Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1223
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Hickey M - - 2000
The aim of this study was to develop an objective test for superficial endometrial vascular fragility at hysteroscopy, and to apply this test to women using Norplant((R)) for contraception and to women with ovulatory dysfunctional uterine bleeding (DUB). A prospective observational study was carried out in 34 Norplant users and ...
Bártfai G - - 2000
Access to reliable contraception is often unavailable. Unsafe abortion yearly causes death for thousands and disabling illness for millions worldwide. Insufficient information, negligence, inappropriate contraception, poverty and poor education contribute to these serious sequelae of unintended pregnancy. Identification of those at risk, the provision of appropriate information and access to ...
Wellbery C - - 2000
Emergency contraception is used after unprotected intercourse or a contraceptive accident to prevent unwanted pregnancy. It is thought to work by stopping or delaying ovulation or preventing implantation if fertilization has already taken place. Hormonal methods, mifepristone, and intrauterine device insertion are among the methods used worldwide. Combination estrogen-progestin birth ...
Cox M - - 2000
Doctors working in general practice and at family planning clinics throughout the UK who collaborate in the UK Family Planning and Reproductive Health Research Network were responsible for the fitting of 572 Nova-T380 intra-uterine contraceptive devices (IUDs). The Nova-T (and formerly the identical Novagard) IUDs have copper with a surface ...
Janssen C J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to investigate the profile of the Dutch Persona user and her opinion about this relatively new way of natural birth control. The results of the study were used to draw conclusions for the suitability for Persona as a contraceptive method. METHOD: Data ...
Templeman C L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare the incidence of repeat pregnancy and method continuation rate at 12 months postpartum in young women who chose either depot medroxyprogesterone acetate or oral contraceptives (OCs) as contraception. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 122 postpartum women younger than 18 years of age who delivered ...
von Kesserü E - - 2000
This 2-year study compared Mesigyna(R) administered to 49 pre-menopausal women between 38 and 50 years, to 99 women fitted with an IUD (Nova-T). A complete lipoprotein assessment was carried out before treatment and at 6, 12, and 24 months of treatment. A bone densitometry was performed on half of the ...
Bernoux A - - 2000
Fertility after ectopic pregnancy (EP) was investigated in a non-selected population taking into account intrauterine device (IUD) use at the time of the EP. Between January 1992 and June 1996, 647 women listed in the EP register of Auvergne (France) were followed up. The analysis included only the 328 women ...
Zink T - - 2000
Background: Teen pregnancy is an important and costly issue for society and often commits the mother to a life of poverty. Physicians play an important role in preventing teen pregnancy by identifying teens at risk for pregnancy and prescribing contraception. This study examines for the first time, whether pharmacy data ...
Sable M R - - 2000
CONTEXT: If the national health objective of reducing unintended pregnancy is to be met, a better understanding is needed of barriers to women's acquisition and use of contraceptives. METHODS: A sample of 311 Missouri women who were seeking pregnancy tests in public health department clinics in 1997 and who said ...
Morcos R N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible association between duration of sexual cohabitation and the risk of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH). STUDY DESIGN: A matched case-control design in which each case of PIH was compared with three controls. Information was obtained about use of barrier contraception, duration of intercourse prior to pregnancy and ...
Erskine M - - 2000
We carried out a retrospective analysis of the continuation rates of 142 Norplant acceptors. Follow-up data was available on 110. We assessed the relative impact of side effects on discontinuation. No serious complications (immediate or late) were observed during the 3-year study period and no pregnancies occurred. The 3-year continuation ...
Mueller L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether self-reported past migraine response to reproductive life events (menses, pregnancy, menopause) alters the likelihood of worsening of migraine with exogenous hormone use. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 451 female patients at the University Headache Center who had a diagnosis of migraine with or without ...
Ujah I A - - 2000
This is a prospective study involving 120 women who requested abortion for an unplanned and unwanted pregnancy. We sought to determine their contraceptive intentions and use. The characteristics of these women revealed that the majority were young, single schoolgirls with 68.5% of them being nulliparous. Over 90% had had their ...
Dasari P - - 2000
A 22-year-old primipara using intrauterine contraceptive device was diagnosed to be in haemorrhagic shock due to acute ruptured ectopic pregnancy. At laparotomy, both tubes and ovaries were normal and products of conception were found to be implanted on the posterior surface of uterus near the attachment of right uterosacral ligament ...
Wu S - - 2000
This study was conducted to evaluate a new and improved inserter (GyneFix) for the anchoring of the Frameless IUD in the uterine cavity. Previous studies conducted with a prototype inserter (Flexigard) did not show fully the advantages of the new anchoring concept because of the shortcomings of the Flexigard inserter ...
Larimore W L - - 2000
The primary mechanism of oral contraceptives is to inhibit ovulation, but this mechanism is not always operative. When breakthrough ovulation occurs, then secondary mechanisms operate to prevent clinically recognized pregnancy. These secondary mechanisms may occur either before or after fertilization. Postfertilization effects would be problematic for some patients, who may ...
