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Laube D W - - 1982
Among a series of 29 antepartum fetal deaths without apparent cause, 4 (13.8%) were apparently due to transplacental fetal exsanguination. This represents 3.4% of all fetal deaths and 0.04% of all births in a series of 9223 deliveries. The principal conclusion of this study is that massive fetal maternal hemorrhage ...
Benedetti T J - - 1982
Thirty-nine patients satisfying criteria for antepartum pneumonia in pregnancy were retrospectively reviewed. Twenty-one patients had culture-proved bacterial pneumonias. Streptococcus pneumoniae was the most common organism isolated (13/39). Significant anemia (hemoglobin less than or equal to 10 gm) was present in 49% of patients (19/37) on admission. In the patients presenting ...
Alperovitch A - - 1982
4912 deaths related to multiple sclerosis have been identified in France during the period 1968-1977. The average annual death rate was equal to 0.96 per 100,000 population. Analysis showed a clear south to north increasing gradient. The study failed to find any geographic difference from data concerning 5173 amyotrophic lateral ...
Sutherland S K - - 1982
A young pregnant woman, near term, died shortly after being bitten by an immature brown snake (genus Pseudonaja). Analysis of the bitten area suggested that the degree of envenomation was mild, and could not satisfactorily explain her rapid demise. It was concluded that the supine hypotensive syndrome of pregnancy was ...
Lattanzi D R - - 1982
Five cases and a review of the literature concerning achondroplasia and pregnancy are described. Cephalopelvic disproportion secondary to marked pelvic contracture is the most consistent feature. Preeclampsia is more frequent but usually did not become a major problem regarding obstetric management. Polyhydramnios may indicate a poor prognosis for the fetus. ...
Sachs B P - - 1982
Maternal mortality in the United States has declined by 50% during the last decade. This decline took place at the same time as changes in the availability and use of contraceptive measures, including temporary contraceptives and sterilization. To examine the impact of these changes on mortality we estimated the reproductive ...
McCarthy B J - - 1982
A predictive model which identifies 38% of the neonatal deaths by isolating only 11% of the births was formulated. It utilized existing vital records data for 230,585 single live births which occurred in Georgia for the period 1974-1976, to describe factors recorded on the birth certificate which are determinants of ...
Gahl W A - - 1982
Serum diamine oxidase was measured at different gestational ages in 681 pregnancies resulting in live births and 102 pregnancies resulting in fetal deaths. Statistical analysis revealed that gestational age-adjusted diamine oxidase levels in the fetal-death group were significantly lower (P less than 0.001) than those in the live-birth group. Moreover, ...
Phelan J P - - 1982
The nonstress test (NST) has been shown to be a reliable technique for the evaluation of fetal status. As a rule, a reactive NST, as opposed to a nonreactive NST, has been associated with a good pregnancy outcome. Nonetheless, fetal death has followed a reactive test. Because of the uncommon ...
Sutherland H W - - 1982
The premise that unexplained fetal loss is associated with maternal intravenous glucose intolerance (IVGT) has been studied retrospectively in three pregnancy related groups. In 97 women (Group A) who had stillbirths inadequately explained by obstetrical or necropsy findings, 24 per cent had abnormal IVGT tested six weeks postpartum. In 115 ...
McDowell D R - - 1982
Biochemical tests have been used to monitor fetoplacental function, mainly to detect impending fetal death in utero. The specimen-sampling patterns employed have not been adequate to detect all fetal deaths, and increasingly these tests have been to detect low-birthweight babies who are at risk during the perinatal period. The purpose ...
Cates W W - - 1981
In 1978, dilatation and evacuation (D & E) became the leading method of abortion at 13 weeks' gestation or later in the United States. The increasing popularity of D & E reflects its relative advantages in safety, convenience, expense, and speed when compared with alternate methods. The authors reviewed all ...
Manning F A - - 1981
The results of a prospective clinical management based on fetal biophysical profile scoring method was evaluated in 1,184 referred high-risk patients. Six perinatal deaths occurred in the study group (perinatal mortality of 5.06 per 1,000); only one fetus suffered unpredictable and unpreventable death (true false negative rate 0.8 per 1,000). ...
Rochat R W - - 1981
The incidence and causes of pregnancy-related deaths are unknown for most of Asia; only local area studies have been done for Bangladesh. Between December 1978 and May 1979, we interviewed 118 health workers in 63 hospitals and 732 non-hospital facilities to identify case reports of maternal and abortion-related deaths in ...
Olund A - - 1981
Twelve patients with missed abortion or fetal death were induced by the extra-amniotic instillation of Rivanol (6.9-diamino-2-oxyethylacridin lactate). Delivery was achieved in all patients with a mean induction-delivery time of 15.3 hours (range 7.1--21.7). There were no complications or side-effects. It is concluded that extra-amniotic instillation of Rivanol is a ...
Ching J W - - 1981
Following the violent death of a Lamaze group instructor, a team of three psychologists provided crisis intervention to the group members to help them deal with the sudden death. All of the women in the group were in the advanced stages of pregnancy at the time. The team constructed an ...
