Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 738
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Ibrahim S A - - 1994
In a community-based prospective study, 6275 deliveries resulting in 6084 livebirths, 150 stillbirths (SB) and 167 neonatal deaths (NND) were monitored over a period of 3 years. The risk of an unfavourable outcome (SB or NND) in multiple pregnancies was more than ninefold that of singletons. Teenage mothers and those ...
Greenwood R - - 1994
Singleton survivors born to multigravidae in the whole island of Jamaica in 2 months (September-October 1986) were compared with singleton perinatal deaths occurring to multigravidae throughout the island in the 12-month period September 1986 to August 1987. Past obstetric history was obtained from the mothers using a structured questionnaire. Deaths ...
Stanwell-Smith R - - 1994
It has been suspected that influenza infection is associated with fetal or perinatal mortality, but little recent evidence supports this hypothesis. A small cluster of early and late fetal deaths in early 1986 prompted an epidemiological investigation. Women whose pregnancies were affected (cases) were compared with women whose pregnancies had ...
Bustan M N - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: Reduced options for fertility control over the past decade have increased the rates of unwanted pregnancy. We evaluated whether a woman's negative attitude toward her pregnancy increased the risk of perinatal mortality, in a large, prospective cohort study. METHODS: The association between attitude toward the pregnancy and perinatal mortality ...
de Almeida V - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence, size, and outcome of spontaneous massive fetomaternal transplacental hemorrhage in Manitoba. METHODS: The Kleihauer maternal-fetal screening records at the Rh Laboratory were reviewed for the period October 1970 to December 1992. Rh Laboratory correspondence for the 7-year period ending December 31, 1992, was reviewed to ...
Hunfeld J A - - 1994
In a group of 30 women who underwent induced delivery after they had been informed of a lethal fetal anomaly, 18 women reported that this was the outcome of a clear decision process and 12 reported that they had no choice. In contrast to findings in other research areas, the ...
Kitange H - - 1994
In 1987, as part of the World Health Organization's Inter-Health Programme, we carried out a noncommunicable diseases survey in six rural villages in Tanzania. Each women completed a questionnaire, part of which was concerned with obstetric history, and underwent a physical examination. Our findings of unacceptably high perinatal mortality and ...
Golan A - - 1994
One hundred and forty-five cases of oligohydramnios in the second and third trimester were diagnosed by ultrasonography out of 25,000 obstetrics patients (0.58%). In this group, pregnancy complications included hypertension (22.1%) and bleeding in the second trimester (4.1%). We found a high incidence of meconium-stained amniotic fluid (29.1%), fetal distress ...
Rao P S - - 1994
In a 4 year prospective community survey of 20,000 women randomly selected in North Arcot District of Tamil Nadu State in South India, the maternal mortality rates per 1,000 liveborn were estimated to be 17.4 and 16.6 for rural and semi-urban areas, respectively. The rates based only on direct causes ...
Maher J E - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency and timing of fetal death and its association with maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MSAFP) levels. METHODS: Pregnancy outcomes were evaluated in 6927 predominantly middle-class women (83% white, 17% black) who had second-trimester MSAFP determinations performed in our laboratory. All cases of multiple gestation, preexisting fetal death, ...
Duchatel F - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To study the complications of percutaneous umbilical blood sampling (PUBS) conducted for purely diagnostic purposes, in a retrospective study of 341 personal cases and an analysis of 4922 cases from literature. SUBJECT: Analysis of the sampling procedure and complications seen in 341 punctures, including 12 failures. INTERVENTIONS: Freehand echo-guided ...
Khong T Y - - 1993
A package of mementos of a fetal or perinatal loss has been shown to help with the grieving process. The level of acceptance and the factors influencing acceptance of these mementos in a South Australian population was examined over a 27-month period. Data were available on 447 women and the ...
