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Salihu Hamisu M - - 2008
Fetal death recurrence is an important problem in reproductive health that is poorly understood. Based on preliminary epidemiologic evidence, we propose an "event memory" hypothesis which posits that when fetal death occurs the event is retained (memorized) as a program that is replayed in future pregnancies. We describe a pathway ...
Vashevnik Stas - - 2007
AIMS: To compare the risk of stillbirth and neonatal death in small-for-gestational-age (SGA), appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and large-for-gestational-age (LGA) fetuses and neonates. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of 662 043 births and outcomes recorded in the Victorian Perinatal Data Collection Unit (1992-2002). INCLUSION CRITERIA: Births in Victoria in 1992-2002. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Multiple pregnancy ...
Aboutanos Sharline Z - - 2007
Injury Severity Score (ISS) and lactate are controversial in predicting fetal outcome. A retrospective review was conducted to determine whether ISS and lactate are valuable in predicting fetal survival in injured pregnant patients. Injured pregnant women were identified by ICD-9 codes from our Trauma Registry, Emergency Department Registry, and hospital ...
Adams Melissa M - - 2007
No standards exist for reporting the accuracy and completeness of pregnancy histories created by linking the birth and fetal death certificates for all the deliveries occurring to one woman. To link certificates, analysts use deterministic and/or probabilistic approaches. Errors in linkage occur randomly and non-randomly. Any type of error can ...
Niklasson Bo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: It has recently been shown that Ljungan virus (LV) is associated with disease in its wild rodent reservoir. In addition, it has been demonstrated that LV causes malformations and perinatal death in a mouse model. The question was therefore raised whether LV is a zoonotic agent in humans. METHODS: ...
Gootwine E - - 2007
Regulation of foetal development in sheep depends on interactions between the intrinsic capacity of the foetus for growth and the maternal environment. Lambs born in multi-foetus litters have relatively small placentae with fewer cotelydons, and lower birth weights. Litter-size-dependent intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is evident at mid gestation when metabolic ...
Gold Katherine J - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Maternal mental health disorders in pregnancy are common and are associated with prematurity, low birth weight and delivery complications. We explored whether existing mental illness was associated not just with fetal complications but also with fetal death. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort analysis using data from the National ...
Silver Robert M - - 2007
Despite improvements in antenatal and intrapartum care, stillbirth, defined as in utero fetal death at 20 weeks of gestation or greater, remains an important, largely unstudied, and poignant problem in obstetrics. More than 26,000 stillbirths were reported in the United States in 2001. Although several conditions have been linked to ...
Patteson Stephen K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Trauma during pregnancy places two lives at risk. Knowledge of risk factors for trauma during pregnancy may improve outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the charts of 188 such patients admitted to a Level I trauma center from 1996 to 2004. A comparison was made of injury severity and outcome from ...
Rahman Anisur - - 2007
The authors evaluated the effect of arsenic exposure on fetal and infant survival in a cohort of 29,134 pregnancies identified by the health and demographic surveillance system in Matlab, Bangladesh, in 1991-2000. Arsenic exposure, reflected by drinking water history and analysis of arsenic concentrations in tube-well water used by women ...
Daskalakis George - - 2007
We present a case of a fetal pharyngeal teratoma, which was diagnosed at 21 weeks' gestation. At the time of examination, a mass of mixed echogenicity was detected that protruded through the mouth. During a second examination 3 weeks later, the tumor had increased in size, and a severe polyhydramnios ...
Marchetti Daniela - - 2007
The authors present a case of a presumably unknown pregnancy, in which the newborn was found dead in the bathroom. The child was considered stillborn and the death due to natural causes. The literature on estimation of the time of fetal death is reviewed. It has been reported that certain ...
Meroz Yuval - - 2007
The principles enshrined in existing trauma resuscitation protocols for treating nonpregnant trauma victims should also be applied to the pregnant patient. In addition, left tilt of the pregnant patient (or the back board) and supplement oxygen are mandatory. The patient should be treated by a multidisciplinary team, preferably in a ...
McClure E M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Maternal mortality and stillbirths are important adverse pregnancy outcomes, especially in developing countries. Because underlying causes of both outcomes appeared similar, the relationship between maternal mortality, stillbirth and three measures of obstetrical care were studied. METHODS: Using data provided by the World Health Organization from 188 developed and developing ...
Amos Penny - - 2007
Stroke during pregnancy is a leading cause of maternal death, but the risk of stroke does not end with delivery. Postpartum cerebral angiopathy is a rare condition that affects otherwise healthy women who have undergone a normal pregnancy followed by an uncomplicated delivery. It can cause ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, ...
Azar Danesh Shahraki
To identify causes of maternal mortality in Isfahan province, summarize case review findings and suggesting strategies for improving maternal outcomes. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey of maternal deaths occurring in Isfahan province of Iran from 2001-2006 was enrolled. All available documents about women who died during pregnancy or within 42 days ...
