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Quinn M J - - 2014
Difficult vaginal deliveries, gynaecological surgery, and, persistent straining during defaecation injure uterine nerves. Cytokines released from injured, uterine nerves cause regeneration of new nerves with altered structures and functions. In structural terms, these new nerves proliferate in chaotic and dysfunctional patterns with abnormal, cross-sectional profiles. In functional terms they are ...
Köseo─člu Sezen Bozkurt - - 2014
The aim of the study was to investigate a possible association between maternal serum amyloid A levels (SAA) and maternal and fetal parameters in pregnancies complicated with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM). A total of 88 pregnant women (PPROM group, n = 44 and control group, n = 44) ...
Yin Linliang - - 2014
Abstract Aims: The aim was to evaluate whether assisted reproductive technology (ART) affects the development of the fetal central nervous system (CNS). Methods: This study was carried out on women with singleton pregnancies, including 427 women who became pregnant by ART and 32,859 women with natural conceptions (NCs). The cavum ...
Anifandis G G Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessalia, Larissa, - - 2014
Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) has been proposed to be one of the main markers regarding male infertility. A prospective study was performed to assess primarily whether sperm DNA damage has any impact on embryological data and secondarily on pregnancy rates. This prospective study evaluated the sperm DNA damage in fresh ...
Liu D - - 2014
This study aims to determine the difference between transcervical resection of septum (TCRS) and transcervical incision of septum (TCIS) in the improvement of reproductive prognosis. Women with uterine septum in the Affiliated Hospital of Ningxia Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. A statistical method was used according to operative time, postoperative ...
Fordyce Lauren - - 2013
Recent reports by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have decried the high rate of fetal mortality in the contemporary United States. Much of the data about fetal and infant deaths, as well as other poor pregnancy outcomes, are tabulated and tracked through vital statistics. In this article, I ...
Oloyede Olufemi Adebari - - 2013
The uterine artery Doppler has potentials for screening for complications of impaired placentation. This study examines the indices of uterine artery impedance at 22-23 weeks gestation and their relationship with maternal age and parity. Uterine artery colour imaging and pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound was conducted between 22nd and 23rd weeks ...
Nastaran Safavi Ardabili - - 2012
The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between the hemoglobin levels during the first trimester of pregnancy with gestational diabetes incidence in pregnant women. This is a prospective cohort study on 700 pregnant women with gestational ages of 1-13 weeks. Sampling was performed using the convenience method. ...
Altamura Ac - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to analyze the efficacy and the safety of SSRIs during pregnancy. METHODS: A group of 30 pregnant women affected by Major Depressive Disorder by SCID I interview (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Text Revision criteria) and treated with selective ...
Tsuda Hiroyuki - - 2012
Fetal lung maturity assessment in twin pregnancy has been discussed, but is still controversial. The purpose of this study is to predict the occurrence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) using lamellar body count (LBC) and analyze the validity of LBC for fetal lung maturity assessment in twin pregnancy. Three-hundred two ...
Sasaki Yasushi - - 2012
Complete mole and coexisting fetus is rare. The incidence is 1 in 22,000-100,000 pregnancies. The optimal management of complete mole and coexisting fetus is uncertain because of severe maternal complications. The decision to continue or discontinue a current pregnancy is difficult. We report a case of complete mole and coexisting ...
Sezik Mekin - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of intra-amniotic (IA) and fetal injections of a single ultra-high dose of betamethasone (BM) 48h before preterm delivery on neonatal pulmonary function, using an experimental goat model. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen date-mated singleton pregnant Hair goats were randomized into four groups. At gestational day 118 (alveolar ...
Muensterer Oliver J - - 2012
Temporary tracheal occlusion induces lung growth in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) but has significant drawbacks because the device must be removed in utero. We devised a gel plug (GP) that can be placed in the fetal trachea in a rabbit model of CDH to provide temporary tracheal occlusion and evaluated ...
