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Results 251 - 300 of 1083
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Kronborg Camilla S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alternatively activated macrophages expressing the CD163 and CD206 surface receptors are the dominant immune-cell type found in the placenta. The placental number and distribution of macrophages is altered in pre-eclampsia, and the generalised inflammatory reaction associated with pre-eclampsia might lead to shedding of soluble CD163 into the circulation. METHODS: ...
Norwitz Errol R - - 2007
Normal implantation and placentation is critical for pregnancy success. Many pregnancy-related complications that present late in gestation (such as pre-eclampsia and preterm labour) appear to have their origins early in pregnancy with abnormalities in implantation and placental development. Implantation is characterized by invasion of the maternal tissues of the uterus ...
Hegaard Hanne K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It has been questioned whether leisure time physical activity (LTPA) during pregnancy is beneficial or deleterious to pregnancy outcome, and whether a sedentary lifestyle during pregnancy has a negative impact on pregnancy. Answers to these questions are of general interest, since some young women are very physically active during ...
Kronborg Camilla S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although the pre-eclamptic pathogenesis begins at least around the 18th week of pregnancy, clinically evident disease often does not appear until the third trimester. This long pre-symptomatic latency period has led to intensive research for early markers of evolving disease. We evaluated urine excretion and plasma levels of orosomucoid ...
Gleicher Norbert - - 2007
Preeclampsia-eclampsia (PE-E) is a poorly understood condition of human pregnancy, which can affect multiple organs and is a leading cause of maternal deaths worldwide. The etiology and pathophysiology remain enigmas, however, which hampers progress in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of this condition. PE-E is characterized by many features typically seen ...
Stanczuk Grazyna A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the hypothesis that women who are genetically programmed to produce higher levels of transforming growth factor-beta 1 are more likely to develop severe eclampsia/pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Case-control study. METHODS: Blood samples from women whose pregnancy was complicated by eclampsia (n=37) or pre-eclampsia (n=49) and healthy controls (n=86) were ...
Laskowska Marzena - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was determination and comparative analysis of the maternal and umbilical cord sCD40L serum levels in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia with and without intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and in normotensive pregnancies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 16 patients with singleton pregnancies ...
Mine K - - 2007
Although placental proteins play multiple roles in fetal and placental development and in the maintenance of pregnancy, many remain inadequately characterized. In the present study, we comprehensively analyzed these proteins by using a proteomic approach. Samples were denatured with guanidine hydrochloride, which was found to be superior to the commonly ...
Proctor Michael C F - - 2007
This study explores basic physiological features and time relations of recovery of photosynthetic activity and CO(2) uptake following rehydration of a desiccation-tolerant moss in relation to the full temporal sequence of cytological changes associated with recovery to the normal hydrated state. It seeks reconciliation of the apparently conflicting published physiological ...
Delibasi Tuncay - - 2006
Cushing's syndrome occurs rarely in pregnancy because of ovulatory disturbances including anovulation which is caused by hypercortisolism, but it can cause maternal complications such as hypertension, gestational diabetes, spontaneous abortion, premature birth, pre-eclampsia and stillbirth. Herein we present the case of a 22-year-old patient in the 11th week of pregnancy ...
Loi K - - 2006
We report an unusual case of massive pre-placental and subchorionic haematoma occurring in a 26-year-old woman who presented with antepartum haemorrhage at 24 weeks gestation. Ultrasonography showed a subchorionic haematoma in the lower posterior uterine wall measuring 5.0 cm in largest diameter. There was also a separate irregular multiloculated structure ...
Heazell A E P - - 2007
The syncytiotrophoblast contains aggregates of nuclei termed syncytial knots. Increased numbers of syncytial knots have been reported in placentae of pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction (FGR). As oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of these disorders, we hypothesised that the formation of syncytial knots may ...
Nagy B - - 2007
Our aim was to determine the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism in hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. We conducted our experiments on isolated DNA samples of 73 healthy pregnant, 101 severe pre-eclamptic and 63 HELLP syndrome women in this study. The MTHFR C677T polymorphism was determined by quantitative real-time PCR method. ...
