Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 855
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Elson J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical, ultrasound and biochemical parameters that may allow prediction of pregnancy viability in women without a detectable embryo on ultrasound examination. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of pregnant women with an ultrasound finding of a gestational sac measuring < 20 mm mean diameter without a ...
Tan Thai Lian - - 2003
Portable ultrasound assessment of postmicturition bladder for residual urine volume is rapid, accurate, and precise. However, other cystic pelvic pathologic conditions may present as a false-positive finding on the ultrasound. We describe two cases in which the residual urine was falsely detected as being elevated due to unsuspected pregnancy.
Hossain G A - - 2003
Ultrasound is well recognized imaging modality for prenatal diagnosis of fetal congenital anomalies. However, precise diagnosis of fetal anomaly with gray scale ultrasound may not be possible at times. Color Doppler ultrasound compliments gray scale ultrasound in accurately diagnosing fetal anomaly. We report a case of an omphalocele with short ...
Ezra Yossef - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of umbilical cord presentation found on antenatal ultrasound and the incidence of cord prolapse in labor. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the antenatal records of all deliveries in the Mount Sinai Hospital in a 5-year period and conducted two separate retrospective studies. In the first study ...
Gezer A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: This is a retrospective study accomplished to determine the efficiency of the first trimester ultrasound examination especially when performed on elective conditions. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The records of patients who had undergone early first trimester transvaginal ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Cerrahpasa School of Medicine, Istanbul University ...
Shlamovitz Gil Zvi - - 2002
The mechanism of ultrasound augmentation of pharmacological thrombolysis is yet unknown. The goal of this study is to find the best timing regimen for in-vitro ultrasound augmented clot dissolution by streptokinase, heparin and their combination. Blood clots from 4 donors were cut into 200-400 mg sections and randomized to no ...
Källén K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To detect possible sources of bias in ultrasound prediction of gestational age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Using the Swedish Medical Birth Registry, 571 617 women were identified who were delivered between 1990 and 1997 and who had obtainable information on last menstrual period and expected date of delivery according to ...
Barnett Stanley B - - 2002
Acoustic exposure from modern ultrasonographic devices is capable of disturbing biological tissue to varying extent depending on the type of ultrasound examination and the particular tissue under investigation. There is no strong evidence that these biological effects present a serious health hazard, however, knowledge is incomplete, particularly from human studies. ...
Mohammed N B - - 2002
The fetus of a 35-year-old woman, gravida 5, para 3, was diagnosed with isolated left-sided congenital talipes equinovarus on routine ultrasound at 22 weeks of gestation. Parents were counselled about the abnormality but still ultrasound pictures made it difficult for them to understand the nature of the defect. A three-dimensional ...
Salvesen Kjell A - - 2002
The present paper summarizes some of the epidemiological studies of in utero ultrasound exposure and subsequent childhood development. Emphasis is placed on birth weight, childhood malignancies, neurological development, handedness and speech development. The epidemiological evidence does not indicate any association between diagnostic ultrasound exposure during pregnancy and reduced birth weight, ...
Nichols Mark - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the accuracy of bimanual pelvic examination to ultrasound in the assessment of gestational age and to evaluate resident and faculty accuracy, and residents' learning to perform pelvic examination. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, descriptive, correlational study of clinical bimanual examination versus ultrasound dating pregnancy prior to first-trimester abortion. ...
Akmal S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of intrapartum transvaginal digital examination in defining the position of the fetal head. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 496 singleton pregnancies in labor at term, the fetal head position was determined by routine transvaginal digital examination by the attending midwife or obstetrician. Immediately before or after ...
Nakling Jakob - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Adverse obstetric outcome in fetuses that are smaller than expected at second trimester routine ultrasound examination. AIM: To assess the obstetric outcome when the interval between the estimated date of delivery by last menstrual period and the estimated date of delivery by second trimester ultrasound exceeds 14 days. MATERIALS ...