Sherer D M - - 1993
Motor vehicle accidents are the primary nonobstetric cause of maternal and subsequent fetal mortality. We present a case in which blunt abdominal trauma sustained by a pregnant woman in a motor vehicle accident caused extensive intrathoracic fetal injuries consisting of bilateral hemothorax, severe bilateral interstitial pulmonary hemorrhages, hemopericardium, and subepicardial ...
Belfort M A - - 1993
Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis is uncommon in pregnancy. We have described the case of a pregnant patient with a benign retroperitoneal spindle cell tumor involving the distal duodenum, right ureter, and right iliac artery and vein. She was treated with a left ureteral stent and a right percutaneous nephrostomy. Ultimate cause ...
Kent N E - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To review the outcomes of pregnancies in women with cystic fibrosis (CF) and to address issues pertinent to the obstetric care of such women. DATA SOURCES: English-language case reports and case series published from 1960 to 1991 identified through a search of MEDLINE and Index Medicus. The terms of ...
Anandakumar C - - 1993
This study was conducted to evaluate the role of the Amniotic Fluid Index (AFI), used along with nonstress cardiotocography (NST) and fetal acoustic stimulation test (FAST), when required, in prediction of adverse pregnancy outcome. Over a 3-year period 565 pregnant women had antepartum fetal surveillance due to various high risk ...
Kirby R S - - 1993
Recently, plans to implement nationwide coding of underlying cause of fetal death have been promulgated. To examine the validity and potential utility of nationwide coding, this paper presents data from a five-state (Wisconsin, Arkansas, Maine, North Carolina, California) analysis of underlying causes of fetal death from vital records for 1985 ...
Hieu D T - - 1993
The quinacrine method of non-surgical female sterilisation involves transcervical intrauterine insertion of 252 mg quinacrine as pellets during the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle; the drug causes inflammation and fibrosis of the proximal fallopian tube. We have carried out a field trial of 31,781 cases in twenty-four provinces of ...
Hudgens D R - - 1993
We present a case of sudden maternal death occurring during the ambulatory treatment of preterm labor in a twin pregnancy. The ultimate cause of death was cardiac arrhythmia, the origin of which was probably multifactorial. The patient was being treated with the use of a subcutaneous terbutaline sulfate infusion pump.
Dumet R - - 1993
This article traces the causes of high mortality rates among African gold miners in the former British colonial territories of the Gold Coast and Ashanti, 1900-1938. No previous studies exist for the early decades owing to the neglect by both mining companies and government officials to keep adequate statistics on ...
Duchinski T - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence of hemostatic disturbances in patients with intrauterine fetal death (IFD). METHOD: The occurrence of abnormal results of hemostatic variables and of bleeding complications was noted from the medical records of 41 patients with IFD, 6 of whom had a multiple pregnancy. RESULT: Apart from the ...
Vintzileos A M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether continuous intrapartum electronic fetal heart rate monitoring (EFM) is associated with decreased perinatal mortality and morbidity compared with intermittent auscultation. METHODS: The study was conducted simultaneously at two university hospitals in Athens, Greece (Alexandra and Marika Iliadi Hospitals) from October 1, 1990 to June 30, 1991. ...
Ghidini A - - 1993
To examine the incidence and significance of complications related to percutaneous fetal blood sampling, we reviewed all the articles published in the English literature on this procedure. Risks of complications and adverse outcomes depend mainly on the gestational age at the time of the procedure, the operator's experience, and the ...
Jain M L - - 1993
We have treated 25 pregnant patients with burns over a period of 6 years (1986-91). During this period total admissions to the burn unit were 1260. There were 187 women of child-bearing age, with burns ranging between 15 and 100 per cent TBSA. We would like to emphasize that, with ...
Clarke M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate perinatal mortality rates as a method of auditing obstetric and neonatal care after account had been taken of transfer between hospitals during pregnancy and case mix. DESIGN: Case-control study of perinatal deaths. SETTING: Leicestershire health district. SUBJECTS: 1179 singleton perinatal deaths and their selected live born controls ...
