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Leibenson Lilach - - 2010
Scorpion envenomation in pregnant victims has been scarcely studied. We would like to suggest an association between yellow scorpion sting during the third trimester of pregnancy and adverse fetal outcome. The particular deleterious mechanism of scorpion venom has not been elucidated yet.
Measey Mary-Anne - - 2009
AIMS: To identify factors, including the loss of a previous pregnancy before 20 weeks gestation, which are associated with increased risk of singleton antepartum unexplained fetal death (UFD) in Western Australia (WA) using information recorded in routine data collections. METHODS: All fetal deaths in WA from 1990 to 1999 that ...
Macdorman Marian F - - 2009
Data from the Fetal Death Data File and Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set, National Vital Statistics System. The magnitude of fetal mortality is considerable: About 1 million fetal deaths occur at any gestational age in the United States each year, including almost 26,000 at 20 weeks of gestation or more; ...
Hill Kenneth - - 2009
To assess the feasibility of measuring maternal mortality in countries lacking accurate birth and death registration through national population censuses by a detailed evaluation of such data for three Latin American countries. We used established demographic techniques, including the general growth balance method, to evaluate the completeness and coverage of ...
Marahatta R - - 2009
Post term pregnancy (PTP) is one of the commonest obstetric conditions. Pregnancy is called term when it lies between 37 completed weeks to 42 completed weeks (259 to 294 days) from the last menstrual period. If the pregnancy exceeds this period (above 42 completed weeks) it is classified as post ...
Lee Richard H - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of fetal death. The mechanism of death is unknown. CASES: The first case involved a young primipara with pruritus and a bile acid concentration of 79 mumol/dL. While undergoing fetal heart rate monitoring, the fetus had a prolonged deceleration ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2005 fetal and perinatal mortality data by a variety of characteristics, including maternal age, marital status, race, Hispanic origin, and state of residence; and by fetal gestational age at delivery, birthweight, plurality, and sex. Trends in fetal and perinatal mortality are also examined. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations ...
Kelly H - - 2009
An increased relative risk of infection with the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus associated with pregnancy and Indigenous status has been a common finding in many countries. Using publicly available data from May to October 2009 in Australia, we estimated the relative risk of hospitalisation, admission to intensive care unit ...
Bødker Birgit - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To describe a method for identification, classification and assessment of maternal deaths in Denmark and to identify substandard care. DESIGN: Register study and case audit based on data from the Registers of the Danish Medical Health Board, death certificates and hospital records. SETTING: Denmark 2002-2006. POPULATION: Women who died ...
Vigliani Marguerite - - 2009
We report an intrauterine fetal death that occurred less than 24 h after transabdominal amniocentesis. Chorioamnionitis was confirmed by amniotic fluid culture which showed multiple enteric organisms and postmortem examination of the fetus that showed Clostridium perfringens. The patient was treated with intravenous broad-spectrum antibiotics and uterine evacuation and her ...
Durak Dilek - - 2009
We describe a medico-legal autopsy case of a three-day newborn girl. This was the fifth pregnancy of the mother who was 34 years at that time. Her parents were non-consanguineous. There was no family history of congenital abnormalities. Her mother did not smoke or drink and did not recall toxic ...
Jahan M K - - 2009
Pregnancy outcome among women in the age group of 35 years and more are considered to be less favorable than those of younger women. To observe those, this case control study was conducted in the department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Mymensingh Medical College Hospital during the period of 1st June ...
Goldenberg Robert L - - 2009
One of the major success stories of modern obstetrics in high-income countries in the last 5 decades is the reduction of stillbirths from rates as high as 50 per 1000 births to about 5 per 1000 births today. Fetal mortality associated with obstructed labour, asphyxia, hypertension, diabetes, Rh disease, placental ...
