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Results 501 - 550 of 739
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Zhang J - - 1992
This study examined risk factors that contribute to antepartum fetal death. The population-based sample included 416 antepartum fetal deaths and 449 normal births as controls, from 29 hospitals in Shanghai, China. In addition to small-for-gestational-age and severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, exposure to environmental hazards (radiation, chemicals and pesticides) was significantly associated ...
Drew J H - - 1992
From 1981 to 1986 antenatal cardiotocographic monitoring was performed on 9,992 high-risk pregnancies selected from a total obstetrical population of 31,518 patients (31.7%). A critical fetal reserve pattern was detected in 89 patients (0.9%) whose pregnancies resulted in 68 surviving infants, 19 perinatal deaths and 2 sudden infant deaths. Since ...
Curry C J - - 1992
The complete clinical evaluation of pregnancy loss, stillborn infants, and neonatal deaths can result in the anticipation of an accurate diagnosis in a high percentage of cases. Appropriate focused fetal studies may include a clinical examination, fetal karyotype, photographs, skeletal radiographs, fetal autopsy, examination of the placenta and cord, and ...
Helmrich G - - 1992
Although genital condylomata worsen with pregnancy, we are unaware of any reports of fatal maternal laryngeal papillomatosis. A maternal death at 20 weeks' gestation of a patient with chronic laryngeal papillomatosis is described. Pregnant patients with a history of this disorder who have symptoms should be considered candidates for immediate ...
Zhang J - - 1992
This study examined the association between exposure to occupational hazards and pregnancy outcomes using data from a case-control study conducted in 29 hospitals in Shanghai, China. The sample included 1,875 perinatal deaths and newborns with birth defects and the same number of controls. Information on mother's exposure to occupational radiation, ...
Kane T T - - 1992
This article presents results from a population-based study of the magnitude and causes of maternal mortality in the Giza governorate of Egypt in 1985-86. Deaths to women in the reproductive ages were identified through the death registration system. Family members of the deceased were interviewed using the "verbal autopsy" approach. ...
Silveira T R - - 1992
1. The clinical records of 237 patients with extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) attending King's College Hospital, London, between March 1973 and October 1985 were analyzed in terms of familial and reproductive factors, as well as of their possible effect on patient survival. 2. The male:female ratio was 0.93, and the ...
Fretts R C - - 1992
The aim of this study was to assess any changes in cause-specific fetal death rates in the nonreferred population of a tertiary care unit. The fetal death rate (per 1000 births) among 88,651 births diminished from 11.5 in the 1960s to 5.1 in the 1980s. Fetal death due to intrapartum ...
Mikulandra F - - 1992
At the Medical Central Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Sibenik over 1970-1991 period there were 26,116 deliveries (multiple births excluded), of which 254 (0.97%) occurred in grand multiparas (five and more deliveries). The authors have found that the number of grand multiparas decreased by 38.3% (P < 0.001) over ...
Harvey M G - - 1992
The active roles assumed by most pregnant women today put them at risk for vehicular accidents, falls, industrial accidents, violence, and other injuries. Trauma during pregnancy increases the maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity risks. Knowledge of the physiology of pregnancy is essential to establishing priorities and providing optimum care ...
Kelly T R - - 1991
Historically, primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy was associated with significant risk of maternal morbidity and fetal death. Maternal hypercalcemia results in fetal hypercalcemia, leading to suppression of fetal parathyroid gland function. Neonatal hypocalcemia with tetany is a common occurrence after birth when maternal calcium flow is interrupted. From 1930 to 1990, ...
Abe S - - 1991
The impacts of IgA nephropathy and pregnancy on each other were evaluated in 118 women who conceived 168 times between 1970 and 1988. Rates of spontaneous abortion, normal delivery, live birth and perinatal death were 9, 66, 87 and 4%, respectively. Infants born to women with glomerular filtration rates (GFR) ...
Haddow J E - - 1991
To examine the relationship between elevated antiphospholipid antibody levels in the maternal circulation and late fetal death, we carried out a case-control study in which levels of anticardiolipin and antiphosphatidylserine antibodies were measured in banked second-trimester sera from 309 pregnancies ending in fetal death and from 618 viable control pregnancies. ...
Weiss G - - 1991
Although her own physician ascribed her death to tuberculosis, later evaluation of Charlotte Brontë's life and work led some observers to conclude that the cause of her death was hyperemesis gravidarum, a pregnancy complication that was ascribed to neurosis and a rejection of her pregnancy and her femininity. A full ...
Bataskov K L - - 1991
The incidence of gonorrhea has decreased substantially in the past decade. Disseminated gonorrhea is more common in women than in men, although gonococcal endocarditis is more common in men. Disseminated gonorrhea is most commonly described in women during menses or pregnancy. Only two cases of gonococcal endocarditis during pregnancy have ...
Kissinger D P - - 1991
A multicenter study involving three American College of Surgeons Level 1 trauma centers was undertaken to assess parameters that may predict fetal outcome. The records of 93 injured pregnant patients admitted from April 1, 1985, to March 31, 1990, were reviewed. There were three maternal deaths (3%) (mean Injury Severity ...
