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Results 351 - 400 of 740
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Little R E - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: Frequent terminations of pregnancy and high rates of fetal loss have been reported, but not confirmed, in the former eastern bloc. A census of pregnancies in Ukraine, a former eastern bloc country, was conducted to determine the rates of these events. METHODS: All pregnancies registered in 2 urban areas ...
Yanik F F - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the causes of pregnancy-related deaths at Ondokuz Mayis University Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: The death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy regardless of the cause of death, including accidental or incidental causes, was accepted as a 'pregnancy-related death'. Such deaths were ...
Little M P - - 1999
A comparison is made of the relative risks associated with paternal preconception irradiation of stillbirth and untoward pregnancy outcome (stillbirths, congenital malformations, neonatal deaths) in the offspring of the Japanese atomic bomb survivors and of stillbirth in the offspring of Sellafield workers. It is concluded that the pre-conception exposure risks ...
Chek K - - 1999
We examined the underlying causes of fetal deaths reported for 1993 through 1995 in relation to the mother's ethnicity, reproductive history, and medical factors listed on birth and fetal death certificates. The overall fetal mortality rate (FMR) was 6.3 per 1000 live births plus fetal deaths, and 5.6, 5.9, and ...
Hopkins F W - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To examine pregnancy-related mortality among Hispanic women in the United States. METHODS: We used data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's ongoing Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System to examine all reported pregnancy-related deaths (deaths during or within 1 year of pregnancy that were caused by pregnancy, its complications, ...
Dayal A K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: It was our goal to determine the false-negative rate of the biophysical profile, characterize an 18-year variation in the false-negative rate, examine the relationship between the last normal biophysical profile score and death, and compare the false-negative rate of 2 disparate populations. STUDY DESIGN: Biophysical profile scores of 86,955 ...
Chichakli L O - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study trends and examine risk factors for pregnancy-related mortality due to hemorrhage. METHODS: We analyzed pregnancy-related deaths from 1979-1992 from the National Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Live-birth data used to calculate mortality ratios were obtained from published vital statistics. Deaths ...
Abu-Heija A T - - 1999
We set out to describe the maternal and perinatal outcome of pregnancies in women >/= 45 years old at the time of delivery. A retrospective review of hospital deliveries after 28 weeks of pregnancy was performed at the Princess Badeea Teaching Hospital (PBTH) in North Jordan for patients delivered between ...
Stone I K - - 1999
Trauma is the leading nonobstetric cause of maternal death. Penetrating trauma during pregnancy primarily involves gunshot and stab wounds. The incidence of visceral injury in pregnant women with penetrating abdominal trauma is 16% to 38% versus 80% to 90% in the general population. Management of pelvic trauma in pregnancy involves ...
Ogata Y - - 1999
Perinatal death is one of the major causes of calf mortality in Japanese Black beef herds. A series of experiments were carried out to determine causes of perinatal calf mortality in a region of northern Japan. An aetiological survey revealed that the incidence of perinatal mortality in 6475 calves was ...
Finnerty J J - - 1999
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations infrequently complicate pregnancy. We sought to determine the neurologic, obstetric, and ethical significance of such malformations. We present the clinical course of 2 pregnant women with arteriovenous malformations who experienced cerebral hemorrhage and a loss of capacity for decision making. We also review the neurologic and obstetric ...
Whitley E - - 1999
Many epidemiological studies consider sequences of events over time where the outcome of interest is determined, at least in part, by similar outcomes that have occurred in the past, e.g. risk of fetal death in successive pregnancies. In this situation, a probability tree can provide useful insights into the relationship ...
Toma H - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Since a report on the first successful pregnancy of a woman on long-term haemodialysis in Japan in 1977, there has been a growing number of case reports on successful pregnancy in patients on dialysis. We undertook a nationwide survey on pregnancy in women on renal replacement therapy in 1996. ...
Samadi R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence of massive fetomaternal hemorrhage (FMH) associated with fetal death and to test the hypothesis that FMH is more likely to occur in those with risk factors for FMH. STUDY DESIGN: All cases of fetal death of infants weighing > 500 gm between January 1, 1990 ...
Carles G - - 1999
To determine the effects of dengue fever (DF) during pregnancy, pregnant women presenting with a dengue-like syndrome at a hospital in Saint-Laurent du Maroni, French Guiana, from 1 January 1992 to 1 April 1998 were studied. The diagnosis of DF was made by serological tests, virus isolation on AP 61 ...
West K P KP - - 1999
To assess the impact on mortality related to pregnancy of supplementing women of reproductive age each week with a recommended dietary allowance of vitamin A, either preformed or as beta carotene. Double blind, cluster randomised, placebo controlled field trial. Rural southeast central plains of Nepal (Sarlahi district). 44 646 married ...
Axt R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the maternal and neonatal outcome of twin pregnancies complicated by the intrauterine death of one fetus after 20 weeks of gestation. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study of 7 twin pregnancies out of 185 twin pregnancies with the diagnosis of a single intrauterine death over a 5-years period in ...
Armentl V T - - 1999
Specific data on pregnancies following transplantation continue to accrue in the National Transplantation Pregnancy Registry (NTPR) in each type of organ recipient, with the following conclusions: 1. While the majority of kidney recipients appear to tolerate pregnancy well, a small percentage develops rejection, graft dysfunction and/or graft deterioration. Overall, there ...
Künzel W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal statistics in Germany have shown that fetal death during pregnancy remained unchanged during the past 12 years. The question arises whether the quality of prenatal care can be improved and contributing factors to ante partum mortality (APM) reduced. METHODS: The perinatal data base from Hesse was evaluated for ...
Weiss B M - - 1998
The outcomes of cardiovascular operations during pregnancy, at delivery, and post partum were reviewed from published material in the period 1984-1996. Surgery during pregnancy resulted in fetal-neonatal morbidity and mortality of 9% and 30%, respectively, and in maternal morbidity and mortality of 24% and 6%, respectively. Duration of pregnancy at ...
Bernick B A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the success rate of cytogenetic analysis from specimens obtained at the time of second-trimester termination of pregnancy by dilation and evacuation. STUDY DESIGN: All second-trimester dilation and evacuations performed by a single practitioner at a single institution from 1993 through 1995 ...
Peleg D - - 1998
Fetus papyraceus is a rare condition. We describe the intrauterine fetal death with subsequent fetus papyraceus of one twin due to blunt maternal trauma in the second trimester of pregnancy. Blunt maternal trauma should raise the clinical suspicion of fetal death and dictate further observation; in a twin pregnancy, the ...
Nicolini U - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to investigate the mechanisms that play a role in intrauterine death in monochorionic twins and that contribute to the high perinatal mortality and morbidity in the survivors. STUDY DESIGN: In 8 monochorionic twin pregnancies complicated by the intrauterine death of a single twin, we took samples ...
Amoa A B - - 1998
From September 1995 to May 1997, 315 consecutive stillbirths and 315 randomly selected controls were studied at the Port Moresby General Hospital to determine the causes of the deaths, to describe the sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics of the mothers, and to see if there were any avoidable factors in the ...
Shah K H - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancy imposes significant physiologic demands that may confuse and complicate the evaluation, resuscitation, and definitive management of pregnant women who sustain trauma. Accurate prediction of fetal outcome after trauma remains elusive. The objective of this study was to characterize patterns of injury in pregnant women, to determine if pregnancy ...
Sadler D W - - 1998
Death from air embolism during pregnancy has been reported following sexual activity, particularly vaginal insufflation. We report a death from air embolism in a non-pregnant woman during consensual penile intercourse, in a position with the pelvis elevated above heart level. Air is thought to have entered the veins via a ...
Cnattingius S - - 1998
To examine differences in late fetal death rates in association with determinants of small for gestational age fetuses. Population based cohort study. 1 026 249 pregnancies without congenital malformations. Sweden 1983-92. Late fetal death rate. Depending on underlying determinants late fetal death rates were greatly increased in extremely small for ...
- - 1998
In 1996, a 38-year-old nulliparous woman died from complications of a cerebral hemorrhage. She was approximately 9 weeks' pregnant with triplets at the time of her death. The patient had undergone in vitro fertilization (IVF) and was being treated with anticoagulants (heparin and aspirin) and intravenous immunoglobulin at the time ...
Perry K G KG - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy-related adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) can lead to maternal mortality and morbidity. METHODS: Records of all pregnant patients diagnosed with ARDS over a 14-year period were reviewed and the cases were stratified into survivors and nonsurvivors. RESULTS: Forty-one cases were identified and 31 survived (maternal mortality rate of ...
Gardosi J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To study the characteristics of birthweight and gestational age of third trimester fetal deaths which occurred before the onset of labour. DESIGN: Review of computerised confidential perinatal mortality records. Data originated from the 1992 Trent Region Perinatal Mortality Survey. SAMPLE: One hundred and forty-nine antepartum stillbirths of at least ...
Jocums S B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe postdelivery mortality rates among residents of Tennessee from 1989 through 1991 and to compare these rates with those of women who had not delivered a live or stillborn infant in the previous year. METHODS: Postdelivery deaths (those occurring within a year of delivery of a live or ...
Stahle D W - - 1998
Tree-ring data from Virginia indicate that the Lost Colony of Roanoke Island disappeared during the most extreme drought in 800 years (1587-1589) and that the alarming mortality and the near abandonment of Jamestown Colony occurred during the driest 7-year episode in 770 years (1606-1612). These extraordinary droughts can now be ...
Golditch B D - - 1998
Our objective was to describe the admission and subsequent intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) patterns in 21 singleton term pregnancies with an intrapartum fetal death. Through a retrospective chart review, 21 pregnancies with a term intrapartum fetal death were divided into 2 groups based on the fetal admission test (FAT): ...
Murakami S - - 1998
A 34-year-old woman was diagnosed with Cushing's syndrome after her first pregnancy ended in intrauterine fetal death at 25 weeks' gestation. She subsequently had a successful pregnancy after treatment of her disease. Although patients with Cushing's syndrome rarely conceive, abortion, preterm labor, and intrauterine growth retardation are common when they ...
Divon M Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine the impact of gestational age and fetal growth restriction on fetal and neonatal mortality rates in the postterm pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: All deliveries occurring in Sweden between Jan. 1, 1987, and Dec. 31, 1992, were evaluated for participation in this study. Data were derived ...
Roopnarinesingh S - - 1998
We determined the causal pathways of pregnancy-related deaths over a 16-year period. Pregnancy-induced hypertension was the chief contributor to our high maternal mortality rate of 36.9 per 100 000 births. Anaesthetic-related deaths were due to a combination of Mendelson's syndrome and faulty intubation technique. An improvement in the health-management system ...
Schuitemaker N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To assess genital tract sepsis-related maternal mortality in The Netherlands during 1983-1992. STUDY DESIGN: A nationwide Confidential Enquiry into the causes of maternal death. RESULTS: Genital tract sepsis-related maternal mortality during 1983-1987 was 0.11 per 100,000 live births (1/893,998) and 0.93 per 100,000 live births (9/968,990) during 1988-1992. The ...
Meyer A - - 1997
Campylobacter jejuni is one of the most common organisms in the etiology of febrile diarrhea. Bacteremia is reported to be rare. In pregnant women, however, C. jejuni (previous name, Vibrio fetus) can cause fetal death. We report the case of a pregnant woman with enterocolitis and sepsis that caused the ...
Zaugg J L - - 1997
Vitreous humor and liver samples were collected from hunter-harvested elk (Cervus elaphus) and mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) in Idaho (USA). Concentrations of calcium, chloride, potassium, sodium, urea nitrogen and selenium were determined and evaluated according to species, age, gender, geographic location, and time elapsed following death. Vitreous humor analysis yielded ...
Stewart J L - - 1997
Eight cases of fetal and infant death related to maternal methamphetamine abuse are presented. The mean fetal blood concentration of methamphetamine was 0.36 microgram/mL (range, 0.03-1.20 micrograms/mL), and the mean concentration of amphetamine was 0.05 microgram/mL (range, 0-0.08 microgram/mL). Both maternal and fetal blood methamphetamine concentrations were obtained in two ...
Koonin L M - - 1997
The Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives specifies goals of no more than 3.3 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births overall and no more than 5.0 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births among black women; as of 1990, these goals had not been met. In addition, ...
Hagar D L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcome differences and responses to treatment in pregnancies complicated by either major fetal malformations or previous fetal death in the second trimester. STUDY DESIGN: Data were analyzed from a computerized perinatal database and individual hospital records for singleton gestations between 14 and 23 weeks undergoing labor induction ...
Kao S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Underreporting and misclassification of maternal deaths are universal. The purposes of this study were to quantify the level of underestimation of maternal mortality and to analyze possible factors that contribute to underreporting and misclassification of maternal mortality. METHODS: An interview census of all registered deaths that occurred during 1984-1988 ...
Catanzarite V A - - 1997
We report a case of maternal brain death at 25 weeks gestation in which aggressive maternal hemodynamic, respiratory, and metabolic support and tocolytic drug therapy resulted in prolongation of pregnancy for 25 days. The indication for delivery was torulopsis giabrata amnionitis, which may have occurred due to transmembrane or transplacental ...
Gissler M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to study the impact of record linkage and different classification principles on maternal mortality rate. METHODS: The death certificates of all fertile-aged women who died in 1987-94 in Finland (n = 9,192) were linked to the Birth, Abortion, and Hospital Discharge Registers (n = 513,472 births, ...
Connolly A M - - 1997
Trauma and/or accidental injury complicates 6-7% of all pregnancies. The management protocols for trauma in pregnancy are based largely on case reports and small series. The purposes of this study were to: describe the demographics of pregnant trauma patients at a tertiary care center and a large community hospital; identify ...
Schiff M - - 1997
In recent years, as deaths from medical complications during pregnancy have declined, injuries-specifically those sustained in motor vehicle crashes-represent a growing proportion of all pregnancy-associated deaths. To investigate pregnancy-associated deaths in motor vehicle crashes in New Mexico, we scrutinized the database of the New Mexico Office of the Medical Investigator ...
Schuitemaker N - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To establish the actual number of maternal deaths in The Netherlands by determining the degree of underreporting. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide, retrospective cross-check of the three available maternal mortality registration systems and issued a questionnaire to senior obstetricians in all hospitals during the years 1983-1992. RESULTS: The officially ...
Matos A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The reason for increased fetal mortality in cholestasis of pregnancy is not completely understood. Intracerebral hemorrhage due to coagulation disorders, similar to those reported in the mother, is a possible explanation. CASE: Antepartum fetal death occurred at 37 weeks in a primigravida with cholestasis of pregnancy. The woman was ...
Ali J - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Fetal mortality after trauma is significant. This study was aimed at identifying factors responsible for this high fetal mortality. METHODS: All pregnant trauma patients admitted to the two major Toronto trauma institutions during the period of November of 1991 to February of 1996 with an Injury Severity Score (ISS) ...
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