Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1084
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Koren G G Motherisk Program, Division of Clinical Pharmacology/Toxicology, The Hospital for Sick Children Toronto, University of Toronto, Canada. - - 2004
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) affects 80% of pregnancies. Its severe form, hyperemesis gravidarum (HG), results in dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, the need for hospitalisation and can, rarely, be fatal. This was a prospective, open-labelled, controlled, interventional study to evaluate the effectiveness of pre-emptive treatment of NVP symptoms in women ...
Guédès Antoine - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the impact of pregnancy on the systemic right ventricle (RV) after a Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries. BACKGROUND: Dysfunction of the RV remains a continuing problem after a Mustard operation. Concerns exist about the potentially deleterious effects of pregnancy on this ventricle. ...
Dai W - - 2004
In the attempt to develop a pre-embedding immunoelectron microscopic method with improved ultrastructral morphology, we examined an antigen retrieval (AR) method using citraconic anhydride, and compared the effects of glutaraldehyde fixation with routine paraformaldehyde fixation in the pre-embedding immunoelectron microscopic method with reference to the localization of surfactant-associated pro-protein C ...
Shankar Renu - - 2004
Maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality rates are significantly higher in pregnancies complicated by preterm labor, pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction. Decades of research have not translated into a clear understanding of the underlying pathophysiologies or effective identification of women who are at high risk of developing these complications. Often ...
Harnack Daniel - - 2004
High-frequency stimulation (HFS) of the internal pallidum (GPi) has been reported to improve generalized dystonia in patients. Currently, dystonia is thought to be associated with disturbed neuronal activity of GPi neurons. Similar findings have been observed in the dtsz hamster, a model of idiopathic paroxysmal non-kinesiogenic dystonia. For this reason, ...
Beyssen C - - 2004
1. Fast Fourier transformations (FFTs) of electrocorticogram (ECoG) signals and averaging of somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were used for assessing the impact of electrical stunning of ducks in a waterbath set to deliver a constant current of 150 mA, 600 Hz alternating current (AC) for 4 s. The effectiveness of ...
Lopes Eliane Aversa - - 2004
CONTEXT: The precise function of sleep in animals and human beings is still unknown, and any sort of physical, social or psychological variation may change the normal sleep-wake cycle. PURPOSE: This research aims is to determine the sleep disorders (SD) for each of the three trimesters of the pregnancy comparing ...
Sgambati Eleonora - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine the expression of VEGF in the placental tissue from pregnancies complicated by hypertension disorders of different clinical severity. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Polyclinic of Careggi, University of Florence, Italy. SAMPLE: Placentas from women with gestational hypertension (n= 20), pre-eclampsia (n= 20) and pre-eclampsia with HELLP syndrome ...
Ababneh Mo M Anaesthetic Services, Jordan Hospital, Amman, - - 2004
Preclampsia/eclampsia affects only a small proportion of all pregnancies, yet it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality for mother and baby, with post partum resolution. The disorder is triggered by a placental pathology followed by a wide spectrum of maternal systemic response. However, there remains controversy in practically every ...
Rudnik-Schöneborn Sabine - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Myotonic dystrophy can be associated with increased obstetric risks, but the maternal contribution for gestational outcome is difficult to establish considering the varying degrees of severity and the influence of fetal factors. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed the pregnancy course and outcome of 31 women with classic myotonic dystrophy, who ...
Vukusic Sandra - - 2004
The influence of pregnancy in multiple sclerosis has been a matter of controversy for a long time. The Pregnancy in Multiple Sclerosis (PRIMS) study was the first large prospective study which aimed to assess the possible influence of pregnancy and delivery on the clinical course of multiple sclerosis. We report ...
Wiktor Henryk - - 2004
Placental oxidative stress was suggested to play a role in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia (PE). In this study, levels of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OH-dG), a well-established marker of oxidative DNA damage, were analysed in placental cellular DNA from normal (group NP) and pre-eclamptic (group PE) pregnancies as well as from PE pregnancies ...