Trussell J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate access to emergency contraception among women seeking help from clinicians who registered to be listed on the Emergency Contraception Hotline (1-888-NOT-2-LATE, ie, 1-888-668-2528) and the Emergency Contraception Website (not-2-late.com). METHODS: Two college-educated investigators posing as women who had a condom break the previous night called 200 providers ...
Glasier A - - 2000
Knowledge and use of emergency contraception world-wide is extremely limited. Recent research has demonstrated that levonorgestrel alone is at least as effective as the Yuzpe regimen and is much better tolerated. Levonorgestrel is likely to become the method of choice in the early 21st century. Mifepristone is highly effective even ...
Civic D - - 2000
Two hundred ten heterosexual undergraduates in dating relationships were surveyed about reasons for not using condoms every time for vaginal and anal sex and for increasing or decreasing condom use during their relationships. Half of the respondents reported consistent condom use in the first month of their relationships, while only ...
Field H M - - 2000
Emergency contraceptive pills ("ECPs"), a form of contraception which has a 75% chance of preventing pregnancy when taken within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, are currently available only by prescription. Increasing access to ECPs will help to reduce unintended pregnancies and abortions and will help to provide women with an ...
Blackburn R D - - 2000
Four decades after introduction of the pill, more women than ever are using it. Today's low-dose oral contraceptives are safer and just as effective as earlier pills. Taken regularly, the pill prevents pregnancy almost without fail. Pill users benefit in other ways, too, such as less anemia and protection from ...
Gold M A - - 2000
High rates of adolescent pregnancy remain a challenge for health care providers. For most sexually active adolescents, pregnancy is unintended. Emergency contraception, also called the "morning-after-pill" or postcoital contraception, is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. In the United States, three forms of emergency contraception currently are available: ...
Nelson A - - 2000
Despite the major strides made in birth control, which have produced a decline in unintended pregnancies over the past decade and the lowest rates of teen pregnancies seen since 1974 (1,2), significant problems still remain. Almost half (48%) of US pregnancies in 1995 were unintended (1) and many more that ...
Grimes D - - 2000
To assess the safety and efficacy of IUD insertion immediately after spontaneous or induced abortion. We used Medline, Popline, and EMBASE computer searches, supplemented by review articles and contacts with investigators. We sought all randomized controlled trials that had at least one treatment arm that involved IUD insertion immediately after ...
Dominik R - - 1999
To make an informed decision when choosing a contraceptive, women and couples need to know how effective different methods are when used perfectly, where perfect use is defined as following the directions for use. In this article, we show that unbiased estimates of pregnancy rates during perfect use can be ...
Rivera R - - 1999
Modern hormonal contraceptives and intrauterine contraceptive devices have multiple biologic effects. Some of them may be the primary mechanism of contraceptive action, whereas others are secondary. For combined oral contraceptives and progestin-only methods, the main mechanisms are ovulation inhibition and changes in the cervical mucus that inhibit sperm penetration. The ...
Toros P - - 1999
A 22-year-old woman presented with bilateral thickening and hyperpigmentation of her nipples since the age of 17 years. There was no history of pregnancy or oral contraceptive pill use. Isotretinoin 0.025% gel was applied twice daily and the lesions disappeared in 4 weeks. After the drug was ceased, recurrence appeared ...
- - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The safety and contraceptive efficacy of a new 24-day regimen of an oral contraceptive combination containing gestodene (GTD) 60 microg and ethinylestradiol (EE) 15 microg was evaluated in an open-label, multicenter study. METHODS: Adult women received GTD 60 microg/EE 15 microg from day 1 to 24 and 4 days ...
Marions L - - 1999
The antiprogestin mifepristone has shown potential to be used as a contraceptive. If 200 mg mifepristone is administered immediately after ovulation, the endometrium shows sufficient impairment of secretory development to prevent implantation. Low daily doses of mifepristone have been shown to reduce several of the local factors regarded as crucial ...
Kaunitz A M - - 1999
An open-label, nonrandomized, parallel, controlled study compared the efficacy, safety, and cycle control of a new monthly injectable contraceptive containing 25 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and 5 mg of estradiol cypionate (E2C) (MPA/E2C) (Lunelle Monthly Contraceptive Injection) with that of a norethindrone 0.5, 0.75, 1.0 mg/0.035 mg ethinyl estradiol ...
Trussell J - - 1999
CONTEXT: The incidence of unintended pregnancy has long been used as a primary indicator of the state of reproductive health. However, the definition--and therefore the measurement--of this indicator has been elusive. METHODS: Data from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) were used to compare levels of unintended pregnancy ...
Bohuslavizki K H - - 1999
This case emphasizes that negative urine pregnancy testing and a written declaration of the patient are not sufficient to safely exclude an early pregnancy. Serum pregnancy testing inherently has a diagnostic gap of about 1 wk following conception. We recommend sufficient contraception at least 1 mo before radioiodine treatment in ...