Shaner Julie - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to analyze pregnancy outcomes in female lung transplant recipients. Data were collected from the National Transplantation Pregnancy Registry via questionnaires, interviews, and hospital records. Twenty-one female lung recipients reported 30 pregnancies with 32 outcomes (1 triplet pregnancy). Outcomes included 18 live births, 5 therapeutic ...
Gantert Markus - - 2012
Background: Chorioamnionitis is a major risk factor for preterm birth in multifetal pregnancies. However, there is little clinical data whether chorioamnionitis is restricted to one amniotic compartment in multifetal pregnancies. Objective: To explore whether chorioamnionitis is confined to the exposed compartment and does not cross to the unaffected fetus in ...
Capelari Diego N - - 2012
The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) has been implicated in pulmonary hypertension and pulmonary fibrosis. In the present study, we examined the effects of maternal exposure to captopril (2.85mg/kg/day) during late pregnancy (G13-G21) on postnatal rat lung development. Treatment with captopril during late pregnancy caused a significant decrease in ACE activity in ...
Kamath-Rayne Beena D BD Neonatology and Pulmonary Biology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Maternal-Fetal Medicine, University of Cincinnati School of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2012
To estimate whether antenatal corticosteroids given after fetal lung immaturity in pregnancies at 34 weeks of gestation or more would improve neonatal outcomes and, in particular, respiratory outcomes. We compared outcomes of 362 neonates born at 34 weeks of gestation or more after fetal lung maturity testing: 102 with immature ...
Britto Ingrid Schwach Werneck - - 2012
To evaluate the relation between total lung area (TLA) and thoracic circumference (TC) ratio by three-dimensional (3D) ultrasonography applying new anatomical landmarks as the fetal aorta and inferior angle of the scapula. A longitudinal prospective study was conducted with 56 uncomplicated pregnancies between 24 and 32 weeks of gestation. Polynomial ...
Maughan Brandon C - - 2012
β-Human chorionic gonadotropin (βhCG) assays are routinely used to test for pregnancy. However, βhCG may be elevated in conditions other than pregnancy. We describe a case of metastatic lung adenocarcinoma presenting with a pathologic femur fracture and a false-positive urine pregnancy test. Lung cancer is the most common nongestational malignancy ...
Harding Richard - - 2012
This review focuses on genetic and environmental influences that result in long term alterations in lung structure and function. Environmental factors operating during fetal and early postnatal life can have persistent effects on lung development and so influence lung function and respiratory health throughout life. Common factors affecting the quality ...
Iavazzo C - - 2012
Aim. Congenital cystic adenomatoid lung malformation is a rare unilateral dysplasia of the lung. Three pathologic types are described in the literature: type I with cysts >2 cm, type II with cysts <1 cm, and type III with microcysts. The aim of this paper is to present a case of a fetus ...
Kendall Tim - - 2012
Two recent meta-analyses claim that abortion leads to a deterioration in mental health. Previous reviews concluded that the mental health outcomes following an unwanted pregnancy are much the same whether the woman gives birth or terminates the pregnancy, although there is an increased mental health risk with an unwanted pregnancy. ...
Morris Kirsty - - 2012
Objective: To provide practical guidance for psychiatrists asked to conduct an assessment of a woman requesting a termination of pregnancy. Method: The law relevant to termination of pregnancy in each of the Australian states and territories and in New Zealand was synthesised and reviewed, as was the available literature around ...
Thalmann Markus - - 2011
Objective: Pregnancy has been reported to be an independent risk factor for 50% of acute aortic dissections recorded in women younger than 45 years of age. The present epidemiologic study aimed to identify whether this putative association of pregnancy and acute type A dissection could be an artifact of selective ...
Hsu Albert - - 2011
To determine the clinical relevance of obtaining antral follicle counts (AFC) before ovarian stimulation in an IVF program. Retrospective cohort study. An IVF program in a large academic teaching hospital. A total of 1,049 stimulated IVF cycles in 734 subjects between September 2003 and December 2007 selected from our program's ...
