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Vinod C Sujatha CS Department of Dermatology, MVJ Medical College and Research Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Scleredema adultorum of Buschke is characterized by symmetrical, diffuse, non-pitting erythematous swelling of the skin due to accumulation of collagen and mucopolysaccharides in the dermis. Herein we report a case of scleredema over an unusual site in a pregnant woman.
González Antonio A BioFrontiers Institute, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0596, - - 2014
Trilions of bacteria populate the human body, with research efforts focusing on documenting the complexity of these communities and their contributions to physiological processes. This SnapShot presents several aspects of the human microbiome, including the characterization of the microbial species populating different body sites, the distribution of microbes across different ...
Barel O - - 2014
Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of multiple sonographic fetal weight estimation models in assessing small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses. Materials and Methods: The cohort included all singleton pregnancies recorded at a single medical center from January 2004 to September 2011, with a minimum of 24 weeks ...
Lightly Katie K Speciality Trainee in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, North Bristol NHS Trust, Southmead Hospital, Bristol, BS10 5NB, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine personal birth preferences of obstetricians in various clinical scenarios, in particular elective caesarean section for maternal request. To determine actual rates of modes of deliveries amongst the same group. To compare the obstetrician's mode of delivery rates, to the general population. Following ethical approval, a piloted online survey ...
Koukkou Eftychia E Department of Endocrinology, "Elena Venizelou" Hospital, Athens, - - 2014
Adequate dietary iodine intake is necessary for normal thyroid gland function at all times, and most particularly during pregnancy. Increased iodine loss is cited, among other factors, as responsible for the increased iodine demand in this period. Our aim was to compare renal iodine excretion between women during all three ...
Vajda F J E FJ Department of Medicine and Neurosciences, Royal Melbourne Hospital and University of Melbourne, Grattan Street, Parkville, VIC 3050, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
The demographic characteristics, details of pregnancies, epilepsies, and treatment of 855 pregnant women with epilepsy enrolled in the Australian Antiepileptic Drugs in Pregnancy Register during 1999-2005 were compared with the corresponding data for the 801 women enrolled from 2006-2012. We estimate that the Register captures approximately 1 in 12 of ...
Hawkins Summer Sherburne SS Boston College, Graduate School of Social Work, McGuinn Hall, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study compared maternal smoking during pregnancy between the new Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) data collection standards and Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards. Data were from the Massachusetts Standard Certificate of Live Births on 1,156,472 babies from 1996-2010. A parent reported whether the mother ...
Mastrogiannis Dimitrios D Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Philadelphia has one of the highest neonatal mortality rates in the country. It is believed that stillbirth rates are closely associated with neonatal mortality rates. Modifiable risk factors associated with intrauterine fetal demise are population-specific. We conducted this study to identify appropriate population-specific modifiable risk factors to improve fetal and ...
Kwon Ji Young JY Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
To construct size charts for fetal biometry in the Korean population and to identify ethnic differences in fetal biometry. A prospective, cross-sectional study was performed with 986 fetuses between 15 to 40 weeks of gestation. The following biometric variables were measured: biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and ...
Júnior Edward Araujo EA 1Referral Center for Teaching of Diagnostic Imaging, São Paulo-SP, - - 2014
To determine a reference range of fetal transverse cerebellar diameter in Brazilian population. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study with 3772 normal singleton pregnancies between 18 and 24 weeks of pregnancy. The transverse cerebellar diameter was measured on the axial plane of the fetal head at the level of the ...
Chakera Ali J AJ University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter, Exeter, - - 2014
OBJECTIVEIdentifying glucokinase monogenic diabetes (GCK-MODY) in pregnancy is important, as management is different from management for other forms of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and there is no increased maternal risk of type 2 diabetes. We calculated the population prevalence of GCK-MODY in pregnancy and determined the clinical characteristics that differentiate ...
Júnior Edward Araujo - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the reference range for amniotic fluid index (AFI) measurements in a large sample of the Brazilian population. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study on 3837 normal singleton pregnancies between 18+0 and 38+6 weeks of pregnancy. The AFI was measured ...
