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McColgin S W - - 1989
The technique of umbilical cord puncture for diagnosis and therapy, which has been shown to be feasible and relatively safe for both mother and fetus, is being used increasingly. The fetal loss rate with this technique has been estimated to be approximately 1%. A case is presented of fetal death ...
Pridjian G - - 1989
The term missed abortion has been in the obstetric literature more than 100 years. With ultrasonographic evaluation of early pregnancy, its textbook definition (death of a fetus without its expulsion for greater than or equal to 8 weeks) is rarely fulfilled. Yet the term missed abortion is still extensively used ...
Lodeiro J G - - 1989
A 31-week fetus died 24 hours after a reassuring biophysical profile assessment was obtained. Fetal growth retardation had been evident since early gestation, but genetic amniocentesis was not done until one week prior to death. There were no acute events (abruptio placentae, labor or a change in the maternal condition) ...
Gardin J F - - 1989
A breeding colony of cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis), composed of imported and colony-born animals and established for 9 years, was evaluated for maternal factors associated with reproductive failure. The factors evaluated included age, gravidity, parity, origin, previous stillbirths, clinical incidents and type of housing. The effects of each factor on ...
Theut S K - - 1989
The authors studied 25 middle-class pregnant women and their husbands who had experienced perinatal losses (16 miscarriages, seven stillbirths, and two neonatal deaths) within the previous 2 years. The Perinatal Bereavement Scale was designed to determine whether parents who have experienced a late perinatal loss (stillbirth or neonatal death) display ...
Cheah S H - - 1989
In this series the incidence of pregnancy in women in the reproductive age group admitted to hospital with burns was 7.8% (9 of 116). The maternal and perinatal outcome is related to the extent, presence or absence of complications of burns and to the gestational age of the fetus. Two ...
Koonin L M - - 1989
From 1981 to 1988, eighty percent of all women with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) reported to the Centers for Disease Control were of reproductive age. Six pregnancy-associated deaths due to AIDS in this country have been reported in the medical literature. We identified 20 unpublished cases of women who ...
Malpani A - - 1989
In this study, a new method for terminating second trimester pregnancies complicated by intrauterine fetal death is analysed. The technique consisted of a combination of extraamniotic ethacridine lactate with intramuscular sulprostone (16-phenoxy-omega-17,18,19,20 tetranor PGE2 methyl sulfonylamide). Objective documentation of the efficacy of this method was obtained by continuous monitoring of ...
Timberlake G A - - 1989
Trauma is the most common cause of nonobstetric death in pregnant women. Fortunately, the incidence of trauma in the pregnant population is low, and individual surgeons are unlikely to see many cases in their practice. This report reviews the Charity Hospital of Louisiana at New Orleans experience with trauma in ...
Van Hoesen K B - - 1989
Carbon monoxide (CO) is the leading cause of death due to poisoning. Although uncommon, CO poisoning does occur during pregnancy and can result in fetal mortality and neurological malformations in fetuses who survive to term. Uncertainty arises regarding the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) as a treatment for the pregnant ...
Hsieh F J - - 1989
Percutaneous ultrasound-guided fetal blood sampling was performed on 100 pregnancies with various fetal problems. Our technique involved the use of a 45 degree needle guide attached to a sector probe. Their gestational ages ranged from 17-38 weeks, mostly over 20-35 weeks. Seventy percent of cases were successful at the first ...
Samueloff A - - 1989
This paper analyses data from the Israeli nationwide perinatal census, with the aim of revealing the possible causes of perinatal death, and to assess the effects of risk factors, using a logistic regression analysis. The analysis provided an estimate of the net effect of each characteristic independently, thus identifying high-risk ...
Khandelwal S K - - 1989
Although initially considered safe for the foetus, lithium has been shown to have teratogenic effects if used during the first trimester of pregnancy. Its use is also associated with a higher than expected frequency of still births and perinatal deaths. Our patient, in whom lithium prophylaxis was considered essential for ...
Duthie S J - - 1989
The maternal mortality rate in Hong Kong fell from 0.45/1000 total births in 1961 to 0.05/1000 total births in 1985. During the period between 1961 and 1985 there were a total of 438 maternal deaths and 2,193,012 births. Of the 438 deaths 150 (34%) were due to haemorrhage during pregnancy ...
De Muylder X - - 1988
A kick chart has been recorded by 200 high-risk pregnancies during their antepartum hospitalization. Except for 19 mothers who presented with an unreliable count, this study suggests a good correlation between an abnormal kick chart and an increased risk of intrauterine death. The obstetrical outcome was much better among the ...
Koonin L M - - 1988
To better define the incidence, causes, and risk factors associated with maternal deaths, the Division of Reproductive Health, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, CDC, coordinated a study by the Maternal Mortality Collaborative, a Special Interest Group of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). In 1983, ...
Widjaja A H - - 1988
One hundred and ninety eight stillbirth deliveries occurred in three major obstetric departments of Auckland hospitals between July, 1983 and June, 1986. Post mortem examinations were performed in 74.7% of cases. The overall stillbirth rate was 5.92 per 1000 total births and the major causes of death were fetal abnormality, ...
