Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 739
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Deneux-Tharaux Catherine - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Available maternal mortality statistics do not allow valid international comparisons. Our objective was to uniformly measure underreporting of mortality from pregnancy in official statistics from selected regions within the U.S. and Europe, and to provide comparable revised profiles of pregnancy-related mortality. METHODS: We developed a standardized enhanced method to ...
Gerber Stefan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: In spite of extensive clinical examinations or autopsies, as many as 15% to 40% of stillbirths remain unexplained. A systemic fetal inflammatory response is an independent risk factor for severe neonatal morbidity, mediated by proinflammatory cytokines. As a major anti-inflammatory cytokine, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) plays a crucial role ...
Cohen-Kerem Raanan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of non-obstetric surgical procedures on maternal and fetal outcome. METHODS: A systematic review of all English language literature. RESULTS: Fifty-four papers met the inclusion criteria. The overall number of patients reported was 12,452. Reported maternal death was rare at .006%. The miscarriage rate was 5.8%; ...
Ronda Elena - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the association between fetal death from congenital anomalies and paternal agricultural occupation in mothers who were employed and in housewives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data consist of individual records from the Spanish Birth Register (1995-1999). RESULTS: The adjusted relative risk of fetal death in agricultural workers compared ...
Gissler Mika - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Only few studies have been carried out on the relationship between pregnancy and deaths from external causes. METHODS: Information on deaths from external causes among women aged 15-49 years in Finland in 1987-2000 (n = 5299) was linked to three national health registers to identify pregnancy-associated deaths (n = ...
Schifano Fabrizio - - 2005
Buprenorphine safety in overdose has been debated recently, but no mortality data related to this compound from the UK have been published. To gather together all of the buprenorphine mortality figures, a number of different sources have been checked. To inform on buprenorphine safety issues, accessible information related to its ...
Lindahl V - - 2005
This review examined the available prevalence estimates of suicidality (suicide deaths, attempts, and ideation including thoughts of self harm) in pregnancy and the postpartum. Studies that used defined community or clinic samples were identified through multiple electronic databases and contacts with primary authors. Definitions of and measurement of suicide deaths, ...
MacKay Andrea P - - 2005
Deaths from pregnancy complications remain an important public health concern. Nationally, two systems collect information on the number of deaths and characteristics of the women who died from complications of pregnancy. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) reports maternal mortality through the ...
Catalano Ralph - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The ratio of male to female live births (i.e. the sex ratio) reportedly falls when populations suffer rare and extreme ambient stressors such as the collapse of national economies. This association has been attributed to the death of male fetuses and to reduced conception of males. We assess the ...
Marishane T - - 2005
Parasuicide is a significant risk factor for completed suicide. Furthermore, suicide is emerging as an important cause of maternal death, especially among young mothers. There are no published reports of parasuicide in pregnancy from poor countries. Three cases are reported to highlight this issue and to demonstrate management options available ...
Chen Kuang-Chao - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Polyhydramnios carries a high rate of complications during pregnancy and adverse perinatal outcomes. We could find no studies of this condition in a large Asian population. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the risks of adverse perinatal outcomes in a large study population with polyhydramnios without associated ...
de Galan-Roosen Agnes E M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although some paternal components to the predisposition to pre-eclampsia have been demonstrated recently, it is not known whether such paternal factors play a role to thrombophilia-related perinatal mortality. OBJECTIVE: To compare the paternal and maternal contribution to perinatal mortality. STUDY DESIGN: Data from a prospective registry of perinatal mortality ...
Howard Louise M - - 2005
The majority of women with psychotic disorders have children but their pregnancies are at an increased risk of obstetric and psychiatric complications. This paper reviews research into the fertility of women with psychosis and complications occurring during their pregnancies and in the postpartum period. Mesh terms were used to search ...
Shadigian Elizabeth - - 2005
A systematic review of the literature on maternal homicide and suicide was performed to understand the causes of pregnancy-associated death. Forty-four studies examined homicide and/or suicide and pregnancy-associated death (defined as the death of a woman, from any cause, while she is pregnant or within 1 year of termination of ...
Chang Jeani - - 2005
We identified risk factors for pregnancy-associated homicide (women who died as a result of homicide during or within 1 year of pregnancy) in the United States from 1991 to 1999. Pregnancy-associated homicides were analyzed with data from the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ...
Samuelsson Eva - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and use of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are major risk factors for venous thromboembolism (VTE) in young women and we wanted to obtain accurate VTE mortality data overall, by age, associated with the use of COCs and pregnancy. METHODS: From the Swedish Cause of Death Register (CDR) we ...
Ikossi Danagra G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the number one cause of maternal death during pregnancy, but incidence of fetal loss exceeds maternal loss by more than 3 to 1. We hypothesized that we could identify women at risk for injury during pregnancy and focus our prevention efforts. STUDY DESIGN: Women of childbearing age ...
Kuczkowski K M - - 2005
Trauma in pregnancy is currently a leading cause of non-pregnancy-related maternal death, and maternal death remains the most common cause of fetal demise. The most common etiologies of trauma in pregnancy include transportation accidents, falls, violent assaults, and burn injuries. Head and neck injuries and hemorrhagic shock account for most ...
Richani Karina - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Activation of the complement system has recently been implicated in the mechanisms of fetal loss in the antiphospholipid syndrome. It is, however, possible that complement activation is also involved in other causes of fetal death in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. We therefore conducted a study to ...
Milton Abul Hasnat - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to arsenic through drinking water has the potential to cause adverse pregnancy outcomes, although the association has not been demonstrated conclusively. This cross-sectional study assessed the association between arsenic in drinking water and spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, and neonatal death. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 533 women were ...
Nybo Andersen Anne-Marie - - 2004
A possible detrimental paternal age effect on offspring health due to mutations of paternal origin should be reflected in an association between paternal age and fetal loss. The authors used data from a prospective study of 23,821 pregnant women recruited consecutively to the Danish National Birth Cohort from 1997 to ...
Martinelli Pasquale - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In the past essential thrombocythemia was considered a disease of the elderly. At present, the number of young people suffering from this disease is growing, with a slightly higher frequency in females. We investigated the effects of interferon alfa therapy in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: We describe 9 pregnancies ...
Dekker Jan Willem T - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that abnormal placentation resulting in intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) is associated with coagulation abnormalities in the fetus. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed fetal DNA from umbilical cords from 139 pregnancies complicated by intrauterine fetal death during 1994-1998 (cases). Fetal DNA was tested for the presence of ...
Gissler Mika - - 2004
To find maternal and pregnancy-related deaths, it is important that all pregnancy-associated deaths are identified. This article examines the effect of data linkages between national health care registers and complete death certificate data on pregnancy-associated deaths. All deaths among women of reproductive age (15-49 years) in Finland during the period ...
Shiffman Jeremy - - 2004
Each year an estimated 500,000 to 600,000 women die due to complications from childbirth, making this one of the leading causes of death globally for women in their reproductive years. In 1987 a global initiative was launched to address the problem, but few developing countries since then have experienced a ...
Grossman Nancy Beth - - 2004
Trauma is the most common cause of nonobstetric death among pregnant women in the United States. Motor vehicle crashes, domestic violence, and falls are the most common causes of blunt trauma during pregnancy. All pregnant patients with traumatic injury should be assessed formally in a medical setting because placental abruption ...
Mallampalli Antara - - 2004
Cardiopulmonary arrest during pregnancy is a rare event that critical care clinicians must be prepared to manage. The causes of cardiopulmonary arrest during pregnancy, recommended modifications to cardiopulmonary resuscitation protocols that are specific to pregnancy, indications for and timing of perimortem cesarean delivery, and the expected fetal outcomes are reviewed. ...
Lisman Babette A M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate chorionic villous vasculogenesis (maturation) and development of the vasculosyncytial membrane (margination) using CD34 immunohistochemistry. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Microscopic analysis of first trimester chorionic villi. PATIENT(S): Twelve patients with anembryonic pregnancies, 12 with embryonic death, and 12 with terminated normal pregnancies. INTERVENTION(S): Quantitative analysis of chorionic villi ...
Prahlow Joseph A - - 2004
Pregnancy is a normal biologic process, but because of a variety of physiologic factors, it increases a woman's risk for death. Maternal deaths in pregnancy may be due to conditions unique to pregnancy, conditions associated with pregnancy, or conditions unrelated to but exacerbated by pregnancy. Death may occur during any ...
Lassey Anyetei T - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To determine the trend of concurrent maternal and perinatal mortality at the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital (KBTH), Ghana, and to propose measures for its prevention. METHODS: A retrospective study, from January 1995 to December 2002, of all concurrent maternal and perinatal deaths in which the woman was 28 weeks' gestation ...
Frias Antonio E AE - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Patients with recurrent first-trimester spontaneous abortion have been the subject of intensive investigation. However, relatively little is known about second- and third-trimester pregnancy loss. Thus, it is difficult for clinicians to optimally counsel, evaluate, and manage women with previous unexplained fetal death. Our objective was to ascertain the outcome ...
Goldenberg R L - - 2004
Stillbirth occurs in nearly 1% of all births in the USA, and is one of the most common but least studied adverse pregnancy outcomes. The many risk factors for and causes of stillbirth are presented. Over the past several decades, the rate of stillbirth has been substantially reduced, with the ...
Fretts Ruth C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Older women are at an increased risk for unexplained stillbirth late in pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to compare 3 strategies for the prevention of unexplained fetal death in women aged 35 years and older. We compared usual care (no antepartum testing or induction before 41 weeks), ...
Williamson Catherine - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical features of obstetric cholestasis pregnancies in UK white Caucasians. DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. SETTING: Study coordinated at Queen Charlotte's Hospital. POPULATION: Clinical features of 352 affected pregnancies in 227 Caucasian women identified via a patient support group. METHODS: Evaluation of the gestation at which prematurity ...