Kurdi Ahmed M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Multiple gestations are high risk pregnancies, which may be complicated by pre-maturity, low birth weight infants, pre-eclampsia, anemia, postpartum hemorrhage, intrauterine growth restriction, neonatal morbidity and high perinatal, neonatal and infant mortality. This study was carried out to determine the incidence and effect of multiple pregnancies on pre-term labor ...
Sattar Naveed - - 2004
Considerable data link low birth weight, due to intrauterine growth restriction, to increased offspring risk of vascular disease in later adult life. This is considered to be the result, in part, of programming through fetal nutrition. These data support the hypothesis that pregnancy outcome in terms of birth weight is ...
Roberts Candice B - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether polymorphisms in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) are associated with pregnancy-related hypertensive disorders in a black South African population. DESIGN: The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion, angiotensinogen M235T and angiotensin II receptor type 1 1166A<--C polymorphisms were assessed in study groups comprising 204 women with pre-eclampsia, 120 with ...
Ong S S - - 2004
Magnetic resonance imaging provides a non-invasive method for investigating functional changes in the human placenta in vivo. In this study, we combine a magnetic resonance imaging technique called magnetization transfer with established stereological methods in order to analyse and compare placentae from normal (16-36 weeks of gestation) and complicated (pre-eclampsia, ...
Hennessy Annemarie - - 2004
One of the fundamental issues in pre-eclampsia (hypertension in pregnancy) research is to find serum proteins that can act as markers of disease predisposition, remote disease onset, imminent disease onset or disease activity at the height of its destructive powers. We make assumptions, not infrequently, that positive findings at the ...
Keitel E - - 2004
AIMS: The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency and the outcome of pregnancies in renal transplant recipients at our center. METHODS: This study involved the retrospective analysis of 405 childbearing female renal recipients for presence of risk factors, the outcome of pregnancy, and maternal and fetal complications. ...
Ockleford C D - - 2004
Pre-eclampsia is a disease characterized by failures in interstitial implantation. One product of the implantation process is the basal plate; a structure whose complexity makes it hard to fully appreciate the pathological changes in significant diseases of pregnancy. This article describes our use of CLSM immunofluorescence to examine the cytokeratin ...
Kuschel Bettina - - 2004
Eclampsia is a serious complication of preeclampsia with high maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity rates. The recommended management is induction of labour when convulsions are controlled and the women's condition is stabilised. Here, we report about stabilisation after eclampsia followed by prolongation of a preterm pregnancy for 11 days ...
Moore L G - - 2004
A long and productive history of studies at high altitude has demonstrated that chronic hypoxia plays a key role in the aetiology of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and pre-eclampsia. Susceptibility to altitude-associated IUGR varies among high-altitude populations in relation to their duration of altitude exposure, with multigenerational residents demonstrating one-third ...
Billieux M-H - - 2004
Molar pregnancies are associated with increased maternal complications, notably pre-eclampsia, but peripartum cardiomyopathy has been rarely observed. Here we report on a 34-year-old woman, gravida 2 para 1, who presented to our obstetric clinic for routine screening at 16 weeks of gestation. Elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein and free beta-human chorionic ...
Leistra-Leistra M J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy (FTV) has been related to pregnancy complications and neonatal thrombosis separately. We assessed whether a relationship existed in our population of women with neonates who were admitted to our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). In addition, the presence of thrombophilic factors in children and parents was ...
Sakai Masatoshi - - 2004
Interleukin (IL)-18 acts in synergy with IL-12 to promote development of T helper 1 (Th1) responses. On the other hand, IL-18 alone has the capacity to induce Th2 responses. Here, we have measured IL-18 and IL-12 secretion by non-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 17 non-pregnant women, 21 healthy ...
