Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 863
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Crowther C A - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of an ultrasound scan at the first antenatal visit. DESIGN: Randomised clinical trial. SETTING: Women's and Children's tertiary level hospital, Adelaide, Australia. POPULATION: Six hundred and forty-eight women attending for their first antenatal visit at less than 17 weeks of gestation who had no previous ...
Dooley S L - - 1999
The interest in studying routine ultrasound in pregnancy has provided useful results that can be applied to practice. There is no consistent evidence of risk caused by ultrasound, neither biologic risk for the fetus nor increased use of health services as a result of ascertained conditions. There is also no ...
Reece E B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a systematic stream-lined approach could be routinely used in the evaluation of fetal intracranial anatomy. METHODS: Nine thousand six hundred uncomplicated pregnancies were evaluated using a three-level view of fetal brain imaging. An axial scan, which passed through the level of the lateral ventricles, was first ...
Dalecki D - - 1999
In the late-gestation fetal mouse, exposure to piezoelectric lithotripter fields at amplitudes < 1 MPa produced hemorrhages in tissues near developing bone, such as the head and limbs. This study was undertaken to determine if exposure to pulsed ultrasound at diagnostic frequencies produces similar hemorrhages in the late-gestation fetal mouse. ...
Wong H S - - 1999
A case of alobar holoprosencephaly diagnosed at 10 + 3 weeks' gestation by transabdominal and transvaginal ultrasound examination followed by histological confirmation is presented. The diagnosis was based on two sonographic criteria: intracranial finding of a single ventricle with a mantle and no visible midline structures but fusion of the ...
Salvesen K A - - 1999
The present paper summarizes some of the epidemiological studies of in utero ultrasound exposure and subsequent childhood development. Emphasis is placed on birthweight, childhood malignancies and neurological development. A meta-analysis, including neurological outcomes such as handedness, speech development, motor development, hearing and vision, is presented. The epidemiological evidence does not ...
Schwärzler P - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To date, there have been no studies on the optimal timing of second-trimester ultrasound screening for fetal abnormalities. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether, of three gestational ages (18, 20 and 22 weeks), any one was associated with a significant advantage in terms of identification of ...
Tunón K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk of adverse fetal outcome in fetuses that were post-term according to the last menstrual period estimate but not according to the ultrasound estimate. DESIGN: A total of 11,510 women with singleton pregnancies, reliable last menstrual period and delivery after 37 weeks were divided into four ...
Johnson D S - - 1999
Liposuction is a procedure that has been widely used since the 1980s. The introduction of the tumescent technique in 1987 greatly improved the safety of the procedure. Innovative techniques and equip ment modifications have continued to evolve, broadening the scope of application and improving the results that can be obtained. ...
Lobato E B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the right internal jugular vein (RIJV) with the left internal jugular vein (LIJV) using two-dimensional ultrasound and to measure the response to the Valsalva maneuver in both the supine and Trendelenburg positions. DESIGN: Prospective and randomized. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty healthy ...
Grechenig W - - 1999
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study is to show the value and reliability of ultrasound examination in detecting free intraabdominal air after blunt abdominal trauma. METHODS: The experimental part of this study includes the evaluation of the sonographic morphology of air within liquid and solid tissues. Subsequently ...
Dudkiewicz I - - 1999
A 23-year-old woman, gravida 1 parity 0, was referred for routine ultrasound examination at 23 weeks gestation. Fetal anatomy was normal. However, both hands demonstrated clasped thumbs without extension. Repeated ultrasound examination verified the bilateral hands posture. The position of the hands did not change following sound stimulation. The child ...
Jensh R P - - 1999
During the past several decades, the use of ultrasound technology in the clinical setting has greatly increased. Because nearly every pregnant woman receives at least one sonographic procedure today, there has been developing concern about the safety of such procedures. Since ultrasound exposure can result in hyperthermia and other physiological ...
