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Results 601 - 650 of 740
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Quinn P A - - 1987
In a study of 33 cases of perinatal death, chorioamnionitis was observed in 57.6% compared with 5% of 20 control cases (p less than 0.001) and in 70.8% of cases with no morphologic cause compared with 22.2% of cases with a defined cause of death (p less than 0.01). Chorioamnionitis ...
- - 1987
This law provides that termination of pregnancy is permitted with the consent of the woman, in a hospital, and with medical assistance a) during the first twelve weeks of gestation; and b) anytime during the pregnancy 1) if continuation of the pregnancy would involve the risk of the death of ...
Chetcuti P - - 1987
The widespread introduction of seat belts for front seat passengers has undoubtedly reduced injury and death during impact but the effects on the fetus of belt restraint has been little reported. We report here a fetus whose mother was involved in a low speed head-on collision and who rapidly developed ...
Santamaria M - - 1987
We report a case of choriocarcinoma in situ arising from a term placenta in an otherwise normal pregnancy that resulted in fetal hydrops and intrauterine fetal death from chronic fetal-maternal hemorrhage (FMH). The clinical and pathologic features are described and compared with the few similar cases reported and with an ...
Schoenfeld A - - 1987
The incidence of motor vehicle accidents resulting in trauma in pregnant women is increasing. The best chance for fetal survival is to ensure maternal survival, so awareness of the types of injuries and their presentation after vehicular trauma is of the utmost importance. An algorithm for the approach to diagnosis ...
Khera K S - - 1987
Evaluation of published human and animal teratology data revealed associations between maternal toxicity and congenital malformations and embryofetal death. This has been reported elsewhere in detail and is herein summarized. Regarding human data, intrauterine deaths were observed to occur in association with 1) maternal homeostatic changes due to phenylketonuria and ...
Leon I G - - 1986
Medical and mental health professionals have been slow to recognize and treat the often traumatic impact of perinatal death. It has only been within the past ten years that researchers have begun to appreciate that a miscarriage, stillbirth or neonatal death can be a devastating loss to the parent, especially ...
Harter L - - 1986
Hospital fetal death records were compared with Washington State fetal death certificates to ascertain the completeness of reporting. Washington State law requires reporting of all fetal deaths of 20 or more weeks gestation. For 16 hospitals reporting 603 fetal deaths, an additional 49 fetal deaths were identified in the mother's ...
Kwast B E - - 1986
Between July and September 1983, a two-stage probability survey was conducted in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to obtain data on pregnancy outcomes for all women aged 13-49 in 32,215 houses. The survey covered a two-year period, from 11 September 1981 to 10 September 1983. Of the 9,315 women who were pregnant ...
Khong T Y - - 1986
The clinical and pathological findings in six patients with perinatal listeriosis are presented. One pregnancy resulted in a live-born infant who developed listerial septicaemia but made a complete recovery following prompt treatment. The other pregnancies ended in intrauterine death. Often antecedent maternal prodromal illness preceded expulsion of a macerated fetus ...
Mhango C - - 1986
In this study, age- and parity-specific birth data were used to estimate maternal mortality rates for 1982-83 at University Teaching Hospital in Lusaka, Zambia. Overall, 60 maternal deaths occurred during pregnancy or within 42 days after pregnancy termination, and four pregnancy-related deaths occurred more than 42 days after pregnancy termination. ...
Hagay Z J - - 1986
Over a 15-year period, infants from 1,192 multiple gestations were delivered at Soroka Medical Center, Beer Sheva, Israel. In 21 patients the pregnancy was complicated by the antenatal death of one fetus. In 2 of the 4 cases of monochorionic placenta, both twins died in utero within a short time, ...
Scherjon S - - 1986
A comparison was made between two types of obstetric organization: total hospitalization as in Denmark, and a system that allows a choice between hospital and home delivery, provided there are no medical contra-indications, as in The Netherlands. Until the end of the 1950s, the current Dutch view prevailed in Denmark; ...