Bakalis S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the natural history and outcome of fetal talipes diagnosed by routine ultrasound scanning at 18-23 weeks' gestation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 103 228 pregnancies undergoing routine ultrasound scanning at 18-23 weeks' gestation. A computer search was made to identify all cases of ...
Garc?a-Velasco Juan A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether transabdominal ultrasound guidance during embryo transfer (ET) is a useful tool for increasing pregnancy rates in patients undergoing oocyte donation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled trial. SETTING: In vitro fertilization academic center. PATIENT(S): Three hundred seventy-four infertile patients undergoing oocyte donation. INTERVENTION(S): Transabdominal ultrasound-guided ET. MAIN OUTCOME ...
Zhang JiaYin - - 2002
Bioeffects after exposure to ultrasound are correlated to its duration. Although diagnostic ultrasound has been suggested to induce apoptosis, the underlying signal transduction pathway remains elusive. In this study, women in the first trimester of pregnancy were exposed to transvaginal diagnostic ultrasound with 5.0-MHz frequency for 0, 10, 20, or ...
Kurjak A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the potential of three-dimensional power Doppler sonography in morphologic and functional assessment of the fetus and placenta. METHODS: Review of the recent literature on three-dimensional sonography in early pregnancy and in the second and third trimester. RESULTS: Three-dimensional sonography plays an important role in obstetrics predominantly for ...
Bochicchio Grant V - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Incidental pregnancy in trauma patients is associated with a high fetal mortality. Because of quality assurance reasons, many trauma centers have eliminated the rapid urine pregnancy screen. We sought to determine the utility and impact of the initial ultrasound examination in the diagnosis of pregnancy in female trauma patients. ...
Dewailly Didier - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report the occurrence of a spontaneous pregnancy in a patient who was homozygous for the Q106R mutation in the GnRH receptor (GnRHR) gene. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Reproductive endocrinology unit of an academic medical center. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old woman who initially presented with partial idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and ...
Zambelli D - - 2002
Prenatal feline fetal growth and utero-placental development were ultrasonographically evaluated using an ultrasound scanner with a 10 MHz sector probe. Uterus, placenta, embryo, fetus and fetal membranes in 16 pregnant cats were monitored during the course of pregnancy; 13 subjects underwent an ovariectomy on specific days while three subjects went ...
Marinac-Dabic Danica - - 2002
Diagnostic ultrasound use in obstetrics has been growing rapidly to become an integral part of prenatal care today. The high proportion of exposure to prenatal ultrasound highlights the public health significance of routine ultrasound use. A majority of epidemiologic studies tends to support the safety of diagnostic ultrasound use during ...
Hanaoka U - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To compare the use of two-dimensional, color Doppler and three-dimensional ultrasound for predicting the presence of a nuchal cord at birth. METHODS: Eighty-five singleton pregnancies without nuchal cord and 35 with nuchal cord (30 with a single coil of cord, four with a double coil, and one in which ...
Wallny Thomas - - 2002
In a prospective cross-sectional ultrasound study the size of the fetal lumbar spinal canal was evaluated to determine reference values for the lumbar part of the vertebral canal. One hundred and sixty-seven pregnant women undergoing routine obstetric ultrasound were studied between 16 and 41 weeks of gestation. Exclusion criteria consisted ...
Karande Vishvanath - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of a new coaxial catheter system with an echo-dense tip (Cook Echo-Tip catheter) with a Wallace catheter during ultrasound-guided ET. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. SETTING: Private academically affiliated infertility center. PATIENT(S): Two hundred fifty-one patients undergoing IVF-ET. INTERVENTION(S): The patients underwent ultrasound-guided ET by a ...
Ijaiya M A - - 2002
Ultrasound contributes immensely to obstetrics and its application and use is now widespread. The clinical applications and uses of ultrasound include confirmation of pregnancy and multiple gestation, estimation of gestational age, localisation of placenta and monitoring of foetal wellbeing. The others are evaluation of caesarean section scar integrity and post ...