Ondero─člu L S - - 1999
We describe a case of fetal rhabdomyosarcoma detected during the third trimester of pregnancy by prenatal sonography. At 33 weeks' gestation, sonography performed because of suspected polyhydramnios showed a solid mass of 120 x 54 mm arising from the anterior wall of the fetal thoracic cage. Another mass within the ...
Chatzipapas I K - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To assess the sonographic screening for anencephaly in the first trimester in a low-risk obstetric population. METHODS: Since 1994, 5388 women attended our clinic for a first-trimester scan (11-14 weeks of gestation) and screening for structural and chromosomal abnormalities. The patients underwent transabdominal scanning, and transvaginal scanning if necessary. ...
Roberts W E - - 1999
In this retrospective case control investigation, 51 pregnant patients who were diagnosed by ultrasound with uterine myomas were compared to 102 randomly selected control patients to determine if the ultrasound diagnosis of one or more leiomyoma is associated with increased untoward pregnancy outcomes compared to controls. Women with uterine myomas ...
Eurenius K - - 1999
BACKGROUND: To assess the sensitivity for detection of fetal anomalies by a second trimester ultrasound screening program performed in a way representative of a majority of Swedish obstetrical departments. The examinations were performed at the ultrasound division of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the University Hospital of Uppsala, ...
Isaksen C V - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Detection of congenital heart defects by prenatal ultrasound examination has been one of the great challenges since the investigation for fetal anomalies became part of the routine fetal examination. This prospective study was designed to evaluate the concordance of prenatal ultrasound findings with autopsy examination in a population consisting ...
Kurjak A - - 1999
Diagnostic ultrasound has been used for many years with a remarkable history of safety during the standard clinical practice. Introduction of color and pulsed Doppler modes resulted with higher levels of transmitted and absorbed ultrasonic energy. This fact raised the question for the safety of its use in early pregnancy. ...
Persutte W H - - 1999
Advanced-practice (AP) ultrasonography by an AP sonographer or ultrasound practitioner is an emerging allied health profession. The efficacy of this professional in sonographic diagnosis has not been evaluated. This report describes a comparison of the efficacies of diagnosis using a traditional approach and diagnosis by the AP sonographer. Between 1991 ...
Angle B - - 1998
Smith-Lemli-Opitz (SLO) syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder comprised of recognizable facial abnormalities, growth retardation, and multiple congenital anomalies, commonly involving genitalia, second and third toe syndactyly, and cleft palate. The condition is associated with hypocholesterolemia and elevated levels of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7DHC) resulting from deficient activity of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholesterol ...
Mongelli M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: We estimated the effect of ultrasound error and time interval between examinations on the false-positive rate for detecting fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: Using published growth curves for the fetal abdominal circumference and a coefficient of variation for ultrasound error of 5%, computer simulation was used to estimate false-positive ...
Wimsatt J - - 1998
The Siberian polecat (Mustela eversmanni) is the preferred species to assess procedures and establish normative values for application in the related and endangered black-footed ferret (Mustela nigripes). This study was undertaken to physically, ultrasonographically, and radiographically evaluate fetal development in a spontaneously breeding captive Siberian polecat population. Ultrasonographically, fetal sac ...
Hill L M - - 1998
Short-rib polydactyly dysplasia (SRP) is an autosomal recessive, lethal skeletal dysplasia. Sonographic assessment of subsequent pregnancies is, therefore, recommended. This case indicates that this diagnosis can be made in the latter part of the first trimester. A 30-year-old multigravid woman presented at 13 weeks' gestation for an ultrasound examination. She ...
Guariglia L - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the importance and evolution of isolated, mild fetal pyelectasis, detected in early pregnancy by high-resolution transvaginal sonography, and to determine its association with abnormal fetal karyotypes. METHODS: Transvaginal scan at 11-16 weeks' gestation and transabdominal ultrasound examinations at the time of amniocentesis (16-18 weeks) were performed in ...