Ross M G - - 1986
Pemphigus vulgaris, a bullous dermatosis, rarely occurs during pregnancy. Previous reviews have suggested that pemphigus has no significant effect on pregnancy. A case report of pemphigus occurring during pregnancy and resulting in an intrauterine death is presented. A reevaluation of the literature indicates that maternal pemphigus is associated with a ...
Biller J - - 1986
Stroke is a leading cause of maternal death. Intracerebral hemorrhage may be associated with eclampsia, metastatic choriocarcinoma or ruptured arteriovenous malformations. Intracranial venous thrombosis may result from a hypercoagulable state or local intracranial vascular damage. Subarachnoid hemorrhage is usually caused by the rupture of an intracranial aneurysm or arteriovenous malformation. ...
Pierce M R - - 1986
A young woman who was seven months pregnant was struck by lightning, resulting in cardiopulmonary arrest. Bystander CPR was begun at the scene. Vital signs were restored by the time the rescue squad arrived. The patient was comatose on arrival in the emergency department and fetal death was apparent. The ...
MacLennan F M - - 1986
There have been major changes in obstetric and anaesthetic practice since 1946, including the introduction of intravenous infusions, oxytocics, tocolytic drugs, and endotracheal intubation. Some of these may adversely affect pulmonary water balance, which is probably already altered by pregnancy. These changes may have contributed to the increased severity of ...
Walker G J - - 1986
A confidential inquiry into all maternal deaths in Jamaica during 3 years (1981 to 1983) was carried out. 192 maternal deaths were identified by a variety of means. The maternal mortality rate of 10.8 per 10 000 live births was considerably higher than the official rate of 4.8. The most ...
Jaffe R - - 1986
Electric shock injuries in pregnant women are rare events. The uterus and amniotic fluid are thought to be excellent conductors of electric current which reaches the fetus causing cardiac arrest and fetal death. All cases except one reported in the literature occurred in the third trimester, and ended with the ...
Yoshida K - - 1986
Serial ultrasound examinations have demonstrated that one of two gestational sacs in a twin pregnancy may often disappear. When it disappears at an early stage of gestation, the pregnancy may advance without any disturbance and the cotwin can be delivered well developed and lively. When the intrauterine death occurs in ...
Högberg U - - 1986
Sixty-eight deaths during pregnancy, parturition and puerperium were recorded in Sweden during the years 1971-80, giving a maternal mortality of 6.6 per 100,000 live births. The figures for abdominal delivery and vaginal were 45.0 and 2.5 per 100,000 live births respectively. Amniotic fluid embolism, pulmonary embolism and hemorrhage were the ...
Rose P G - - 1985
Fetomaternal hemorrhage can result from different types of trauma and may be followed by fetal anemia, fetal death, or isoimmunization. We prospectively studied the frequency and volume of fetomaternal hemorrhage, fetal well-being, abruptio placentae, and fetal outcome in 32 pregnant patients suffering recent trauma. Fetomaternal hemorrhage occurred in nine of ...
Brewster M A - - 1985
Adverse reproductive outcomes were sought via medical records of 14 central Arkansas hospitals serving a five county area encompassing 28, 102 live births in the 1980 to 1982 study period. This population-based study estimated the overall congenital anomaly case incidence to be 3.5 percent of live births. Information on pregnancy ...
Hatch R L - - 1985
Dilatation and evacuation was reported recently to be a safe and effective method for the treatment of intrauterine fetal death. The current authors have treated ten cases of intrauterine fetal death with dilatation and evacuation. Five patients (50%) developed coagulopathy, one of whom also developed endometritis. Patients who developed coagulopathy ...
Amy B W - - 1985
Thermal injury sustained during pregnancy presents special management problems for both the gravid woman and her unborn child. Of 6,573 admissions to this burn center during the period of 1950 through 1982, 1,157 (17.6 per cent) were female and 448 (6.8 per cent) were of reproductive age. Thirty of this ...