Laberke P J - - 2009
In the case described, a completely uncomplicated pregnancy ended with a fatal outcome. Intrauterine fetal death, which was diagnosed prepartum at 40 weeks of gestation, was caused by hemorrhage of the fetus into the amniotic fluid following rupture of the umbilical vein at the site of furcate insertion of the ...
Karimi Hamid - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report on maternal and fetal outcome in 53 pregnant women seen at a referral burn center. METHODS: Possible links between outcome and maternal age, level of education, marital status, percentage of total body surface area (TBSA) burned, inhalation injury, source and intentionality of the burn, and trimester of ...
Johnson C A - - 2008
High-risk pregnancies are those in which the prevalence of maternal, fetal and/or perinatal morbidity or mortality is likely to be higher than that of the general obstetrical population. Some maternal characteristics associated with risk to maternal, fetal and/or perinatal health are readily identifiable prior to conception, such as advanced maternal ...
Nilsson Emma - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Women with schizophrenia are at increased risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes. It is not known whether offspring born to fathers with schizophrenia also have an increased risk. AIMS: To evaluate paternal and maternal influences on the association between schizophrenia and pregnancy outcomes. METHOD: A record linkage including 2 million ...
Aboutanos Michel B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes (MVC) are the leading cause of maternal injury during pregnancy. It is estimated that 1,300 to 13,000 fetal deaths/yr result from maternal MVC. METHODS: Pregnant women with injuries were identified by ICD-9 codes containing pregnancy and injury from hospital medical records and Trauma/ED registries. Records were ...
Oswal Kamal - - 2008
Antenatal intracranial hemorrhage is a rare cause of intrauterine fetal death, with an incidence of 4.6-5.1% in autopsy studies of stillborn fetuses. Warfarin-associated fetal bleeding is also a rare problem, with an incidence of 4.3% in the literature. We present a case of warfarin-induced subdural hematoma occurring in the second ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2008
The epidemiology of stillbirth and fetal central nervous system (CNS) injury is described with some emphasis on maternal and feto-placental risk factors. To maximize utility of the discussion and because it also represents the classical manifestation of fetal CNS injury, we have selected cerebral palsy (CP) to illustrate the epidemiologic ...
Hounton Sennen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper is to assess to what extent a Skilled Care Initiative (SCI) was associated with pregnancy-related mortality in Ouargaye district, Burkina Faso. METHODS: We used a quasi-experimental design to compare pregnancy-related mortality within the intervention district (health facility areas covered by the SCI vs. areas ...
Walsh Colin A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine etiological factors contributing to cases of intrauterine fetal demise in term pregnancies over a 10-year period. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of 29 908 term (37(+0) to 41(+6) weeks gestation) infants delivering in a single tertiary-referral university institution over the 10-year period from 1996 to ...
Bell Jacqueline S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To describe levels and causes of pregnancy-related mortality and selected outcomes after pregnancy (OAP) in two districts of Burkina Faso. METHODS: A household census was conducted in the two study districts, recording household deaths to women aged 12-49 years from 2001 to 2006. Questions on pregnancy outcomes in the ...
Chames Mark C - - 2008
Trauma affects up to 6% to 7% of all pregnancies, and accounts for up to 46% of maternal death. Adverse consequences such as preterm labor and delivery, abruptio, fetomaternal hemorrhage, and fetal demise may be seen with even apparently minor degrees of injury. Maternal physiologic considerations are reviewed and a ...
Cliffe Susan S National Perinatal Statistics Unit, School Women's and Children's Health, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, - - 2008
The magnitude of maternal mortality is underestimated as deaths occurring beyond the traditional 42-day time period after the pregnancy ending ('late death') have not been reported routinely in Australia. The aims of this study were to undertake a data linkage study to improve the ascertainment of maternal deaths and to ...
Shovlin C L - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) affects 1 in 5-8000 individuals. Pregnancy outcomes are rarely reported. The major reason is that most women do not have their HHT diagnosed prior to pregnancy. Using a large well-characterised series, we studied all pregnancies known to have occurred in HHT-affected women, whether or not ...