Scott J R - - 1988
A patient with antiphospholipid antibodies and nine consecutive fetal deaths and a severely Rh-immunized woman with one previous live birth and seven fetal/neonatal deaths achieved live births after antepartum administration of intravenous immunoglobulin. This agent shows promise as a new treatment for patients with previous repetitive fetal deaths from immunologic ...
Ogedengbe O K - - 1988
Thirty-four patients with abnormal hemoglobin were studied through 42 pregnancies under one obstetrician. There were 30 patients with sickle cell anemia (HbSS), two with sickle cell hemoglobin C disease (HbSC) and two with homozygous hemoglobin C disease (HbCC). There were 39 live births (including one pair of twins), and four ...
Darney P D - - 1988
A half million women die yearly around the world as a result of pregnancy. Many of these deaths are inaccurately classified and many others are not reported at all, but new demographic techniques have clarified causes of maternal mortality and improved estimates of rates. New data from several less developed ...
Sidhu S - - 1988
The present report is an attempt to secure adequate data about pregnancy wastage in scheduled caste women of Punjab who do not use any family limiting method. Analysis of reproductive histories of 922 Scheduled Caste women reveals that in the maternal age group 25-29 years, the mothers experienced the least ...
Stedman C M - - 1988
Three primigravidas developed Rh sensitization after unexplained third-trimester fetal death. One patient manifested sensitization after the diagnosis of fetal death had been made but before delivery occurred. The other two demonstrated anti-D antibodies early in the next pregnancy, despite having received postpartum Rh immunoglobulin. Unsensitized Rh-negative women with unexplained third-trimester ...
Usher R H - - 1988
To assess postdate fetal risk, pregnancies in which menstrual history was confirmed by early ultrasound examination were reviewed; 5915 pregnancies within 1 week of term, 1408 1 to 2 weeks postdate, and 340 at least 2 weeks postdate. Fetal distress and meconium release were twice as frequent and meconium aspiration ...
Ratten G J - - 1988
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is a dramatic, rare and frequently lethal complication of pregnancy. Perusal of the National Health and Medical Research Council reports on Maternal Deaths in the Commonwealth of Australia for the years 1964-1984 (1-7) shows that there have been 1,193 maternal deaths in this 21-year period, of ...
Lumme R H - - 1988
Changes in the management of 1120 twin pregnancies delivered in Tampere University Central Hospital during the years 1964-1985 were studied, together with changes in the pattern of perinatal deaths. Perinatal mortality decreased from 7.4% in 1964-68 to 3.5% in 1981-85. There were no significant changes in stillbirths. The decrease of ...
- - 1988
The plaintiff sought compensation after the death of her fetus in the forty-first week of pregnancy due to the alleged medical negligence of the defendants. The High Regional Court at Koblenz, Federal Republic of Germany, ruled that the suit was permissible under a theory that the plaintiff's health had been ...
Wessel J - - 1988
The paper reports on nine twin pregnancies in the years 1982-1987 with the intrauterine death of a single fetus. The incidence of 0.10% is consistent with that reported in other comparable studies. Evaluation of the causes of death shows a preponderance of asphyxia. A fetofetal transfusion syndrome occurred in 4 ...
Chan K W - - 1988
A 35-year-old woman delivered a macerated fetus at 29-week gestation. The placenta was hydropic and showed multiple chorioangiomas. The woman had a pregnancy which ended similarly five years earlier. Postmortem examination of the fetuses showed cardiomegaly. Recurrent fetal death associated with multiple chorioangiomas is extremely rare and may be a ...
Agran P F - - 1987
This study represents a series of cases of fetal death secondary to maternal involvement in a motor vehicle accident. During the period 1982 to 1985, nine cases were reported to the county coroner's office. In approximately 50% of the cases, other injuries to the victim, excluding injuries related to the ...
Jones A M - - 1987
Glaser Safety Slug TM ammunition is a uniquely designed, essentially prefragmented ammunition. Tests performed by the U.S. Justice Department demonstrated that the ammunition possesses high kinetic energy, high relative incapacitation index (RII) and poses a very low risk to bystanders because of its total loss of kinetic energy in the ...
Forger N G - - 1987
The total number of ventral horn motoneurons throughout the spinal cord was determined for 19 human fetuses ranging in age from 11 to 32 menstrual weeks. There was a significant (approximately 35%) decline in motoneuron number between wks 11 and 25 of gestation, but no further decline from wks 25-32. ...
Saal H M - - 1987
Fetal death can be associated with chromosomal abnormalities. Because of the degree of tissue maceration and autolysis seen in stillborn fetuses, it is often impossible to successfully culture these tissues for cytogenetic studies. We performed genetic amniocentesis in four cases of fetal death and were successful in obtaining cytogenetic results ...
Manning F A - - 1987
The incidence of false-negative fetal death, which is defined as stillbirth unrelated to major anomaly or alloimmunization occurring after a last normal fetal biophysical score, was determined in 19,221 referred high-risk pregnancies. The calculated rate of fetal death after a last normal test was 0.726/1000 (14 deaths), which remained relatively ...