Wingo P A - - 1985
To study the risks of mortality associated with hysterectomy that are specific to age, race, surgical approach, and associated conditions, we used data collected by the Commission on Professional and Hospital Activities during 1979 and 1980. Four hundred seventy-seven deaths were recorded among 317,389 women having abdominal hysterectomies and 46 ...
Leschot N J - - 1985
The obstetric outcome of 3000 pregnancies with midtrimester amniocentesis was followed in all but one patient. Thirty pregnancies ended in fetal death or abortion within 3 weeks after amniocentesis. Chronologically 23 of these occurred in the first series of 1500 pregnancies and the remaining seven fetal deaths/abortions within 3 weeks ...
Ottosson A - - 1985
In order to assess the number of road deaths caused by aspiration, 158 consecutive traffic fatalities were retrospectively analyzed. Approximately 20% of the victims dead at the scene or within 24 hours after the accident had any significant amount of blood in the airways. However, this aspiration did not alter ...
Au K L - - 1985
Fetal death in a primigravid patient who had taken an overdose of ergotamine tartrate is presented. Non-stress cardiotocography performed shortly after admission was technically unsatisfactory for interpretation but revealed the presence of very frequent uterine contractions. The cause of fetal death in this patient is discussed. Overdosage of ergotamine must ...
Kaunitz A M - - 1985
Among 2475 maternal deaths that occurred in the United States from 1974 to 1978, 408 were related to pregnancies with abortive outcomes, and 2067 were related to other causes. Ectopic pregnancy was the most frequent cause of death in the former group. Embolism, hypertensive disease of pregnancy, obstetric hemorrhage, and ...
Khera K S - - 1985
Data from animal teratology studies were surveyed to determine whether embryo-fetal mortality and fetal malformations result from a primary action of the agent on the conceptus or if they are secondary to maternal toxicity--a consequence of administration with high dose levels of test chemicals. A fairly strong association between embryo-fetal ...
Gilabert J - - 1985
Hemostatic parameters, especially soluble fibrin monomer complexes, have been studied in 114 patients with intrauterine fetal death. The patients were classified into three groups according to the duration of fetal retention. A correlation was observed between a longer duration of fetal retention and the hemostatic alteration. Moreover, in the groups ...
Czeizel A - - 1985
Pregnancy outcomes of 546 women seeking advice for exposure to suspected dangerous environmental factors during pregnancy were analysed. Induced abortion was recommended to 58 women, and this advice was followed by 55 of them. An additional 24 pregnancies were interrupted. The rates of fetal death (spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and infant ...
Lenke R R - - 1984
Intrapartum death of a normal fetus is rare and usually is preceded by an ominous fetal heart rate pattern. The sudden, unexpected intrapartum death of a monitored premature fetus occurred in a woman being treated for premature labor with betamethasone and terbutaline. The cause of the event has remained obscure.
Humble C G - - 1984
The contamination of the Michigan food supply by polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs) in the mid-1970s appears to have had little or no impact on fetal mortality. Comparison of fetal death rates among residents of Lower Peninsula counties with a high percentage of quarantined farms and among residents of Upper Peninsula counties ...
Manning F A - - 1984
The rapidly evolving ability to detect the presence of major anomalies in the developing fetus and the emerging prospect of intrauterine treatment of some of these disorders are coupled to create an exciting new frontier in care of the high-risk pregnancy. Preliminary reports suggest that in some highly selected instances ...
Mulley R C - - 1984
The prevalence of congenital defects in piglets in a large intensive piggery was determined by autopsy examination of piglets dying in the first week of life and from records kept by the farm staff. A total of 1908 piglets was examined at autopsy and 14,535 were born over the period ...
