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Tewari Sudha - - 2006
Parivar Seva, an NGO working in the area of reproductive health carried out an operation research project as a feasibility study on emergency contraception recently. The study was conducted among 1120 clients coming after unprotected sexual intercourse or improper use of any contraceptive method by using emergency contraception pills coming ...
Foster Diana Greene - - 2006
CONTEXT: During its first year of operation (1997-1998), California's family planning program, Family PACT, helped more than 750,000 clients to avert an estimated 108,000 pregnancies. Given subsequent increases in the numbers of clients served and contraceptive methods offered by the program, updated estimates of its impact on fertility are needed. ...
McNamee Kathleen - - 2006
The most common method of reversible contraception used worldwide is the intrauterine device. However, in the Asia-Pacific the combined oral contraceptive pill and condoms, methods of contraception that require a high degree of day-to-day user compliance, are more popular. The combined vaginal ring and transdermal patch have been developed to ...
Kayembe Patrick Kalambayi - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: In 2003, a cross-sectional study was carried out in Kinshasa to determine the prevalence and to identify the correlates of the use of modern contraceptive methods among sexually active females. METHODS: Five hundred females of childbearing age (15-49 years) who were selected through a stratified sampling procedure were interviewed ...
Sabo Laura - - 2006
Emergency contraception is used to prevent pregnancy in the event of unprotected sexual intercourse. The most common methods of emergency contraception are combination and progestin-only oral contraceptive pills. They are effective, safe, and have few side effects. Most physicians are aware of emergency contraception, yet it is not widely prescribed ...
David Paru S PS Division of Women's Health Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, 13400 E Shea Blvd, Scottsdale, AZ 85259, USA. - - 2006
Unintended pregnancy continues to be a serious public health issue in the United States. Of the 3 million unplanned pregnancies per year, 60% occur in women using some form of contraception. Educating and helping women choose a contraceptive agent that best suits their needs will improve compliance and contraceptive efficacy. ...
Leridon Henri - - 2006
The use of the contraceptive pill increased very rapidly in the 1970s in many developed countries, and fertility almost simultaneously started to decline. We discuss here the possibility of a causal link between these two major changes. We first provide evidence for a relationship between the spread of oral contraceptive ...
Moezzi Amir M - - 2006
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a simple method for cross-calibrating instruments that measure corneal thickness. METHODS: Fourteen rigid lenses of different thicknesses were manufactured using a material with refractive index of 1.376. Center thickness of the lenses (CT) was measured using a computerized optical pachometer (OP), ...
Lete I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Based on the hypothesis that the media represent an important source of information about contraceptive methods and sexuality, this paper reviews the news items about contraception published by four important Spanish newspapers and four women's magazines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All news items appearing from January 1, 1997 to December ...
Santelli John S - - 2006
CONTEXT: Trends in teenagers' contraceptive use have received less attention than trends in adolescent sexual intercourse, despite the importance of contraceptive use to preventing teenage pregnancy. METHODS: Sexually active high school students' use of contraceptives and risk of pregnancy from 1991 to 2003 were examined using data from the national ...
Wiegratz Inka - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the conception rate after cessation of a combination of 30 microg ethinyl E2 and 2 mg dienogest (EE/DNG). DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Population-based cohort in Germany. PATIENT(S): Women who wished to become pregnant after cessation of an oral contraceptive (EE/DNG). INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Cumulative ...
Hickey M - - 2006
CONTEXT: Irregular bleeding is common in users of combined hormone therapy (HT) and often leads to invasive and expensive investigations to exclude underlying pathology. The mechanisms of HT-related bleeding are poorly understood. Endometrial matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) are believed to regulate bleeding during the normal menstrual ...
Paluzzi Alessandro - - 2006
In the past few years, an increasing number of dystonic patients, of both sexes, have undergone insertion of deep brain stimulators (DBS) with consistent improvement of their symptoms and enhancement of their quality of life. We describe 3 women with dystonia who, after insertion of bilateral globus pallidus internus stimulators, ...
Steiner Markus J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare 3 different approaches for increasing clients' understanding of contraceptive effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: We randomized 900 reproductive-age women in India and Jamaica to 1 of 3 charts presenting pregnancy risk. RESULTS: The most important reason for choosing a contraceptive was how well ...
Jewgenow Katarina - - 2006
There is an increasing demand for management of feral and wild carnivores; since many of them have become "pest species" by adapting successfully to changing environments, having substantial impacts on their prey species, and serving as reservoirs for infectious diseases. Also in captivity, a low adult mortality and an increase ...
Schünmann Catherine - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Most pregnancies ending in therapeutic abortion are assumed to have been unintended. In the developed world, most arise from inconsistent or incorrect contraceptive use. Ambivalence about pregnancy might be associated with less effective contraceptive use. METHODS: Three hundred sixteen women undergoing abortion in Scotland were interviewed about contraceptive use ...
Reiss Ari - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ascites during pregnancy is a rare disorder with wide differential diagnosis. CASE: We report on 8 years of follow-up of a patient suffering from recurrent episodes of ascites following oral contraceptive use and during both her pregnancies. Each ascitic event resulted in spontaneous recovery. CONCLUSION: The mechanism underlying our ...
van Vliet J A - - 2006
In contrast with migraine, little is known about the relation between cluster headache and menstrual cycle, oral contraceptives, pregnancy, and menopause. A population based questionnaire study was performed among 224 female cluster headache patients, and the possible effect of hormonal influences on cluster headache attacks studied. For control data, a ...
Dailard Cynthia - - 2006
(1) California ranks first among states in efforts to help women avoid unintended pregnancy, followed by Alaska, South Carolina, Alabama and New York. (2) The states that rank the lowest are Nebraska, North Dakota, Indiana, Ohio and Utah. (3) The states that made the most progress between 1994 and 2001 ...
Matteson Kristen A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether women between the ages of 14 and 25 years with a past unplanned pregnancy were more likely to use a contraceptive method compared with women without a history of unplanned pregnancy. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data of 424 nonpregnant women between the ages of 14 and ...
Ornstein Rollyn M - - 2006
With the rates of unintended pregnancies in teenagers remaining high, it is crucial to present adolescents with all of the contraceptive options available to them. While barrier methods, for example, male condoms, are easily accessible and do not have adverse effects, their use must be consistent and correct with each ...
Iuliano A Danielle - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine reasons for contraceptive nonuse at first sex and subsequent unintended pregnancy among women attending family planning and prenatal clinics. METHODS: Data come from the Determinants of Unintended Pregnancy Risk in New Orleans study. Reasons for nonuse by age, partner's age, and pregnancy status are compared. RESULTS: Concern ...
Girolami Antonio - - 2006
Pregnancies and deliveries represent important hemostatic challenges for congenital coagulation disorders. The same is true for the assumption of oral contraceptives. Available information mainly deals with von Willebrand's disease, factor XI (FXI) deficiency and carriers of hemophilia A. Data concerning patients with congenital prothrombin complex factor deficiencies are very scanty. ...
Musser R Clayton - - 2006
Limited prospective data exist that define advantages and disadvantages of text-based versus graphical user interfaces in Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE). We created a single set of admission orders in both formats and, using a randomized crossover design, assessed the usage and perceptions of the two interfaces by 51 physicians ...
Stanback John - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A World Health Organization-endorsed algorithm, widely published in international guidance documents and distributed in the form of a 'pregnancy checklist', has become a popular tool for ruling out pregnancy among family planning clients in developing countries. The algorithm consists of six criteria excluding pregnancy, all conditional upon a seventh ...
Graziottin Alessandra - - 2006
Imperfect use of contraceptive methods notably increases the likelihood of pregnancy. One means of improving user adherence with hormonal contraception is to minimize the dosing schedule. Two forms of hormonal contraceptive have currently achieved this goal: the transdermal patch and the vaginal ring. The first and only transdermal contraceptive patch ...
Cibula D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of a new low-dose oral contraceptive containing ethinylestradiol 20microg and drospirenone 3mg (EE 20microg/drsp 3mg). METHODS: This was an open-label, non-comparative, multicentre study conducted at 33 centres in Germany and Switzerland. The combined contraceptive was administered over ...
Ferahbas Ayten - - 2006
Rosacea fulminans is a rare disease of unknown cause which occurs exclusively in women years after adolescence. Although the etiology is unknown, immunologic, hormonal, and vascular factors have been suggested. When rosacea fulminans occurs during pregnancy and in women taking oral contraceptive pills, hormonal factors may be a trigger. Rosacea ...
Scott-Wright Alicia - - 2006
We analyzed query logs from use of MEDLINEplus to answer the questions: Are consumers' health information needs stable over time? and To what extent do users' queries change over time? To determine log stability, we assessed an Overlap Rate (OR) defined as the number of unique queries common to two ...
van Vliet H A A M - - 2006
Side effects of oral contraceptive pills (OCs) discourage adherence to and continuation of OC regimens. Strategies to decrease adverse effects led to the introduction of the triphasic OC in the 1980s. Whether triphasic OCs have higher accidental pregnancy rates than monophasic pills is unknown. Nor is it known if triphasic ...
Van Vliet H A A M - - 2006
Side effects caused by oral contraceptives discourage compliance with, and continuation of, oral contraceptives. A suggested disadvantage of biphasic compared to triphasic oral contraceptive pills is an increase in breakthrough bleeding. We conducted this systematic review to examine this potential disadvantage. To compare biphasic with triphasic oral contraceptives in terms ...
Inal M M - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors affecting the pregnancies with intrauterine devices. DESIGN AND METHODS: The intrauterine device (IUD) locations in pregnancies with IUDs referring to SSK Aegean Maternity Hospital were determined by ultrasonography (USG) in a 6 year period. Three hundred and eighteen pregnancy cases (pregnancy group) were observed together ...
Gupta Gopal - - 2005
Vaginal contraception, the oldest method of fertility regulation that remained virtually forgotten for a few decades has recently come under focal review due to an increase in STDs and HIV infections worldwide. Today it is being considered very strongly that a conceptual microbicidal spermicide can tender protection against pregnancy as ...
Brunner Huber Larissa R - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Annually, 3 million pregnancies in the United States are classified as unintended, with many of these unintended pregnancies occurring to women who use some type of contraceptive. Obesity may be affecting the biological effectiveness of contraceptives. We investigated whether there is an association between body weight and unintended pregnancy ...
Sitruk-Ware Regine - - 2006
Although it is estimated that the population growth rate will decline to a replacement level by 2050, it is also now predicted that the total world population will reach 8.9 billion in that year -- far higher than the 2004 estimate of 6.4 billion. More than 26 billion new couples ...
Mauck Christine K - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: FemCap is a silicone-rubber barrier contraceptive approved for marketing in the United States. To address reported problems with removal and dislodgment, the device's developer added a strap to the device and increased the height of the brim. This trial assessed whether the new design reduced removal difficulties and had ...
Baker Dan L - - 2005
Practical application of fertility control technology in free-ranging wild ungulates often requires remote delivery of the contraceptive agent. The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the potential of remote delivery of leuprolide acetate for suppressing fertility in female elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni). Fifteen captive adult female elk were randomly ...
Conard Lee Ann E - - 2005
Emergency contraception is increasing in use and has become a universal standard of care in the United States. This article reviews available forms of emergency contraception, their indications, contraindications, adverse effects and efficacy at preventing pregnancy. This article describes the mechanism of action of different forms of emergency contraception and ...
Arora Nalini - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Induced abortion is associated with high morbidity and mortality in India. Use of regular contraception with emergency contraception (EC) as backup can reduce the incidence of induced abortion. The study aimed to assess women's knowledge, practice, preference and acceptance of different contraceptive methods with special reference to the causes ...
Kim Man Deuk - - 2005
PURPOSE: To determine whether uterine fibroid embolization (UFE) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles affects fertility in women desiring future pregnancy. METHODS: Of 288 patients managed with UFE with PVA particles for uterine myoma or adenomyosis between 1998 and 2001, 94 patients were enrolled in this study. The age range of ...
Chern Bernard - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To present our initial experience in the use of the Essure permanent birth control device in a predominately Asian population. DESIGN: A retrospective study. SETTING: Minimally Invasive Surgery Unit, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore. POPULATION: Eighty women seeking permanent birth control. METHODS: From 22 June 2001, women who ...
- - 2005
Teen birth rates in the United States have declined during the last decade but remain much higher than rates in other developed countries. Reduction of unintended pregnancy during adolescence and the associated negative consequences of early pregnancy and early childbearing remain public health concerns. Emergency contraception has the potential to ...
Pakarinen Päivi - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: A randomized study was performed to compare the efficacy, safety and acceptability of a new model of an intracervical/intrauterine contraceptive device (ICD) releasing 20 microg of levonorgestrel (LNG) per day. METHODS: The LNG-ICD was inserted in Group I into the cervical canal and in Group II into the uterine ...
Murthy Amitasrigowri S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Published comparisons of oral contraceptive pill (OCP) initiation methods demonstrate that OCP initiation at the office visit ("Quick Start") resulted in higher continuation rates into the second cycle. This trial was performed to investigate whether Quick Start with the contraceptive patch would provide similar results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty ...
De Santis Marco - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine pregnancy and neonatal outcome after the failure of levonorgestrel as an emergency contraceptive. DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Telephone consultations concerning reproductive risk factors conducted by Telefono Rosso-Teratology Information Service, Catholic University of Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. PATIENT(S): Women exposed to levonorgestrel (36 cases) compared ...
Trussell James - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception, which prevents pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse, has the potential to reduce significantly the incidence of unintended pregnancy and the consequent need for abortion and to reduce medical care costs. AIM: To determine the savings generated by use of Postinor-2, the levonorgestrel regimen of emergency hormonal contraception, ...
Kaplan Boris - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the association between method of contraception and time to conception in a normal community-based population. DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional, survey. SETTING: Large comprehensive ambulatory women's health center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One thousand pregnant women at their first prenatal obstetrics visit were asked to complete a self-report questionnaire. The ...
Sitruk-Ware Regine - - 2005
Although a steady increase in contraceptive use has been observed in developed and less-developed countries, the contraceptive needs of a significant proportion of couples have not yet been met, resulting in an increase in unplanned pregnancies. Several new contraceptive products have reached the market during the past few years. Among ...
Sitruk-Ware Regine - - 2005
Although a steady increase in contraceptive use has been observed both in developed and less-developed countries, the large number of unplanned pregnancies may indicate that the contraceptive needs of a significant percentage of couples have so far not been met. Several new contraceptive products have reached the market during the ...
Joffe Michael M Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, School of Medicine, Imperial College, London, United Kingdom. - - 2005
Biologic fertility can be measured using time to pregnancy (TTP). Retrospective designs, although lacking detailed timed information about behavior and exposure, are useful since they have a well-defined target population, often have good response rates, and are simpler and less expensive to conduct than prospective studies. This paper reviews retrospective ...
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