Greb A E - - 1987
We evaluated the completeness and accuracy of reporting on Wisconsin fetal death report forms (FDF) through case by case comparison with data from the Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Project (WiSSP), which uses extensive protocols for etiologic investigation of stillborns. Fetal deaths are underreported: no FDF was submitted for 17.8 per cent ...
Pitkin R M - - 1987
Death of the fetus after 20 weeks of gestation complicates about 1% of pregnancies. Of various means of diagnosing fetal life and death, real-time ultrasound visualization of the fetal heart is the most accurate. Delivery of the dead fetus can be effected by various means, but in most instances, at ...
Savona-Ventura C - - 1987
Maternal mortality statistics from the Maltese Islands since 1935 are reviewed to show that there has been a marked decrease in maternal mortality rates. This decrease is probably related to reductions in family size and improvements in the perinatal care of mothers. Hypertensive disease is now the most important cause ...
Smith C V - - 1987
The nonstress test (NST) remains in widespread use for antepartum fetal surveillance. Our institutional experience with 14,028 patients and 38,645 tests over eight years reveals a fetal death rate of 2.6 per 1000 within seven days of a reactive NST. The autopsy findings of 53 fetal deaths are presented. The ...
Strachan D P - - 1987
Data from Scottish maternity hospital discharge returns (SMR2) were analysed to determine the relationship between gestational age at antenatal booking and perinatal mortality during 1972-82, controlling for maternal age, parity, socioeconomic and marital status. Maternal youth, multiparity and unmarried status were independently associated with both a high perinatal mortality and ...
Kochenour N K - - 1987
Although perinatal mortality rates have fallen considerably in the past several decades, the fetal component of this statistic has not decreased as rapidly as the neonatal portion. Syphilis, a significant cause of fetal death at the beginning of this century, has been eliminated and other conditions such as erythroblastosis fetalis ...
Branch D W - - 1987
Both maternal isoimmunization and maternal autoimmune disease are associated with fetal death. For isoimmunization the immunologic nature of fetal death (hydrops fetalis) is beyond question, but many of the details are poorly understood. It would be extremely helpful to know what immunologic factors are responsible for the wide variation in ...
Cruikshank D P - - 1987
Term fetal deaths occurring in Virginia in 1983 were reviewed to determine potential preventability. During this period, 52 (48%) of 108 such deaths were judged preventable. The leading cause of preventable antepartum death was maternal hypertension, followed by diabetes, inadequate fetal surveillance, and postterm pregnancy. The major cause of intrapartum ...
- - 1987
Management of intrauterine fetal death is a common medial problem. The risks of time-related development of consumptive coagulopathy and intrauterine infection with speticemia force the clinician to terminate pregnancy as soon as possible while still taking into account the mental distress of the patients. Rapid surgical intervention (e.g. hysterotomy) is ...
Yudkin P L - - 1987
In 40,635 deliveries in 1978-85, unexplained stillbirths were an important component (nearly a quarter) of all perinatal deaths. The rate of unexplained stillbirth (unexplained stillbirths divided by total births) was highest among preterm deliveries, fell to a minimum at 39-40 weeks' gestation, then rose at 41-42 weeks. Rate is generally ...
Johnston S D - - 1987
Occurrence and type (resorption, abortion, stillbirth, mummification) of pregnancy loss in the dog and cat depend on the cause of the loss and the stage of gestation at which it occurs. General categories of known causes of embryonic or fetal death in the dog and cat include chromosome and developmental ...
Sachs B P - - 1987
To identify ways in which the safety of childbirth might be increased, we investigated the causes of death among the 886 women who died during pregnancy or within 90 days post partum ("maternal deaths") in Massachusetts from 1954 through 1985. The maternal mortality rate declined from 50 per 100,000 live ...
Peaceman A M - - 1987
Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a rare connective tissue disorder known to be associated with complications during pregnancy. Recently, the syndrome has been subdivided into a number of types with different clinical manifestations. We report a maternal death with type IV, and review the literature for obstetric complications of the syndrome ...
Quinn P A - - 1987
In a study of 33 cases of perinatal death, chorioamnionitis was observed in 57.6% compared with 5% of 20 control cases (p less than 0.001) and in 70.8% of cases with no morphologic cause compared with 22.2% of cases with a defined cause of death (p less than 0.01). Chorioamnionitis ...
- - 1987
This law provides that termination of pregnancy is permitted with the consent of the woman, in a hospital, and with medical assistance a) during the first twelve weeks of gestation; and b) anytime during the pregnancy 1) if continuation of the pregnancy would involve the risk of the death of ...
Chetcuti P - - 1987
The widespread introduction of seat belts for front seat passengers has undoubtedly reduced injury and death during impact but the effects on the fetus of belt restraint has been little reported. We report here a fetus whose mother was involved in a low speed head-on collision and who rapidly developed ...
Santamaria M - - 1987
We report a case of choriocarcinoma in situ arising from a term placenta in an otherwise normal pregnancy that resulted in fetal hydrops and intrauterine fetal death from chronic fetal-maternal hemorrhage (FMH). The clinical and pathologic features are described and compared with the few similar cases reported and with an ...
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