Parast Mana M - - 2008
Approximately 50% of stillbirths are unexplained after fetopsy and placental examination. Fatal hypoxic injury due to restriction of umbilical blood flow ("cord accident") may be causal in a subset of these stillbirths. We reviewed placental slides of 62 cases of third-trimester stillbirth from our autopsy files over a 5-year period ...
Korteweg Fleurisca J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To estimate success rates for cytogenetic analysis in different tissues after intrauterine fetal death, and study selection criteria and value of cytogenetic testing in determining cause of death. METHODS: Cytogenetic analyses and the value of this test in determining cause by a multidisciplinary panel were studied in 750 fetal ...
Hanprasertpong Jitti - - 2008
Reports of venomous snakebites during pregnancy are uncommon. Little is known about maternal and fetal outcome following the venomous snakebite of a pregnant woman, and there is no consensus for proper management. In southern Thailand, Malayan pit viper (Calloselasma rhodostoma) bites are quite common, and we have some experience with ...
Quarello E - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of severely anaemic monochorionic (MC) twins surviving the death of their co-twin following early intrauterine rescue transfusion in cases of feto-fetal transfusion syndrome (FFTS). STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed all MC pregnancies complicated with FFTS following primary management, in which a single intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) ...
Keller Susanne E - - 2008
A submerged coil unit generates death rate data for foodborne pathogens through precise computer-controlled sequential sampling rather than the usual manually timed, labor-intensive single sampling associated with other approaches. Our work with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Listeria monocytogenes Scott A using the submerged coil unit indicated non-log-linear death rates with large ...
Thorp John M - - 2008
In the United States, trauma occurs in 6% to 7% of pregnancies. Its severity may range from critical injuries where the mother's life is at risk, to apparently minor injuries, which might not be associated with any worrisome symptoms. One of the risks associated with a traumatic event is fetomaternal ...
Schneid-Kofman Naomi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality ratio (more commonly cited as maternal mortality rate) is the number of maternal deaths that result from the reproductive process per 100,000 live births. Unfortunately, it is estimated that more than half of maternal deaths are not recorded as such. Worldwide data are probably based upon pregnancy-associated ...
Lang Christopher T - - 2008
Despite a significant improvement in the US maternal mortality ratio since the early 1900s, it still represents a substantial and frustrating burden, particularly given the fact that - essentially - no progress has been made in most US States since 1982. Additionally, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ...
Pooja Sikka
Ehlers Danlos sendromu olan kadin hastalarda gebelik sik gorulmez. Bu, nadir gorulen kalitimsal bir bag dokusu hastaligi olup, hafif ekimozlardan anne olumune kadar degisen pek cok gebelik komplikasyonu ile klinik verebilir. Bugune kadar biyokimyasal ya da klinik bulgulara gore 10 kadar Ehlers Danlos sendromu tipi tarif edilmistir. Her bir tip ...
Kvarnstrand Laura - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Firstly, determine the mortality rate for: pregnant women; fetuses and neonates, due to motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) during pregnancy; and secondly, the rate of major injuries among pregnant women and the rate of involvement of pregnant women in crashes. DESIGN: A national population-based, retrospective descriptive study. SETTING: Sweden, 1991-2001. ...
Nour Nawal M NM Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School Boston, - - 2008
Approximately 529,000 women die from pregnancy-related causes annually and almost all (99%) of these maternal deaths occur in developing nations. One of the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals is to reduce the maternal mortality rate by 75% by 2015. Causes of maternal mortality include postpartum hemorrhage, eclampsia, obstructed labor, and ...
Watson Lyndsey F - - 2007
Pregnancy history formulae usually provide only summaries of numbers of pregnancies and births. Different pregnancy outcomes and their sequence are not captured. A new pregnancy history formula is proposed where one number provides information on parity, gravidity, sequence, gestation and outcome of pregnancies. For instance, 914 represents the history of ...