Jonker F H - - 2004
Although the majority of pregnancy failures occur during the embryonic period, reports indicate that approximately 5% of detected pregnancies are lost during the fetal period, underlining the fact that fetal death is a substantial cause of economic loss. However, examination for fetal development or death during pregnancy is not performed ...
Bukhari Iqbal A - - 2004
Impetigo herpetiformis (IH) is a rare dermatosis which usually occurs during the third trimester of pregnancy. It is characterized by acute erythematosquamous plaques covered with tiny superficial pustules in a herpetiform distribution with less likely mucus membranes involvement. It can be associated with constitutional symptom s such as fever, chills, ...
Tranquilli Andrea L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Nitric oxide (NO) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) regulate angiogenesis and seem involved in the early stages of placentation. If angiogenesis is reduced, this may lead to poor placentation and fetal death. This study was aimed to determine whether VEGF and NO are associated to subsequent fetal death. ...
Anderson Frank W J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To describe the trends in ectopic pregnancy mortality in Michigan from 1985 through 1999 and compare to those of previous time periods. METHODS: We reviewed all cases of maternal mortality from ectopic pregnancy in Michigan from 1985 through 1999. We extracted data from death certificates, hospital inpatient and emergency ...
Poole Judith H - - 2004
Pregnancy-related maternal deaths, although rare,are higher than the public health goal of no more than 3 per 100000 live births [5,6]. Achievement of this goal mandates complete and consistent reporting of all maternal deaths to identify causes of death accurately and correct underreporting [2]. Racial disparity between white and African ...
Seleye-Fubara, D; Department of ...
In a period of twelve years (1 January 1990 to 31 December 2001), one thousand, two hundred and twenty five (1225) autopsies were performed in the Anatomical Pathology department of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital, (UPTH) Port Harcourt. Of this number, thirty eight (38) 3.1% were due to ...
Iqbal Samina - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To compare two strategies for management of prolonged pregnancy (> or = 294 days) i.e. induction (intervention) versus expectant management (non-intervention) and evaluate the associated feto-maternal risks. DESIGN: A quasi experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Sobhraj Maternity Hospital, from September 2000 to September 2001. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: ...
Harper Margaret A - - 2004
PURPOSE: African-American women have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of pregnancy-related death compared with Caucasian women. We conducted this study to determine if differences in a combination of socioeconomic and medical risk factors may explain this racial disparity in pregnancy-related death. METHODS: Pregnancy-related deaths of African-American (N=60) and Caucasian ...
Kuczkowski Krzysztof M - - 2004
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Trauma is the leading overall cause of death in the age group under 40 years of age in the United States. Women of reproductive age are considered the population at greatest risk of trauma. A Medline search for recent articles highlighting anesthetic, obstetric and surgical considerations for ...
Warner Michael W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy may confuse the management of a trauma patient. The present retrospective review was conducted in order to develop guidelines for the management of such a patient. METHODS: A retrospective review of case notes was undertaken using a trauma database to evaluate the management of pregnant trauma patients. A ...
Ozduman Koray - - 2004
Fetal stroke, or that which occurs between 14 weeks of gestation and the onset of labor resulting in delivery, has been associated with postnatal epilepsy, mental retardation, and cerebral palsy. The entity is caused by antenatal ischemic, thrombotic, or hemorrhagic injury. We present seven new cases of fetal stroke diagnosed ...
Gissler Mika - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that pregnant and recently pregnant women enjoy a "healthy pregnant women effect," we compared the all natural cause mortality rates for women who were pregnant or within 1 year of pregnancy termination with all other women of reproductive age. STUDY DESIGN: This is a population-based, ...
Tan Hongzhuan - - 2004
BACKGROUND: One of every 6 United Status birth certificates contains no information on fathers. There might be important differences in the pregnancy outcomes between mothers with versus those without partner information. The object of this study was to assess whether and to what extent outcomes in pregnant women who did ...
Conway George A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Between 1990-2002, 797 Alaskans died while working. After a scientific survey team member drowned, we examined the hazards of traumatic death to scientific and professional workers in Alaska. STUDY DESIGN: Surveillance and analysis methods for acute traumatic occupational injuries: The Alaska Occupational Injury Surveillance System (AOISS) uses direct investigation, ...
Chhabra S - - 2004
Obstetric haemorrhage continues to be a major cause of maternal mortality. Our analysis of records of over a period of 20 years from April 1982 to March 2002 reveals that it was a contributory cause of maternal mortality in 19.9% of cases. The majority of deaths, (65%) had occurred within ...
Baker Nicole - - 2004
Comprehensive surveillance is critical to accurate identification of pregnancy-associated deaths and risk factors and is the first step in implementing programs to prevent such deaths in young women. In Minnesota, surveillance is currently based on analysis of data from death records. This study sought to demonstrate that the state's current ...
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