Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 854
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Roberts Devender - - 2004
Antenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease is most commonly made at the routine 20-week anomaly scan. Not all abnormalities can be detected by prenatal ultrasound but detection can be improved by obtaining outlet views and by the use of colour Doppler. This article provides an overview of the uses and ...
Wright Jason D - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The caudal appendage, or human tail, is a rare congenital anomaly that arises from the lumbosacrococcygeal region. CASE: A pregnant woman was referred after ultrasound revealed a possible neural tube defect. A sonogram in our unit revealed a posterior, echogenic protrusion superior to the fetal buttocks. Examination of the ...
Hendler Israel - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine the effect of advanced ultrasound equipment on the ability to visualize fetal cardiac structures in obese gravid women. STUDY DESIGN: Singleton pregnancies undergoing initial ultrasound examination between 14 weeks and 23 weeks 6 days were included. Patients were classified by body mass index ...
Mills T A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine concordance of ultrasound diagnosis in referrals to a tertiary obstetrical ultrasound unit (TOU) for suspected abnormalities. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive referrals for "abnormal outside ultrasound" during a 6-month period were compared with the TOU ultrasound diagnosis. Concordance of diagnosis was compared on the basis of organ system involved ...
Sinha Prabha - - 2004
This was a retrospective study of 140 women attending a termination clinic from 1 April 2002 to 31 March 2003. All women had a transvaginal ultrasound scan. Of 140 women, 56 women benefited from the scan; 26.7% had non-viable pregnancy, 35.71% did not remember their LMP, 12.5% had discrepancy between ...
Acharya Ganesh - - 2004
CONTEXT: Approximately 50 million abortions are performed worldwide each year, and the majority of them are surgical terminations of pregnancy (STOP). Therefore, the safety of this procedure is a global public health concern. It is not known whether routine use of intraoperative ultrasound guidance improves the outcome of first trimester ...
Tranquilli A L - - 2004
Our objective was to investigate the changes in maternal bone status in pregnancy. Amplitude-dependent speed of sound (AD-SoS) by quantitative ultrasound was measured in 100 healthy, White, pregnant women at term, and 100 White, healthy, non-pregnant and premenopausal women matched for age, as controls. In a subgroup of 50 women ...
Sangave Preeti C - - 2004
Studies were carried out to the find out the efficacy of the ultrasonic irradiation as a pre-treatment step for the treatment of one of the polluting industrial effluents, the distillery spentwash. Experiments were carried out on the fresh and stored effluent samples. The effect of the ultrasound exposure on the ...
Harris Gillian - - 2004
The practice of obstetric ultrasound scans has undergone significant expansion in the last two decades and is now a standard part of many women's antenatal care in Australia as elsewhere. This article reviews recent evidence about the value of obstetric ultrasound, summarizing debates and contradictions in research literature and practitioner ...
Goldberg James D - - 2004
Ultrasound has become a routine part of prenatal care. Despite this, the sensitivity and specificity of the procedure is unclear to many patients and healthcare providers. In a small study from Canada, 54.9% of women reported that they had received no information about ultrasound before their examination. In addition, 37.2% ...
Egan James F X - - 2004
The use of ultrasound in the diagnosis of twins, its role of determining chorionicity, the management of unique twin complications, the value of cervical length determination in twins, the use of ultrasound in screening for aneuploidy in multiples, and the intrapartum role of ultrasound in twin gestations have been reviewed. ...
McAleer Sarah J - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Urolithiasis during pregnancy is not common, however, it is a difficult condition to both diagnose and treat. There are many safety concerns that must be considered for both the mother and fetus. In this review we detail the different options available to the urologist and we highlight ...
Chen Min - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound screening for fetal abnormalities is conventionally performed at 18 to 20 weeks of gestation. Recent data suggested that many fetal structural abnormalities could be detected by ultrasound examination at 12 to 14 weeks of pregnancy. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of early ultrasound examination in the ...