Webb Gwilym J GJ Centre for Liver Research/NIHR Biomedical Research Unit, Institute of Biomedical Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Clinical and epidemiological findings implicate genetic predisposition and the effects of elevated steroids in pregnancy in the pathogenesis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. To date, a number of studies have identified polymorphisms encoding biliary canalicular transporters, including those encoded by ABCB4 and ABCB11, which are associated with intrahepatic cholestasis of ...
Müller M M Inselspital, Bern University Hospital, SWITZERLAND; - - 2014
Caesarean section (CS) rates have risen over the past two decades. The aim of this observational study was to identify time-dependent variations in CS and vaginal delivery rates over a period of 11 years. All deliveries (13,701 deliveries during the period 1999-2009) at the University Women's Hospital Bern were analysed ...
Aditya Vani V Type-4/13, BRD Medical College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh 273013, - - 2014
Facial paralysis is the most frequent unilateral cranial nerve pathology affecting pregnant population 2 to 4 times more often than the nonpregnant population. There exists an association with preeclampsia but this has largely been overlooked. Clinicians often dismiss it for idiopathic palsy as seen in the present case. A 30-year-old ...
Ghassabian Akhgar A Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus Medical Centre - Sophia Children's Hospita, Rotterdam, The Netherlands The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Reports from populations with an insufficient iodine intake suggest that children of mothers with mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy are at risk for cognitive impairments. However, it is unknown whether, even in iodine-sufficient areas, low levels of iodine intake occur that influence cognitive development in the offspring. This study investigated ...
Erol Onur O Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Antalya, - - 2014
To evaluate the natural history of isolated muscular ventricular septal (m-VSD) defects during gestation and up to 1 year postnatally, as well as the association with chromosomal anomalies. Between August 2007 and July 2012, 76 fetuses with isolated m-VSDs represented the study population. The following variables were evaluated: site and ...
Yoost Jennie J Marshall University Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Huntington, WV, - - 2014
Three intrauterine devices (IUDs), one copper and two containing the progestin levonorgestrel, are available for use in the United States. IUDs offer higher rates of contraceptive efficacy than nonlong-acting methods, and several studies have demonstrated higher satisfaction rates and continuation rates of any birth control method. This efficacy is not ...
Mehta Shaine - - 2013
To examine the pregnancy outcomes of women >45 years in a multi-ethnic population when compared to controls and to reflect on socio-demographic details of the older mothers. A retrospective cohort control study over an 8-year period in an inner city London hospital with multi-ethnic population. The influence of advanced maternal age ...
Birang Shirin S Department of Radiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
The epiphyses ossification centers appear late in gestation, when traditional biometric measurements are the least accurate, and they can be useful in determining third trimesters gestational age. To evaluate fetal distal femoral epiphysis (DFE) size in various ages of gestation and establish a reference chart for Iranian population. DFE diameter ...
Araujo Júnior Edward - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To determine reference range of fetal nasal bone length (NBL) during the second trimester of pregnancy in a Brazilian population. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study with 2681 normal singleton pregnancies between 18 and 24 weeks of gestation. The NBL was obtained in the mid-sagittal plane of ...
Medici Marco - - 2013
Iodine deficiency during pregnancy results in thyroid dysfunction and has been associated with adverse obstetric and fetal effects, leading to worldwide salt iodisation programs. As nowadays 69% of the world's population lives in iodine-sufficient regions, we investigated the effects of variation in iodine status on maternal and fetal thyroid (dys)function ...
Danese Elisa - - 2013
Abstract Primary hypertension is a very common disorder particularly in the aging population but hypertensive disorders can appear earlier in life, especially when obesity and unhealthy lifestyle are present. Also pregnant women can be at risk of developing gestational hypertension and/or pre-eclampsia, which causes complications in nearly 7% of pregnancies. ...
Thériault Sébastien - - 2013
To evaluate serum folate concentration early in pregnancy and any association with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in a population exposed to folic acid supplementation and food fortification. This is a nested case-control study based on a prospective cohort of 7,929 pregnant women recruited in the Quebec City metropolitan area, including ...
