Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 739
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Shankar M - - 2002
We aimed to calculate the stillbirth rate at each gestation and also determine antenatal factors, which may be associated with unexplained stillbirth in a large UK teaching hospital. This was a retrospective study of all the stillbirths between January 1995 and October 1998. There were 27 170 births at > ...
Nannini Angela - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: 1) to report Massachusetts pregnancy-associated mortality ratios (PAMRs) and maternal mortality ratios (MMRs) from 1990 to 1999 and pregnancy-related mortality ratios (PRMRs) from 1995 to 1999; 2) to identify disparities in PAMRs by race and Hispanic ethnicity, payer at delivery, age, and age by medical and injury cause of ...
Granja Ana Carla - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To review pregnancy-related deaths due to injuries, to identify the characteristics of these women and to compare the magnitude of injury-related maternal deaths to that of other causes of maternal death. DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed during a five-year period (1991-1995), covering deaths from injuries, including suicide, homicide ...
Venn A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Risks associated with IVF and related assisted reproduction technologies include complications of ovarian stimulation, surgical procedures and pregnancy itself. Serious complications are uncommon but may be potentially life threatening. The aims of this study were to compare the mortality rates of women who received IVF treatment, as well as ...
Sims M A - - 2001
Fetal death has been defined by the World Health Organization as death before complete expulsion or extraction from its mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy. Certain causes of fetal death, including syphilis, Rh isoimmunization, toxemia, and diabetes, have shown significant declines over the past ...
Smerdon W J - - 2001
A total of 543 cases of listerIosis were ascertained by the Public Health Laboratory Service Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre (PHLS CDSC) in residents of England and Wales with onset of illness between 1st January 1995 and 31st December 1999. Of 452 non-pregnancy associated cases, 326 (72%) had major medical conditions, ...
Verma K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Ludhiana, a city of Northern India in order to determine the causes associated with MMR and to suggest ways to reduce it. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the mortality records of obstetrics cases in Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, India. RESULTS: The mean ...
Ahmad H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To report five new cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and to review and analyze the existing reports on the subject. METHOD: Five new cases of PCP during pregnancy are described. The cases, case series, and related articles on the subject in the English language were identified through a ...
Kyrklund-Blomberg N B - - 2001
Studies of risk factors for abruptio placentae (AP) are partly conflicting and studies of risk factors for perinatal death in these pregnancies are scarce. Using the population-based Swedish Birth Registry from 1987 to 1993, we were able to study these risks in 795,459 singleton pregnancies. Logistic regression analysis was used ...
Ronsmans C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Although it is generally believed that pregnancy exposes women to a wide variety of excess health risks that go beyond the direct obstetric complications of pregnancy, the epidemiological evidence in support of such excess indirect risks is inconclusive. In this article we attempt to document the contribution of indirect ...
Papiernik E - - 2001
The study is a critical analysis of the decisions to induce labour or schedule cesareans in the practice of a third level referral centre, with as outcome criterion the reduction of fetal death. 783 women pregnant with twins were included from 1.1.1993 to 31.12.1998, in three groups: originally booked, referred ...
Tolfvenstam T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Parvovirus B19 is known to cause fetal death in the second trimester, mainly in combination with hydrops fetalis. However, the frequency of parvovirus-B19-associated non-hydropic fetal loss in the late second and third trimester has not been thoroughly investigated. We aimed to investigate the frequency of parvovirus B19 infection in ...
Bochicchio G V - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The rate of incidental pregnancy in trauma patients and the incidence of associated fetal mortality, to our knowledge, have not been previously reported. The early diagnosis of pregnancy in trauma patients has become even more difficult because rapid pregnancy screens have been eliminated because of quality control issues. We ...
Magann E F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Risk factors for and management of intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) have been investigated, but the maternal morbidity has not been evaluated. METHODS: Over a 60-month interval, all cases of IUFD after 20 weeks' gestation were reviewed for maternal trauma and maternal postpartum complications. RESULTS: In this retrospective analysis, 498 ...
McDermott S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The researchers analyzed the relationship between fetal exposure to maternal urinary tract infections (UTIs) and mental retardation or developmental delay and fetal death. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort design was used to explore the risk for fetal death and mental retardation or developmental delay associated with exposure to maternal ...
Ghosh M K - - 2001
Despite difficulty in collecting data and prevailing underreporting and misclassification, data collection by the World Health Organization shows that more than half a million maternal deaths occur globally every year; 99% occur in developing countries and 1% occur in industrialized ones. The maternal mortality rate is highest in sub-Saharan African ...
Toedter L J - - 2001
The Perinatal Grief Scale (PGS) has been used in many studies of loss in pregnancy, including miscarriage, stillbirth, induced abortion, neonatal death, and relinquishment for adoption. This article describes 22 studies from 4 countries that used the PGS with a total of 2485 participants. Studies that report Cronbach's alpha for ...