Yang Hong - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Early ultrasound scanning estimation of gestational age is known to increase the reported preterm delivery rate (<37 completed weeks) compared with estimation by date of the last normal menstrual period, but it is unclear how this systematic difference arises. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a hospital-based study of 44,623 ...
Michailidis G D - - 2002
The objective of this study was to perform a complete anatomical survey of the fetus at 12-13 weeks gestation using stored volumes acquired by a three-dimensional (3D) scanner. 159 consecutive women at 12-13 weeks gestation who had a routine early pregnancy scan in our unit were recruited. A complete survey ...
Drysdale Karen - - 2002
This study set out to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of routine early ultrasound (12-14 weeks) within a district general hospital (DGH) for identifying high-risk and abnormal pregnancies. This was a pilot study for screening by ultrasound examination all women who presented to their community midwife before 12 weeks' gestation. ...
Fauza Dario O - - 2002
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study was aimed at examining the feasibility of fetal tracheal occlusion guided exclusively by ultrasonography and at establishing the technical principles of this procedure based on current instrumentation and ultrasound technology. METHODS: Time-dated pregnant ewes underwent a small laparotomy and partial uterine exposure. Under real-time ultrasound guidance, a ...
Lee Yue-Yuan - - 2002
We report on the ultrasound (US) detection of holoprosencephaly with cyclopia at a gestational age of 16 weeks. The sonographic diagnosis was based on the intracranial finding of fused thalami with no visible midline structures and facial abnormalities, including cyclopia and proboscis. We evaluated the fetal face by 3-dimensional (3D) ...
Carvalho M H B - - 2002
The aim of this study was to evaluate the detection of fetal structural abnormalities by the 11-14 week scan. 2853 pregnant women were submitted to a routine ultrasound scan between the 11th and 14th week and the fetal skull, brain, spine, abdominal wall, limbs, stomach and bladder were examined. Following ...
Stanojevic Milan - - 2002
Clinical application of ultrasound began about fifty years ago. From one-dimensional A-mode, through two-dimensional real time and Doppler examinations, a new era in clinical ultrasonography then began in the late eighties. Development of computer technology enabled introduction of 3D ultrasonography into clinical practice. In obstetrics ultrasound revolutionized fetal follow-up, but ...
Fieni S - - 2002
We present a case of thanatophoric dysplasia diagnosed at the 21st week of gestation. Serial ultrasound was performed throughout pregnancy. The scans showed a distinctive pattern of development of the fetal long bones. Up to week 25, the fetal long bones appeared to grow steadily but slower compared to normal ...
Borruto F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Nuchal translucency (NT) is the ultrasonographic pattern of the accumulation of subcutaneous fluid (> or = 3 mm) behind the fetal neck. The measurement of NT thickness by ultrasound examination at 11-14 weeks of gestation has been associated with maternal age and to be an effective screening tool for ...
Kupesić Sanja - - 2002
During the last decade transvaginal color Doppler has played an important role in increasing understanding of early human development. Although our knowledge of early pregnancy development has recently improved, little is known about the most critical period of human development: between conception and implantation. Recent advances in 3D ultrasound have ...
Grootenboer S - - 2001
Dehydrated hereditary stomatocytosis (DHS) is a rare congenital hemolytic anemia. We observed that some patients had presented with different prenatal or perinatal forms of edema in some kindreds. Within weeks or months after birth, these exhibited a spontaneous, complete and definitive resorption. We assumed that some DHS patients, who were ...
Grangé G - - 2001
Fetal ultrasound examination at 13 weeks of gestation demonstrated a homogeneously echogenic protrusion, or tail, 7 mm in length, in the sacral region. At 15 weeks, the ultrasound appearance was consistent with a regression of the tail and by 21 weeks it had completely disappeared. Severe intrauterine growth restriction with ...
Chen D N - - 2001
Using Doppler ultrasound, a study was done on the characteristics of the radial pulse at the wrist in pregnant and non-pregnant women in order to test the hypothesis that the traditional Chinese medicine 'smooth pulse' of pregnancy has a physiological basis. Comparison of pulse characteristics in a small series of ...
Barisic I - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the current effectiveness of routine prenatal ultrasound screening in detecting gastroschisis and omphalocele in Europe. DESIGN: Data were collected by 19 congenital malformation registries from 11 European countries. The registries used the same epidemiological methodology and registration system. The study period was 30 months (July 1st 1996-December ...
Wang C J - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the usefulness and feasibility of 3-dimensional (3D) ultrasound for routine fetal observation. METHODS: Eighty-five normal pregnancies with gestational ages of 20-36 weeks were studied. A conventional ultrasound scanner with a specially designed operation unit, frame memory, and 3D probe was the ...
Eppel W - - 2001
We have determined feasibility and levels of agreement for visualizing the nuchal translucency within a time limit with three-dimensional (3D) and two-dimensional (2D) transvaginal ultrasound. A total of 213 women of median gestational age 13 weeks (range 11-14 weeks) undergoing first-trimester nuchal translucency (NT) thickness measurements with 2D transabdominal ultrasound ...
Ziskin M C - - 2001
The potential risk of ultrasonography resulting in adverse biologic effects is particularly important in neurosonographic applications of diagnostic ultrasound in medicine. Key issues relate to the likelihood of producing bioeffects from the level of acoustic output emitted from modern diagnostically powerful ultrasound equipment. Important elements in the assessment of risk ...
Berge J - - 2001
Summary: We report the case of an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the vein of Galen diagnosed in utero at the 34th week of gestation by ultrasound and MRI. Following interdisciplinary advice, the family decided to terminate the pregnancy. This was carried out in the 36th week of gestation. Mascroscopic study ...
Arabin B - - 2001
The advances in reproductive technologies have changed the demographics of multifetal pregnancies. In the first trimester, ultrasound allows to diagnose the number of multiples, chorionicity and amnionicity, the presence or absence of nuchal translucency, early growth discordance, severe malformations and the origin of activities and contacts between multiples. In the ...
Shaikh D - - 2001
A prospective study was conducted over a period of 8 years to compare the severity of the cleft lip and palate detected by ultrasound scanning of the foetus with the severity at birth. In the UK all pregnant women undergo a routine perabdominal ultrasound scan at 20 weeks' gestation. There ...
Hsu T Y - - 2001
We present the prenatal three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound findings in a case of holoprosencephaly and cyclopia at 11 weeks gestation. Only holoprosencephaly with missing cyclopia were initially diagnosed because suboptimal views of the fetal face were obtained with transvaginal two-dimensional (2D) ultrasonography due to fetal position. Chromosomes identified by analysis of ...
Cobellis L - - 2001
We describe a patient with a pelvic spleen diagnosed during pregnancy and monitored through gestation which we believe to be the first reported case. A 40-year-old woman was referred at 8 weeks of gestation because of a chronic intense pain in the left iliac cavity which had spread to her ...
Toozs-Hobson P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To measure urethral sphincter volume by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound. To assess the reproducibility of this measurement technique and to compare volumes obtained using 3D ultrasound with volumes calculated from a formula based on 2D ultrasound measurements. METHODS: Women were recruited as part of an ongoing study of changes to ...
Cromie W J - - 2001
PURPOSE: During the last 3 decades infant mortality has decreased nearly 50%. While neonatal intensive care deserves much of the credit, the recent increase in prenatal ultrasound from 33% of pregnancies in 1980 to 78% in 1987 has improved early detection. We evaluate the impact of prenatal ultrasound on major ...
Haak M C - - 2001
OBJECTIVE/METHOD: First trimester high-frequency transvaginal ultrasonographic examination was performed in a 26-year-old gravida 2, para 1, diagnosed with tetramelic split hands and feet. The couple was informed about the probable 50% recurrence risk of this anomaly. RESULTS: At 12 weeks' gestation, high-frequency transvaginal ultrasound examination revealed a fetus with biometry ...
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