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Results 401 - 450 of 854
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Golombeck K - - 2001
Short rib-polydactyly syndrome (SRPS; types I-IV) is an autosomal recessive, lethal skeletal dysplasia characterized by short-limb dysplasia, narrow thorax, and polydactyly. This syndrome is invariable and can be detected by 2-trimester ultrasound. The underlying gene has not been discovered yet. We report a case of SRPS subtype III Verma-Naumoff-Le Marec ...
Sepulveda W - - 2001
As a result of improvements in ultrasound image quality and scanning technique, an increasing number of subtle morphological changes in fetal anatomy have been identified in the second trimester. Most of these ultrasound features were originally described as normal variants of development with no clinical significance. However, subsequent studies in ...
Hull A D - - 2001
We used transvaginal three-dimensional ultrasonography to assess the first-trimester fetus and compared the findings with contemporaneous two-dimensional ultrasonographic studies. Multiplanar three-dimensional ultrasonography provided good visualization of fetal anatomy and allowed fetal measurement and assessment of nuchal translucency thickness. Three-dimensional ultrasonography required significantly less time to perform and to interpret than ...
Visentin A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the sonographic findings and clinical implications of fetal thrombosis of dural sinuses. DESIGN: Retrospective study of cases with a prenatal diagnosis of thrombosis of the dural sinuses. RESULTS: The diagnosis of fetal thrombosis of the dural sinuses was established in three uncomplicated pregnancies at 21, 22 and ...
Barnett S B - - 2001
Technological development has led to significant improvements in ultrasonographic capabilities in recent years, and this has been accompanied by increases in acoustic output. Meanwhile, there is a developing trend to use ultrasound at early stages of pregnancy when the developing embryo is known to be highly sensitive to damage by ...
Nolte P A - - 2001
Animal and clinical studies have shown an acceleration of bone healing by the application of low-intensity ultrasound. The objective of this study was to examine in vitro the influence of low-intensity ultrasound on endochondral ossification of 17-day-old fetal mouse metatarsal rudiments. Forty-six triplets of paired metatarsal rudiments were resected 'en ...
Felderhoff-Müser U - - 2001
We report fetal intracranial hemorrhage in term siblings from consanguineous parents, spontaneously occurring in the third trimester of pregnancy. Prenatal ultrasound in one case and postnatal MRI in both demonstrated massive parenchymal bleeding involving large areas of the cerebral cortex, white and gray matter. Vasculopathies, vascular malformations, coagulopathies, thrombocytopenia and ...
Chama C M - - 2001
This is a prospective study comparing the performance of transvaginal ultrasound scan with laparoscopy as the last diagnostic tool in a clinically suspected ectopic pregnancy. Both diagnostic methods have the same sensitivity of 100%. Transvaginal ultrasound scan had a specificity of 73.7% and a positive predictive value of 89.8%. Laparoscopy ...
Plauchu H - - 2001
We report on two new cases of syndromic lissencephaly in two consanguineous sibs, with skeletal abnormality, born to young, healthy, second cousin parents with healthy children. In Case 1, fetal ultrasound screening at 32 weeks of gestation showed microcephaly, skin infiltration and equinovarus feet. MRI disclosed cerebral agyria, hypoplastic cerebral ...
Mongelli M - - 2001
The aim of this study was to compare the clinical performance of ultrasound dates and ultrasound dates combined with menstrual dates for the detection of post-maturity. A computer model was designed which uses the statistical distributions of the duration of normal pregnancy, day of ovulation in relation to the menstrual ...
Shih J C - - 2001
Three-dimensional ultrasound was introduced into clinical use over a decade ago. Early attempts on three-dimensional ultrasound were primitive and limited to experimental use only. Recently, it was used as a powerful tool to display three-dimensional fetal appearance and assess normal and pathological conditions. Because of the improvement in image resolution ...