McKellar Stephen H - - 2011
Pregnancy and congenitally bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) are thought to be risk factors for aortic dissection; however, the population-based risk for patients with the 2 risk factors remains unknown. We investigated the relation between pregnancy and ascending aortic events in women with congenital BAV living in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Our ...
Steward Ryan G - - 2011
Attempting to compare the rates of premature luteinization (PL), clinical pregnancy, and cycle cancellation in ovulation induction-intrauterine insemination (OI-IUI) cycles with and without the GnRH antagonist, cetrorelix, a randomized-controlled trial was undertaken in which patients were randomized to one of two OI-IUI protocols. Those in the cetrorelix arm showed a ...
Bosch Ernesto - - 2011
To analyze the impact of LH administration on cycle outcome in ovarian stimulation with GnRH antagonists. Randomized, open-label, controlled trial performed in two age subgroups. Recombinant (r) FSH versus rFSH + rLH administration was compared. University-affiliated private infertility clinic. Up to 35 years old (n = 380) and aged 36 ...
Altun Tugba - - 2011
Relationships between follicular fluid levels of IL-6 with ovarian response and clinical pregnancy were evaluated in IVF-ET cycles. Follicular fluid was collected from ovarian follicles ≥ 14 mm, pooled for each patient, and IL-6 levels were assessed using ELISA (n = 68). Relationships between IL-6 levels and IVF cycle parameters ...
Engmann Lawrence - - 2010
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) administration for the induction of oocyte maturation during in vitro fertilization treatment is effective in the prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). However, some studies have reported a lower ongoing pregnancy rate after GnRHa trigger. The excellent conception rates reported in recipients receiving embryos originating from ...
Kol Shahar - - 2010
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) trigger instead of human chorionic gonadotropin in the context of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) prevention has been used for >20 years. In its first decade it did not gain popularity because it cannot work in GnRHa-based ovarian stimulation protocols. The introduction of GnRH antagonists has revolutionized ...
Kinay Tugba - - 2010
To investigate the effects of endometrial thickness measurements and serum hormone levels on the outcomes of GnRH antagonist down-regulated ICSI cycles. Forty consecutive infertile women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation with recombinant FSH and GnRH antagonists for ICSI were enrolled in this study. All patient's age, day 3 FSH, antral follicle ...
Park Kyung Eui - - 2010
The association between tenaculum application to the cervix just before embryo transfer and lower pregnancy rate has been reported. However, studies on the use of tenaculum in intrauterine insemination (IUI) cycles are not available. This study attempted to investigate whether the use of tenaculum affects the clinical outcomes of IUI. ...
Luceño F - - 2010
Monitoring assisted reproductive technology (ART) is essential to evaluate the performance of fertility treatment and its impact on birth rates. In Europe, there are two kinds of ART registers: voluntary and mandatory. The validity of register data is very important with respect to the quality of register-based observational studies. The ...
Concannon Patrick W - - 2011
Domestic dogs are monoestrous, typically non-seasonal, polytocous, spontaneous ovulators and have a spontaneous luteal phase slightly longer (by approx 5 day) than the 64±1day luteal phases of a 65±1day pregnancy, a phase followed by an obligate anestrus before the next 2-3 week "heat" (proestrus-estrus). The resulting inter-estrus intervals of 5-12 ...
Orvieto Raoul - - 2010
To examine and compare the effect of the two commercially available menotropins (highly purified-human menopausal gonadotropin (HP-hMG) and the traditional human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG)) on ovarian stimulation characteristics and in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycle outcome. We studied 36 patients undergoing at least two controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycles for IVF, with the ...
Vause Tannys D R - - 2010
To review current non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic options for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). This guideline reviews the evidence for the various options for ovulation induction in PCOS. Ovulation, pregnancy and live birth rates, risks, and side effects are the outcomes of interest. Published literature was retrieved ...