Korevaar Tim I M - - 2013
Context:Abnormal maternal thyroid function during pregnancy is associated with various complications. International guidelines advocate the use of population-based trimester-specific reference ranges for thyroid function tests. When unavailable, an upper TSH limit of 2.5 for the first,- and 3.0 mU/L for the second and third trimesters is recommended. Although inter-individual differences ...
de Jongh B E - - 2013
To investigate the association between maternal pre-pregnancy obesity, race/ethnicity and prematurity. Retrospective cohort study of maternal deliveries at a single regional center from 2009 to 2010 time period (n = 11,711). Generalized linear models were used for the analysis to estimate an adjusted odds ratio with 95 % confidence interval of the association ...
Shanmugaraja Y - - 2013
Small for gestational age (SGA) is defined as birthweight below the tenth centile at a particular gestational week. Birthweight centiles for different populations are varied. Generic reference for fetal weight and birthweight that could be adapted to local populations was recently described. The purpose of this study was to validate ...
Gonzalez Ruben - - 2013
Objectives- To report normative data for the fetal nasal bone length (NBL), frontonasal fold (FNF) thickness, and the FNF/NBL ratio and to study their performance in the sonographic screening of trisomy 21 in a normal, unselected Latin American population. Methods- Women undergoing a routine sonographic examination between 16 and 32 ...
Semins Michelle J - - 2013
Kidney stones are common and do not spare the pregnant population. Although a simple stone event is usually straightforward in the general population, it is complex during pregnancy. Acute nephrolithiasis is associated with a unique set of complications during pregnancy and, because of imaging limitations, diagnosis is challenging. Multidisciplinary care ...
Rabie Nader Z - - 2013
Evaluation of: Grindlay K, Grossman D. Unintended pregnancy among active-duty women in the United States military, 2008. Obstetr. Gynecol. 121(2), 241-246 (2013). This is a study comparing the unintended pregnancy rates of active-duty women in 2008 with those rates in 2005 and the general US population. The data were obtained ...
Tran Phuong Lien PL Department of Biostatistics,University of Turku, - - 2013
Results of previous population-based studies examining associations between smoking during pregnancy and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are contradictory. Furthermore, there is a lack of population-based studies examining the relationship between smoking during pregnancy and the main diagnostic subtypes of ASD. We conducted a population-based nested case-control study based on the ...
Colstrup Miriam - - 2013
Abstract Objective: In 1989 the St. Vincent's declaration set a five-year target for approximating outcomes of pregnancies in women with diabetes to those of the background population. We investigated and quantified the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnant women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) to evaluate if the goals ...
Auger Nathalie - - 2013
Inuit and First Nations populations have higher rates of stillbirth than non-Aboriginal populations in Canada do, but little is known about the timing and cause of stillbirth in Aboriginal populations. We compared gestational age- and cause-specific stillbirth rates in Inuit and First Nations populations with the rates in the non-Aboriginal ...
O'Leary C M CM Centre for Population Health Research, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia. - - 2013
To examine alcohol-use disorders in pregnant women and the extent of under-reporting. Population-based cohort study. Western Australia. Women with a birth recorded on the Western Australian Midwives Notification System (1985-2006). Mothers with an International Classification of Diseases 9/10 alcohol-related diagnosis, indicating heavy alcohol consumption, recorded on population-based health datasets (non-Aboriginal ...
Stulberg Debra B DB Department of Family Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. - - 2013
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention last estimated a national ectopic pregnancy rate in 1992, when it was 1.97% of all reported pregnancies. Since then rates have been reported among privately insured women and regional health care provider populations, ranging from 1.6-2.45%. This study assessed the rate of ectopic ...
Chakraborty Pratip P Department of Infertility, Institute of Reproductive Medicine, Kolkata, - - 2013
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which occurs in ∼50% of total pregnancies is a frequent obstetric complication. Among the several hypotheses, insulin resistance (IR), obesity and hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy) play significant role/s in RPL. This study was conducted to assess the link between elevated levels of homocysteine ...
Blackman Tim T Faculty of Social Sciences , The Open University E-mail: - - 2013
Teenage pregnancy rates in the UK are high compared with many other countries but there is marked variation across local areas, including those with high deprivation. This study uses the method of Qualitative Comparative Analysis to identify conditions associated with the presence or absence of a narrowing gap in teenage ...
Leung Brenda My - - 2013
One of the biggest challenges for population health studies is the recruitment of participants. Questions that investigators have asked are "who volunteers for studies?" and "does recruitment method influence characteristics of the samples?" The purpose of this paper was to compare sample characteristics of two unrelated pregnancy cohort studies taking ...