Fottrell Edward - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Substantial reductions in maternal mortality are called for in Millennium Development Goal 5 (MDG-5), thus assuming that maternal mortality is measurable. A key difficulty is attributing causes of death for the many women who die unaided in developing countries. Verbal autopsy (VA) can elicit circumstances of death, but data ...
Samuelsson Eva - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to report deaths from amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) and pregnancy-related venous thromboembolism (VTE), to study contributing factors, and to analyse mortality trends. METHODS: Using the Swedish Cause of Death Register (CDR), we identified all women aged 15-44, who died during 1990-1999, with VTE ...
Woods Robert - - 2007
This article considers the quality of midwifery skills and practice principally in eighteenth-, nineteenth-, and early twentieth-century England. It discusses the merits of assessing effectiveness via differentials and changes in late-fetal rather than maternal mortality. Evidence from the lying-in hospitals, both in-patients and out-patients, in terms of stillbirths and the ...
Okusanya B O - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratio of Nigeria is one of the highest globally. The delay in getting prompt and appropriate treatment in the event of a complication during pregnancy is one of the identified factors in maternal deaths. This study assessed the contribution of delay to maternal deaths and also determined ...
Silver Robert M - - 2007
The death of a formed fetus is one of the most emotionally devastating events for parents and clinicians. With improved care for conditions such as RhD alloimmunization, diabetes, and preeclampsia, the rate of fetal death in the United States decreased substantially in the mid twentieth century. However, the past several ...
Kleebkaow Pilaiwan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To study the autopsy findings associated with fetal death in the division of reproductive pathology. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Descriptive study of 35 fetal deaths with placentas after postmortem examinations in the division of reproductive pathology between January 2005 and December 2005. The fetal deaths and placentas were examined by ...
Ronsmans Carine - - 2006
The risk of a woman dying as a result of pregnancy or childbirth during her lifetime is about one in six in the poorest parts of the world compared with about one in 30 000 in Northern Europe. Such a discrepancy poses a huge challenge to meeting the fifth Millennium ...
Gissler Mika - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We compared official maternal mortality statistics with those from a special study covering all pregnancy-associated deaths in two European countries (Finland and France) and in two US states (Massachusetts and North Carolina) in 1999-2000 to characterize pregnancy-related deaths that are not included in official statistics. STUDY DESIGN: We linked ...
Glynn F - - 2006
Large fetal neck masses can present a major challenge to securing an airway at birth, with associated risks of hypoxia, brain injury and death. The authors report a case of a giant oropharyngeal teratoma diagnosed in a fetus of 19 weeks gestation. The fetus was delivered by the ex utero ...
Lakasing Lorin - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of antenatally diagnosed exomphalos. METHODS: The database of a tertiary referral Fetal Medicine Centre was searched for all cases of antenatally diagnosed exomphalos between January 1991 and December 2002. Patients, general practitioners, and hospitals were contacted for outcome details. ...
Jaquier M - - 2006
Parents are usually told that many anencephalic offspring die in utero or soon after delivery, and many obstetricians offer elective termination of the pregnancy. Following the personal experience of the first author, a personal website was created with the intention of providing information and exchanging views with other parents confronted ...
Berris M - - 2006
For a fetus diagnosed with a severe congenital anomaly, surgery may offer an alternative to abortion, intra-uterine death, or a life with disability. Expertise is limited however, to a few treatment centers worldwide, and there are many technical hurdles to overcome, including requirements for miniaturized instrumentation, real-time high-resolution imaging, and ...
Ismail Nor Azlin Mohamed - - 2006
This was a retrospective study of patients with dengue infection in pregnancy from year 2000 till 2004. Data were analyzed by looking at the presentation, complications of patient and fetus, and pregnancy outcomes. There was a total of 16 cases with an increasing trend (0.12% in 2003 vs 0.25% in ...
Simões Teresinha - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to calculate the prospective risk of fetal death in monochorionic-diamniotic twins. STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated 193 monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies that were followed and delivered after 24 weeks. Surveillance included cardiotocography and sonography performed at least once weekly. The prospective risk of fetal ...
Anderson Brenna L - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether fetal echocardiographic findings are predictive of prognosis in recipient fetuses with twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). METHODS: A cohort of 30 pregnancies with TTTS between 1990 and 2001 was included. Diagnosis and staging of TTTS were made according to the Quintero ...
Lamondy Anne M - - 2006
Hyperemesis gravidarum is a potentially serious complication of pregnancy that can result in severe maternal malnutrition, affects the normal growth and development of the fetus, can precipitate preterm birth, and in extreme cases, causes fetal death. The article uses a case study to review the disease process and outline the ...
Christiansen Lydia R - - 2006
Pregnancy-related death is defined by the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) as the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the cause of death. In the year 2000, a collaborative effort involving World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, and UNFPA ...
Matijasevich Alicia - - 2006
The objective of this study was to examine the association between caffeine intake during pregnancy and fetal mortality in Montevideo, the capital city of Uruguay, taking into account several potential confounding factors. A population-based case-control study was conducted between 1 August 2002 and 31 December 2003. A total of 382 ...
MacKay Andrea P - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relative risk of pregnancy-related mortality between multifetal pregnancies and singleton pregnancies. METHODS: We used data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System to examine singleton and multifetal pregnancy-related deaths among women with a live birth or fetal death from 1979-2000. The ...
Maghsoudi Hemmat - - 2006
A 9-year prospective study of burns in pregnant women hospitalized at the Sina hospital burn center was conducted to determine the etiology and outcome of pregnant patients. Fifty-one patients (27.45% self-inflicted, 72.55% unintentional) were identified and stratified by age, burn size, presence or absence of inhalation injury, trimester of pregnancy, ...
Jutel Annemarie - - 2006
The medical, legal, and lay communities utilize a range of words to describe a pregnancy that does not result in live birth. These terms, including abortion, miscarriage, and stillbirth, are more than just words: they carry with them a range of meanings and social consequences. This paper explores the complex ...
Abramowicz Shelly - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ludwig's angina is a rapidly spreading cellulitis that may produce upper airway obstruction often leading to death. There is very little published information regarding this condition in the pregnant patient. CASE: A 24-year old black female was admitted at 26 weeks gestation with tooth pain, submandibular swelling, severe trismus, ...
Tweddale Carla J - - 2006
Trauma is the leading nonobstetrical cause of maternal death. The effect of trauma on the pregnant woman and unborn fetus can be devastating. The major causes of maternal injury are blunt trauma, penetrating trauma, burns, falls, and assaults. There are specific changes associated with pregnancy that are important for the ...
Grimes David A - - 2006
The comparative safety of pregnancy outcomes has clinical and public health importance. Using national statistics for 1991 to 1999, I estimated the risk of maternal death associated with various outcomes. Abortion (legal and spontaneous) was associated with the lowest risk, live birth intermediate risk, and ectopic pregnancy and fetal death ...
Gaugler-Senden Ingrid P M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia, with an onset before 24 weeks' gestation is a rare but severe condition in pregnancy with little data of maternal and perinatal outcome, particularly after expectant management. We therefore, evaluated pregnancy outcome in these women at our department where temporising management was introduced as the standard policy in ...
Eskild Anne - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the association between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody status in early pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes including fetal death, length of gestation and fetal weight and length at birth. DESIGN: Nested control study. SETTING: Population based health registers. POPULATION: The source population comprised 35,940 pregnant women. Cases were all ...
Berg Cynthia J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although the risk of death from complications of pregnancy in the 20th century has decreased dramatically, several lines of evidence suggest that it has not reached an irreducible minimum. To further reduce pregnancy-related mortality, we must understand which deaths are potentially preventable and the changes needed to prevent them. ...
Matijasevich Alicia - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the available epidemiological evidence of the effect of caffeine consumption during pregnancy on fetal mortality. A systematic qualitative review of observational studies that referred to any source of exposure to caffeine from food in pregnancy and to fetal mortality as the outcome ...
Eskild Anne - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of maternal cytomegalovirus (CMV) antibody status in pregnancy on the risk of fetal death and of low birth weight. METHODS: The study of fetal death risk was a nested case-control study. Cases were all women within a cohort of ...
Breathnach Caoimhghín S - - 2005
Maud Gonne MacBride was an English debutante who became an Irish rebel and muse to William Butler Yeats. Wealth did not protect her or her family from tuberculosis but, in spite of frequent relapses and three pregnancies, she invariably recovered to lead an active, fruitful life until her death in ...
Bech Bodil Hammer - - 2005
The authors conducted a cohort study within the Danish National Birth Cohort to determine whether coffee consumption during pregnancy is associated with late fetal death (spontaneous abortion and stillbirth). A total of 88,482 pregnant women recruited from March 1996 to November 2002 participated in a comprehensive interview on coffee consumption ...
Farragher R - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Brainstem death is a concept used in cases in which life-support equipment obscures the conventional cardiopulmonary criteria of death. Brainstem death during pregnancy is an occasional and tragic occurrence. AIMS: To considerthe ethical, legal and medical issues raised by maternal brainstem death. METHODS: Medline and Embase search. RESULTS: The ...
Mattox Kenneth L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article was to review the existing standards of practice regarding trauma which occurs during pregnancy. DESIGN: The design of this study was to review the available data from the surgical and obstetrical literature regarding trauma during pregnancy. The design was also to incorporate the contemporary ...
Mallampalli Antara - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To review the important causes of cardiopulmonary arrest during pregnancy and the recommended modifications to resuscitation protocols when applied to pregnant patients, including the indications for perimortem cesarean section and the expected fetal outcomes, and to review the literature regarding extended somatic support after brain death during pregnancy. DATA ...
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