Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 738
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Bradley L A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the prevalence of undetectably low second-trimester maternal serum unconjugated estriol levels and the association with increased perinatal morbidity or mortality in pregnancies at risk for placental sulfatase deficiency. STUDY DESIGN: Nine centers in New England identified singleton pregnancies with undetectably low unconjugated estriol levels. ...
Garenne M - - 1997
This study was conducted in the three main hospitals of Dakar, the capital city of Senegal. Each case of 152 maternal deaths identified over a 12-month period was matched with two controls: a safe delivery in the same clinic, and a safe delivery in the same neighbourhood of residence. Controls ...
Ito T - - 1997
When pregnancy is continued after death of one fetus in monochorionic twin pregnancy, the surviving fetus sometimes exhibits intrauterine death or brain damage. Hysterotomy and selective delivery of an intrauterine dead fetus was performed in order to prevent intrauterine death or brain damage of the surviving fetus at 24 weeks' ...
Adams M M - - 1997
We used 1.4 million fetal death and birth certificates filed in Georgia between 1980 and 1992 to construct 369,686 chains of two or more reproductive events occurring to the same woman. We evaluated these chains using both information on the certificates and information independently collected in interviews with 1311 women. ...
Sancewicz-Pach K - - 1997
44 pregnant women were treated at the Department of Clinical Toxicology in years 1986-1996 as a result of acute poisonings with different xenobiotics. Acute pesticide poisoning that involved 4 cases were always severe and had dramatic clinical course. Carbofuran intoxication stated in a 17-year-old woman (18 weeks of pregnancy) resulted ...
Maslow A D - - 1996
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine factors associated with abnormal coagulation in the setting of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 238 patients diagnosed with IUFD over ten years. Data included demographics, co-existing obstetric disease and coagulation studies. A coagulation score was assigned ...
Connan L - - 1996
The association of varicella and pregnancy is very rare since 90% of women of reproductive age are immune. In the literature, a fetal varicella syndrome has been described characterized by multiple congenital malformations. We report here a case of intrauterine fetal death following maternal varicella at 17 weeks amenorrhea, with ...
Hoyert D L - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: This report presents fetal mortality data by medical and life-style risk factors of the mother and the fetus. METHODS: Deaths and fetal mortality rates are presented in this descriptive report. Data sources used are vital statistics data for fetal deaths and live births. RESULTS: The data that became available ...
Berg C J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To use data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Pregnancy-Related Mortality Surveillance System to examine trends in pregnancy-related mortality and risk factors for pregnancy-related death. METHODS: In collaboration with ACOG and state health departments, the Pregnancy-Related Mortality Surveillance System has collected information on all deaths caused ...
Chang C J - - 1996
From June 1986 to May 1991, there were 1,931 patients to be treated for burns in Linkou Burn Unit, at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. Seven patients, aged 24 to 32 years, were pregnant and had burns greater than 10% of total body surface area (TBSA). The severity of the ...
Poole G V - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine what role interpersonal violence as intentional injury plays in the pregnant trauma victim. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective review of medical records. RESULTS: During a 9-year period in a single university medical and trauma center, 203 pregnant women were treated for a physically ...
Singh A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To estimate perinatal mortality through record linkage of Health Workers (HW) and Anganwadi Workers (AWW) in rural Haryana. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of records (1991-92) of HW and AWW. Enquiry and home visits were made for tracing the fate of pregnancy in cases with incomplete records. SETTING: In 1993-95 in ...
- - 1996
A major new study carried out by WHO and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) indicates that maternal mortality has been substantially underestimated in the past, and that there are nearly 80 000 more pregnancy-related deaths per year than previously reported. According to the study, some 585 000 maternal deaths ...
Tumwine J K - - 1996
Despite efforts to improve prenatal and perinatal health care in developing countries, child-birth remains hazardous for both mother and child. Several measures have been initiated to try to improve maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. One such measure is the establishment of maternity waiting shelters at hospitals where mothers can ...
Suzuki T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effects of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) on pregnancy. METHODS: Monoclonal aCL obtained from MRL/lpr mice was administered to pregnant BALB/c mice and changes in the outcome of pregnancy were evaluated. RESULTS: The pregnant BALB/c mice injected with monoclonal aCL showed a higher intrauterine fetal death rate than ...
Visentin L - - 1996
Fetal death incidence is 5-10 per 1,000 births. About 25% of the women who carry a dead fetus for more than 4 weeks will show significant alterations in their coagulation system. The treatment for a patient with endouterine fetal death depends on when the pregnancy is terminated, based on the ...
Crowther M E - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess the extent of knowledge which mothers had about a previous stillbirth or neonatal death, their satisfaction with the information and advice given them, and their degree of anxiety during a subsequent pregnancy. DESIGN: Personal interview. SETTING: Antenatal clinic of a British military hospital in Germany. SUBJECTS: Forty-eight ...
