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Gaviraghi A - - 2013
In buffaloes, AI with sexed semen is not fully optimized, and the procedure has only been performed using the approach currently in use for cattle. The objective of the present work was to compare the pregnancy rates in Mediterranean Italian buffalo cows inseminated with sexed frozen-thawed semen at 2, 4, ...
Yu Xiaohui - - 2013
In this study, we researched the pattern of thyroid function of subclinical hypothyroid (SCH) women with levothyroxine (LT4) throughout pregnancy and determined the optimal dosages of LT4 for such women. 56 SCH pregnant women were followed regularly prospectively. They were divided into three groups: group A (n = 29. Baseline TSH between ...
Krissi Haim - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate potential risk factors at admission for failed single-dose methotrexate injection in women with ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: File review of a tertiary medical center in Israel yielded 102 consecutive patients with ectopic pregnancy initially treated with single-dose methotrexate. Overall successful treatment was defined as normalization of human chorionic ...
Wortman Alison - - 2013
: Selective embolization in pregnancy for treatment of renal hemorrhage has been reported infrequently in the literature; the possibility of minimizing radiation dose to the fetus by using dose-sparing fluoroscopy techniques is not commonly appreciated by the obstetric community. : We describe performing partial renal embolization with the use of ...
Zhao Shuquan - - 2013
Bilobar thyroid agenesis is one of rare diseases. Genetic and environmental factors may associate with bilobar thyroid agenesis. But the mechanism is still not completely understood. It had been showed that I-131 administration during pregnancy may induce thyroid dysfunction in newborn. Here we reported a case of female hospital staff ...
Yasa C - - 2013
The aim was to investigate the impact of low-dose letrozole usage along with gonadotropin treatment in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in comparison to gonadotropin treatment alone. Fifty patients were prospectively included in this randomized study and were divided into two groups. Age, demographic features, causes, and period of infertility were ...
Rouzi A A - - 2013
Termination of pregnancy in the second trimester for an intrauterine death of a fetus with anencephaly in a woman with previous three cesarean sections is a difficult clinical dilemma. A 34-year-old, gravida 4, para 3 woman was admitted at 20 weeks gestation for termination of pregnancy due to intrauterine death ...
de Carvalho L P Fogarolli - - 2013
To evaluate the morphological aspects in rats subjected to an association of the antiretroviral drugs zidovudine/lopinavir/ritonavir in different doses administered throughout the gestational period. Forty pregnant rats were randomly allocated into four groups: control (Ctrl) and experimental (Exp1, Exp2, and Exp3), which received zidovudine/lopinavir/ritonavir in the doses of 10/13.3/3.3, 30/39.9/9.9, ...
Yilmaz Nafiye - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In recent years, it has become evident that ovarian stimulation, although a central component of in vitro fertilization (IVF), may itself has detrimental effects on oogenesis, embryo quality, endometrial receptivity, and perhaps also perinatal outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of higher gonadotrophin dose on clinical pregnancy rate in ...
Cleary Bj - - 2012
AIMS: This study aimed to i) describe methadone dosing before, during and after pregnancy, ii) to compare the incidence of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) between those with dose decreases and those with steady or increasing doses and iii) to describe prescribed medication use among opioid-dependent pregnant women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort ...
Fierro Sergio - - 2012
This review considers the use of prostaglandin F(2α) and its synthetic analogues (PG) for controlling the estrous cycle of the ewe. Aspects such as phase of the estrus cycle, PG analogues, PG doses, ovarian follicle development pattern, CL formation, progesterone synthesis, ovulation rate, sperm transport, embryo quality, and fertility rates ...
Kasum Miro - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to analyze retrospectively the safety and success rates of single- and two-dose methotrexate (MTX) protocols for the treatment of hemodynamically stable cases of ectopic pregnancy at University Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Zagreb University Hospital Center, during a five-year period. The study evaluated ...
Cardonick Elyce - - 2012
: To estimate the effect of dose-dense chemotherapy during pregnancy on maternal and neonatal outcomes. : This is a retrospective cohort study in which women were identified from the international Cancer and Pregnancy Registry at Cooper Medical School at Rowan University in Camden, New Jersey. A chart analysis was completed ...
Ramprasad Menaka - - 2012
Thyroid disorders are common in pregnancy and the most common disorder is subclinical hypothyroidism. Due to the complex hormonal changes during pregnancy, it is important to remember that thyroxine requirements are higher in pregnancy. According to recent American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines, the recommended reference ranges for TSH are 0.1 ...
De Sancho Maria T MT Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital of Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York 10021, USA. - - 2012
To assess the rate and type of maternal and infant complications among pregnant women receiving low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH). Retrospective study of pregnant women on LMWH referred to two university hematology clinics from January 2001 to December 2010. We recorded the number of pregnancies, indication, dose and dose adjustments for LMWH, ...
Devarajah S - - 2012
The number of opiate users is well documented; however, the severity of opiate use has received little attention. This retrospective study in a North of England hospital updates the progression in the severity of addiction in pregnancy. Patients treated were reviewed and the doses of prescribed methadone documented. Historical data ...
Salisbury Amy L AL Department of Pediatrics, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. - - 2012
To determine pre- and post-dosing effects of prenatal methadone compared to buprenorphine on fetal wellbeing. A secondary analysis of data derived from the Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research (MOTHER) study, a double-blind, double-dummy, randomized clinical trial. Six United States sites and one European site that provided comprehensive opioid-dependence treatment ...
Wang Zhengguang - - 2012
Three experiments were conducted to examine the effects of green tea polyphenols (GTP) during IVM and IVC on apoptosis and relative transcript abundance (RA) of three genes controlling antioxidant enzymes, as well as subsequent pregnancy rates. In experiment 1, oocytes were matured in the presence of 0, 10, 15, or ...
Ribot Blanca - - 2012
Currently, there is no consensus regarding the optimum iron supplementation during pregnancy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of different iron supplementation doses (including no supplementation) during pregnancy on the iron status of the mother and on the health of the neonate. A longitudinal study was ...
Poulasouchidou Maria K - - 2012
To examine whether the concentrations of maternal serum TSH and free thyroxine (fT4) through pregnancy, the presence of thyroid autoimmunity (TAI) or the dose of levo-thyroxine (LT4) replacement can predict the occurrence of maternal or fetal/neonatal complications in pregnant women treated for maternal hypothyroidism. The study included 92 women with ...
Spremovic-Radjenovic Svetlana S University of Belgrade, School of Medicine, Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Koste Todorovica 26, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia. - - 2012
Fetuses from mothers with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) may be affected by antithyroid antibodies, antithyroid drugs, and iodine. The study correlated fetal free T(4) (fT4) with fetal ultrasound parameters and maternal thyroid function, thyroid antibodies, and medication dose from mothers with AITD. The study was designed as a prospective cohort ...
Crompton Roz - - 2012
Many expectant mothers do not want to use conventional medicine during pregnancy. As homeopathic remedies contain minute doses of specially prepared substances, unwanted side effects are avoided, making such remedies useful alternatives to use during pregnancy or when treating infants. This article describes various conditions of pregnancy and the homeopathic ...
Katz Vern L - - 2012
Work, in general, does not increase the risks of pregnancy complications. Work that is stressful, physically, psychologically, or both, has deleterious effects on pregnancy. Stressful work increases the risks of miscarriage, preterm labor, preterm birth, low birth weight, and preeclampsia. The greater the stress, the greater the risks of pregnancy ...
Milne Elizabeth - - 2012
Background Interest in a possible protective effect of maternal vitamin use before or during pregnancy against childhood brain tumors (CBT) and other childhood cancers has grown over the past decade. Our Australian study of CBT, conducted between 2005 and 2011, investigated whether maternal use folic acid and other supplements was ...
Bogen D L DL Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Academic Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 3414 Fifth Ave, CHOB 3rd floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2013
Limited pharmacological data are available to guide methadone treatment during pregnancy and postpartum. Study goals were to (1) characterize changes in methadone dose across childbearing, (2) determine enantiomer-specific methadone withdrawal kinetics from steady state during late pregnancy, (3) assess enantiomer-specific changes in methadone level/dose (L/D) ratios across childbearing, and (4) ...
Flak Audrey L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: We reviewed the published literature to assess the association between maternal periconceptional physical activity and the risk for major, non-chromosomal, birth defects and whether this varies by pre-pregnancy obesity. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL databases. Data were abstracted from all articles that ...
Desrosiers Tania A - - 2012
Though toxicological experiments demonstrate the teratogenicity of organic solvents in animal models, epidemiologic studies have reported inconsistent results. Using data from the population-based National Birth Defects Prevention Study, the authors examined the relation between maternal occupational exposure to aromatic solvents, chlorinated solvents and Stoddard solvent during early pregnancy and neural ...
Lupo Philip J - - 2012
Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) occurs in many occupational settings. There is evidence in animal models that maternal exposure to PAHs during pregnancy is associated with gastroschisis in offspring; however, to our knowledge, no human studies examining this association have been conducted. Our goal was to conduct a case-control ...
Krhin Blaz - - 2012
There are scarce data about the optimal increase of L-thyroxine dose during pregnancy in patients with a history of thyroid carcinoma. The first aim of the study was to find out if routine therapeutic measures enable adequate TSH suppression in pregnancy. The other aim was to find out the optimal ...
Drozd Valentina - - 2012
Women with a history of differentiated thyroidcarcinoma who are contemplating pregnancy may wish reassuranceregarding apparent remission. However, the thyroidhormone withdrawal needed to obtain serum thyroglobulintesting (Tg) results in weeks-long biochemical and clinical hypothyroidism,which could increase miscarriage and fetal deathrates if pregnancy occurred during withdrawal of thyroxine orsoon thereafter. Recombinant human ...
Yamada Hideto - - 2012
Recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) may have immunological etiology. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a high dose intravenous immunoglobulin (HIVIg) therapy, in which 20 g of intact type immunoglobulin was infused daily for 5 days during early gestation, for women who had a history of four ...
Nugteren Jaap Jan - - 2012
To study the associations between physically demanding work and occupational exposure to chemicals and hypertensive disorders during pregnancy within a large birth cohort study, the Generation R Study. Associations between occupational characteristics and hypertensive disorders during pregnancy were studied in 4465 pregnant woman participating in a population-based prospective cohort study ...
Ogamba Jo - - 2011
Irrational prescription and use of vitamins is rife in our society today. This practice is very common among pregnant women without adequate need assessment and concern for over dosage. Cholecalciferol has remained a component of some routine antenatal drugs despite the fears that have been expressed concerning its safety. This ...
Deane Kevin D - - 2011
Susac syndrome (SS) consists of a triad of vision loss, hearing loss, and encephalopathy due to autoimmune-mediated vascular endothelial injury. Herein we describe a 25-year-old previously healthy woman who presented at 20 weeks' gestation with symptoms of confusion, difficulty walking, and vision and hearing loss. She had branch-retinal artery occlusions ...
De Genna Natacha M NM Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Program in Epidemiology, Suite 138, Webster Hall, 4415 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. - - 2011
Early puberty is associated with stressful family environments, early sexual intercourse, and teenage pregnancy. We examined pubertal timing and sexual debut among the 14-year-old offspring of teenage mothers. Mothers (71% Black, 29% White) were recruited as pregnant teenagers (12-18 years old). Data were collected during pregnancy and when offspring were ...
Rudra Carole B - - 2011
Preterm delivery and preeclampsia are common adverse pregnancy outcomes that have been inconsistently associated with ambient air pollutant exposures. We aimed to prospectively examine relations between exposures to ambient carbon monoxide (CO) and fine particulate matter [≤ 2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5)] and risks of preeclampsia and preterm delivery. ...
Dutta Indranil - - 2011
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a group of connective tissue disorders which are divided into various distinguishable phenotypes. The type of EDS determines the potential obstetric complications. Due to the spectrum of clinical manifestation and overlap between phenotypes, there are no standardised obstetric management guidelines. Existing literature illustrates different obstetric management ...
Willette Auriel A AA Harlow Primate Laboratory, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53715, USA. - - 2011
Infections and inflammatory conditions during pregnancy can dysregulate neural development and increase the risk for developing autism and schizophrenia. The following research utilized a nonhuman primate model to investigate the potential impact of a mild endotoxemia during pregnancy on brain maturation and behavioral reactivity as well as the infants' hormone ...
Silber Sherman J - - 2010
It is often questioned whether sperm parameters, including whether retrieved or ejaculated, have any effect on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) results. Do severe spermatogenic defects affect embryo quality or pregnancy rate? Further, does it matter in azoospermic patients whether the sperm source is testicular or epididymal? Our studies show there ...
Thomas Christine M - - 2010
Emergency hormonal contraception (EHC) can reduce unintended pregnancy and the associated costs and consequences for the individual and National Health Service (NHS). Levonorgestrel (LNG 1.5 mg) is currently the standard of care in the UK; however, it is not licensed for use >72 hours after unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI). This ...
Todd Catherine S - - 2010
To determine the prevalence and correlates of prior pregnancy termination and unmet need for contraception among female sex workers (FSWs) in Afghanistan. FSWs in Jalalabad, Kabul, and Mazar-i-Sharif were recruited between June 2006 and December 2007 through outreach programs. Participants completed an interviewer-administered survey describing demographics, behaviors associated with risk ...
Farris Karen B - - 2010
To review the literature regarding pharmacists' roles in preventing unintended pregnancy, review the relevant laws and policies in the United States to describe pharmacists' and/or pharmacy's role in policy development related to unintended pregnancy, and identify partners who pharmacists can work with in this public health area. A systematic review ...
Glass Tracy L - - 2010
Adolescents consistently demonstrate the lowest rates of breastfeeding among women of reproductive age despite well-documented benefits of breastfeeding. In Amarillo, Texas, a medium-sized community with a perennially high teen pregnancy rate, we sought (1) to determine breastfeedings practices among adolescent females immediately after delivery and again at 6 weeks and ...
Bal Meltem Demirgöz - - 2011
This study aims to determine the rates of contraceptive discontinuation and usage failure and to examine their relation with termination of pregnancy. This is a descriptive (cross-sectional) type of study. The study population was chosen among women treated at a state hospital in Karaman City, located in the southern part ...
Mozzanega Bruno - - 2011
Controversial opinions exist about the possible mechanisms throughout emergency contraception prevents pregnancy. Recently, the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics and the International Consortium for Emergency Contraception released a Joint Statement declaring that 'inhibition or delay of ovulation should be their primary and possibly only mechanism of action'. They still ...
Blumenthal P D - - 2011
BACKGROUND Despite increasing contraceptive availability, unintended pregnancy remains a global problem, representing as many as 30% of all known pregnancies. Various strategies have been proposed to reverse this disturbing trend, especially increased use of long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods. In this review we aim to discuss the role of LARC ...
Kraft Joan Marie - - 2010
Studies increasingly consider the role of pregnancy motivations on contraceptive use. Few studies include measures of men's pregnancy motivations. We used baseline data (from a couples-intervention study) to examine the contribution of women's and men's pregnancy motivations and participation in decision making to contraceptive use by women in relatively stable ...
Foster Diana G - - 2010
We sought to determine the potential effect and cost-effectiveness of different means of accessing emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) on unintended pregnancy rates in sexually active women. We used a computer simulation model to compare the effects of advance provision, on-demand provision, and no use of ECP on unintended pregnancies and ...
Cervinski Mark A - - 2010
Point-of-care (POC) testing for the detection of pregnancy and the prediction of ovulation has grown and evolved since the introduction of the first qualitative pregnancy test marketed directly to the consumer over three decades ago. Numerous publications have analyzed both pregnancy and ovulation prediction devices for their sensitivity, accuracy and ...
Goericke-Pesch Sandra - - 2010
Reproduction control is an area of feline medicine that is assuming increasing importance in companion animal practice. Signs of oestrus such as increased vocalisation, rolling on the ground and a very short interoestrous interval may negatively influence the relationship between cat and owner, and prompt the owner to seek a ...
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