Burgess I A - - 1998
Congenital cataracts can cause irreversible loss of sight unless surgery is performed soon after birth. In the case reported here an obstetric ultrasound detected congenital cataracts in an otherwise normal fetus without any history of familial syndrome, infection or metabolic disorder. The lens opacity was detectable on transabdominal ultrasound at ...
Lowe S W - - 1998
Ultrasound technology offers valuable information when used as a diagnostic tool during a pregnancy at risk for complications. Its use has expanded greatly to uncomplicated pregnancies as a result of expectant parents' desire to see their baby or to know its gender. Many women are having ultrasounds without being given ...
Ulm M R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: A total of 126 genetic syndromes are associated with oligodontia or anodontia. The most frequent of these are ectodermal dysplasias, all types of facial cleft and Down's syndrome. With the advent of three-dimensional ultrasonography, accurate assessment of many fetal abnormalities has become possible. The objective of this study was ...
Quinlivan J A - - 1998
We present a case of congenital listeriosis in a twin pregnancy. Presentation was prompted by decreased fetal movements and an ultrasound examination which demonstrated features similar to those observed in an adult with inflammatory conditions of the bowel, namely, small amounts of ascites, dilated loops of bowel and thickening of ...
Bofill J A - - 1998
Most patients in the United States have an indication for and receive sonography during pregnancy. The issue of routine sonography for low-risk women continues to be contentious even though the randomized trials have not been able to demonstrate a clear benefit. Clinics that routinely offer sonography for all pregnancies usually ...
Antsaklis A J - - 1998
Routine ultrasound examination is defined as a screening procedure performed on the total obstetric population usually at 18-20 weeks of gestation as opposed to the selective use of ultrasound that might provide more information for a problem that is suspected on clinical grounds. Standard ultrasound examination includes a comprehensive examination ...
England G C - - 1998
Ultrasonographic imaging is widely used in small animal practice for the diagnosis of pregnancy and the determination of fetal number. Ultrasonography can also be used to monitor abnormal pregnancies, for example, conceptuses that are poorly developed for their gestational age (and therefore are likely to fail), and pregnancies in which ...
Levi S - - 1998
Results from ultrasound in low-risk pregnant women are significant when routine screening is performed on a large population because the anomalies are rare. Professionals expect from routine ultrasound objective information that cannot usually be obtained by clinical procedures. Parents seek reassurance about the absence of fetal congenital anomalies and overall ...
Romano P S - - 1998
Decision analysis is a widely used tool to improve clinical decision making when randomized controlled trials are infeasible, underpowered, or lack generalizability. We performed an exploratory decision analysis of routine second trimester ultrasound to detect fetal anomalies, focusing on the assumptions that would have the greatest impact. Six outcome categories ...
Chervenak F A - - 1998
The ethical dimensions of the debate on routine ultrasound are analyzed. The central role of the informed consent process, based on a respect for the autonomy of the pregnant woman, is presented. Failure to offer quality ultrasound in clinical settings where it is available restricts access to pregnant women to ...
Sanders R C - - 1998
Malpractice suits related to fetal anomalies are now the most common type of litigation involving ultrasound, surpassing ectopic pregnancy. Missing an anomaly on a sonogram performed for a standard indication, such as dating, is the most frequent type of litigation. Other causes of litigation include invented anomalies and unrecognized anomalies ...
Blaas H G - - 1998
AIM: Description of the development of the human embryonic brain visualized by transvaginal ultrasound. Methods. In two studies, healthy pregnant women without any pregnancy complications and normal outcomes were examined by transvaginal ultrasound in the early pregnancy between seven and twelve weeks of gestation. The hypoechogenic brain cavities were described ...
James C A - - 1998
To define the incidence of urinary tract abnormalities detected by antenatal ultrasound and assess changes in postnatal management we conducted a retrospective survey using data bases of the nephro-urology unit, obstetric ultrasound and perinatal pathology departments. The birth population (105,542) of the two Nottingham teaching hospitals between January 1984 and ...