Stark A D - - 1980
A cohort of 574 black Adults (mean age 47 years with a range of 28-73 years) with sickle cell trait (haemoglobin AS) which had been age and sex matched with 1148 controls (haemoglobin AA) was monitored for 7 years. We found no evidence of excess mortality or differential causes of ...
Milner P F - - 1980
The outcome of pregnancy has been analyzed in 72 women with sickle cell anemia (SS) and 26 women with sickle cell-hemoglobin C disease (SC), part of an unselected population of 148 women over 18 years of age with these hemoglobinopathies, who have been followed at a sickle cell disease clinic ...
Hanify J A - - 1980
A survey of all hospital births in the Northland region of New Zealand during 1966-1977 has been carried out. There were 23 591 births during this period, of which 374 had significant malformations diagnosed in hospital. There were 243 stillbirths, 148 neonatal deaths; 334 infants with diagnosed malformations survived to ...
Levin A A - - 1980
Fetal death in rats was produced by subcutaneous injections of CdCl2 (40 mumoles/kg) on day 18 of pregnancy. The incidence of fetal death following these maternal injections was 74.9%, with mean (+/- SD) fetal cadmium burdens of 8.6 +/- 4.4 nmoles. To separate maternal from fetal effects of cadmium, doses ...
Bailey D - - 1980
The assessment of fetal wellbeing in patients with multiple pregnancy by nonstressed antepartum cardiotocography is technically feasible and of clinical value. In 50 patients (101 babies) who were monitored during the antepartum period, there were five patients in whom one of a pair of twins showed a non-reactive cardiotogram. Four ...
Koller O - - 1980
In a series of 24 apparently uncomplicated pregnancies with small-for-dates newborn at or below the tenth percentile, 15 women had hemoglobin (Hb) levels 2 SD above the mean value of normal distribution in late pregnancy. Among these 15 was the only case with intrauterine death of unknown cause. In a ...
Hansson E - - 1980
The pregnancy outcome of laboratory employees in three pharmaceutical in Sweden studied with interviews, postal questionnaires, and register studies. The total material shows only a slightly increased miscarriage rate and normal perinatal mortality and malformation rates. Subdivision into two types of laboratory work, "chemical" and "other," revealed a significant difference, ...
Silverstone A - - 1980
An analysis of the 156 pregnancies which terminated spontaneously between 16 and 27 weeks gestation, inclusive, indicated that in 41 patients where fetal death was the primary event, maternal arterial pressure was raised in early pregnancy when compared with matched groups of women whose pregnancies had a successful outcome. Blood ...
Odendaal H J - - 1980
Stressed and non-stressed antenatal fetal monitoring was carried out 9 520 times in 5 932 high-risk patients. Intra-uterine death occurred in 48 patients. In 19 patients the fetus died within 1 week of monitoring but before the onset of labour; the results of monitoring had been normal in 14 of ...
Deutsch A A - - 1980
Hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy is rare and very few cases have undergone parathyroidectomy during the course of gestation. In reviewing the literature it is apparent that surgery during the second trimester should be the treatment of choice. The complication rate of untreated cases may reach 80% and include spontaneous abortion, fetal ...
Chesley L C - - 1980
All of 134 women classified as having "functionally severe" rheumatic cardiac disease and surviving pregnancies in 1931 through 1943 have been traced to 1975. Ninety-three percent have died at the exponential rate of 6.3% per year. The women with and without pregnancies following admittance to the series were similar in ...
Grimes D A - - 1980
Primary myocardial disease in early pregnancy is a rare phenomenon. We describe four abortion-related deaths in the United States from 1975 through 1978 which were attributed at postmortem examination to myocarditis in the first trimester of pregnancy. Three of the four deaths were associated with conditions which have a presumed ...
Weber T - - 1980
Simultaneous cardiotocography (CTG) and transcutaneous PO2 (tcPO2) measurements were made in a pregnancy complicated by membrane rupture and cord prolapse at 27 weeks gestation. A Caesarean section was not done because the fetus was judged to have little chance of survival and to be at very high risk of severe ...
Insull B J - - 1980
A review of Southland's perinatal mortality was undertaken from 1971 to 1977 and included 237 deaths with a post mortem rate of 90 percent. During this period, the perinatal mortality rate fell to below the national average. Prematurity remains the most important single factor. Seventy-four percent of confinements are attended ...
Kaiser T E - - 1980
During 1975-77, 168 bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) found moribund or dead in 29 states were analyzed for organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); 32 specimens from 13 states were analyzed for polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs). PCBs were present in 166 bald eagle carcasses and DDE was found in 165. TDE and ...
Solum T - - 1980
The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the reliability of antenatal cardiotocography (CTG) in predicting fetal death. During a 4-year period, 1 455 patients eith risk pregnancies have been routinely monitored with antenatal CTG. The total number of tracings amounted to more than 10 000. Five cases of ...