Chatterjee A - - 1993
In a 10-year retrospective study of maternal deaths at RG Kar Medical College, Calcutta there were 651 maternal deaths with 410 in first 5-year period and 241 in second 5-year period. The leading causes of deaths were due to abortion, toxaemia, haemorrhage (antepartum and postpartum) and jaundice in pregnancy. Direct ...
de Silva H J - - 1993
Limited data are available on viral hepatitis (VH) complicating pregnancy from Sri Lanka. We retrospectively studied all pregnant and non-pregnant women of child bearing age, who were admitted with VH to the Teaching Hospital Peradeniya between January 1987 and December 1991. During this period, there were 187 cases of icteric ...
Beischer N - - 1993
A study of 30 women who had polyhydramnios in more than 1 pregnancy revealed that 8 of the 36 resultant pregnancies (22.2%) were associated with diabetes mellitus, 14 (37.8%) with fetal macrosomia, and the perinatal mortality was 16.2% (6 of 37). The incidence of major fetal malformations or abnormalities was ...
Kurinczuk J - - 1993
An analysis of pulmonary embolus mortality data was undertaken to investigate a putative change in maternal mortality due to pulmonary embolism in the antenatal period of pregnancy. A comparison was made of mortality due to pulmonary embolus for pregnant and non-pregnant women of reproductive age in England and Wales in ...
Sim D - - 1993
During a 1-year period, 662 pregnant women at 24-43 weeks' gestation were referred to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, at the Queens University Belfast, for fetal assessment because they were clinically suspected to be at high risk of perinatal complications. The results of our investigations were made available to ...
Steer R G - - 1992
A case of possible delayed fetal death following electrical shock in the first trimester is reported. Evidence from the literature of delayed effects of electrical injury later in pregnancy is presented, suggesting that delayed as well as immediate detrimental effects in the first trimester should not be discounted. Perhaps the ...
Christianson W T - - 1992
Stillbirths, mummies, abortions, and early embryonic death have a substantial impact on the profitability of a farm in both endemic and epidemic conditions. Fetal death is highly dependent on stage of gestation. Implantation occurs around day 14 postmating in sows, and fetal death of an entire litter at this time ...
Leon I G - - 1992
Much has been learned about perinatal loss over the past 20 years through clinical investigations and quantitative research. However, a review of studies over the past decade reveals that perinatal loss is increasingly being seen in the same way as a death of any other member of the family, rather ...
Genest D R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether placental histologic examination is useful for predicting the approximate time of death in stillborn fetuses. METHODS: Hematoxylin and eosin slides of 71 placentas of stillborns with accurately timed deaths were studied retrospectively. Fifty-one placentas (learning set) were used to develop proposed histologic criteria for the timing ...
Parasnis H - - 1992
We present a study of fibrinogen levels in 133 patients who were prone to develop disseminated intravascular coagulation as a result of an underlying complication of pregnancy such as abruptio placentae, pregnancy-induced hypertension, missed abortion, septic abortion, intrauterine fetal death, vesicular mole and amniotic fluid embolism. A high incidence of ...
Genest D R - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To determine how accurately the time of fetal death can be predicted from the extent of external maceration in a stillborn fetus. METHODS: Autopsy photographs of 86 stillborns with well-timed deaths were studied retrospectively. Sixty randomly chosen fetuses (learning set) were assessed unblinded to develop proposed gross criteria for ...
Mabie W C - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the causes of adult respiratory distress syndrome in pregnancy, the treatment required, and maternal and perinatal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: We examined a case series of 16 patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome initially treated in an obstetric intensive care unit. Criteria for the diagnosis ...
George E R - - 1992
Trauma complicating pregnancy represents a significant threat to maternal survival and successful pregnancy outcome. Combining trauma center and perinatal center capabilities may provide improved outcome for pregnant trauma victims. The authors report their experience with 39 patients over a 10-year period to identify factors that influenced pregnancy outcome. There was ...
