and the consequent need for abortion and to reduce medical care costs. AIM: To determine the savings generated by use of Postinor-2, the levonorgestrel regimen of emergency hormonal contraception, ...
Kaplan Boris - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the association between method of contraception and time to conception in a normal community-based population. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, survey. SETTING: Large comprehensive ambulatory women's health center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One thousand pregnant women at their first prenatal obstetrics visit were asked to complete a self-report questionnaire. The ...
Sitruk-Ware Regine - - 2005
Although a steady increase in contraceptive use has been observed in developed and less-developed countries, the contraceptive needs of a significant proportion of couples have not yet been met, resulting in an increase in unplanned pregnancies. Several new contraceptive products have reached the market during the past few years. Among ...
Sitruk-Ware Regine - - 2005
Although a steady increase in contraceptive use has been observed both in developed and less-developed countries, the large number of unplanned pregnancies may indicate that the contraceptive needs of a significant percentage of couples have so far not been met. Several new contraceptive products have reached the market during the ...
Joffe Michael M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom. - - 2005
Biologic fertility can be measured using time to pregnancy (TTP). Retrospective designs, although lacking detailed timed information about behavior and exposure, are useful since they have a well-defined target population, often have good response rates, and are simpler and less expensive to conduct than prospective studies. This paper reviews retrospective ...
Raymond Elizabeth G - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To examine the acceptability of five nonoxynol-9 (N-9) spermicides. METHODS: We analyzed data from a randomized trial of five products, including three gels containing different amounts of N-9 per dose, a film and a suppository. In the trial, 1536 participants were asked to use the assigned spermicide for 7 ...
Macklon N S - - 2005
For anovulatory women who fail to ovulate or conceive with clomiphene citrate, gonadotrophin ovulation induction has been the conventional second-line therapy. The aim of treatment is to achieve monofollicular development and ovulation. This differs fundamentally from the aim of ovarian stimulation for IVF, in which multiple follicular development is the ...
García-Enguídanos Alberto - - 2005
In this prospective, case-control study, a step-wise logistic regression model was used to examine the relationship between the consumption of oral contraceptives before pregnancy and the potential increase in the risk of miscarriage. Consumption of oral contraceptives for more than 2 years before pregnancy is associated with a higher risk ...
Free Caroline - - 2005
There have been many approaches to understanding contraception use including social cognition models which have been criticised for their individualistic approach and their static nature. The present quantitative study developed and refined a contextual and dynamic model of contraception use that was derived using qualitative research. This model conceptualizes the ...
Economidis Megan A - - 2005
Female hormonal contraceptive methods have undergone slow change over the past four decades. Due to social, political and legal reasons, as well as medical complications, several new methods have been removed from the contraceptive armamentarium almost as quickly as they have been added. With worldwide unintended pregnancy rates approaching 50% ...
Yassin Ahmed S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Many studies have shown a disappointing periabortion contraceptive uptake. This study investigated whether the provision of dedicated and targeted contraception counselling at the pre-abortion assessment visit can improve the post-abortion contraception uptake. METHODS: The study comprised a 3-month prospective reaudit of the abortion clinic. RESULTS: Of the 104 women ...
Erkkola Risto - - 2005
Progestins have been used for contraception for more than 30 years. The main goal was to develop a contraceptive method devoid of the metabolic or clinical side-effects associated with the use of estrogens. The development of new contraceptive methods and formulations is time-consuming and requires devotion, belief, and also strong ...
Ali Ridvan - - 2005
Because of the teratogenicity data in rats, it is recommended that women treated with imatinib should be aware of the potential teratogenicity of imatinib and effective contraception should be used during imatinib therapy to prevent pregnancy. We describe successful pregnancy and delivery, without any congenital anomaly, in a patient with ...
Sonnenberg Frank A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine implications of increased perfect use on the cost-effectiveness of the contraceptive patch compared with combination oral contraceptives (COCs). STUDY DESIGN: This study compared the patch with low-estrogen-dose COCs. It assumes that the risks of developing a medical condition during use are ...
Stevens-Simon Catherine - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To validate a model we developed while trying to understand why pregnant teens so often report that they did not want to become pregnant and could have obtained contraceptives before they conceived. METHOD: The study enrolled a racially/ethnically diverse group of 351 teenagers. Participants completed a questionnaire that asked ...
Girolami A - - 2005
Information on the effect of pregnancy or oral contraceptives (OC) in congenital factor V (FV) deficiency is scanty. The personal investigation of five homozygous and 17 female heterozygous showed that patients with severe deficiency bleed considerably at the time of delivery. However, bleeding can be controlled properly by administration of ...
Comparetto C - - 2005
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: To evaluate how many women required the so-called "emergency contraception" at our outpatient service and what the actual role is of this kind of pharmacological administration in interfering with ovulation and pregnancy, paying particular attention to the ethical and medico-legal aspects of this subject. METHODS: During the ...
Dando Toni M - - 2005
Low-dose ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel 20 microg/100 microg is a combined oral contraceptive that prevents pregnancy primarily by inhibiting ovulation. The Pearl index (pregnancies per 100 woman-years of use) with ethinylestradiol/levonorgestrel 20 microg/100 microg was 0.88 and the cumulative pregnancy rate was 1.9% at the end of a 3-year open-label trial (1708 women ...