Vega Carlos Eduardo Pereira - - 2007
AIM: To describe the case profile of maternal death resulting from hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and to propose measures for its reduction. METHODS: The Committee on Maternal Mortality of São Paulo City has identified 609 cases of obstetric maternal death between 1995 and 1999 with an underreporting rate of 52.2% ...
Chen Yen-Chia - - 2007
Snake envenoming in pregnancy may cause fetal death and maternal mortality or morbidity. However, little is known about the toxic effects and optimal management of snake envenoming because of the rarity of cases. We report three cases in Taiwan in the past 15 years of pregnant women who were treated ...
Korteweg F J - - 2008
Different classification systems for the cause of intra-uterine fetal death (IUFD) are used internationally. About two thirds of these deaths are reported as unexplained and placental causes are often not addressed. Differences between systems could have consequences for the validity of vital statistics, for targeting preventive strategies and for counselling ...
McCaw-Binns A - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess factors associated with under-reporting of maternal deaths from 1998, when maternal deaths became a Class I notifiable event in Jamaica and continuous maternal mortality surveillance was introduced, through 2003. METHODS: The number of deaths notified was compared with the number of independently identified deaths for each period ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This report presents 2004 fetal and perinatal mortality data by a variety of characteristics, including maternal age, marital status, race, Hispanic origin and state of residence; and by infant birthweight, gestational age, plurality and sex. Trends in fetal and perinatal mortality are also examined. METHODS: Descriptive tabulations of data ...
Oladapo Olufemi T OT Maternal and Fetal Health Research Unit, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, Sagamu, Ogun State, Nigeria. - - 2007
Data on maternal characteristics that could predict antepartum fetal death in women receiving antenatal care in resource-constrained settings are limited. To identify maternal sociodemographic and clinical risk factors for antepartum fetal death among women receiving antenatal care in a developing country setting. Case-control analyses of risk factors in the occurrence ...
Edwards Marshall J - - 2007
A hypothesis is presented that the association between maternal influenza and other causes of fever during the second trimester of pregnancy and the subsequent development of schizophrenia in the child is due to the damage caused by hyperthermia to the developing amygdalohippocampal complex and associated structures in the fetal brain. ...
Santiago-Munoz Patricia C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe pregnancy outcomes with fetal gastroschisis, including the associations of prenatal ultrasound findings with neonatal surgical complications and other morbidities. METHODS: This was a review of pregnancies complicated by fetal gastroschisis and delivered from January 1998 through June 2006. The last ultrasonogram before delivery was reviewed to determine ...
Pradhan Mandakini - - 2007
The prevalence of skeletal dysplasia in the neonatal period is 2.4/10,000 births; it accounts for 1-2% of perinatal deaths, mainly stillbirths. A long bone measurement of less than -4 standard deviations is a definitive indication of skeletal dysplasia, whereas measurement between -2 and -4 standard deviations warrants detailed sonographic examination ...
Oyelese Yinka - - 2007
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of death related to pregnancy worldwide. Most deaths resulting from PPH are preventable. Physicians, nurses, midwives, and other birth attendants should be aware of the risk factors for PPH and be trained adequately in the preventive measures and management strategies for this pregnancy ...
Chen Aimin - - 2007
A recent report described an association between low maximum diastolic blood pressure (DBP) during pregnancy and perinatal death (stillbirth and death in the first week combined). The authors did not account for gestational length, a strong predictor of perinatal death. We studied 41,089 singleton pregnancies from the U.S. Collaborative Perinatal ...
Aggarwal Abha - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In order to develop, implement and evaluate policy for reducing maternal mortality, it is essential to study the risk factors associated with maternal deaths. AIMS: The study aims to determine the epidemiological risk factors and its related causes associated with maternal deaths in Delhi slums. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A ...
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