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Results 101 - 150 of 854
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Bignardi T - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To describe a new technique for the management of Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancy (CSEP): transrectal ultrasound (TRS)-guided surgical evacuation. METHODS: All women who presented at our early pregnancy units (EPU) from November 2006 to July 2008 underwent transvaginal sonography. CSEP was diagnosed if all of the following criteria were ...
Cohen J M - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects of ultrasound-to-delivery interval and maternal-fetal characteristics on the distribution of measurement error in estimated fetal weights (EFWs), and to determine the predictive ability of EFW for diagnosis of small-for-gestational age (SGA) and large-for-gestational age (LGA) among infants delivered within 1 day of an ultrasound examination. ...
Forest Christopher P - - 2010
A young primigravida presented to the family medicine clinic 7 weeks pregnant. Standard 2-dimensional ultrasound at 9 weeks revealed a grossly abnormal posterior brain and 2 adjacent sonolucent structures: 2 yolk sacs versus a yolk sac and cyst. Imaging by 3-dimensional ultrasound distinguished these structures, revealing a caudal cyst with ...
Bhaduri Mousumi - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the visualization rates of fetal anatomic structures by three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS) at 12-13 weeks of gestation. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective observational study of women presenting for nuchal translucency ultrasound. Five 3D volumes of the fetus were acquired transabdominally. Two investigators independently reviewed the stored volumes ...
Ebrashy A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To assess the potential value of an early (first-trimester) ultrasound examination in depicting fetal anomalies by transabdominal (TAS) and transvaginal (TVS) sonography, to compare it with the traditional mid-trimester anomaly ultrasound examination and to evaluate the degree of patient acceptance of early sonography by the transvaginal route. METHODS: In ...
Berdahl Danielle M - - 2010
Pregnancies with mean yolk sac diameter>or=5 mm on early ultrasound require monitoring and counseling about a threefold increased risk for first-trimester loss independent of maternal risk factors such as age, body mass index, polycystic ovary syndrome, smoking, and diabetes. In addition, our study shows for the first time that enlarged ...
Iruretagoyena Jesus Igor - - 2010
Routine anatomic ultrasound performed in the second trimester has a detection rate of approximately 70-90% for fetal congenital abnormalities (Nyberg and Souter, J Ultrasound Med 2001;6:655-674). The central nervous system abnormalities are one of the most common ones detected. Chiari malformation is among the CNS abnormalities diagnosed in the fetal ...
De Jong-Pleij E A P - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the additional value of three-dimensional (3D) multiplanar ultrasound in the examination of the fetal profile. METHODS: Two 3D volumes of the fetal head were obtained from 84 fetuses at 22 to 29 weeks' gestation. The volumes were taken starting at the midsagittal plane with the fetus facing ...
Khani Soghra - - 2011
to assess the accuracy of abdominal palpation, Johnson's technique and ultrasound in the estimation of fetal weight (EFW). 174 pregnant women were recruited at random in a large teaching hospital in Iran. Fetal weight was estimated by palpation and Johnson's technique at the time of admission by one qualified midwife, ...
Kornacki Jakub - - 2010
Congenital volvulus is a life-threatening condition, both for the fetus and for the newborn. A volvulus is a twist of small bowel loops or a proximal part of the colon around the mesenteric artery or its branches. The potential consequences of volvulus are ileus and necrosis of the intestinal wall. ...
Whitworth Melissa - - 2010
Diagnostic ultrasound is a sophisticated electronic technology, which utilises pulses of high frequency sound to produce an image. Diagnostic ultrasound examination may be employed in a variety of specific circumstances during pregnancy such as after clinical complications, or where there are concerns about fetal growth. Because adverse outcomes may also ...
Alfirevic Zarko - - 2010
Abnormal waveforms from Doppler ultrasound may indicate poor fetal prognosis. It is also possible that Doppler ultrasound could encourage inappropriate early delivery. The objective of this review was to assess the effects of Doppler ultrasound in high risk pregnancies on obstetric care and fetal outcomes. We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy ...