Abu-Musa A - - 1998
A hysterosalpingogram revealed a septate uterus in a 29 year old nulliparous woman with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss. The patient underwent Tompkins metroplasty in the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle. One month after the operation she presented with a delay in her menses and a positive pregnancy ...
Wong T W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of ultrasound in an emergency department in the diagnosis of early pregnancy complications, the efficacy of a study protocol in identifying ectopic pregnancies, and the agreement on ultrasound findings among emergency department staff and gynaecologists. METHODS: All women presenting with early pregnancy complications had a ...
Shih J C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of examining the fetal ear with three-dimensional ultrasound. METHODS: In 125 pregnancies between 19 and 38 weeks of gestation, fetal ears were evaluated by three-dimensional ultrasound. The volume images with surface rendering were analyzed to depict the morphology, lying axis, orientation, and cranial location of ...
Mielke G - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Fetal sex determination by ultrasound, and its medical and ethical implications, has been predominantly discussed in mid and late gestation. The development of high resolution ultrasound equipment has provided the possibility of detailed visualization of the fetus in early pregnancy. The present prospective study investigates the feasibility and accuracy ...
Broome D R - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the fetal spine is an essential part of obstetric sonography; however, many technical factors may limit this examination. The purpose of our study was to determine if having the mother seated during sonography could significantly improve visualization of the fetal spine when sonography in routine supine and ...
Hata T - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To visualize fetal surface anatomic structures in advancing gestation by use of three-dimensional ultrasonography with a specially developed abdominal three-dimensional transducer. METHODS: One hundred six normal fetuses from 9 to 40 weeks' gestation were studied with a specially developed abdominal three-dimensional transducer (3.5 MHz). This imaging system can provide ...
Rempen A - - 1998
The objective of this prospective follow-up study was to evaluate the potential utility of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound to differentiate intrauterine from extrauterine gestations. Fifty-four pregnancies with a gestational age <10 weeks and with an intrauterine gestational sac <5 mm in diameter formed the study group. The configuration of the endometrium ...
van der Stege J G - - 1998
Perlman syndrome is a rare disease with a poor prognosis. Until now, the specific antenatal diagnostic criteria of this syndrome have not been documented. We report on two pregnancies with Perlman syndrome, in the same woman, in which karyotyping and ultrasound examination were performed. In the first pregnancy, the final ...
Long G - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-benefit of changing from selective (high risk) to routine ultrasound screening for fetal anomaly. SETTING: Women booked by general practitioners for primary antenatal care at their local hospital. METHODS: Prospective study of the 12 months before and after introduction of routine second trimester ultrasound for fetal ...
den Hollander N S - - 1997
Blomstrand chondrodysplasia is a rare lethal skeletal dysplasia with presumed autosomal-recessive inheritance. A family with 2 affected fetuses was studied. One fetus demonstrated a severe skeletal dysplasia at routine transabdominal ultrasound examination at 18.5 weeks of gestation. The pregnancy was terminated and the diagnosis of Blomstrand chondrodysplasia was made at ...
Kobata R - - 1997
A report is presented of a male infant with prune belly syndrome (PBS) in whom bladder enlargement was detected by ultrasound (US) as early as 13 weeks of gestation. Subsequent fetal US identified progressive urinary tract dilatation, ascites and oligohydramnios. At 22 weeks, the fetal bladder was drained under US ...
Petrikovsky B M - - 1997
Pseudothalidomide syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition characterized by tetraphocomelia, craniofacial abnormalities and postnatal growth restriction. We report the prenatal sonographic findings of pseudothalidomide syndrome in three consecutive pregnancies of a consanguineous couple. In the last pregnancy, the correct diagnosis was made sonographically at 11 weeks of pregnancy. The ...
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