Gruenberger W - - 1980
Forty cases of antepartum fetal death occurring among 6668 deliveries at the Ist Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the University of Vienna between 1976 and 1979 were evaluated. The fetal death rate was 6 per 1000 births. In 32 cases (80%) a diagnosis identifying the disorder, that initiated the ...
Galle P C - - 1979
Accidental injury is an important complication of pregnancy. In North Carolina the rate of maternal deaths secondary to accidents has remained constant since 1966; however, because of a reduction in other causes, the percentage of maternal deaths due to accidents has doubled (11.4%). As a result, it is appropriate to ...
Gleicher N - - 1979
Two additional cases of successfully managed Eisenmenger's syndrome (ES) during pregnancy are described. A review of the literature on this subject revealed 115 reported cases, of which only 44 (including our two cases) were felt to be adequately documented, representing 70 pregnancies. These formed the material for statistical evaluation. Fifty-two ...
Beral V - - 1979
The transfer from traditional to modern methods of contraception in recent decades has been accompanied by a transfer of deaths from complications of pregnancy to deaths from complications of the modern contraceptive methods. In 1975, for example, it is estimated that there were more deaths at ages 25-44 years in ...
Jones W A - - 1979
Of 34,081 deliveries in a 12-year period 20 were complicated by urinary calculi during the pregnancy. Of the 20 deliveries 3 required intervention either during pregnancy or immediately postpartum. There were no maternal deaths and only 1 stillborn secondary to erythroblastosis. Analysis of symptoms, findings, procedures and outcome is presented ...
Schifrin B S - - 1979
A total of 4517 successful antepartum nonstress tests (NST) was performed on 2003 high- (28%) and low- (72%) risk obstetric patients. Most patients were monitored from 32 to 34 weeks' gestation onward. A reactive NST was defined as 2 accelerations in 10 minutes--15 beats/min minimum amplitude; 15 seconds minimum duration. ...
Medearis A L - - 1979
Analysis of computer-stored State of Missouri birth and death records over a 5 year period revealed 3,594 twin pregnancies (1.02% of all pregnancies), which accounted for 10.1% of the perinatal deaths. The mean birth weight according to weeks of gestation was computed for the pregnancies with no complications noted prior ...
Orr J W JW - - 1979
The use of prostaglandin E2 vaginal suppositories is an effective method of uterine evacuation for patients with intrauterine fetal demise. Advanced extrauterine gestation, because of its rarity, is usually not a primary consideration for patients presenting with fetal death. This report presents 4 such cases and strongly suggests that, when ...
Cross J D - - 1979
A suicide resulting from the ingestion of copper, chromium and arsenic is reported. Death was delayed for 36 hours, during which time copper was rapidly eliminated from the body but chromium and arsenic remained in substantial quantities. The different metabolism of these elements is discussed and the tissue levels discovered ...
Karlberg P - - 1979
The perinatal mortality in Sweden has been decreasing during the last four decades. From available vital statistics in 1976 Sweden's figures are the lowest internationally. The decline continues and in 1978 the figure was as low as 10.0 per thousand. The five-year period 1973--1977 has been specially analysed using medical ...
King C R - - 1978
The importance of meconium passage as a sign of the third-trimester fetus in distress is well known. The significance of similar observations in the midtrimester fetus is much less certain. The increasing use of amniocentesis during the middle trimester for the diagnosis of genetic disease makes ascertainment of such data ...
Morishima H O - - 1978
Effects of E. coli endotoxin upon uterine activity and maternal and fetal condition were studied in four pregnant baboons and their fetuses. Uterine activity increased significantly following administration of endotoxin to the mother. Endotoxin also produced maternal circulatory collapse, severe acidosis, and profound fetal asphyxia resulting in death. Death also ...
Evertson L R - - 1978
The contraction stress test (CST) has become widely used to assess antepartum fetal well-being over the past 5 years. A summary of 14 reports in the literature revealed seven fetal deaths in 1739 patients within 1 week of a negative CST, an incidence of 0.4%. This prompted an investigation of ...
de Mello Jorge M H - - 1978
A study has been made of fetal deaths registered in São, Paulo, Brazil, for the period 1 June 1968 through 31 May 1970. This article reports some of the findings of that study. Among other things, the findings revealed a higher incidence of male deaths than female deaths, high rates ...
Wibberley D G - - 1977
Placental lead levels were studied in a series of Birmingham births classified by stillbirth, neonatal death, or survival beyond one week. There was an appreciable range of lead levels even in normal births (0.15-3.56 microgram/g) but nevertheless average results showed a pronounced excess of lead in those who failed to ...
Rao L G - - 1977
Total oestrogens were measured, on a creatinine basis, by a fully automated method in 75 000 early morning specimens of urine from 5429 women. Among the 5241 pregnancies in which the oestrogen:creatinine ratio was normal there were 11 fetal deaths (0-21%). But there were 57 fetal deaths (30-3%) among 188 ...
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