Esposito T J - - 1991
Few studies provide data on pregnant trauma patients that can be used to direct management decisions. Therefore, this retrospective study of 79 pregnant patients who were injured and admitted to a trauma center during a 9-year period was conducted to obtain such information. Maternal mortality for these pregnant patients was ...
Chamberlain P - - 1991
Late fetal death is the principle cause of perinatal mortality (PNM) in Ireland. Real-time ultrasound scanning has been suggested as a means for identifying the fetus at risk of abnormal pregnancy outcome. Using an ultrasound-based method of fetal assessment the author noted a significant reduction in late fetal death rates ...
Howarth G R GR Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Tygerberg Hospital, Parowvallei, - - 1991
The primary obstetric cause of total perinatal-related wastage (TPRW) in twin pregnancy was studied in a clearly defined population over a 3-year period. There were 77 deaths from 204 pairs of twins; the perinatal mortality rate (PMR) was 51/1,000 and TPRW was 189/1,000. Of the 77 deaths 52% were late ...
Carmichael L E - - 1991
Minute Virus of Canines (MVC) was shown to cause transplacental infections with embryo resorptions, especially in dams given parenteral inoculations prior to gestational day 30. Responses to oral-nasal inocula were inconsistent. Direct exposures of embryos or fetuses to MVC via the amniotic sac, however, resulted in their deaths after an ...
el-Kest S E - - 1991
A cell suspension of Listeria monocytogenes strain Scott A in phosphate buffer solution alone or with added glycerol, milk fat, lactose, or casein was frozen and stored at -18 degrees C. At suitable intervals, samples of cell suspensions were thawed at 35 degrees C and plated on suitable media to ...
Stokoe U - - 1991
Maternal mortality is the culmination of a series of detrimental events in a woman's life, pregnancy being the last one. The underlying pathology is the lack of education, sanitation, accessible health care, as well as poor nutrition and poverty. These affect women during pregnancy and childbirth when they are more ...
Syverson C J - - 1991
To identify causes and risk factors for pregnancy-related mortality in New York City, we analyzed 224 pregnancy-related deaths that occurred from 1980 to 1984. The leading causes of death were ectopic pregnancy complications, embolism, intrapartum cardiac arrest, and hypertension. Mortality ratios were determined by comparing the characteristics of the women ...
Odendaal H J - - 1991
Nine patients with severe Rh iso-immunization were treated by plasma exchange combined with immunosuppression. Apart from 3 abortions, previous pregnancy losses consisted of 7 intra-uterine and 5 neonatal deaths. Only 2 patients had had no previous pregnancy loss. Differences in the optical density of the amniotic fluid of 8 patients ...
Børlum K G - - 1991
During the last decade, 89 sets of triplets were born in Denmark with a gestational age of more than 25 completed weeks. Fifteen pregnancies (16.9%) were complicated by fetal death in the third trimester, with a total of 17 intrauterine deaths. Six neonatal deaths occurred, leaving 22 survivors among these ...
Peiffer R L - - 1991
C57BL/6J mice were used to study the ocular teratogenic effects of cyclophosphamide administered to pregnant females on d 9 of pregnancy at a dose of 5 mg/kg body weight. Nile blue staining demonstrated increased cell death at the base of the optic stalk, in the optic vesicle, and in the ...
Katsouyanni K - - 1990
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the reported association between air pollution and cause specific mortality in the city of Athens. DESIGN: Cause specific mortality was contrasted between 199 d with high values of air pollution and 2*199 comparison days with low pollution, matched in a 1:2 ratio on ...
Farrow J R - - 1990
Fetal death due to acute carbon monoxide poisoning is rarely reported in the medical literature. Of the eight cases found in literature review, only one documented the fetal carboxyhemoglobin concentration. This paper reports a fetal death due to accidental nonlethal maternal carbon monoxide intoxication in which both maternal and fetal ...
Meeker J E - - 1990
Data collected from 25 cases of fetal or newborn death associated with maternal cocaine use are reported. The average week of gestation at which fetal death occurred was week 30. Abruptio placentae was observed in 7 cases and placental infarct was found in 4 cases. The average fetal blood cocaine ...
Morild I - - 1990
Toxicologic screening for cocaine and its metabolites was performed on 103 cases of fetal death autopsied in the Office of Chief Medical Examiner, City of New York. In 64 cases cocaine or its metabolites were found in the blood or in the brain. Some malformations were also found. The study ...
Andres R L - - 1990
Maternal floor infarction of the placenta is a relatively rare disorder that on gross examination is characterized by a thickened gray-yellow maternal floor of the placenta with histologic evidence of massive fibrin deposition involving the decidua basalis and the contiguous villi. This lesion has been associated with fetal death, preterm ...
Dorfman S F - - 1990
The maternal mortality ratio in New York City during the 3-year period of 1981-1983 was 36.1 deaths per 100,000 live births. Eight (7%) of 120 deaths occurred more than 42 days after termination of the pregnancy. Eighteen (15%) of the cases involved white, non-Hispanic women, 66 (55%) were black, and ...