Neilson James P - - 2010
Advantages of early pregnancy ultrasound screening are thought to be more accurate calculation of gestational age, earlier identification of multiple pregnancies, and diagnosis of non-viable pregnancies and certain fetal malformations. The objective of this review was to assess the use of routine (screening) ultrasound compared with the selective use of ...
Romosan G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine the detection rate of fetal malformations and chromosomal abnormalities and the rate of false-positive ultrasound diagnoses at routine ultrasound examinations carried out by specially trained midwives in an unselected pregnant population from 2000 to 2005, and to describe the consequences of true-positive and false-positive ultrasound diagnoses of ...
DesCôteaux Luc - - 2009
The objective of this article is to help interested readers learn to use ultrasound for female bovine reproductive tract examinations. The first section discusses practical issues for using ultrasound in the field, such as animal restraint and preparation, type of ultrasound units available, and scanning technique. The second section reviews ...
Barbee Kristen - - 2009
The 11-14-week ultrasound examination allows early pregnancy dating, detection of major anomalies and multiple gestations, and accurate chorionicity determination. We describe a rare case of first-trimester sonographic diagnosis of ectopia cordis in a dichorionic twin pregnancy, illustrating the benefits of early ultrasound in patient counseling and management.
Bricker Leanne - - 2009
Foetal growth restriction is an important contributor to perinatal mortality, being responsible for up to 50% of stillbirths. Optimal prevention and accurate detection enabling timely intervention remain elusive, particularly in presumed low-risk pregnancy. Third trimester ultrasound seems a logical solution, but systematic review of evidence from randomised trials has shown ...
Chen Min - - 2009
We present the sonographic features of a fetus with anal atresia at 12 weeks of gestation. Follow-up ultrasound examination at 17 week revealed apparently normal bowel. Spontaneous miscarriage occurred at 18 weeks and postmortem examination showed anorectal atresia and arthrogryposis multiplex. It seems that dilatation of the bowel in the ...
Pansky Moty - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the phenomenon of recurrent adnexal torsion during the same pregnancy, describe its risk factors, and suggest possible management of this entity. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Gynecologic endoscopy unit in a university hospital. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Pregnant women with surgically proved ...
Wong Keong - - 2009
During pregnancy, a unique and dramatic sequence of events occurs, defining the most remarkable transformation of a single cell into a recognizable human being. Ultrasonographic examination is play a important role for prevention of fetal birth defect. For some years, there have been dramatic advances in ultrasound technology, including improved ...
Hunnam J C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of transrectal ultrasound and transcutaneous ultrasonography across the right flank between days 31 and 196 of pregnancy in the dairy cow. PROCEDURE: Pregnancy status and stage of gestation at date of pregnancy diagnosis by transcutaneous and transrectal ultrasonography were determined for 1570 dairy cattle. ...
Dashe Jodi S - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal habitus on adequate visualization of fetal anatomy during a standard second-trimester ultrasound examination. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of singleton pregnancies at 18 to 24 weeks that underwent sonography over a 5-year period. Pregnancies complicated ...
Bottomley Cecilia - - 2009
Miscarriage is the most common serious pregnancy complication affecting approximately 30% of biochemical pregnancies and 11-20% of clinically recognised pregnancies. The diagnosis of miscarriage is made most commonly by trans-vaginal ultrasound (TVS) assessment. Evidence-based criteria should be employed for the diagnosis of delayed and incomplete miscarriage. Complete miscarriage should not ...
Larsson Anna-Karin - - 2009
The aim of the study was to compare parents' experience of a routine ultrasound examination in the second trimester, when a choroid plexus cyst/cysts (CPC) were found (Study group; n = 22), with matched controls where no fetal deviations were identified (Control group, n = 66). All the parents had ...
Tonni Gabriele - - 2009
A 28-year-old woman was diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound at 9+6 weeks with early fetal cardiac failure (hydrothorax and bradycardia). Doppler analysis of ductus venosus showed a negative A-wave pattern. The follow-up sonogram obtained at 11+6 weeks documented a missed abortion. A transvaginal ultrasound-guided coelocentesis was performed under local cervical anesthesia ...