Twaalfhoven F C - - 1992
Placental abruption resulting in fetal death may seriously affect maternal health, especially when clotting disorders arise. The prevailing view is that the clotting system will only normalize after the uterus has been evacuated and therefore prompt delivery, often by induction of labor, is advocated. Over a 3-year period, 16 cases ...
Mertz K J - - 1992
OBJECTIVES: National data are thought to underestimate pregnancy-related mortality in the United States. A multisource surveillance system for pregnancy-associated deaths in New Jersey offers an opportunity to identify the magnitude of and the trends in pregnancy-related mortality at the state level. METHODS: Data from all reported pregnancy-related deaths in the ...
Low J A - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to review the clinical findings in infants who died in the perinatal period with brain damage attributable to asphyxia. STUDY DESIGN: The neuropathologic findings in 208 perinatal deaths have been reviewed. Thirty cases (22 fetal, eight newborn) had evidence of white matter or neuronal necrosis due ...
Duley L - - 1992
OBJECTIVE: To present estimates of maternal mortality associated with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and to discuss strategies to prevent these deaths. DESIGN: Retrospective review of all available data. SETTING: Database of the World Health Organization's Maternal Health and Safe Motherhood Programme. MAIN ...
Grubb D K - - 1992
Management of the post-term pregnancy depends on the certainty of dating, likelihood of successful induction, and risks of expectant management. To estimate the risk of fetal death in an expectantly managed post-term population, we reviewed 8038 consecutive post-term gestations followed expectantly with a twice-weekly nonstress test and amniotic fluid index. ...
Lindberg C E - - 1992
This descriptive study examines the grief response of mothers who experienced a fetal loss in the middle trimester of pregnancy. Twenty mothers who lost a baby through spontaneous abortion or perinatal death within 1 year participated in this study. Data were collected by mailed questionnaires. All characteristics typical of the ...
Fildes J - - 1992
The records of the Cook County Medical Examiner were reviewed for the period January, 1986, to December, 1989. Ninety-five maternal deaths were identified. The causes of maternal death were categorized as direct maternal, indirect maternal, or nonmaternal. Direct maternal causes of death (18.9%) were the result of complications of pregnancy, ...
Chambers H M - - 1992
As autopsy rates in general hospitals decline, interest in the perinatal autopsy continues to rise, reflecting the emergence of a vigorous specialty growing in parallel with fetal medicine, prenatal diagnosis and clinical genetics. Perinatal autopsies are best carried out in tertiary centres which provide these services. Meticulous documentation, flexibility of ...
Zimmer E Z - - 1992
Intrauterine fetal brain death is a rare cause of a fixed fetal heart rate pattern. Seven cases have been previously reported in the literature, but only two of them were diagnosed prenatally and all the newborns died soon after delivery. Two additional cases of antepartum diagnosis of intrauterine fetal brain ...
Kavoo-Linge - - 1992
Early perinatal mortality (EPM) was prospectively analysed in a rural District Hospital during a 4 month period. 2,171 deliveries were recorded with an early perinatal mortality rate (EPMR) of 53/1000. Factors significantly influencing EPM included maternal age, education, marital and socio-economic status. Antenatal care, gestation at delivery, birthweight, pregnancy and ...
Pelliccia F - - 1992
A 27-year-old asymptomatic woman became pregnant 6 months after a diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and was well until 28 weeks' gestation when she died suddenly while running up stairs. The potential pathophysiological mechanisms of sudden death during pregnancy in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic implications, are ...
Zhang J - - 1992
This study examined risk factors that contribute to antepartum fetal death. The population-based sample included 416 antepartum fetal deaths and 449 normal births as controls, from 29 hospitals in Shanghai, China. In addition to small-for-gestational-age and severe pregnancy-induced hypertension, exposure to environmental hazards (radiation, chemicals and pesticides) was significantly associated ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >