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Fuller-Tyszkiewicz Matthew - - 2012
Available data suggest that body dissatisfaction is common during pregnancy and may even be a precursor to post-natal depression. However, in order to accurately identify at-risk women, it is essential to first establish that body image measures function appropriately in pregnant populations. Our study examines the suitability of the Body ...
Jank Alexander A Department of Obstetrics, University Hospital of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany. - - 2012
BACKGROUND; Although intrauterine presence of the placenta is essential in the etiology of preeclampsia (PE), case reports showed that the viability of the fetus influences the clinical course of PE and the intensity of the clinical symptoms. We examined the course of angiogenic factors soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 receptors (sFlt-1) ...
Vonnahme Kimberly A - - 2011
As placental growth and vascularity precedes exponential fetal growth, not only is proper establishment of the placenta important, but also a continual plasticity of placental function throughout gestation. Inadequate maternal environment, such as nutritional plane, has been documented to alter fetal organogenesis and growth, thus leading to improper postnatal growth ...
Tran Tri - - 2011
Differences in definitions and methods of data collection on deaths occurring during or shortly after pregnancy have created confusion and challenges in evaluating research findings. The study aimed to determine if the use of enhanced linkage procedures improve data collection of deaths occurring during or shortly after pregnancy, and how ...
Coolen J - - 2011
Advances in cardiology and cardiovascular surgery have increased the use of permanent pacemakers in young adults such that there are more women with pacemakers becoming pregnant. This case report describes the pregnancy and delivery of a young woman with a demand pacemaker and reviews the principles of management of cardiac ...
Berg Cynthia J - - 2010
To estimate the risk of women dying from pregnancy complications in the United States and to examine the risk factors for and changes in the medical causes of these deaths. De-identified copies of death certificates for women who died during or within 1 year of pregnancy and matching birth or ...
Herbst Jonathon - - 2010
Pregnancy-associated death is defined as the death of a woman from any cause during pregnancy or in the year after delivery. This review concentrates on cardiac conditions that may result in pregnancy-associated death including, but not limited to, acute myocardial infarction, endocarditis, peripartum cardiomyopathy, and prolonged QT syndrome. Lethal vascular ...
Tul Nataša - - 2011
To calculate a population-based prospective risk of fetal death in monochorionic-diamniotic twins. We evaluated 387 monochorionic-diamniotic twin pregnancies that were followed and delivered after 24 weeks in Slovenia during the period 1997-2007. Surveillance was not standardized. The prospective risk of fetal death was calculated as the total number of deaths ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2011
To assess whether young maternal age at initiation of childbearing is associated with recurrence of perinatal mortality (PM), as well as its components: stillbirth and neonatal death. We conducted a population-based, retrospective cohort study on the Missouri maternally linked longitudinal data files comprising adolescent (10-19 years; n=73,533) or mature (20-24 ...
Chaiworapongsa Tinnakorn T Perinatology Research Branch, NICHD, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, Maryland, - - 2010
An anti-angiogenic state has been implicated in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and fetal death. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), an indispensible angiogenic factor for embryonic and placental development exerts its angiogenic properties through the VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-2. A soluble form of this protein (sVEGFR-2) has been recently ...
Haavaldsen Camilla - - 2010
The objective of the investigation was to study the association of fetal death with maternal age by length of gestation. This was a population study including all ongoing pregnancies after 16 weeks of gestation in Norway during the period 1967-2006 (n = 2,182,756). The risk of fetal death was 1.4 ...
Wee David W - - 2010
Demographic household surveys in Nepal between 1996 and 2006 indicate potentially large decreases in the pregnancy-related mortality ratio and raise hopes that Nepal may be on track to meet Millennium Development Goal 5. Between 2002 and 2006, 23,478 pregnant women in Sarlahi District, Nepal, were followed through pregnancy to 42 ...
Chaiworapongsa Tinnakorn - - 2010
Angiogenesis is critical for successful pregnancy. An anti-angiogenic state has been implicated in preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction and fetal death. Increased maternal plasma concentrations of the anti-angiogenic factor, soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sVEGFR)-1, have been reported in women with preeclampsia and in those with fetal death. Recent observations ...
Dudley Donald J DJ University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Texas 78229, USA. - - 2010
To describe the methods for assigning the cause of death for stillbirths enrolled in the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network (SCRN). A complete evaluation, including postmortem examination, placental pathology, medical record abstraction, and maternal interview was available on 512 stillbirths among 500 women. These 512 stillbirths were evaluated for cause of ...
Lykke Jacob A - - 2010
The combined effects of preterm delivery, small-for-gestational-age offspring, hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, placental abruption and stillbirth on early maternal death from cardiovascular causes have not previously been described in a large cohort. We investigated the effects of pregnancy complications on early maternal death in a registry-based retrospective cohort study of ...
Pathak Bhuvan - - 2010
Intrahepatic cholestasis (ICP) of pregnancy is a disease that is likely multifactorial in etiology and has a prevalence that varies by geography and ethnicity. The diagnosis is made when patients have a combination of pruritus and abnormal liver-function tests. It is associated with a high risk for adverse perinatal outcome, ...
Cheng Diana - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify pregnancy-associated homicide cases and to estimate the proportion that were perpetrated by a current or former intimate partner. METHODS: This was an analysis of pregnancy-associated homicides occurring from 1993 to 2008 among Maryland residents using linked birth and death certificates, medical examiner charts, police records, and news ...
Galván-Montaño Alfonso - - 2010
Evaluate the anesthetic management in intrauterine surgery to induce myelomeningocele in non human primates Macaca mulatta. A total of nine fetuses had intrauterine surgery; laminectomy was performed on them in L5 and L6. The studied variables were: maternal death, fetus death, cardiac frequency, respiratory frequency, arterial pressure, temperature, and oxygen ...
Braat D D M - - 2010
We assessed all deaths in the Netherlands that might have been related to IVF or to an IVF pregnancy in order to investigate this most serious complication. All deaths related to IVF, within 1 year after IVF, from 1984 to 2008 were collected by sending a letter to all gynaecologists, ...
Haws Rachel A - - 2010
Little research in low-income countries has compared the social and cultural ramifications of loss in childbearing, yet the social experience of pregnancy loss and early neonatal death may affect demographers' ability to measure their incidence. Ninety-five qualitative reproductive narratives were collected from 50 women in rural southern Tanzania who had ...
Romero Roberto - - 2010
Women with a fetal death at the time of diagnosis have higher maternal plasma concentrations of the anti-angiogenic factor, soluble vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (sVEGFR)-1, than women with a normal pregnancy. An important question is whether these changes are the cause or consequence of fetal death. To address this ...
Kirkwood Betty R - - 2010
A previous trial in Nepal showed that supplementation with vitamin A or its precursor (betacarotene) in women of reproductive age reduced pregnancy-related mortality by 44% (95% CI 16-63). We assessed the effect of vitamin A supplementation in women in Ghana. ObaapaVitA was a cluster-randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial undertaken in seven ...
Callaghan William M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To estimate pregnancy-related mortality caused by seasonal influenza in the United States for comparison with the current 2009 influenza A H1N1 pandemic. METHODS: Pregnancy-related deaths were identified in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System (PMSS) database for the years 1998-2005. PMSS collects ...
- - 2010
Maternal deaths are a serious enough issue that The Joint Commission recently put out a Sentinel Event Alert with several suggested actions, with one specifically addressing the ED. Educate your staff about the fact that any woman of child-bearing age, regardless of presenting symptoms, might be pregnant or might recently ...
Parlakgumus Huriye A - - 2010
With recent advances in prenatal care, the incidence of direct causes of maternal death has declined and indirect causes have gained significant importance. Thromboembolism, hypertension and cardiovascular diseases are the most common indirect causes of maternal death. Acute myocardial infarction, stroke, venous thromboembolism, peripartum cardiomyopathy aortic dissection and amniotic fluid ...
Obeidi Nidaa - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Early elective termination of pregnancy is the most common outcome of a diagnosis of anencephaly in developed countries. Experience and expertise with management of ongoing pregnancies is limited. We aimed to investigate the natural history of these pregnancies from diagnosis to delivery and to determine timing of death. METHOD: ...
Mirza Fadi G - - 2010
Trauma in pregnancy remains one of the major contributors to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Potential complications include maternal injury or death, shock, internal hemorrhage, intrauterine fetal demise, direct fetal injury, abruptio placentae, and uterine rupture. The leading causes of obstetric trauma are motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults, and ...
Oyelese Yinka - - 2010
Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is a leading cause of death and morbidity relating to pregnancy. Uterine atony is the leading cause of PPH, and trauma, including iatrogenic trauma, increases the risk for postpartum hemorrhage. Women with PPH in a pregnancy are at increased risk of PPH in a subsequent pregnancy. Awareness ...
Sanga Karen - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Papua New Guinea is a developing country with a population of six million, facing significant geographical, cultural and economic barriers to the provision of antenatal and intrapartum care. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) is an internationally regarded index of the quality of a country's maternity services; the most recently ...
Gold Katherine J KJ Department of Family Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-1213, USA. - - 2010
After stillbirth or early infant death, parents often query when they can try for another pregnancy. We conducted a national survey of US obstetricians to assess attitudes about optimal timing of next pregnancy and advice given to parents. The study was an anonymous mail survey of 1500 randomly selected US ...
Bruckner Tim A - - 2010
The secondary sex ratio (i.e., the odds of a male birth) reportedly declines following natural disasters, pollution events, and economic collapse. It remains unclear whether this decline results from an excess of male fetal loss or reduced male conceptions. The literature also does not converge as to whether the terrorist ...
Kenneth L L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tygerberg Hospital and Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South - - 2010
To describe the profile and outcome of late-onset preeclampsia (LOPE). Retrospective study of 264 singleton pregnancies presenting before delivery at two referral centres in South Africa. Primigravid patients constituted 56.8% of the group, while 57.6% were graded as severe. Median gestational age at diagnosis was 37 (34-43) weeks. 30.7% of ...