Yang Juan - - 2005
Perinatal epidemiology studies often collect only the calendar month in which an event occurs in early pregnancy because it is difficult for women to recall a specific day when queried later in pregnancy or postpartum. Lack of day information may result in incorrect assignment of completed gestational month because calendar ...
Bruckner Hannah - - 2004
CONTEXT: It is often argued that adolescents who become pregnant do not sufficiently appreciate the negative consequences, and that prevention programs should target participants' attitudes toward pregnancy. METHODS: Data from the first two waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health were used to examine whether 15-19-year-old females' attitudes ...
Niazi A - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Difficult intubation in obstetric units has been identified as a major contributory factor to anaesthesia related maternal morbidity and mortality. Availability of equipment for management of a difficult airway is associated with reduced maternal complications. The purpose of our survey was to describe the availability of difficult ...
Cwiak Carrie - - 2004
During pregnancy and the postpartum period, women may be more receptive to different methods of contraception for postpartum use. Few studies have focused on the peripartum population. In this study, currently pregnant and postpartum women were surveyed about their attitudes toward contraception, particularly in relation to the index pregnancy. Important ...
Walsh Terri L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although public health programs invest heavily in the male latex condom, its efficacy in preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease has been based primarily on in vitro and retrospective studies. METHODS: We combine the results from two randomized, controlled contraceptive efficacy trials that used commercial latex condoms brands (Ramses ...
Jain J - - 2004
DMPA-SC 104 mg/0.65 mL is a new, low-dose subcutaneous (SC) formulation of Depo-Provera contraceptive injection (150 mg/mL medroxyprogesterone acetate injectable suspension) that provides efficacy, safety and immediacy of onset equivalent to Depo-Provera intramuscular (IM) injection. Two large, open-label, Phase 3 studies assessed the 1-year contraceptive efficacy, safety and patient satisfaction ...
Mucci Lorelei A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Because oral contraceptives are so widely used, any health consequences may have substantial public health implications. Whether pregravid oral contraceptives could affect subsequent pregnancies has not been adequately studied. The study objectives were to examine whether pregravid oral contraceptive use affects fetal growth and pregnancy hormone levels. DESIGN: A ...
Weismiller David G - - 2004
Women can use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy after known or suspected failure of birth control or after unprotected intercourse. Many patients do not ask for emergency contraception because they do not know of its availability. Emergency contraception has been an off-label use of oral contraceptive pills since the 1960s. ...
Cleland John - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the contribution of contraceptive failure to unintended births and fetal loss in developing countries. METHODS: Nationally representative survey data from married women in 19 developing countries were analyzed. All surveys contained retrospective monthly calendars of contraceptive use and pregnancies for a 5-year period preceding each survey. Information ...
Godfrey Emily M - - 2004
In this randomized pilot study, we compared the contraceptive efficacy, safety and side effect profiles of weekly versus planned postcoital regimens of low-dose mifepristone. Forty participants were randomized to receive mifepristone 10 mg weekly or planned postcoitally (to be used no more frequently than once every 5 days), for 12 ...
Gemzell-Danielsson K - - 2004
An emergency contraceptive method is used after coitus but before pregnancy occurs. The use of emergency contraception is largely under-utilized worldwide. One of the main barriers to widespread use is concern about the mechanism of action. Recently, treatment with either 10 mg mifepristone or 1.5 mg of levonorgestrel has emerged ...
Lessan-Pezeshki M - - 2004
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to investigate reproductive performance among kidney transplant recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 126 kidney transplanted women 15 to 68 years of age including 33 who were single and 93 who were married. RESULTS: Infertility was seen in 10.4% of those who desired pregnancy, a rate ...
Mawhinney S - - 2004
The aim of this study was to examine the pattern of attendance of patients requesting Emergency Hormonal Contraception (EHC) at an accident and emergency department before and after a government driven change in legislation, which allowed EHC to be sold over-the-counter by trained pharmacists, to women aged 16 years and ...
Breheny Mary - - 2004
Young women often have difficulty accessing and correctly using contraception. However, these difficulties are not primarily the result of lack of knowledge or experience of contraception. In this study, nine adolescent mothers were interviewed about their experience of contraception before and after the birth of their children. These adolescent women ...
Tuppurainen M - - 2004
This study compared the lipid profile after three and six cycles of treatment with NuvaRing delivering 15 microg ethinylestradiol and 120 microg etonogestrel daily with a combined oral contraceptive (COC) containing ethinylestradiol 30 microg and levonorgestrel 150 microg. In the NuvaRing group 40 women were treated and 43 in the ...
Gilliam Melissa - - 2004
The objective of this pilot study was to examine the effectiveness of a postpartum educational intervention aimed at increasing compliance with oral contraception (OCs) and decreasing repeat pregnancies in young, African American women in the year following an unplanned pregnancy. In this longitudinal study, 43 young, pregnant women attending Prentice ...
Schiesser M - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: It is generally agreed that intrauterine devices (IUDs) with visible strings in pregnancy should be removed because of the increased risk of miscarriage, septic complications and premature delivery. The precise management of pregnancies in association with so-called 'lost IUDs', and especially the technique of their removal, has remained controversial. ...
Marrazzo Jeanne M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Parity and hormonal contraceptives modify the risk of reproductive cancers and cardiovascular disease. However, clinicians may not obtain reproductive histories from patients who self-identify as lesbian. We report lifetime pregnancy-related outcomes and hormonal contraception for 392 women who reported sexual activity with another woman in the preceding year. STUDY ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >