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Wokoma Tonye T - - 2010
We present the case of a 26-year-old woman with retained fetal bones, discovered eight years after an induced mid-trimester abortion in a West African country. The patient had requested her general practitioner to change the intrauterine device (IUD) which she assumed had been inserted immediately post-abortion. No threads were seen ...
Cleland Kelly K Office of Population Research, Princeton University, Wallace Hall, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA. - - 2010
To evaluate the existing data to estimate the rate of ectopic pregnancy among emergency contraceptive pill treatment failures. Our initial reference list was generated from a 2008 Cochrane review of emergency contraception. In August 2009, we searched Biosys Previews, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Medline, Global Health Database, Health ...
Wibaux Cécile - - 2010
We report two cases of pregnancy in patients taking TNFalpha antagonists for chronic inflammatory joint disease. A factor in both pregnancies was the use of rifampin concomitantly with a combined oral contraceptive. Both patients were taking rifampin and isoniazid for tuberculosis prophylaxis in compliance with French recommendations for patients with ...
Campo Shelly - - 2010
Despite high rates of unintended pregnancy among women aged 18 to 30 years, little research has been conducted to understand the factors associated with their contraceptive use. Eighteen focus groups were conducted with young adult women (N = 106) who were mostly white, non-Hispanic. Results suggested that contraceptive use was ...
Lindh Ingela - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is a need to improve our understanding of contraceptive use over the long term. The aims of this study were to describe contraceptive use and pregnancies in the same women followed prospectively from 19 to 44 years of age. METHODS: In 1981, a postal questionnaire about contraception, pregnancies ...
Saroop Analissa - - 2010
The relationship between contraceptive awareness and use in an environment of both high levels of unplanned pregnancies and prevalence of HIV/AIDS continues to be a major challenge. The objective of this study is to ascertain the knowledge of contraception and methods chosen in women of 18-45 years old attending primary ...
Freundl Günter - - 2010
Despite the popularity of 'modern' contraceptives, natural family planning (NFP), including fertility awareness-based (FAB) methods and withdrawal, are practised in most countries. Worldwide FAB methods and withdrawal are used, respectively, by about 3.6% and 2.9% of all couples of reproductive age. This article describes the underpinnings of the different NFP ...
Sivin Irving - - 2010
Since the 1959 revival of the IUD, non-hormonal devices have become the most widely used of all reversible contraceptives. Pregnancy rates of copper-releasing IUDs in current use range from approximately 0.5 to 1.5 per hundred continuing users in the first year, with somewhat lower annual pregnancy rates thereafter. Evidence-based research ...
Olugbenga-Bello Adenike I - - 2010
Nigeria, like most African nations, is basically conservative, but the young people are becoming more sexually liberated, and the incidence of STD/HIV, unwanted pregnancies and abortions among these young people is on the increase. The use of barrier contraception (BC), which is a cost-effective method of preventing STD/HIV, unwanted pregnancies ...
Rubin Susan E - - 2010
Improper and inconsistent contraceptive use contributes to the unintended pregnancy rate. The intrauterine device (IUD) is an effective, safe method of contraception that cannot be used improperly or inconsistently. However, it is relatively underused in the United States. We developed a qualitative study to better understand patient beliefs and attitudes ...
Black Kirsten I - - 2010
Contraceptive failure contributes to a substantial proportion of unintended pregnancy, particularly in the developed world. A number of socio-demographic factors seem to impact on the risk of a woman experiencing contraceptive failure. Many of the issues exist across cultural boundaries and are complex to address. In discussing the failure rates ...
Dragoman Monica - - 2010
Most healthy women have normal pregnancies; however, even healthy women may experience serious morbidity during pregnancy. Women with chronic medical problems face increased pregnancy-related risks compared with their healthy peers. Planning pregnancy improves maternal and fetal outcomes; medical conditions can be stabilized, teratogens can be avoided, and early antenatal intervention ...
Langston Aileen - - 2010
Emergency contraception (EC) is the postcoital method of pregnancy prevention. Three methods of EC are used in the United States: (1) levonorgestrel-only pills, Plan B (Barr Pharmaceuticals, LLC, New Jersey) (2) combined estrogen and progestin pills, and (3) the copper intrauterine device. Used within 120 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse, ...
Pazol Karen - - 2010
U.S. women experience high rates of unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), yet they seldom combine condoms with highly effective contraceptives for optimal protection. Because oral contracep tives (OCs) have been the predominant form of highly effective contraceptio in the U.S., it is unknown whether condom use is similarly ...
Barden-O'Fallon Janine L JL MEASURE Evaluation Population and Reproductive Health, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2010
Most studies on pregnancy ambivalence are based on data from women and depend on the women's perceptions to measure their partner's pregnancy intentions. Because these perceptions may not be accurate, data collected directly from men are needed to understand the role of couple dynamics in fertility behavior. Matched couple data ...
Tonguc Esra Ay┼čin - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects on adhesion formation and pregnancy maintenance of an intrauterine device (IUD) and/or estrogen treatment after hysteroscopic septum resection. METHODS: After septum resection 100 women received either no treatment, or estrogens, or an IUD, or an IUD plus estrogens (n=25 per group). Most were later checked ...
Schreiber Courtney A - - 2010
The study was conducted to test the feasibility of conducting a randomized controlled contraceptive trial in postpartum teens and to assess whether postpartum advanced supply of emergency contraception (EC) to teenaged mothers helps to prevent repeat pregnancies of close proximity. We performed a randomized controlled trial of 50 postpartum teens ...
Leung Vivian W Y - - 2010
Hormonal emergency contraceptives have been used to prevent unwanted pregnancy for more than 3 decades. The mechanisms of action of the regimen containing a combination of estrogen and progestin, known as the Yuzpe regimen, and those of the levonorgestrel regimen continue to be controversial, especially over the possibility that these ...
Fine Paul - - 2010
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ulipristal acetate as emergency contraception in women presenting 48-120 hours after receiving ulipristal acetate for unprotected intercourse. Women aged 18 years or older with regular cycles who presented for emergency contraception 48 to 120 hours after unprotected intercourse were enrolled in 45 Planned ...
Noé Gabriela - - 2010
We aimed to evaluate whether emergency contraception with levonorgestrel (LNG-EC) administered after ovulation is equally effective to LNG-EC administered before ovulation. We studied a cohort of women attending a family planning clinic for EC. From interview, we recorded menstrual history, time of intercourse and of intake of LNG-EC. On the ...
Lewis Lucy N - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to compare the incidence of repeat teenage pregnancy over a 24-month period postpartum among users of Implanon, the combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA) and barrier methods or nothing (barrier/none). Contraceptive continuation rates 24 months postpartum for Implanon and COCP/DMPA were ...
Bouillet Laurence - - 2010
Women with hereditary angioedema (HAE) are more likely to be symptomatic that men. Hormonal factors (puberty, contraception, pregnancy,....) play a significant role in the precipitation or worsening of the condition in women. So, combined contraceptive pills are not indicated and progestogen pill must be preferred. During pregnancy, attack rate can ...
Kroll Robin - - 2010
BACKGROUND: This clinical trial was conducted to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of a 91-day extended-regimen, low-dose combination oral contraceptive (OC) consisting of 84 days of ethinyl estradiol (EE) 20 mcg/levonorgestrel (LNG) 100 mcg, followed by 7 days of 10 mcg EE in place of placebo. STUDY DESIGN: A multicenter ...
Ferreira Ana Laura Cg - - 2010
In Brazil, a Ministry of Health report revealed women who underwent an abortion were predominantly in the use of contraceptive methods, but mentioned inconsistent or erroneously contraceptive use. Promoting the use of contraceptive methods to prevent unwanted pregnancies is one of the most effective strategies to reduce abortion rates and ...
Sawhill Isabel - - 2010
Isabel Sawhill, Adam Thomas, and Emily Monea believe that given the well-documented costs of nonmarital births to the children and parents in fragile families, as well as to society as a whole, policy makers' primary goal should be to reduce births to unmarried parents. The authors say that the nation's ...
Kim Sun Kwon - - 2010
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are used for contraception worldwide; however, the management of pregnancies with an IUD poses a clinical challenge. The purpose of this study was to determine the outcome of pregnancy in patients with an IUD. A retrospective cohort study (December 1997-June 2007) was conducted. The cohort consisted of ...
Grimes David A - - 2010
Insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD) immediately after an abortion has several advantages. The woman is known not to be pregnant. Many clinicians refuse to insert an IUD in a woman who is not menstruating. After induced abortion, a woman's motivation to use contraception may be high. However, insertion of ...
Halpern Vera - - 2010
Repeated use of postcoital hormonal contraception is not currently recommended due to the higher risk of side effects and lower contraceptive effectiveness compared to other modern methods of contraception. However, emerging evidence indicates renewed interest in a regular coitally-dependent method of oral contraception. We re-evaluated the existing data on safety ...
Grimes David A - - 2010
Insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD) immediately after delivery is appealing for several reasons. The woman is known not to be pregnant, her motivation for contraception may be high, and the setting may be convenient for both the woman and her provider. However, the risk of spontaneous expulsion may be ...
Vahid Roudsari Fatemeh F Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Women's Health Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, Mashhad, - - 2010
Abortion is an important problem in obstetrics throughout the world. The common and standard method for pregnancy termination at first trimester is surgery (curettage). Nowadays, an effective method of pregnancy termination at first trimester is medical treatments. The aim of this study is to compare misoprostol alone or in combination ...
Valea Innocent I Laboratory of Parasitology and Entomology, Centre Muraz, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso. - - 2010
Intermittent preventive treatment with sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) is being implemented in most malaria endemic countries as a standard two-doses regimen as it reduces the risk of low birth weight (LBW) and the prevalence of maternal anaemia. Nevertheless, where the risk of infection close to delivery is high because of intense transmission, ...
Rodriguez Maria Isabel - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the hospital and state costs of offering the option of a postpartum intrauterine device (IUD) to an underinsured population of recent immigrants to the United States with Emergency Medicaid (EM) insurance coverage only. STUDY DESIGN: This study is a retrospective cohort study comparing the costs of offering ...
Martin Jilly - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the impact of implementation intention formation in reducing consultations for emergency contraception and pregnancy testing in young women. DESIGN: Teenage girls (N = 261) visiting a family planning clinic were randomly assigned to implementation intention versus control conditions and completed questionnaires at recruitment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ...
Sehgal R - - 2009
This study was undertaken to review the demographic profile and assess the concurrent contraceptive acceptance in women seeking medical termination of pregnancy. A total of 15,726 women came for induced abortion in the years 1995 to 2007 at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. The mean age and ...
- - 2009
Contraceptive failure is the primary cause of unintended pregnancy in the United States. With obesity rates at epidemic proportions, any association between obesity and strategies that prevent undesired pregnancies constitutes a significant public health and economic concern. Unfortunately, the relationship between obesity and contraception has not been extensively studied. Evidence ...
Ruddick Christine - - 2009
This paper gives a brief history of the development of contraception and looks at the methods available in the U.K., with particular emphasis on National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance about long-acting reversible contraception--injections, implants and intrauterine methods. These methods have the potential to reduce unintended pregnancies, but ...
Ganer Hadas - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate pregnancy outcome in patients who conceived with an intrauterine contraceptive device. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study comparing the pregnancy outcome of women with retained intrauterine device (n = 98), patients after intrauterine device removal in early pregnancy (n = 194), and pregnancies without an intrauterine device (n ...
Thomson Angus J M - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Intrauterine adhesions are a rare but significant cause of menstrual disturbance and infertility. Most cases are caused by uterine instrumentation. It is important for clinicians to understand the cause, diagnostic tools and rationale behind treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Hysteroscopy is the gold standard for diagnosis and treatment of ...
Read Christine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: More than 50% of women who have an unplanned pregnancy report using a contraceptive method. Since the launch of the pill 50 years ago, a number of cross-sectional surveys have examined contraceptive use in the Australian context. There is, however, little data on contraceptive use and efficacy over a ...
Homco Juell B JB Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2009
We sought to better understand reasons for not obtaining desired contraception among women presenting for a pregnancy termination. A survey was completed by women prior to having an abortion procedure. Reasons for lack of access were categorized as institutional, individual and compliance issues. Descriptive statistics were calculated and variables compared ...
Weisberg Edith - - 2009
Emergency contraception (EC) provides women with a safe means of preventing pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse or potential contraceptive failure, and is accepted as a legitimate method of fertility control. The right of women to access EC, along with other contraceptive methods, needs to be affirmed. The consequences of unintended ...
Jick Susan S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The transdermal contraceptive patch EVRA has been marketed since 2002 as an alternative to oral contraceptives (OCs), but large follow-up studies of effectiveness are lacking. STUDY DESIGN: We used a cohort plus a nested case-control study to estimate rates and hazard ratios of unintended pregnancy among users of different ...
Duffy Kaiyti - - 2009
Improved use of contraception has been intrinsic in the decline of teenaged pregnancies in the United States. Recent advances in contraception, including the development of new progestins and longer-acting reversible methods, have greatly increased the options available for adolescents. By frankly discussing adverse effects, offering clear explanations of noncontraceptive benefits, ...
Schwarz Eleanor Bimla - - 2009
To estimate the interest in using intrauterine contraception among women and adolescent girls seeking emergency contraception or walk-in pregnancy testing. We surveyed 412 women and adolescent girls who requested emergency contraception or pregnancy testing at four family planning clinics in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The 41-item survey assessed knowledge of, attitudes toward, ...
Meirik Olav - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Clinical performance of the frameless copper IUD (GyneFix), designed to reduce side effects related to the frame of conventional IUDs, and TCu380A was compared. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized Multicenter randomized comparative trial. Parous women requesting and eligible to use IUD were admitted in 21 centers in eight countries in 1989-1993 ...
Zhang Lin - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Levonorgestrel (LNG), as a dedicated emergency contraception (EC) product, has been available over-the-counter in China for 10 years. Until now, only a small number of deliveries after LNG-EC failure have been documented. METHODS: This study was a prospective comparative cohort study. A group of 332 pregnant women who had ...
Tilley Ian B - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine breastfeeding and contraceptive use after the lactational amenorrhea method (LAM) criteria were no longer met. METHODS: Two hundred and thirty-three parous Egyptian women with unplanned pregnancies less than 2 years after delivery completed a questionnaire examining breastfeeding practice and contraceptive use. RESULTS: The majority of women (81.5%) ...
Black Kirsten I - - 2009
Emergency contraception (EC) methods, available in oral and intra-uterine forms, seek to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse or contraceptive failure. Levonorgestrel EC is more effective and has fewer side effects than the previously used combined oral hormonal method; the Yuzpe regimen. In recent years, levonorgestrel has increased in use, and ...
Deans Elizabeth I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The appropriateness of IUDs for adolescents remains unsettled, as does the definition of the term adolescent. Unplanned pregnancy among teenagers remains epidemic, and long-acting methods, such as IUDs, offer the promise of top-tier effectiveness. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a systematic review of the literature concerning IUD use in adolescents ...
Cleland John - - 2009
This chapter describes the rise in contraceptive practice and fall in fertility from around 1880 to the present day. Two main phases are identified: the first confined to European populations and involving methods of low efficacy, and the second embracing the whole planet involving modern methods. Today, sub-Saharan Africa is ...
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