Dronamraju K R - - 1984
The frequencies of fetal deaths in sibships of oral cleft probands are analysed in relation to sporadic or familial clefts, and pure or syndromic clefts. In a study of 1823 pregnancies in 630 sibships of probands with CL(P), the frequency of fetal deaths was found to be increased, but not ...
Patterson R M - - 1984
In summary, salient points are as follows: The obstetrician must be aware of the normal physiology of pregnancy and the unique response of the pregnant patient to stress and trauma. Maternal stabilization is paramount in the initial management of trauma. With regard to motor vehicle trauma, the three-point restraint system ...
Gutiérrez G - - 1984
Eighteen women with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) were studied to determine the possible influences of pregnancy on the disease and the influence of the disease on pregnancy. Before the onset of PM/DM there were 77 pregnancies: 7 (9%) ended in abortion, 2 (2.5%) in perinatal deaths, with a total fetal loss of ...
Roman E - - 1984
Much of the recent controversy surrounding the relation between fetal death and pregnancy order has centred around the appropriateness of different types of analyses. In the present paper the interpretation of various methods are discussed with reference to "real" and "hypothetical" data. The pattern of results obtained when the fetal ...
Melrose E B - - 1984
From 1 January 1975 to 31 December 1982 258 maternal deaths occurred at King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban. The main causes of death were hypertensive disease of pregnancy, abortion, puerperal sepsis and haemorrhage. The importance of antenatal care as a prerequisite for a healthy pregnancy is stressed; only 16% of ...
Gunn T R - - 1984
Twenty stillborn infants with unexplained intracranial haemorrhages were identified in a review of approximately 3,500 perinatal postmortems performed between 1966 and 1982. After apparently uneventful pregnancies, fetal death occurred before the onset of labour and was recognized at a mean of 10 days before delivery; 80% had subdural haemorrhages, others ...
Erkkola R - - 1984
Over a 12-year period, from 1970 to 1981, 30 600 babies were born at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Central Hospital, Turku, Finland. During that period, the use of electronic fetal monitoring increased remarkably, being involved in 9, 12, 33 and 95% of all vaginal deliveries during four ...
Czeizel A - - 1984
Pregnancy outcome of 142 self-poisoned pregnant females is analysed. Thirty three pregnancies were terminated, 13 ended with fetal death. Health conditions of 96 livebirths are demonstrated in detail.
Lifschultz B D - - 1983
Air embolism may rarely cause sudden death during or shortly after pregnancy. Certain obstetric techniques, douching procedures, and blowing air into the vagina have been associated with this phenomenon. A case of venous air embolism in a pregnant woman occurring during sexual intercourse in a rear entry position is presented.
Weinstein B J - - 1983
Real-time ultrasonography permits an accurate diagnosis of intrauterine fetal death by documenting absent cardiac motion. Occasionally, intravascular and/or intracardiac gas arises from maceration following fetal demise. The presence of gas in the heart and circulatory system alters the ultrasonic appearance of the fetal body. What may appear to be technically ...
Dorfman S F - - 1983
During the 1970s in the United States, the number of hospitalizations for ectopic pregnancy increased more than twofold, and ectopic pregnancy emerged as a leading cause of maternal mortality. All known deaths from ectopic pregnancy in the United States from January 1, 1979, to December 31, 1980, were investigated by ...
Dronamraju K R - - 1983
Fetal mortality data from Lancaster, Penn., Chicago, Ill. and Minneapolis, Minn. are presented which support the authors' earlier findings in Indiana and Montreal that a positive relationship exists between the degree of liability to malformation and the incidence of fetal deaths in probands' sibships. Altogether, the study involved 189 CL ...
Lavin J P JP - - 1983
In summary, trauma occurs relatively frequently among pregnant patients. Various anatomic and physiologic changes of pregnancy may alter the type of injury experienced by pregnant women. These changes may also alter the manifestations of given injuries and the treatment required to reestablish maternal-fetal hemostasis. Fortunately, most trauma experienced by pregnant ...
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