Hung J H - - 2001
The purpose of this article is to report that the use of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound with surface rendering offers advantage in fetal small parts evaluation. Compared with two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography, three-dimensional ultrasonography provides a better spatial vision of the surface and anatomic boundary of different embryonal and fetal organs and ...
Dadhwal V - - 2001
In an audit to evaluate fetal gastrointestinal (GIT) malformations, case sheets of all mothers who gave birth to newborns with GIT malformations were analysed regarding the maternal history, prenatal ultrasound and the postnatal structural malformations and perinatal management. In 1999, eleven babies were born with gastrointestinal malformations, one was a ...
Sen C - - 2001
Since the introduction of ultrasound scanning in early pregnancy, transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasonography has taken on an important role in routine clinical practice in terms of the care of the fetus and the mother. The use of ultrasound in very early pregnancy makes it possible to confirm the intrauterine living ...
Nyberg D A - - 2000
A variety of ultrasound findings can be identified in fetuses with fetal aneuploidy. Typical findings vary with both the chromosome abnormality and gestational age at time of the ultrasound examination. Increased NT is the primary marker during the first trimester, whereas a variety of markers may be seen during the ...
Becker R - - 2000
Following the introduction of transvaginal sonography, several first trimester diagnoses of the exencephaly anencephaly sequence have been reported, with the earliest being described at 10 weeks of gestation. We report a case with a high index of suspicion for exencephaly at 9 weeks and 3 days because of three sonographic ...
Cook K - - 2000
A case of Binder syndrome was diagnosed at 21 weeks of gestation using two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound. The first indication of any abnormality was a flattened fetal nose demonstrated in the mid-sagittal plane. Further ultrasound imaging showed the virtual absence of the naso-frontal angle, giving the impression of a flat ...
Lam Y H - - 2000
Congenital megalourethra is a rare disorder characterized by the congenital absence of the corpus spongiosum and/or corpus cavernosum, leading to dilatation of the urethra. We present a case of congenital megalourethra diagnosed by ultrasound examination at 13 weeks of gestation. Transabdominal and transvaginal sonography showed gross megacystis, bilateral hydronephrosis and ...
Rosati P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of first and early second trimester transvaginal ultrasound findings of fetal cystic hygroma such as volume, presence of septa and associated fetal anomalies or malformations. DESIGN: A prospective study of fetal cystic hygroma volume detected at 10-15 weeks of gestation by transvaginal scan. SUBJECTS: ...
Guariglia L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the detection rate of abnormalities by transvaginal ultrasound in early pregnancy. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed records of 3592 sequential pregnant women at 10-16 weeks' (singleton) gestation (mean 13 weeks and 2 days). After exclusion of 114 women, there were 3478 women in the study. Each woman underwent ...
Ibba R M - - 2000
An unusually echogenic fetal pericardium was visualized using ultrasound at 21 weeks' gestation. Serial prenatal examinations revealed its progressive, spontaneous resolution. Follow-up examinations of the newborn and infant failed to demonstrate any clinical or echocardiographic abnormality. The occurrence of this unusual pericardial abnormality and its transient nature should be considered ...
Sowers M F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of change in bone ultrasound measures among pregnant adolescent girls and women and whether that change was associated with adolescence, maternal growth during pregnancy, limited weight gain during pregnancy, hypertension in pregnancy, or poor diet. METHODS: We used bone ultrasound measurements of attenuation and sound ...
Squier M - - 2000
This paper describes the neuroimaging and neuropathological findings in five cases of severe brain damage after traumatic mid-trimester amniocentesis, all performed between 1986 and 1994. Although fetal injury after amniocentesis has been reported, reports of brain injury are infrequent. Continuous ultrasound monitoring may reduce the risk of fetal injury but ...
Kennedy A - - 2000
Ultrasound provides an opportunity to visualize the fetus and to assess its response to the intrauterine environment. The topic of fetal ultrasound is broad, and whole textbooks have been devoted to areas such as the diagnosis of anomalies. In an effort to provide current practical information, I have focused on ...