Rieder J - - 1999
Although the 1990s have seen a reduction in unintended pregnancy rates and improved contraceptive-use rates, the negative consequences of unintended pregnancy and STD acquisition continue to plague our youth. Primary health care providers, including pediatricians, play an essential role in further reducing unintended teen pregnancy and STD acquisition rates through ...
Veille J C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this survey was to assess the evaluation, management, and future recommendations of patients with the diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy and to evaluate the interest in the creation of a prospective database regarding this rare disorder. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 116 surveys were sent to major ...
Mauck C - - 1999
The FemCap is a new silicone rubber barrier contraceptive shaped like a sailor's hat, with a dome that covers the cervix, a rim that fits into the fornices, and a brim that conforms to the vaginal walls around the cervix. It was designed to result in fewer dislodgments and less ...
Rehan N - - 1999
A total of 265 women who had the Norplant system inserted were followed for 5 years. The present study is based on 11,435 women-months of use, describing the continuation rates and efficacy of Norplant among these women. The 5-year cumulative continuation rate was 45.7 per 100 continuing users. The continuation ...
Raymond E - - 1999
Data from a large, international, multicenter, randomized trial were analyzed to compare the acceptability of two nonoxynol-9 spermicide preparations. Women who wished to use a spermicide for contraception were randomly assigned to use either a foaming tablet (n = 383) or a nonoxynol-9 film (n = 382) for 28 weeks ...
Raymond E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a multinational randomized trial to determine whether a spermicidal film containing 72 mg of nonoxynol-9 per film was at least as effective in preventing pregnancy as a foaming tablet containing 100 mg of nonoxynol-9 per tablet. METHODS: Between September 1995 and July 1997, 765 women aged 18-35 ...
Elkind-Hirsch K E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of unassisted pregnancy after 5 months of troglitazone treatment in a severely hyperandrogenic, insulin-resistant woman with acanthosis nigricans (HAIR-AN) previously managed with depot leuprolide acetate (LA) plus oral contraceptive and dexamethasone therapy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Private infertility clinic. PATIENT(S): A 28-year-old African-American woman with ...
Sarkar N N - - 1999
Emergency contraception means preventing pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. This is also called postcoital contraception (PCC) or the 'morning-after pill'. High doses of oestrogen or progestogen or a combination of both may be used as PCC up to 72 hours after unprotected intercourse. The use of mifepristone as emergency contraception ...
Mazonakis M - - 1999
The aims of this study were: (a) to determine conceptus dose resulting from brain radiotherapy; (b) to investigate the necessity of using shielding devices over patient's abdomen during treatment; and (c) to estimate the components of conceptus dose. Radiation doses received by conceptus were measured using anthropomorphic phantoms simulating pregnancy ...
Frezieres R G - - 1999
CONTEXT: Condoms made of latex are not comfortable or appropriate for all consumers. Polyurethane condoms may provide a needed alternative. METHODS: In a double-masked study, 805 monogamous couples were randomized to use either the polyurethane condom or the latex condom for six months. Couples recorded the frequency of intercourse, of ...
Abulafia O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of orally administered medroxyprogesterone acetate upon angiogenesis in the myometrium of patients with complex endometrial hyperplasia. METHODS: Microvessel counts in the myometrium of consecutive patients with complex endometrial hyperplasia, treated with oral medroxyprogesterone acetate prior to hysterectomy (n = 12), were compared with microvessel counts ...
Ebacher R - - 1999
This study was a consecutive-case series of 138 Latinas (age 16 to 36) who received levonorgestrel implants (Norplant) in a community health center between September 1, 1992, and December 31, 1994, and were observed through September 30, 1997. Continuation rate at one year was 70 percent, and 43, 28, and ...
Schein A B - - 1999
Emergency contraception, also called postcoital contraception, is the use of hormonal or mechanical methods to prevent pregnancy after an episode of unprotected intercourse. Although a number of methods of emergency contraception exist, its use in the United States is not widespread. This report reviews studies on the efficacy of hormonal ...
Gadow E C - - 1999
This investigation analyzed social and demographic characteristics of women having an unwanted or mistimed pregnancy (unintended pregnancies at the current time) in South America. A sample of 5135 women having had a normal non-malformed live-born infant were interviewed immediately postpartum at 18 hospitals participating in the Latin American Collaborative Study ...
Escudero F - - 1999
The objectives of this study were to evaluate performance and causes of discontinuation of the Copper T380A IUD by users at the Family Planning Service at Hospital Arzobispo Loayza in Lima, Peru, during a period of three years. The study included 3167 acceptors of the CuT380A attending the service during ...
Hellwig D - - 1999
Complex demands and new indications in neurosurgery have led to the need for new electrosurgical generators (ESUs). For the first time, newly developed, automatically controlled ESUs make it possible to use extremely small and flexible instruments safely and to achieve reproducible microcuts and microcoagulations. These specifications make them suitable for ...
Wildemeersch D - - 1999
This article reviews the clinical experience with the GyneFix intrauterine implant system for interval, emergency and post-abortal contraception. The relatively high rate of unintended pregnancies and abortions in the world signifies that greater access to contraception is necessary. Unwanted pregnancies and abortions could be avoided by widening the range of ...
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