Oxford Corrina M - - 2009
In the United States, trauma is the leading nonobstetric cause of maternal death. The principal causes of trauma in pregnancy include motor vehicle accidents, falls, assaults, homicides, domestic violence, and penetrating wounds. The managing team evaluating and coordinating the care of the pregnant trauma patient should be multidisciplinary so that ...
Mustafa Rozina - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of near-miss cases, nature of near-miss events and mortality among obstetric patients. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The study was conducted in the Obstetric Unit of Fatima Hospital, Baqai Medical University, from January 2006 to December 2006. METHODOLOGY: Near-miss case ...
Pant H P - - 2010
Few reports exist on venomous snake bites during pregnancy. Envenomation during pregnancy can result in fetal and maternal death. A woman at 33 weeks of gestation presented with green tree viper envenomation and vaginal bleeding. Investigation revealed a grossly deranged coagulation profile, severe anemia and a dead fetus. After correction ...
Schutte J M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess causes, trends and substandard care factors in maternal mortality in the Netherlands. Design Confidential enquiry into the causes of maternal mortality. SETTING: Nationwide in the Netherlands. POPULATION: 2,557,208 live births. METHODS: Data analysis of all maternal deaths in the period 1993-2005. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maternal mortality. RESULTS: ...
Domingues Ana Patrícia - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to estimate the optimal time of delivery and investigated the residual risk of fetal death after viability in otherwise uncomplicated monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A database of 576 completed multiple pregnancies that were managed in our tertiary referral fetal medicine department between 1996 and 2007 ...
Criddle Laura M - - 2009
Although serious trauma during pregnancy is uncommon, it remains a major cause of maternal and fetal death and presents a variety of patient care challenges. The anatomic and physiologic changes of pregnancy can affect both the nature of an injury and the body's response to it. Here, the author describes ...
Santillan Mark K - - 2009
In the United States, preeclampsia (PreE) affects 5-7% of all pregnancies, yet represents 15% of all maternal-fetal morbidity and mortality. PreE causes fetal growth restriction, oligohydramnios, fetal death, and maternal seizures, stroke, cerebrovascular hemorrhage and death. It has immediate and potentially long-term effects on both the fetus and mother. To ...
Korteweg Fleurisca J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the occurrence of placental causes of fetal death in relation to different gestational ages and their clinical manifestations during pregnancy. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study conducted from 2002 to 2006, we studied 750 couples with singleton intrauterine fetal death after 20 weeks of gestation. Cause of ...
Sarfraz A A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between maternal parvovirus B19 infection and fetal death, birthweight and length of gestation. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Population based. POPULATION: Cases were all 281 women with fetal death within a cohort of 35 940 pregnant woxmen in Norway. The control group consisted of a random ...
Oladokun A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at determining pregnancy outcome of cases of jaundice in pregnancy over a 10 year period at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. METHODOLOGY: All case records of patients with jaundice in pregnancy over a 10-year period from 1st January 1992 through 31st December 2001 were retrieved ...
Ukachukwu V E - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Improving quality of maternal healthcare delivery is pivotal to reversing the trend of maternal health in developing countries and consequently, achieving the 5th millennium goal of reducing maternal mortality and improving universal access to reproductive health. Periodic facility-based reviews of maternal morbidity and mortality are crucial to improving quality ...
Kavanaugh Victoria M - - 2009
To determine if substance abuse, mental illness, and domestic violence contributed to preventable pregnancy-associated death and to describe characteristics of women for whom these factors contributed to death. The medical records of 121 women who had pregnancy-associated deaths in Virginia between 1999 and 2001 were reviewed. The incidence of substance ...
Brown Haywood L - - 2009
Acute traumatic injury during pregnancy is a significant contributor to maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality in the United States. Motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of injury-related maternal death, followed by violence and assault. Lack of seat belts or other restraints increases the risks of both maternal and ...
Domingues Ana Patricia - - 2009
Objectives. We aimed to estimate the optimal time of delivery and investigated the residual risk of fetal death after viability in otherwise uncomplicated monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies. Study design. A database of 576 completed multiple pregnancies that were managed in our tertiary referral fetal medicine department between 1996 and 2007 ...
Gardosi J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to compare customised and population standards for defining smallness for gestational age (SGA) in the assessment of perinatal mortality risk associated with parity and maternal size. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: Swedish Birth Registry database 1992-1995 with 354 205 complete records. METHOD: Coefficients were derived ...
Kidron D - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine fetal death is an agonizing, often unpredictable event. Autopsies of stillborn fetuses, including placentas, are performed to clarify the cause of death. Autopsy results are not always easily understood by the patients or their healthcare providers. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate placental causes of death in stillbirths based on autopsy ...
Yildiz Hayrettin - - 2010
Carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication has serious adverse effects to the mother and fetus and a result of intrauterine hypoxia, it leads to fetal death or severe neurological sequelae. In this article, a preterm infant who was acutely exposed to CO at the 33rd weeks of gestation before delivery was presented. ...
Leibenson Lilach - - 2010
Scorpion envenomation in pregnant victims has been scarcely studied. We would like to suggest an association between yellow scorpion sting during the third trimester of pregnancy and adverse fetal outcome. The particular deleterious mechanism of scorpion venom has not been elucidated yet.
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