Williamson C - - 2001
Obstetric cholestasis is a liver disease of pregnancy that can be complicated by sudden, hitherto unexplained, intra-uterine fetal death. Because intra-uterine death occurs suddenly, and because fetal heart rate abnormalities have been reported in obstetric cholestasis, we hypothesized that intra-uterine death is caused by impaired fetal cardiomyocyte function, resulting in ...
Baena N - - 2001
The aim of the study was to carry out cytogenetic analyses in pregnancy losses. Samples of cartilage and placenta tissue were obtained prospectively from 237 pregnancy losses of more than 16 weeks of gestation (130 stillbirths, 97 induced abortions and 10 early neonatal deaths). Cartilage culture was performed in 222 ...
Milliez J - - 2001
When a pregnant woman has been declared dead because of brain death or cerebral death and a permanent vegetative state, the life and wellbeing of her fetus become a matter of crucial consideration. The possible options are an immediate caesarean section, continuation of efforts to maintain the organ functions of ...
Maleckiene L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association between third trimester unexplained prelabor fetal deaths and various socio-economic, demographic and obstetric factors in Lithuania. METHODS: A case-referent study on 58 women with third trimester fetal death and 116 women with live fetus at term was carried out. ...
Horon I L - - 2001
CONTEXT: Deaths occurring among women who are pregnant or who have had a recent pregnancy have a devastating impact on the family and community. It is important to understand the magnitude and causes of pregnancy-associated mortality so that comprehensive strategies can be formulated to prevent such deaths. OBJECTIVE: To ascertain ...
Huxley A K - - 2001
A Hispanic woman, 7 1/4, to 7 1/2 lunar months pregnant, was strangled to death by her common-law husband. After receiving information from an informant, a reporter uncovered the remains of the woman and fetus in a grave in a river bank near Eloy, Arizona. The remains were submitted by ...
Olatunji A O - - 2001
A review of maternal deaths at the Ogun State University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Nigeria over a 10 year period is presented. During the period, there were 92 maternal deaths, those from abortion and ectopic pregnancy inclusive. The total deliveries were 5423 giving a maternal mortality ratio of 1700 per 100,000. ...
Bouvier-Colle M H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: According to estimates of maternal mortality rates from WHO/UNICEF, the West African rates appear to be among the world's highest. The precision of these estimates from general mortality models is far from ideal and no information on the distribution of causes of death is provided. The principal objective of ...
Klimek R - - 2001
Enzymes as biochemical markers come within the entire scope of the live mother-fetus system. The most important are the enzymes which regulate physiological processes, of which oxytocinase (a type of aminopeptidase) has a much wider scope of action than its name suggests, as it regulates also the level of aminopeptide ...
Wen S W - - 2001
All births and infant deaths in 1985 87 and 1992 94 in Canada, except in Ontario and Newfoundland, were analyzed to assess the potential impact of the recent increased use of elective labour induction for post-term pregnancies. Probabilistic linkage was carried out of infant death records (Canadian Mortality Database) and ...
Krulewitch C J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Maternal mortality is underreported in the United States in part because traumatic deaths are not included in nationally reported maternal mortality ratios. The overall study goal was to compare women whose deaths had been reported to and investigated by a medical examiner and who had evidence of pregnancy to ...
Kurjak A - - 2001
Every year, approximately 600,000 women die of pregnancy-related causes--98% of these deaths occur in developing countries. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of death and disability among women of reproductive age in developing countries. Of all human development indicators, the maternal mortality ratio shows the greatest discrepancy ...
Maleckiene L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objectives were to test the hypothesis that certain strains of microorganisms are present in fetal blood in a significant proportion of parturient women suffering unexplained third trimester fetal death, and to examine the correlation between fetal bacteremia and histologic chorioamnionitis and vasculitis. METHODS: A case-referent study was carried ...
Dzúrová D - - 2000
The Czech Republic, together with Slovakia and Poland, forms a region within Central-Eastern Europe in which the values of life expectancy at birth have been increasing during the period of transformation. However, the tempo of mortality reduction has differed spatially within the territory of the Czech Republic, as have other ...
Baerga-Varela Y Y Department of Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905, - - 2000
To determine whether the severity of maternal injury or other maternal and fetal variables will predict the outcome of pregnancy in the injured pregnant patient. In this retrospective review of pregnant patients hospitalized at a level 1 trauma center from 1986 to 1996, we analyzed the maternal Injury Severity Score, ...
Pauer H U - - 2000
We report a case with one intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) at 32 weeks of gestation, one premature delivery at the same week, and one abortion of unknown etiology at 12 weeks of gestation. We discuss that the presence of homozygosity for Factor V Leiden may be associated with placental insufficiency ...