Bonzini Matteo M Department of Occupational Health, University of Milan, Foundation IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore, Milan, - - 2007
Occupational activities are suspected of having an adverse impact on outcomes of pregnancy. To assess the evidence relating three major adverse outcomes (preterm delivery, low birthweight (LBW) and pre-eclampsia/gestational hypertension) to five common occupational exposures (prolonged working hours, shift work, lifting, standing and heavy physical workload). A systematic search of ...
Farley Darren M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe the first reported case of gestational carrier treatment to prevent severe early onset pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A university-based reproductive endocrinology and infertility clinic and a tertiary care hospital. PATIENT(S): A 29-year-old woman and her husband with three consecutive pregnancies complicated by early onset severe pre-eclampsia ...
Liang C-C - - 2006
Stroke complicating pregnancy and the puerperium in Taiwan and the comparison between Western and Eastern countries have not been well studied. We identified retrospectively 32 cases of stroke from 66,781 deliveries, including 21 intracranial hemorrhages and 11 cerebral infarctions from 1992 to 2004. The most common causes of intracranial hemorrhage ...
Abdel Gader A M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the role played by tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) in pregnancy hypertension. METHODS: Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, hemostatic measurements were obtained for women with pre-eclampsia (n=51), nonproteinuric hypertension of pregnancy (n=62), postpartum pre-eclampsia 24 h after childbirth (n=31), and no hypertension (healthy pregnant controls, n=100). RESULTS: There ...
Tutarel Oktay - - 2007
In women with Marfan syndrome pregnancy increases the risk of aortic dissection. There are a number of articles reporting the outcome of acute aortic dissection during pregnancy in this patient group. In contrast, only scarce information is available concerning pregnancy in patients with pre-existing chronic aortic dissection. We report the ...
Aardenburg Robert - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Formerly preeclamptic women with a subnormal plasma volume (PV) have an increased risk to develop a hypertensive disorder in a subsequent pregnancy as compared to women with normal PV. In the current study we tested the hypothesis that formerly preeclamptic women who develop recurrent disease in their next pregnancy ...
Tskitishvili E - - 2006
Our aim was to investigate the expression of S100B protein in the amnion and to assess the amniotic fluid concentration in pregnancies complicated by pre-eclampsia. Samples were obtained from women who developed pre-eclampsia (n = 7), pre-eclampsia with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) (n = 4), normotensive IUGR (n = 7) ...
Norwitz Errol R - - 2006
Normal implantation and placentation is critical for pregnancy success. Many pregnancy-related complications that present late in gestation (such as pre-eclampsia and preterm labour) appear to have their origins early in pregnancy with abnormalities in implantation and placental development. Implantation is characterized by invasion of the maternal tissues of the uterus ...
Dellinger Tracy M - - 2006
Human gestation is a period of dynamic physiologic changes designed to support the development fetus. Systems affected include the respiratory, gastrointestinal, circulatory, and musculoskeletal. These alterations influence the patient's general health and make her prone to develop complications unique to pregnancy. Such complications include pre-eclampsia, gestation diabetes, and pregnancy tumors. ...
Lin A - - 2006
Pre-eclampsia is a multisystem disorder of pregnancy and remains the leading cause of both maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in many countries. Despite extensive studies, the underlying mechanisms still remain unknown. Besides its restricted expression in the tissues of placenta and its function in regulating immune suppression and in ...
Litos Michail - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Increasing epidemiological evidence implicates leukocytosis as a major risk factor for poor outcome in non-pregnant sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether steady-state white blood cell (WBC) count can predict SCD-related problems in pregnancy. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study of 40 SCD pregnant ...
Temple R C - - 2006
The aim of this study was to examine the influence of pre-pregnancy care and its effect on early glycaemic control and also the effect of glycaemic control in later pregnancy on risk of pre-eclampsia in women with type I diabetes. A prospective cohort study of 290 consecutive nonselected pregnancies in ...
Dong Yuan-Lin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The present study was designed to determine plasma calcitonin gene-related peptide concentration in both maternal and fetal circulations in normotensive and pre-eclamptic pregnancies and investigate whether placenta is 1 of its origins. STUDY DESIGN: Maternal blood, cord blood, and villous tissue were collected from women in normotensive pregnancies and ...
Woldringh G H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia affects 2-10% of all pregnancies and is a major cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. As compared with the general population, IVF pregnancies are associated with a 2.7-fold risk of pre-eclampsia. An advanced age and associated subfertility in the IVF group reflects a general decrease in ...
Barden Anne - - 2006
1. Pre-eclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy that is potentially life threatening for both the mother and baby. It encompasses a number of abnormalities that may be present in other clinical conditions. 2. A placenta is essential for the development of pre-eclampsia and can be important in the pathogenesis ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated maternal and fetal plasma levels and placental mRNA expression of urocortin, a placental vasoactive neuropeptide, in singleton pregnancies (n = 70) complicated by hypertensive disorders classified as gestational hypertension (n = 36), pre-eclampsia (n = 19), and pre-eclampsia complicated by intrauterine growth restriction (PE/IUGR, n = 15), ...
Addington Stefanie - - 2006
BACKGROUND: First reported in 1923 due to excessive ingestion of milk and bicarbonate for peptic ulcer disease, milk-alkali syndrome nearly disappeared by the 1980s. More recently, however, this syndrome has become a more common cause of hypercalcemia. This increase is likely due to the increased use of calcium carbonate for ...
Grodski S - - 2006
Hypertension during pregnancy is a common problem, causing significant maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Pre-eclampsia is by far the most common cause, affecting 5-10% of primigravid women. Phaeochromocytoma is a rare endocrine tumour causing hypersecretion of noradrenaline, adrenaline and/or dopamine. It is extremely rare during pregnancy and may be ...
Fatini Cinzia - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Pre-eclampsia is associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction, adverse pregnancy outcome and cardiovascular disease in later life. An inadequate nitric oxide availability related to polymorphisms in the endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene (eNOS) might predispose to the disease. METHODS: We investigated the role of eNOS T-786C, G894T and 4a4b polymorphisms ...
Bainbridge Shannon A - - 2006
Pre-eclampsia, a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, affects 5 to 7% of pregnancies. Oxidative stress-induced placental injury and subsequent release of placental debris into the maternal circulation are key pathogenic events in the progression of pre-eclampsia. Women who smoke cigarettes throughout pregnancy are 33% less likely to develop this disorder than ...
Bodamer Olaf A - - 2006
PURPOSE: Human mannose-binding lectin, encoded by the MBL2 gene, is an important component of innate immunity and an important regulator of inflammatory processes. MBL2 gene polymorphisms are associated with an increased risk of neonatal infections and some data suggest a relation between the maternal MBL2 genotype and the risk of ...
Matsubara Keiichi - - 2006
PROBLEM: Endothelial progenitor cell (EPC), which mediates neovascularization of uterine endometrium may be involved in the neovascularization in the utero-placental circulation. We evaluated whether EPC proliferation in pre-eclampsia (PE) differed from that in normal pregnancy. METHOD OF STUDY: EPC number in peripheral blood (20 non-pregnancy, 36 normal pregnancy, 10 PE) ...
Laivuori H - - 2006
Leptin, an adipocyte hormone involved in energy homeostasis, is important in reproduction and pregnancy. Questions yet to be addressed include the source of higher leptin during pregnancy and its relationship to pregnancy outcome and fetal growth. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between placental leptin gene ...
Borzychowski A M - - 2006
Pre-eclampsia is a common and potentially dangerous disorder of human pregnancy. The maternal syndrome of hypertension, proteinuria and oedema is part of a severe systemic inflammatory response that includes leukocyte and endothelial cell activation. Although the origins of pre-eclampsia remain unclear, a major cause is the failure to develop an ...
Sucak Gülsan Türköz - - 2006
The aim of this study was to compare fibrinolysis in normal pregnancy and pre-eclampsia using individual markers of thrombosis and fibrinolysis with the contribution of a new parameter, global fibrinolytic capacity. Coagulation was determined with thrombin-antithrombin complex and prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F 1+2) and fibrinolysis markers. Tissue plasminogen activator, plasminogen ...
Morgan Terry K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Women who develop pre-eclampsia show significantly less hypervolemia of pregnancy, compared with controls. We have shown that chronically elevated angiotensinogen expression increases a woman's risk of developing pre-eclampsia. Our objective was to determine whether increased angiotensinogen expression is sufficient to cause failed hypervolemia. STUDY DESIGN: To isolate the effects ...
Suwaki Naoko - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a risk factor for pre-eclampsia, and adiponectin is an important adipocyte-derived hormone that might protect the endothelium. Recent reports have underlined importance of circulating angiogenic factors for pathophysiology of pre-eclampsia. Here we examined whether adiponectin in conjunction with angiogenic factors plays some roles in the pathophysiology of ...
Ornoy Asher - - 2006
In spite of a substantial increase in the use of bisphosphonates at child bearing age, very little is known regarding its use in pregnancy. We describe the outcome of 24 pregnancies after pre-pregnancy or early pregnancy alendronate therapy. Based on the pregnancy outcome it seems that alendronate does not impose ...
Spencer K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential value of combining uterine artery Doppler ultrasonography with the measurement of maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), free beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG), activin A and inhibin A at 22 + 0 to 24 + 6 weeks' gestation, in the prediction of pregnancies that subsequently develop ...
Hafner E - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To compare the value of three-dimensional placental volume at 12 weeks and uterine artery Doppler at 22 weeks for predicting pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction in a low-risk population. METHODS: Over a 20-month period we calculated the placental quotient (PQ = placental volume/crown-rump length) at 11-13 ...
Wald Nicholas J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the screening performance of early second-trimester prenatal serum markers for Down syndrome, in screening for the development of pre-eclampsia, and analyse the uncertainty over its screening performance. METHODS: A nested case-control study was carried out on 96 women with pre-eclampsia and 5 controls for each case from ...
Kafkasli A - - 2006
This study evaluated the relationship between the activity of the inflammatory indicator adenosine deaminase (ADA) in placental tissue and maternal and fetal (umbilical cord) plasma and the severity of pre-eclampsia. Maternal and umbilical vein whole blood and placental tissue samples were collected from women with normal pregnancies (n = 33) ...
Lapaire O - - 2007
Trafficking of cells between the fetus and its mother provides indirect clues to the underlying pathophysiology of pregnancy. Georg Schmorl first documented the presence of fetal cells in the maternal body and emphasized the importance of the placenta in eclampsia. Although his classic paper, written in 1893, is widely cited ...
Vatish Manu - - 2006
The placenta is central to foetal growth and development in mammalian pregnancy. Compromised placental function (as found in pre-eclampsia) often results in life-threatening situations for both mother and foetus. The nitric-oxide (NO) signalling cascade is important for placental function, in particular for the development of the vascular network and for ...
England G C W - - 2006
Resorption of conceptuses was identified in 6 of 20 bitches examined daily from 15 to 35 d after the estimated pre-ovulatory LH surge. One or more conceptuses were resorbed in each bitch but there was continuation of the remaining pregnancy to term. This paper details the ultrasonographic embryological features of ...
Faivre Laurence - - 2006
We reviewed 64 pregnancies in 26 women with Diamond-Blackfan anemia (DBA) included in the French and German DBA registries. Complications were seen in 42 pregnancies (66%) and included abortion, pre-eclampsia, in utero fetal death, intrauterine growth retardation, retroplacental hematoma, pre-term delivery and fetal malformations. Of the 34 children (53%) born ...
Rajab K E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the morbidity and outcome of pregnancies complicated by homozygous sickle cell disease (SCD) in Bahrain. METHODS: A controlled study was conducted of all the pregnancies of women with SCD who were delivered at Salmaniya Medical Complex and affiliate hospitals in Bahrain between January 1, 1998, and December ...
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