Sahu Banchhita - - 2010
To evaluate the role of ovarian reserve tests for the prediction of miscarriage among pregnancies resulting from assisted reproduction treatment. Cohort study in a large IVF centre. Three hundred and fourteen women aged <43 years with basal FSH <12 IU/L who conceived following their first cycle of IVF/ICSI were included. ...
Bühler Klaus - - 2011
A 2:1 (150 IU:75 IU) follitropin alfa:lutropin alfa formulation has been developed. A 3-year post-marketing surveillance study is ongoing in Germany to explore the use of this formulation in routine clinical practice. An 11-month interim analysis of data from assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles only is described. Data were available ...
Iwahashi Masaaki - - 2011
Immunohistochemical staining for human prolyl hydroxylase revealed intense staining of the human corpora lutea (CL) parencyma during early pregnancy compared with those in the menstrual cycle. These results suggest that human prolyl hydroxylase might play an important role in determining the physiology and structure of the CL during the menstrual ...
Harper J C - - 2010
The 10th report of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) PGD Consortium is presented, documenting cycles collected for the calendar year 2007 and follow-up of the pregnancies and babies born until October 2008 which resulted from these cycles. Since the beginning of the data collections there has ...
Brandes Monique - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the contribution of different subfertility treatments to the number of multiple pregnancies in a subfertile population. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study between January 2002 and December 2006. SETTING: A subfertility clinic in a large regional training hospital in the Netherlands. POPULATION: A total of 1,001 continuing pregnancies, ...
Van Vaerenbergh Inge - - 2011
The gene expression of human endometrium on the day of oocyte retrieval of pregnant and nonpregnant patients in a stimulated IVF cycle was compared in two independent groups with different GnRH-antagonist ovarian stimulation protocols. The present data suggest that increased gene expression of cyclooxygenase-2, together with the expression of other ...
Louis Germaine M Buck - - 2011
To assess salivary stress biomarkers (cortisol and α-amylase) and female fecundity. Prospective cohort design. United Kingdom. 274 women aged 18 to 40 years who were attempting pregnancy. Observation for six cycles or until pregnancy: women collected basal saliva samples on day 6 of each cycle, and used fertility monitors to ...
Var Turgut - - 2011
To evaluate the effects of three different luteal phase support protocols on pregnancy and implantation rates, as well as luteal phase hormone profile in intracytoplasmic sperm injection-ET cycles. A prospective, randomized study. A tertiary teaching and research hospital. Two hundred eighty-eight patients who were undergoing intracytoplasmic sperm injection with a ...
Pritts Elizabeth A - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Letrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, is the newest addition to our armamentarium in the treatment of infertility. It is utilized in much the same way as clomiphene citrate, but with some additional benefits. In this review, the latest studies will be summarized with emphasis on dose, duration of ...
Bjercke Sverre - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To test whether the clinical efficiency of recombinant FSH (rFSH) and highly purified human menotrophin (hMG) differs in terms of pregnancy and live birth rates during the first treatment cycle of IVF or ICSI. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Rikshospitalet, Oslo University Hospital. STUDY ...
Kim Yong Jin - - 2010
To compare the clinical outcomes of a vitrified blastocyst stage embryo transfer (ET) program among natural, ovulation induced and artificial cycles. The clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed in three groups according to endometrial preparation (natural cycle group [n = 34], ovulation induced [n = 21], and artificial cycles [n = ...
Smith James F - - 2011
To determine the relationship between number of fertility treatment cycles and pregnancy rates. Prospective cohort study. Eight community and academic infertility practices. Four hundred eight (408) couples presenting for an infertility evaluation. Face-to-face and telephone interviews and questionnaires. Incidence of pregnancy. Cox regression analysis compared the efficacy of cycle-based fertility ...
Farquhar C M - - 2010
There are different funding arrangements for fertility treatments between New Zealand (NZ) and Australia. In NZ, there are two options for patients accessing treatment: either meeting specified criteria for age, no smoking and BMI for publicly funding or funding their own treatment. This differs from Australia, which has no explicit ...
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