Humes D - - 2004
The present anatomical and clinical literature is not detailed enough for a clear understanding of the three-dimensional anatomy of the trapezium. It lacks descriptions of identifiable landmarks needed for the interpretation of two-dimensional radiographs. Fifty dry cadaver trapezia were assessed and an extended surface anatomy described. New consistent landmarks were ...
Born C - - 2004
The diagnosis of adnexal torsion is difficult to establish on the basis of symptoms, physical findings, or radiologic techniques. If possible, in pregnancy the diagnostic workup should avoid any risk of drug administration, and the indication for a surgical intervention needs to be severe. Between 10% and 20% of ovarian ...
Ticho A - - 2004
"Wrongful Life" claims are legally valid under Israeli Law. An impaired child can bring an action under Israeli Law, against the doctors who by their alleged negligent conduct, allowed him to be born handicapped and therefore living a miserable life. Recently, we are facing new trends in "wrongful-life" suits in ...
D'Addario Vincenzo - - 2004
Dilatation of the fetal cerebral ventricles (ventriculomegaly) is a generic sonographic sign common to several pathological entities carrying different prognoses. The main causes of fetal ventriculomegaly are aqueductal stenosis, Chiari II malformation, Dandy-Walker complex and agenesis of the corpus callosum. Ventriculomegaly is easily recognized by ultrasound by measuring the atrial ...
Ross M G - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Despite the accuracy of pregnancy dating by ultrasound, obstetricians commonly use the pregnancy wheel for the assessment of gestational age at each visit. However, there has been limited assessment of the accuracy of the wheel, or variation among wheels. This study sought to determine the accuracy of pregnancy wheels ...
Uglow Michael G - - 2003
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound has been shown to accelerate fracture healing. This experiment investigated its possible role in distraction. Thirty-four New Zealand White rabbits had distraction osteogenesis, followed by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy. Seventeen animals had the ultrasound transducer switched off (controls). Four and 6 weeks postoperatively, tibiae were analyzed using ...
Wachsberg Ronald H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To report the value of transrectal ultrasonography of the female internal reproductive tract as a complementary problem-solving technique after transvaginal ultrasonography in selected patients. To date, transrectal ultrasonography of the female internal reproductive tract has been advocated in lieu of transvaginal ultrasonography for women in whom transvaginal ultrasonography cannot ...
Dutta R L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To establish the acceptability of transvaginal scanning in patients attending an early pregnancy unit (EPU) due to problems in early pregnancy such as vaginal bleeding. METHODS: An unselected group of pregnant women who were less than 8 weeks' gestation were invited to complete a questionnaire before the transvaginal scan ...
Cincore Verdelia - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The amniotic band syndrome is a collection of fetal malformations associated with fibrous bands that appear to entrap or entangle various fetal parts in utero and can affect any organ or system and cause a single or multiple anomalies. The anomaly, acrania, is characterized by partial or complete absence ...
Demianczuk Nestor N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the clinical indications for first trimester ultrasound. Outcome: Proven clinical benefit from first trimester ultrasound. EVIDENCE: MEDLINE search and bibliography reviews in relevant literature. VALUES: Content and recommendations reviewed by the principal authors and the Diagnostic Imaging Committee of the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada. ...
Sharma Geeta - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to determine prognostic factors in pregnancies with a subchorionic echolucency. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred twenty-nine pregnancies with a subchorionic echolucency detected by ultrasound in our unit were identified. Ultrasound reports were reviewed for subchorionic echolucency location, size, gestational age, amniotic fluid volume, and fetal abnormalities. ...
Daskalakis George - - 2003
We examined a 20-year-old primigravida by ultrasound at 21 weeks of gestation during routine anomaly scanning. Several fetal deformities were demonstrated: the upper part of the body was in the amniotic cavity, while the lower part was in the celomic cavity. A large abdominal wall defect was detected with herniation ...
Paek Bettina W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation of fetal tissue in a sheep model. HIFU can deliver large amounts of thermal energy by using ultrasonic waves to induce tissue necrosis, without damaging intervening tissues. In contrast to diagnostic ultrasound where ...
Kojima Kazuhisa - - 2003
We report a case of an encephalocele in a dizygotic twin pregnancy, following ovulatory induction. In the involved fetus, an abnormal shadow like an encapsulated-solid tumor located on the occiput was found by routine maternal transabdominal ultrasonography at 17 weeks of gestation. The parents did not accept induced abortion because ...
Cagnie Barbara - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Over the last few decades, application of ultrasound has been attempted to enhance transdermal transport of several drugs, a method referred to as "phonophoresis." The purposes of this study were to examine the influence of ultrasound on the transdermal delivery of ketoprofen in humans and to compare ...
Aubry M C - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Over the past 20 years, the spectrum of neonatal neurological malformations has changed due to the diffusion of ultrasound, performed either routinely or as required by maternal alpha-fetoprotein screening or history. DISCUSSION: We review and illustrate the potential of ultrasound for the prenatal diagnosis of abnormalities in size or ...
Zaretsky M V - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To determine which non-biometric components of the ultrasound fetal survey can routinely be seen on a single fast acquisition magnetic resonance (MR) sequence aligned axial to the maternal uterus. STUDY DESIGN: The non-biometric components of the routine fetal ultrasound examination were applied retrospectively to the initial MR single-shot fast ...
Lazarus Elizabeth - - 2003
There are several advantages to ultrasound examination in early pregnancy. Ultrasound performed during the first trimester confirms an intrauterine pregnancy, establishes accurate dating, and is crucial in diagnosing early pregnancy failure and ectopic pregnancy. As sonographic spatial resolution continues to improve, first trimester sonography increasingly will offer early pregnancy screening ...
Hossain G A - - 2003
Gallbladder disease is four times as common in women as in men, and pregnancy appears to contribute to the development of gallstones. During pregnancy, most women receive ultrasound scans, which are highly sensitive in detecting gallstones. The study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence of gallstones among the pregnant woman. ...
Ignacio Elizabeth A - - 2003
Ultrasound is the most valuable imaging modality in evaluating the premenopausal female presenting with acute pelvic pain. The appropriate interpretation of the ultrasound study requires correlation with the patient's clinical history and laboratory values. This is especially true of the serum beta-hCG, where ultrasound relies on this test to make ...
Sepulveda W - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord, with a reported incidence of 1% in singleton pregnancies, has been associated with several obstetric complications including fetal growth restriction, prematurity, congenital anomalies, low Apgar scores, fetal bleeding and retained placenta. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of identifying ...
Minami Shinji - - 2003
Three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound was used to determine the location of early gestational sacs (E-GSs) and, as a result, the physiological implantation sites of human blastocysts. We examined 138 patients who were found by three-dimensional transvaginal ultrasound to have a GS with an inner diameter of 3 to 6 mm (E-GS). ...
Teoh M - - 2003
We describe a case of first-trimester diagnosis of micrognathia. A transvaginal ultrasound scan performed at 13 weeks' gestation revealed an abnormal fetal facial profile consisting of a small mandible and a receding chin. A subsequent amniocentesis at 15 weeks' gestation revealed a normal karyotype. A morphology scan and subsequent postmortem ...
Fiore C E - - 2003
Areal bone mineral density (BMD, g/cm 2) was measured for the total body, lumbar spine and hip with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) before pregnancy and after delivery in sixteen women aged 21 - 35 years. Additional measurements included quantitative ultrasound indices (broadband ultrasound attenuation, BUA, at the calcaneus at baseline ...
Akmal S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the accuracy of intrapartum transvaginal digital examination in defining the position of the fetal head before instrumental delivery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 64 singleton pregnancies undergoing instrumental delivery the fetal head position was determined by transvaginal digital examination by the attending obstetrician. Immediately after or before the ...
Sylvestre Camille - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To measure the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) sonohysterography in detecting intrauterine lesions. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Teaching hospital. PATIENT(S): Two hundred nine infertile patients suspected to have an intrauterine lesion on 2D ultrasound or hysterosalpingography. INTERVENTION(S): Three-dimensional ultrasound, 2D and 3D sonohysterography (SHG). Ninety-two of the patients had a ...
Khorshid Ezzeldin A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Esophageal atresia (EA), with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TOF) is one of the most correctable fetal anomalies if diagnosed antenatally by serial ultrasound. We retrospectively evaluated antenatal diagnoses by ultrasound of EA with or without TOF at our institution in Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined the records ...
Severi F M - - 2003
Diastrophic dwarfism is a skeletal dysplasia that can be identified by ultrasound usually during the second trimester of pregnancy. This severe but non-lethal disorder of the cartilage can be diagnosed earlier using transvaginal sonography (TVS). We present a case of diastrophic dysplasia diagnosed at 13 weeks of gestation by TVS. ...
Monteagudo Ana - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review article is to familiarize the reader with the current developments dealing with ultrasound during the first trimester of pregnancy. RECENT FINDINGS: The main emphasis of this article is to review the anatomy seen during the first trimester and to bring to the ...
Delahaye S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Craniosynostosis is defined as the premature closure of the calvarial sutures. The prevalence of this heterogeneous condition is 1 in 2000 and approximately 100 different forms have been described with an established genetic transmission in half of them. Prenatal diagnosis of craniosynostosis relies mainly on identification of associated anomalies ...
Shima Yoshio - - 2003
A characteristic prenatal ultrasonographic finding of patent urachus is described. Routine obstetrical ultrasonography first revealed a cystic mass in the umbilical cord at 16 weeks of gestation. The mass spontaneously decreased in size and was undetectable at full term on serial ultrasound examination. The male newborn infant was delivered uneventfully ...
Paoloni-Giacobino A - - 2003
The goal of the study was to assess the prognostic value of ultrasound finding of fetal cystic hygromas. Thirty cases of septated cystic hygromas were diagnosed at 10-15 weeks gestation by transabdominal ultrasound and followed through pregnancy. The rate of abnormal karyotype was found to be 61% and the global ...
La Torre R - - 2003
Uterine anomalies implicated in female subfertility, implantation failure and miscarriages can often be detected often by two-dimensional transvaginal (2D TV) ultrasound scanning. When used as a screening test TV ultrasound has provided sensitivity rates of up to 100% about uterine anomalies. Improved depiction has been achieved with the development of ...
Wong S F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors influencing the prenatal detection rate of structural congenital heart diseases (CHDs). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted at a major obstetric hospital in Australia between 1 January 1996 and 30 June 1999. The medical records of all fetuses and infants born with CHD, except those ...
Charoenbanpachon Sirintra - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The development of 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA)-induced tissue fluorescence is optimal 2-4 hours after ALA application. Goal of this work was to develop a means of accelerating oral topical ALA-induced tissue fluorescence. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 300 hamsters, DMBA (9,10 dimethyl-1,2-benzanthracene) cheek pouch carcinogenesis produced dysplasia in ...
Bracero Luis A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of ultrasound measurement of twin dividing membrane thickness in predicting chorionicity and perinatal outcome. To compare magnified with unmagnified images, and measurements taken with dividing membranes parallel and perpendicular to the ultrasound beam. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational cohort study of twin-pregnancy ultrasound examinations ...
Elson J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To identify clinical, ultrasound and biochemical parameters that may allow prediction of pregnancy viability in women without a detectable embryo on ultrasound examination. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of pregnant women with an ultrasound finding of a gestational sac measuring < 20 mm mean diameter without a ...
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