Raijmakers M T M - - 2004
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the development of pre-eclampsia. Recently, the superoxide producing enzyme NAD(P)H oxidase was shown to be present in placental trophoblast. In this pilot-study we investigated the NAD(P)H oxidase associated superoxide production as modulator of placental oxidative stress in normotensive pregnancy (n = 19; gestational ...
del Carmen Terrones Saldívar M - - 2004
Severe pre-eclampsia reduced significantly (P<0.05) by 68+/-6 per cent (mean+/-sem, n=10) the maximal velocity (V(max)) and, consequently, reduced significantly by 60+/-7 per cent the catalytic efficiency (C(E)) of placental glutathione transferase pi, assayed with ethacrynic acid. Mild and severe pre-eclampsia reduced significantly by 82+/-5 per cent (mean+/-sem, n=5) and by ...
Galazios G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether increased levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are implicated in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia and in preterm delivery. METHODS: Umbilical cord serum VEGF levels from women with uncomplicated term pregnancies (control group, n=24), with pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia (n=21), ...
Koum Kanal - - 2004
AIM: To measure maternal and perinatal outcome and analyze risk factors for antepartum and intrapartum eclampsia, which is one of main causes of high maternal mortality at the top referral hospital in the Kingdom of Cambodia. METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective study of 164 antepartum and intrapartum eclampsia cases out of ...
Jain Ashokkumar B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Chronic renal failure leads to amenorrhea, and successful pregnancy is rare. The aim of the present report is to examine the outcome of pregnancies under tacrolimus after kidney transplantation (KTx) and simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation (SPKTx). METHOD: All pregnancies under tacrolimus after KTx or SPKTx from 1993 to April 2002 ...
Nap Annemiek W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We determined the performance of a functional test for activated protein C (APC) resistance in formerly pre-eclamptic women and matched controls. STUDY DESIGN: In our university medical center, we assessed the response to APC in plasma in 118 formerly pre-eclamptic women and in 57 healthy controls, we measured plasma ...
Ong C Y T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the reported increase in maternal serum activin A concentration in pre-eclampsia is evident from the first trimester. DESIGN: This was a case-control study carried out in antenatal clinics among singleton pregnancies at 10-14 weeks of gestation. METHODS: Activin A concentration was measured in stored maternal serum ...
Kalk J J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: (1) To assess the recurrence rate of pre-eclampsia in women with this history before 34 weeks of pregnancy and thrombophilia. (2) To evaluate the effects of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) on pregnancy outcome. METHODS: In a multicentre retrospective study subsequent pregnancies of women with a history of pre-eclampsia necessitating birth ...
El-Nafaty A U - - 2004
A retrospective review of 302 cases of eclampsia treated at the Specialist Hospital Gombe (SHG), between January 1st 1997 and December 31st 1999 is presented. Intrapartum eclampsia was the commonest presentation, occurring in 166 (55.0%) patients. Headache, blurred vision, and epigastric pain preceded the first episode of seizure in 272 ...
Rang Sasika - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether differences in autonomic cardiovascular control between normal pregnant women and women who develop pre-eclampsia later in pregnancy can be detected even before or early in pregnancy. DESIGN: We studied 42 women, 21 multigravid with a history of pre-eclampsia and 21 primigravid, before pregnancy, at 6, 8, ...
Zenclussen Ana C - - 2004
Pre-eclampsia (PE) is the most severe pregnancy-related disease, leading to high maternal and fetal morbidity/mortality. Immunological imbalances associated with endothelial cell dysfunction have been hypothesized as a cause for the onset and perpetuation of PE. Valid and reliable animal models are urgently required to test this hypothesis and to better ...
Norby Suzanne M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Information about pregnancy in females with primary hyperoxaluria types I and II (PH-I, PH-II) is limited to isolated case reports. This study sought to determine the number and outcomes of pregnancies in a series of women with PH-I and PH-II, to assess the incidence of complications during pregnancy, and ...
Brune Thomas - - 2004
PROBLEM: In pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia or hemolytisis elevated liver enzymes, low platelets (HELLP) syndrome, an increase of fetal DNA in the maternal serum indicates an increased lysis of fetal cells. Whether this cytolysis is the cause or the result of an increased specific cytotoxicity against the fetal cells is ...