Blaas H G - - 2000
We present three cases of spina bifida during the embryonic period detected by ultrasound before 10 weeks' gestational age. The last-menstrual-period-based ages ranged from 9 weeks 1 day to 9 weeks 4 days and the crown rump lengths ranged from 22 mm to 28 mm. The cases were identified prospectively ...
Shalev J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of ultrasound to detect ovaries of normal size during pregnancy METHODS: A prospective study of 329 women with a normal pregnancy course was undertaken; 68 were excluded from analysis because of an enlarged, cystic ovary. Of the remainder, 60 pregnancies were examined in the first ...
Spencer J A - - 2000
AIM: To compare assessment by MR excretory urography (MREU), Doppler ultrasound and isotope renography of women with symptomatic hydronephrosis in pregnancy and to define its cause. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven women at 19-34 weeks of gestation were studied prospectively with gadolinium-enhanced breath-hold gradient echo MREU and transabdominal Doppler ultrasound compared ...
Monteagudo A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple and systematic algorithm to determine chorionicity and amnionicity in the second and third trimester by ultrasound. STUDY DESIGN: The algorithm was constructed based upon years of experience in examining multifetal pregnancies and by adopting the different sonographic signs suggested in the literature. RESULTS: The following ...
Haberman S - - 2000
Gastroschisis is a congenital anomaly with a reported incidence of 1 in 10,000 live births. Although prenatal diagnosis is more common with the widespread use of biochemical markers and obstetric ultrasound, the role of ultrasound in the identification of the fetus that might need early intervention has not been established. ...
Deane C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate ultrasound use and exposure in pregnant women undergoing Doppler ultrasound investigation of the maternal and fetal circulation using Doppler ultrasound techniques. METHODS: Sample graphical displays were generated showing duration of each mode, thermal and mechanical index levels and overall elapsed time of scan and modes. RESULTS: The ...
MacLachlan N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the management of pregnancies where the fetus was found to have one or more sonographic markers of possible fetal chromosomal abnormality. DESIGN: Prospective anonymous postal survey of UK obstetric ultrasound units. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The management of pregnancies where the fetus is found to have a sonographic ...
Lai T H - - 2000
The aim of this study is to evaluate the sonographic characteristics of alobar holoprosencephaly (AH) in utero. Seventeen cases were diagnosed at 16-30 weeks' gestation by two-dimensional and three-dimensional ultrasound from October 1994 to December 1998. In this series, the prenatal prevalence was 1 out of 415 and the detection ...
Rosati P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ability of the high-frequency transvaginal scanning technique to assess embryo-fetal anatomy in early pregnancy in relation to fetal position and in comparison with transabdominal scan. METHODS: A study population of 1,402 pregnant women were examined by transvaginal ultrasonography performed at 10(+1) to 16(+0) weeks of pregnancy. ...
Stewart P A - - 2000
A woman was referred in the first trimester of her third pregnancy because of a family history of cleidocranial dysplasia. An ultrasound examination at 14 weeks 4 days revealed a fetus with appropriate biometric measurements. However, the clavicles were noted to be hypoplastic and the cranium appeared less well ossified ...
Müller T - - 2000
The aim of this study was to determine whether three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound is superior to two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound in evaluating first trimester gestational sac volume (GSV). 130 mainly low risk pregnancies between 5 and 12 weeks gestation were prospectively investigated. The 2D volumetry of GSV was performed using the ellipsoid ...
Chan F Y - - 2000
Congenital fetal abnormalities are major causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity. The performance of ultrasound in the diagnosis and assessment of fetal anomalies varies enormously between tertiary referral centers and general units. Telemedicine offers a chance for tertiary realtime ultrasound consultations using standard telephone lines for remote sites. Preliminary investigations ...
Thomas L A - - 2000
The patient was a 22-year-old woman who had presented in early childhood with gastroesophageal reflux and who subsequently underwent surgery. It was commented upon by the surgeons at that time that the esophagus was abnormally thickened. The patient subsequently presented during her first pregnancy with a vulval tumor, which proved ...