Cattanach S A - - 1990
The antepartum death of a fetus in a twin pregnancy is associated with significant risk of mortality and morbidity in the surviving infant. A recent case of single intrauterine death in a suspected monozygotic twin pregnancy at a regional hospital prompted a study of similar cases in the hospital's recent ...
Drost T F - - 1990
One regional trauma center's experience with a large number of seriously injured pregnant women was reviewed to identify factors affecting maternal and fetal outcome after injury. Of 318 pregnant women who suffered trauma from January 1984 through December 1988, 25 (8%) were severely injured and would have required hospital admission ...
Sadasivan B - - 1990
Between January 1975 and June 1989, 240 patients with cerebral vascular malformations were treated at Henry Ford Hospital. In 16 of the patients, the treatment was influenced by pregnancy. Eleven of the patients presented with hemorrhage, four with seizures, and one with hydrocephalus. There were no maternal or fetal deaths ...
Harrison G G GG Department of Anaesthetics, University of Cape - - 1990
A general analysis of the clinical failures that were responsible for deaths attributable to anaesthesia over a 30-year period, 1956-1987, is presented. Four particular general failures in clinical management were responsible for 80% of anaesthetic-contributory deaths (ACD). These were in descending order of frequency: (i) failures in airway management, of ...
Greenwood A M - - 1990
In 1983 a primary health care (PHC) programme was introduced into the Farafenni area of The Gambia; an important component of this programme was the identification and training of a traditional birth attendant (TBA) in each village with a population of 400 or greater. The outcome of pregnancy has been ...
Smith J S JS - - 1990
In the development of triage and bypass protocols, many different scoring systems and triage criteria are being used. Our purpose was to evaluate the Revised Trauma Index (RTI) as a triage tool for both its severity prediction ability and triage accuracy. A total of 2,340 trauma admissions were evaluated using ...
Edmonston B - - 1990
This paper estimates the mean monthly losses and proportionate interruptions of breastfeeding intervals due to child death and pregnancy. The paper uses a microanalytic model with stochastic risks for the basic processes of human reproduction. The model results show that a high proportion of women, depending upon mortality level and ...
Fortney J A - - 1990
The Tenth Revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) will include two new definitions concerning death related to pregnancy: --Late maternal death--the death of a woman from direct or indirect obstetric causes more than 42 days but less than one year after termination of pregnancy. --Pregnancy-related death--the death of ...
LaudaƄski T - - 1990
Thirty-two patients with intrauterine fetal death after the 20th week of pregnancy were treated with 1-3 intramuscular injections of 500 mg of 16-phenoxy-PGE2-methylsulfonylamide (sulprostone). Intrauterine pressure records demonstrated onset of contractions within 20 min of injection and all women aborted-delivered after in mean 11 h (4-31 h). No effect on ...
Saha N - - 1990
926 women attending the Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department of the Faculty of Medicine, Khartoum, were investigated to study the inbreeding effects on reproductive profiles and morbidity of the offspring. 49.5% of the women had married their first cousins and 13.8% had married more distant relatives. Altogether, 4,471 pregnancy outcomes were ...
De Bono M - - 1990
A retrospective study of maternity records from 1977-1985 (38,000 deliveries) was conducted to determine the number of stillbirths that might have been prevented by a new method of antenatal assessment. During this period there were 240 stillbirths, 154 of which involved a normally formed fetus who died prior to the ...
Blum H P - - 1990
This paper focuses upon the roles of procreation, fatherhood, and identification with the fertile mother in Freud's creation of psychoanalysis. Fatherhood and motherhood, pregnancy and birth, children and siblings, figure prominently in Freud's self-analysis and in his relationship with his prototransference object, Wilhelm Fliess. Although Freud attributed his self-analytic interest ...
Hook E B - - 1989
We report the results of an ongoing survey of rates of spontaneous death of fetuses with chromosome abnormalities detected at second-trimester amniocentesis in which the mother did not elect abortion. Estimated excess risks (and conservative 90% confidence intervals) of spontaneous fetal death for various cytogenetic abnormalities are as follows: 47,+21, ...
Lessing J B - - 1989
Twenty-eight of 57 fetuses delivered after intrauterine death were found to have a variety of aerobic and facultative bacteria in the heart, anus, placenta, brain and cerebrospinal fluid. Subclinical maternal bacteremia, possibly originating in the urinary tract, appears to be a common cause of second- and third-trimester fetal demise.
al-Omari W R - - 1989
Fifty pregnant multiparas with Rhesus isoimmunization were treated by small volume plasmapheresis initiated at the end of their first trimester. Forty mothers were successfully delivered at 31-38 weeks of babies that survived. There were ten fetal losses, six of these were stillborn, and there were three neonatal deaths, and one ...
Esmonde T F - - 1989
Three pregnant patients with chickenpox pneumonia are described. A review of reports published since 1965 together with these cases shows that 28 of the 46 women (61%) were pregnant, and 21 were in the last trimester. Although the disease is more common and more severe in pregnancy, the proportion of ...
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