Weissmann-Brenner A - - 2004
We present a rare case of non-immune hydrops fetalis (NIHF) caused by a thrombus in the inferior vena cava in a neonate with low levels of anti-thrombin III. The diagnosis of (NIHF) was made in utero in a 43-year-old woman with poorly controlled gestational diabetes who subsequently developed pre-eclampsia. Cesarean ...
Chibber Rachana - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study maternal and perinatal outcomes in healthy women aged 50 years and older. METHOD: This study was of 59 clinical pregnancies, of which 10 ended in first trimester spontaneous miscarriage (and were excluded from further studies) and 58 live births. This retrospective review of 58 live births in ...
Hennessy, Anne-Marie
One of the fundamental issues in pre-eclampsia (hypertension in pregnancy) research is to find serum proteins that can act as markers of disease predisposition, remote disease onset, imminent disease onset or disease activity at the height of its destructive powers. We make assumptions, not infrequently, that positive findings at the ...
Kilembe, Franklin David
Objectives of the study were to determine the prevalence, maternal complications and perinatal outcomes of pregnancy in patients with Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy (HDP). Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was done by reviewing patientsÂ’ journals at Lilongwe Central Hospital (LCH) Maternity wing from January 2003 to June 2003. Those ...
Geisler J P - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although not fully understood, heat shock proteins (HSP) are well known stress response proteins. The purpose of this analysis was to determine whether staining for HSP27 was different between placentas from pregnancies complicated by severe pre-eclampsia with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) as compared to controls. METHODS: Sterile placental tissue ...
Yogev Y - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether blood pressure profile early in pregnancy was associated with the development of pre-eclampsia in patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal database study of 1664 GDM subjects was performed. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure measurements were taken bi-weekly during the first and second ...
Matchaba P - - 2004
Hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets (HELLP) syndrome is a severe form of pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is a multi-system disease of pregnancy associated with an increase in blood pressure and increased perinatal and maternal morbidity and mortality. Eighty per cent of women with HELLP syndrome present before term. There are ...
Koch Richard - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this report is to review the obstetric medical, psychological, and nutritional aspects and outcome of the women and offspring enrolled in the Maternal Phenylketonuria Study, which was established to assess the efficacy of a phenylalanine (Phe)-restricted diet in preventing the morbidity associated with this disorder. METHODS: ...
Mathew R - - 2003
Late postpartum eclampsia is an increasingly recognized entity. We describe a patient who developed postpartum eclampsia on the 6th day of delivery without any preceding pre-eclampsia. A high index of suspicion and close follow-up will help in the early detection of this condition. Awareness of this condition will also save ...
Rai R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Some cases of recurrent miscarriage have a thrombotic basis. Thromboelastography is a rapid, reproducible test of whole-blood haemostasis. METHODS: Thromboelastography was performed in 494 consecutive, non-pregnant women (median age 35 years; range 21-48) with a history of miscarriages at <12 weeks gestation (median 4; range 3-12) and 55 parous ...
Li D D - - 2003
Valencia sweet orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) calluses were used as explants to develop a new transformation system for citrus mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Factors affecting Agrobacterium-mediated transformation efficiency included mode of pre-cultivation, temperature of cocultivation and presence of acetosyringone (AS). The highest transformation efficiency was obtained with a 4-day ...
Thompson B C - - 2003
BACKGROUND: For women with end-stage renal failure of child-bearing age, renal transplantation offers a chance to start a family. Pregnancies in renal transplant recipients involve risks for graft and fetus, and need to be carefully managed. AIM: To identify graft, fetal and maternal outcomes in our patients, and compare our ...
Troisi Rebecca - - 2003
Reductions in breast cancer risk observed in daughters of pre-eclamptic pregnancies are hypothesized to be mediated by lower in utero estrogen concentrations. Whereas maternal urinary estriol excretion is generally lower in pre-eclamptic women, results for maternal blood concentrations are equivocal, and little is known about estrogen concentrations in the cord ...
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