Feldman D M - - 2000
Maternal brain death or massive injury leading to persistent vegetative state during pregnancy is a rare event. Since 1979, 11 cases, including the current one, of irreversible maternal brain damage in pregnancy have been reported. In all but one, the pregnancies were prolonged with a goal of achieving delivery of ...
Shahabi S - - 2000
The spontaneous rupture of a splenic artery aneurysm during pregnancy is a rare but catastrophic event. Two cases are reported, both involving fetal death and one maternal death as well. A review of the literature covering this condition shows that mortality amongst pregnant women remains high at 75% with 95% ...
Theodorou D A - - 2000
Trauma in pregnancy places the mother and fetus at risk. The objective of this study is to identify risk factors independently associated with acute termination of pregnancy and/or fetal mortality after trauma. The medical and trauma registry records of 80 injured pregnant patients were reviewed. Data were collected and then ...
Rahimy M C - - 2000
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with an increased risk of medical complications during pregnancy. In sub-Saharan Africa, fetal and maternal mortality rates are particularly high. This study evaluated the effect of an active prenatal management program on pregnancy outcome in patients with SCD in an African setting. Pregnant women ...
Saftlas A F - - 2000
The authors conducted a nested case-control study to determine whether the fourfold increased risk of pregnancy-related mortality for US Black women compared with White women can be explained by racial differences in sociodemographic and reproductive factors. Cases were derived from a national surveillance database of pregnancy-related deaths and were restricted ...
MacKay A P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: More than half of pregnancy-related deaths are not identified through routine surveillance methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the pregnancy check box on death certificates in ascertaining pregnancy-related deaths. METHODS: Data derived from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's ongoing Pregnancy Mortality ...
Acosta A A - - 2000
Twenty-three thousand maternal deaths per year in Latin America and the Caribbean reflects clearly the critical situation in this part of the world. Although we don't know exactly how many women die every year from pregnancy and childbirth, it is clear that the majority of these women are from low ...
Smith N M - - 2000
The most significant task of the pathologist examining a fetal death is, if possible, the provision of an explanation for the event, which will allow the clinical attendants to counsel the family in an informed and relevant manner. In some cases, no adequate explanation will be possible, though many conditions ...
Tewari K S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to present a case series of pregnancy-associated malignant brain tumors. STUDY DESIGN: A review was conducted from 1978-1998 at 5 hospitals. RESULTS: Ten women were diagnosed with a malignant brain tumor during pregnancy (n = 8) or post partum (n = 2). Patients diagnosed antenatally exhibited ...
Saad F A - - 2000
To evaluate the aetiology, diagnostic procedures and current management of stillbirths in Qatar, 83 stillbirths with a birth weight of more than 500 g were studied. The validity of the cause of death was classified as certain, probable and unexplained. Frequency and descriptive statistics were used. The stillbirth rate was ...
Scherb H - - 2000
Numerous investigations have been carried out on the possible impact of the Chernobyl accident on the prevalence of anomalies at birth and on perinatal mortality. In many cases the studies were aimed at the detection of differences of pregnancy outcome measurements between regions or time periods. Most authors conclude that ...
Peng P W - - 2000
PURPOSE: To review the pattern of malpractice litigation related to regional anesthesia in Canada. SOURCE: The Canadian Medical Protective Association (CMPA) provided with information about all anesthesia claims that closed in the years 1990-1997. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In the period 1990-97 there were 7,909 closed legal actions involving all CMPA members ...
Khlat M - - 2000
Little is known about the nature of diseases aggravated by pregnancy or the magnitude of mortality from causes indirectly related to pregnancy. This study aims at clarifying the contribution of indirect causes to maternal mortality by analyzing the problem from an epidemiologic perspective, using population-based data from Matlab, Bangladesh, for ...
Jamieson D J - - 2000
CONTEXT: Little is known about pregnancy outcomes among the approximately 11 million refugees worldwide, 25% of whom are women of reproductive age. OBJECTIVE: To estimate incidence of and determine risk factors for poor pregnancy outcomes and to calculate the contribution of mortality from neonatal and maternal deaths to overall mortality ...
el-Saadani S - - 2000
This study is concerned with a major, though relatively neglected, reproductive health issue: fetal loss. In particular, the determinants of spontaneous intrauterine mortality in Egypt are investigated with stress on the demographic determinants. To this end, a conceptual framework is developed. Using pregnancy history data from a national survey conducted ...
Cundy T - - 2000
AIMS: In many parts of the world the number of pregnancies in women with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) now exceeds that in women with Type 1 DM, but there are few data published on perinatal mortality in Type 2 DM. This study reports observational data on perinatal mortality in ...
Ohno Y - - 2000
Achalasia is rare motor disorder of esophageal smooth muscle. It has been linked to malnutrition during pregnancy leading to maternal and fetal mortality. We report a case of achalasia with intrauterine fetal death who succeeded in following pregnancy with good fetal and maternal outcome after operative treatment. A 34-year-old pregnant ...
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