Homer H A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the diagnosis, prevalence, and treatment of the septate uterus, with special reference to hysteroscopic metroplasty and its effect on reproductive outcome. DESIGN: Pertinent studies were identified through a computer MEDLINE search. References of selected articles were hand-searched for additional citations. RESULT(S): Reliable diagnosis of ...
Neilson J P - - 2000
Advantages of early pregnancy ultrasound screening are thought to be more accurate calculation of gestational age, earlier identification of multiple pregnancies, and diagnosis of non-viable pregnancies and certain fetal malformations. The objective of this review was to assess the use of routine (screening) ultrasound compared with the selective use of ...
Bricker L - - 2000
Diagnostic ultrasound is used selectively in late pregnancy where there are specific clinical indications. However, the value of routine late pregnancy ultrasound screening in unselected populations is controversial. The rationale for such screening would be the detection of clinical conditions which place the fetus or mother at high risk, which ...
Bricker L - - 2000
Doppler ultrasound study of umbilical artery waveforms helps identify the compromised fetus in 'high risk' pregnancies and, therefore, deserves assessment as a screening test in 'low risk' pregnancies. One of the main aims of routine antenatal care is to identify the 'at risk' fetus in order to apply clinical interventions ...
Crowther C A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an ultrasound scan at the first antenatal visit. DESIGN: Randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Women's and Children's tertiary level hospital, Adelaide, Australia. POPULATION: Six hundred and forty-eight women attending for their first antenatal visit at less than 17 weeks of gestation who had no previous ...
Dooley S L - - 1999
The interest in studying routine ultrasound in pregnancy has provided useful results that can be applied to practice. There is no consistent evidence of risk caused by ultrasound, neither biologic risk for the fetus nor increased use of health services as a result of ascertained conditions. There is also no ...
Reece E B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a systematic stream-lined approach could be routinely used in the evaluation of fetal intracranial anatomy. METHODS: Nine thousand six hundred uncomplicated pregnancies were evaluated using a three-level view of fetal brain imaging. An axial scan, which passed through the level of the lateral ventricles, was first ...
Dalecki D - - 1999
In the late-gestation fetal mouse, exposure to piezoelectric lithotripter fields at amplitudes < 1 MPa produced hemorrhages in tissues near developing bone, such as the head and limbs. This study was undertaken to determine if exposure to pulsed ultrasound at diagnostic frequencies produces similar hemorrhages in the late-gestation fetal mouse. ...
Wong H S - - 1999
A case of alobar holoprosencephaly diagnosed at 10 + 3 weeks' gestation by transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound examination followed by histological confirmation is presented. The diagnosis was based on two sonographic criteria: intracranial finding of a single ventricle with a mantle and no visible midline structures but fusion of the ...
Salvesen K A - - 1999
The present paper summarizes some of the epidemiological studies of in utero ultrasound exposure and subsequent childhood development. Emphasis is placed on birthweight, childhood malignancies and neurological development. A meta-analysis, including neurological outcomes such as handedness, speech development, motor development, hearing and vision, is presented. The epidemiological evidence does not ...
Schwärzler P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To date, there have been no studies on the optimal timing of second-trimester ultrasound screening for fetal abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether, of three gestational ages (18, 20 and 22 weeks), any one was associated with a significant advantage in terms of identification of ...
Tunón K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk of adverse fetal outcome in fetuses that were post-term according to the last menstrual period estimate but not according to the ultrasound estimate. DESIGN: A total of 11,510 women with singleton pregnancies, reliable last menstrual period and delivery after 37 weeks were divided into four ...
Johnson D S - - 1999
Liposuction is a procedure that has been widely used since the 1980s. The introduction of the tumescent technique in 1987 greatly improved the safety of the procedure. Innovative techniques and equip ment modifications have continued to evolve, broadening the scope of application and improving the results that can be obtained. ...
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