Kara┼čahin Kazim Emre - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We present a case of type I diastematomyelia diagnosed with ultrasonography at the 14th week of gestation. CASE REPORT: A 26-year-old primigravida at 14 weeks' gestation was presented to our outpatient department with a complaint of dysuria. Routine antenatal ultrasound revealed disruption of the fetal upper thoracic vertebral column ...
Hunter Linda A - - 2009
As the end point date in pregnancy, the estimated date of delivery provides guidance for the timing of specific prenatal tests, gauges fetal growth, and informs critical decision making for specific obstetric complications. It is prudent to use the most evidenced-based methods available to accurately determine gestational age. This article ...
Blaas H-G K - - 2009
In the following review, the early development of the central nervous system (CNS), as described by embryologists and anatomists in modern embryological textbooks, is compared with sonoanatomic descriptions from two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound studies, week by week in the first trimester. The anatomic descriptions are limited to details ...
Khoury Fadi R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of maternal body mass index (BMI) on ultrasound visualisation of fetal morphology. STUDY DESIGN: Singleton pregnancies undergoing targeted ultrasound fetal anatomic evaluation at 18- to 25-weeks gestation from 1/05 to 12/05 were included. Ultrasound reports and maternal medical records were reviewed for maternal characteristics and ...
Wong H S - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To examine the use of oblique planes from stored three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound volumes of the fetal face for viewing the secondary palate at various gestational ages. METHODS: 3D ultrasound volumes of the fetal face acquired with surface rendering at 15-35 weeks' gestation in 31 fetuses with confirmed normal secondary ...
Kodandapani S - - 2009
Achondrogenesis is a lethal congenital chondrodystrophy characterized by extreme micromelia, small thorax and polyhydramnios. We describe a case of achondrogenesis type II (Langer-Saldino achondrogenesis). Prenatal ultrasonography at 22-weeks gestation revealed a fetus with large head, short neck and chest, prominent abdomen and short limbs. Pregnancy was terminated. Radiologic examination of ...
Fadda Giovanni Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To establish, for a determined period of time, the effectiveness of a program of ultrasound screening in detecting fetal malformations in prenatal time. To assess the sensitivity, the specificity, the positive and the negative predictive value of the ultrasound screening. To examine the trend of such indexes of diagnostic ...
Cargill Yvonne - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To review the benefits of and requirements for a complete second trimester ultrasound and the documentation needed. OUTCOMES: A complete second trimester ultrasound provides information about the number of fetuses, the gestational age, the location of the placenta, and fetal and maternal anatomy. EVIDENCE: In the production of this ...
Lindell G - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To compare two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound techniques, including volumetry of fetal thigh, for fetal weight (FW) estimation in prolonged pregnancy, and to develop a new FW estimation formula. METHODS: This prospective comparative study initially included 176 pregnant women. FW estimation was performed at >or= 287 days of ...
Martins W P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of two- and three-dimensional ultrasonographic measurement of the thickness of the lower uterine segment (LUS) in pregnant women by transvaginal and transabdominal approaches. METHODS: This was a study of 30 pregnant women who had had at least one previous Cesarean section and were between 36 ...
Bashiri Asher - - 2009
Caudal regression syndrome (CRS) is a rare complex abnormality, characterized by agenesis of the sacrum and lumbar spine, with lower limb neurological deficit and accompanying deformities of the pelvis, lower extremities, genitourinary, gastrointestinal and cardiac systems. Pregnancies complicated by insulin treated diabetes carry higher risk of fetal CRS than non-diabetic ...
Akinola, RA; ; adeyanjuakinola@yahoo.com
Birth defects are becoming a major health problem in this part of the world. Early diagnosis helps to reduce the burden of perinatal mortality by availing practitioners and patients the option of abortion or prenatal intervention. This study seeks to evaluate the contribution of routine antenatal ultrasonography performed in this ...