Rowlands D J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinally fetal cerebral vasodilatation in small-for-gestational age fetuses to investigate whether intrauterine death might be predictable. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Ultrasound department in a university hospital. SUBJECTS: Five pregnancies with ultrasonographically confirmed small fetuses (abdominal circumference less than the 3rd centile) monitored longitudinally until time of ...
Ogasawara M - - 1995
Allergic granulomatosis and angiitis was first reported as a disease entity separate from polyarteritis nodosa in 1951 by Churg and Strauss. It is characterized by bronchial asthma, eosinophilia, and vasculitis and is especially rare in women of reproductive age, though, when present, may be associated with fetal mortality in pregnancy. ...
Sun Y - - 1995
Umbilical cord stricture is an uncommon but distinctive condition associated with intrauterine fetal death. Although cases have been reported periodically since the last century, there has been considerable speculation as to whether the condition is real or a postmortem artifact. In the present study, 25 cases reported since 1925 are ...
Buck G M - - 1995
The distribution of spontaneous fetal deaths (at age 20 weeks or more) by maternal race has received considerably less study than other adverse pregnancy outcomes. The purpose of this study was twofold--(a) to describe spontaneous fetal deaths among white, black, and American Indian women and (b) to determine if there ...
Carroll S G - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk of postnatal death in pregnancies with preterm prelabor amniorrhexis in relation to gestational age at both amniorrhexis and delivery. METHODS: In 172 singleton pregnancies with preterm prelabor amniorrhexis resulting in live births, postnatal survival and cause of death were examined in relation to gestational age ...
Crowther M E - - 1995
A retrospective case-control study was undertaken of women with a history of a previous stillbirth or neonatal death, who subsequently delivered in BMH Rinteln. Their obstetric and neonatal outcome was compared to that of a control group of women of similar age and parity and its relationship to specific socio-economic ...
Manning F A - - 1995
In recent years the advances in prenatal diagnosis of fetal asphyxia have been dramatic and increasing at a remarkable pace. Now that a solid base of multivariable testing has been accepted as the method of choice for assessment of fetal health, the focus of clinical research has shifted towards identification ...
Mostafa G - - 1995
"The present study considers data on all pregnancies that ended in a stillbirth or live birth in a rural area of Bangladesh during the years 1982 to 1984. It considers the relationships of both biological and socio-economic factors to perinatal mortality....[Results show a] lack of association with any measure of ...
Jocums S - - 1995
We developed a method to identify maternal deaths (deaths to women within 365 days of delivery) by linking Tennessee vital records. A computerized algorithm compared personal identifiers from the death certificates of reproductive-aged women to maternal identifiers on birth and fetal death certificates. For each decedent record which met the ...
- - 1995
Many pregnancy-related deaths are preventable. State-based surveillance is important for identifying such deaths and developing prevention strategies. Surveillance for pregnancy-related deaths based only on ascertainment through death certificates underestimates actual deaths (1-7). However, when this surveillance method has been supplemented by linking death certificates of reproductive-aged women to birth and ...
Connolly M M - - 1995
Intestinal obstruction during pregnancy and in the puerperium is an uncommon complication, although cases are probably underreported. Fortunately, the mortality rate has improved over the decades. Overall, it was greater than 60% in 1900. By the 1930s, maternal mortality had dropped to 21% and fetal mortality decreased to 50%. Modern ...
Axemo P - - 1995
BACKGROUND: To study the etiology of late fetal death in Maputo. PATIENTS: Stillbirths (n = 163) in Maputo were compared to 207 live births. RESULTS: A probable cause of fetal death could be determined in 112 cases (69%). Hypertension was the most common factor associated with stillbirth and occurred in ...
Minakami H - - 1995
To determine when the extrauterine environment becomes safer than the intrauterine environment with respect to fetal (neonatal) life, we analyzed all 4,896,505 livebirths, all 21,222 stillbirths, and all 7,513 early neonatal deaths after 26 weeks gestation that were recorded between 1989 and 1992 in Japan. Although the risk of early ...
Fauveau V A - - 1995
A sample of 380 female deaths in the age group 15-49 years from 16 provinces of the Lao People's Democratic Republic were analyzed to determine the most likely cause of death. 127 deaths were classified as maternal, 28% occurred during pregnancy and the remaining 72% within six weeks of the ...
Stecklov G - - 1995
The increased availability of survey data and improved estimation techniques have furthered our understanding of maternal mortality in developing countries. Both the indirect and direct sisterhood methods of estimation depend on time-of-death information from surveys. This report proposes a method for calculating two rates, one during the pregnancy period and ...
Levin R D - - 1994
Trauma in a woman of child-bearing age is rarely discussed in urologic literature. However, it is the leading cause of maternal death during pregnancy. We propose that the standard workup for gross hematuria secondary to trauma be performed, in light of child-bearing age, since the greatest cause of fetal demise ...
Walles B - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To identify markers for late fetal death, a multicenter study was performed, based on routinely obtained data from maternal health care units. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospectively recorded data were obtained from maternal health care units belonging to five delivery units. In all, 233 consecutive cases of singleton pregnancy involving ...
Richey S D - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical course and perinatal outcomes of women with pneumonia complicating pregnancy. METHODS: Between 1989 and 1993, we admitted 71 pregnant women for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. Exposure and outcome variables as well as characteristics of their clinical course were identified and analyzed. Two-sample Wilcoxon rank-sum and ...
Martey J O - - 1994
A community-based survey on maternal mortality was carried out in the Ejisu health district of Ghana in January and February 1990 to identify all women who died in pregnancy, delivery or the puerperium from January 1985 to December 1989, determine their characteristics, the presumptive causes of death and related factors. ...
Sekoni V O - - 1994
Pathogenic animal trypanosomes are causative agents of the most common livestock diseases which have an important economic impact on many African countries. These diseases usually cause debilitating symptoms manifested by anemia and cachexia which may result in death. Recent studies show that they cause a wide range of reproductive disorders ...
Hasaart T H - - 1994
Thrombosis of the umbilical cord vessels is a rare but life-threatening event, usually leading to the death of the fetus. This report presents a case of an intra-partum fetal death due to thrombosis of the ductus venosus, hitherto not described in the literature. Labour was induced with intravenous oxytocin in ...
De Carolis S - - 1994
The present study reports for the first time on the presence of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL) in a population of 259 women with a history of recurrent abortion, intrauterine death, and/or neonatal death associated with fetal growth restriction, preeclampsia and abruptio placentae. The overall incidence of aCL in this study group ...
Ni H - - 1994
To assess the impact of family planning status on maternal mortality, we analyzed data gathered in a community-based, maternal mortality surveillance study conducted by the Sichuan Health Department in the People's Republic of China during 1989-1991. The overall maternal mortality ratio, which included only deaths of pregnant women within family ...
Morris J S - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between fetal outcome and the steady state haematology of mothers with homozygous sickle cell disease. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study. The data were taken from dockets kept at the Sickle Cell Clinic and verified by interview with 45% of the patients. SETTING: The Sickle Cell ...
Lau T K - - 1994
In a 5-year period, the stillbirth rate in a teaching hospital in Hong Kong was 4.4 per 1,000 total births, which accounted for 61% of the perinatal deaths. The stillbirth rate was 5.8 times higher in twin pregnancies, and 17 times higher in triplet pregnancies. One quarter of the patients ...
Smith H L - - 1994
Coale and Banister argue that in China, elevated sex ratios in retrospective surveys are in part a function of collecting birth histories in a culture in which the definition of a birth may exclude mortality shortly after birth: an infant death in the West may be a stillbirth in east ...
Nageotte M P - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To examine the outcome of pregnancies in high-risk patients whose last antepartum fetal assessment was a negative contraction stress test (CST) or a negative modified biophysical profile. METHODS: Twenty-nine hundred ninety-four women who received modified biophysical profiles were compared with 2450 who had CSTs during the preceding 3 years. ...
Ferguson R - - 1994
With more than 20,000 fetal deaths occurring annually in the United States, accurate epidemiological data concerning fetal death offer the potential to develop interventions aimed at saving a considerable number of fetuses. Currently, fetal death rates are determined by dividing the number of deaths by total births. These raw death ...
Mozo de Rosales F - - 1994
Pregnancy is related to an increased frequency of arrhythmias in asymptomatic patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, which might lead to sudden death. A 40-year-old woman, with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome which was not diagnosed until pregnancy, presented in the 34th week with an atrial fibrillation, with high risk criteria for ventricular fibrillation. Intravenous ...
Gaucherand P - - 1994
The intrauterine death of one fetus in the case of multiple pregnancies can have an impact on the development of the surviving twin. Based on a single-centre retrospective personal study of 248 multiple pregnancies, 10 of which presented a monofetal intrauterine death, the authors observed the type of placentation, the ...
Byrne G J - - 1994
A three-phase longitudinal design was used to study bereavement phenomena in a cohort (N = 78) of recently widowed elderly Australian men. One group of 57 widowers was compared with a second group of 21 widowers on a waiting list. A brief, interviewer-administered, structured questionnaire was used to rate the ...
Grimes D A - - 1994
Despite impressive gains in safety in recent decades, pregnancy remains risky business. From early in pregnancy until some weeks after its conclusion, pregnant women are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality compared with women who are not pregnant. This review summarizes recent national data from the U.S. Centers for ...
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