Jacquemyn Y Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Antwerp University Hospital UZA, Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650 Edegem, - - 2013
 To describe the status of vitamin D levels in maternal and umbilical cord blood in term pregnant woman in a mixed ethnic population in an inner-city European maternity. A single centre prospective cohort descriptive study including all uncomplicated singleton term pregnancies from April 1, 2011 until May 31, 2011. ...
Costantine Maged M MM Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, USA. - - 2013
To compare the ability of customized versus normalized population fetal growth norms in identifying neonates at risk for adverse perinatal outcomes (APOs) associated with fetal overgrowth and gestational diabetes (GDM). Secondary analysis of a multicenter treatment trial of mild GDM. The primary outcome was a composite of neonatal outcomes associated ...
Munim Shama S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Stadium Road, Karachi. - - 2012
To determine the association between gestation weight gain (GWG) and adverse pregnancy outcome in a Pakistani population. Analytical study. The Aga Khan University, Karachi, from February 2003 to 2007. This study used secondary data of 4,735 women from a large cohort study on fetal growth. Pre-pregnancy BMI was categorized according ...
Kaur Lovejeet - - 2012
In the present study, an attempt is made to understand the role of genetic thrombophilias i.e. MTHFR C677T and FVL in the causation of various pregnancy complications like pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH), recurrent abortions, intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) and intra-uterine death on the whole and also individually along with the ...
Guerra-Shinohara E M - - 2012
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a multifactorial condition. The effect of antithrombin ( SERPINC1 ), protein C ( PROC ), thrombomodulin ( THBD ) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor ( TFPI ) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on the risk of RPL is thus far unknown. Our objective was to determine ...
Quax Rogier Am - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: The mechanism underlying the spontaneous improvement of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) during pregnancy and the subsequent postpartum flare is incompletely understood and disease course varies widely between pregnant RA patients. In pregnancy, total and free levels of cortisol increase gradually, followed by a decrease to pre-pregnancy values postpartum. The ...
Pérez-Sepúlveda Alejandra - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal plasma levels of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME) are decreased early in pregnancies that subsequently develop pre-eclampsia (PE) and whether this difference could be attributed to the presence of Val158Met catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) polymorphism in the placenta. METHODS: Clinical characteristics and plasma samples were collected at 11 to 14 weeks ...
Germanová Anna - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to analyze polymorphisms of receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) gene, and glyoxalase I gene and soluble RAGE, sRAGE, in physiological and pathological pregnancy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Polymorphisms of RAGE gene (-429T/C, -374T/A, 557G/A, 2184 A/G) and glyoxalase I gene (A419C) and ...
Rešić Lindehammer Sabina - - 2012
Abstract Gestational enterovirus (EV) infections have been associated with an increased risk for type 1 diabetes in the offspring. We therefore analyzed non-diabetic mothers for EV exposure in early pregnancy in relation to type 1 diabetes HLA-DQ risk genotypes and seroconversion to islet autoantibodies during pregnancy. Non-diabetic mothers who had ...
Warrier Dhanya - - 2012
Fetal echocardiography is a well established sensitive tool to diagnose congenital heart disease (CHD) in utero. One of the determinants of effective utilization of fetal echocardiography is its awareness in the general population. The present hospital based study was undertaken to assess the awareness of the need for fetal echocardiography ...
Amigou Alicia - - 2012
PURPOSE: Fetal folate deficiency may increase the risk of subsequent childhood acute leukemia (AL), since folates are required for DNA methylation, synthesis, and repair, but the literature remains scarce. This study tested the hypothesis that maternal folic acid supplementation before or during pregnancy reduces AL risk, accounting for the SNPs ...
Bustamante M - - 2012
Please cite this paper as: Bustamante M, Danileviciute A, Espinosa A, Gonzalez JR, Subirana I, Cordier S, Chevrier C, Chatzi L, Grazuleviciene R, Sunyer J, Ibarluzea J, Ballester F, Villanueva CM, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Estivill X, Kogevinas M. Influence of fetal glutathione S-transferase copy number variants on adverse reproductive outcomes. BJOG ...
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