Omole-Ohonsi, A; ;
The total number of gynaecological emergencies that were scanned was 700, and early pregnancy related conditions among them were 378, giving an incidence of 54.0%. The highest number of patients 175 (46.3%) was seen in the 21-35 years age group, followed by 36-50 years age group 124 (32.8%), which are ...
Timor-Tritsch Ilan E - - 2009
Over the past decade, prenatal diagnosis has shifted rapidly from the second trimester into the first trimester. Although the nuchal-translucency scan may detect a small proportion of fetal structural malformations, fetal anatomy is not routinely assessed until the fetal anatomical survey is performed in the second trimester between 18 and ...
Le Ray Camille - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: An adequate and contemporary randomized trial is needed to resolve whether routine third trimester ultrasound followed by adapted perinatal management improves perinatal outcomes in a population of women at low risk. We aimed to describe current practices regarding third trimester ultrasound in our centre and to evaluate the feasibility ...
Hermann N V - - 2009
A 34-year-old Caucasian woman with cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) and a known family history of CCD was referred for an ultrasound examination in the first trimester of her second pregnancy. Molecular genetic analysis of the RUNX2 gene was non-informative. A routine 2D ultrasound examination carried out at a local hospital at ...
Athanasiadis Apostolos P - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were: (1) to explore pregnant women's background knowledge and expectations of 2nd trimester ultrasound screening, and (2) to investigate women's intentions to proceed to pregnancy termination if fetal anomaly is detected at the 2nd trimester ultrasound screening. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study. 300 ...
Arabin Birgit - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: It is the aim of this study to report on the prenatal diagnosis and course of a spontaneous monochorionic (MC) 5-amniotic (5A) quintuplet pregnancy which is such a rare event that it has up to now never been described antenatally. CASE REPORT: A spontaneous MC 5A quintuplet pregnancy was ...
Lebel Robert Roger - - 2009
Fully 150 consecutive fetal/neonatal autopsies were reviewed to determine to what extent they confirmed or altered the impressions gained through prenatal ultrasonographic fetal examination. Distinctions were made between features that may or may not be assessable by prenatal ultrasound. Analyses of weights and measures were based on recently published regressions ...
Orlowska-Kowalik G - - 2009
A 36 year-old female with chronic kidney failure due to hypertension and who was being treated with hemodialysis for eight months, was admitted to the hospital on the suspicion of being pregnant. Gynecological examination and ultrasound scan confirmed the pregnancy. Gestation was diagnosed in the 29(th) week after the patient ...
Sheiner Eyal - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Nuchal translucency (NT), performed between 11+0 and 13+6 weeks' gestation as part of a screening test for fetal chromosomal abnormalities, involves relatively steady ultrasound scanning of the fetus. The present study was aimed at measuring the acoustic output, as expressed by thermal index (TI) and mechanical index (MI), during ...
Fu Bing - - 2008
Ultrasound is used in the diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM). Several parameters including flow velocity, flow volume, resistance index, pulsatility index, vasomotor reactivity and their influencing factors are reviewed. The applications of ultrasound in the preoperative evaluation, intraoperative monitor and postoperative follow-up of AVM, are summarized. ...
Komura Makoto - - 2008
At 24 weeks of gestation, a fetus was suspected of having a huge intraabdominal cyst by fetal ultrasound. Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) was the most probable diagnosis; however, because a solid area was visualized in the large cystic lesion, a neoplasm of the kidney could not be ruled out. A ...
Tran Hong - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the antenatal and short-term neonatal outcome of antenatally detected congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM). METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted on all women with an antenatal diagnosis of CCAM who attended the Royal Women's Hospital, Melbourne, between January 1995 and December 2005. RESULTS: An antenatal diagnosis of ...
Chaimay Bhunyabhadh - - 2008
The use of ultrasound in obstetrics nowadays is an integral part of prenatal care. As a non-invasive method it has a wide application for the detection of abnormalities. During the course of pregnancy the foetus may be exposed to ultrasound waves often several times. Presently it is not clear whether ...
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