Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1760
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Lim Jin-Ho - - 2009
To determine a successful method of selecting patients for natural cycle IVF combined with in vitro maturation (IVM) of immature oocytes and to determine treatment efficacy. Retrospective analysis of IVF treatments. Hospital IVF clinic. Women with infertility according to ovarian reserve and endocrine profile were selected for different treatments. According ...
Baker Valerie L - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of highly purified human urinary follicle stimulating hormone (HP-hFSH) versus human recombinant follitropin-alpha (rFSH) in volunteers undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation for IVF. DESIGN: A randomized, controlled, investigator-blind trial. SETTING: Four assisted reproductive technology centers. PATIENT(S): One hundred fifty-two IVF patients. INTERVENTION(S): Volunteers, aged 18-39, were ...
Bodri Daniel - - 2009
To compare pregnancy rates and the incidence of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) in donor stimulation cycles where final maturation of oocytes was induced with recombinant hCG or GnRH agonist. Retrospective, cohort study. Private infertility clinic. A total of 1171 egg donors performing 2077 stimulation cycles. Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation of egg ...
Ganesh Ashalatha - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of luteal E(2), P, and FSH levels in the prediction of clinical pregnancy in stimulated cycles. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Institute of Reproductive Medicine, Salt Lake, Kolkata, India. PATIENT(S): A total of 268 women aged <40 years undergoing their first IVF-ET/intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles. INTERVENTION(S): ...
Kabli Nadia - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of daily versus alternate-day stimulation for patients undergoing intrauterine insemination (IUI). DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study. SETTING: University tertiary care center for infertility. PATIENT(S): Women with anovulatory or unexplained infertility for over 12 months who had not responded to or not conceived with clomiphene citrate treatment. ...
Tazegül Aybike - - 2008
To investigate the efficacy of gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist (GnRH) in poor responders undergoing in vitro fertilization. Ninety-six patients with poor ovarian response in previous treatment cycles were prospectively randomized into two groups. Forty-four patients were stimulated with GnRH antagonist multidose protocol and 45 patients received a standard long agonist ...
Bromer Jason G - - 2009
To evaluate proliferative phase endometrial development in a heterogeneous infertility population. Retrospective study. University-based infertility practice. Two hundred forty-six treatment cycles. Clomiphene citrate or FSH ovarian stimulation, followed by IUI or IVF. Endometrial thickness according to transvaginal ultrasonography; clinical pregnancy rate. Endometrial growth began from a nadir of approximately 4.5 ...
Farhi Jacob - - 2009
To compare the results of IVF cycles after coasting in patients treated with a GnRH antagonist or GnRH agonist protocol. A retrospective case-control study. Infertility unit in a university-affiliated tertiary medical center. The study group included all women less than 38 years old attending the IVF unit from 2000 to ...
Homburg Roy - - 2008
The purpose of this review is to compare clomiphene citrate (CC) with aromatase inhibitors (AI) as the first-line therapy for WHO Group II (eu-oestrogenic) infertility. For the past 45 years CC has been the first-line therapy, as it is a simple, cheap treatment, almost devoid of side effects, and yields ...
Bedaiwy Mohamed A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of time from surgery on the outcome of subsequent in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles in endometriosis patients. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred five women treated surgically for endometriosis and who underwent 252 IVF cycles were included. Approximately 1/2, 1/4 and 1/5 of the study group underwent ...
Randall Gary W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of offering double intrauterine insemination (IUI) to clients in our fertility program. STUDY DESIGN: In this prospective, nonrandomized study, 595 couples with ovulatory dysfunction, endometriosis, male factor, unexplained, tubal factor and combined diagnoses utilizing clomiphene citrate-hCG (CC-hCG), CC-gonadotropin-hCG (CC-Gn-hCG), Gn-hCG, lupron-Gn-hCG (L-Gn-hCG) or luteinizing hormone ...
Qublan H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the use of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) for luteal phase in a group of patients with thin endometrium (<or=7 mm) after IVF treatment. METHODS: One-hundred-and-twenty women were eligible for this study. Patients were randomly allocated into two groups: group A (n ...
Gezginç Kazim - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of single versus double intrauterine insemination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective randomized study was carried out in 100 infertile patients. One intrauterine insemination was applied 36 hours after human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) injection to 50 patients in the first group. To 50 patients in the ...
Wei Alex Y - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the flareup GnRH-antagonist (GnRH-ant) and GnRH-agonist (GnRH-a) protocols in oocyte donation cycles, using the donor as her own control. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review at a university-based practice of 22 oocyte donors who underwent 29 cycles using recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and GnRH-ant and 28 cycles using ...
Veleva Zdravka - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The extremes of BMI are associated with an increased risk of miscarriage both in spontaneously conceived pregnancies and after fertility treatment. The aim of the present study was to study the effect of BMI on miscarriage rate (MR) in fresh IVF/ICSI, and in spontaneous and hormonally substituted frozen-thawed embryo ...
Levens Eric D - - 2009
To compare cycle outcomes among normal-responding patients <or=30 years old receiving microdose follicular flare (MDF) and long-luteal agonist (LL). Retrospective cohort study. Military-based assisted reproductive technology (ART) center. First autologous ART cycles among 499 women <or=30 years old from January 1999 to December 2005. After oral contraceptive pill (OCP) administration ...
Kauffman Robert P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) is a rare condition characterized by low gonadotropin production, absent or incomplete puberty and absence of a central nervous system tumor. An adult-onset form of IHH has been found previously only in men. CASE: A 35-year-old woman completed puberty and experienced monthly menstrual cycles for ...
Jones Benedict C - - 2008
While many studies of face preferences have emphasized high agreement among individuals about the types of faces they consider attractive and unattractive, other studies have demonstrated systematic variation in face preferences. Here, we review the evidence that women's preferences for masculinity, apparent health, and self-resemblance in faces change systematically during ...
Kadoch Isaac Jacques - - 2008
The objective of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the number of spontaneous ovulations occurring before oocyte retrieval in natural cycle IVF (nIVF) with and without the use of indomethacin. A total of 121 patients who underwent modified nIVF cycle between December 2003 and July 2006 were included in the ...
Kol S - - 2008
An update on the subject of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) prevention with GnRH agonist ovulation trigger. Review of pertinent English language studies published during the past 4 years. Randomized prospective studies support the notion that agonist trigger completely eliminates OHSS. Conflicting results regarding on going pregnancy rate probably reflect different ...
Harper J C - - 2008
The seventh report of the ESHRE PGD Consortium is presented documenting cycles collected for the calendar year 2004 and follow-up of the pregnancies and babies born subsequent to these cycles up to October 2005. Since the beginning of the data collections, there has been a steady increase in the number ...
Ata B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: GnRH agonist administration in the luteal phase was reported to beneficially affect the clinical outcome of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) cycles. This double blind, randomized, placebo controlled trial evaluates whether a single dose GnRH agonist administered 6 days after ICSI increases ongoing pregnancy rates following ...
Orvieto Raoul - - 2008
To examine whether the choice of the GnRH analogues used during controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH), may influence endometrial receptivity, we studied 712 IVF cycles, in patients undergoing COH with GnRH agonist or antagonist and with the transfer of at least one top-quality embryo. The GnRH agonist group showed significantly higher ...
Gelbaya Tarek A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of luteal E(2) supplementation on the pregnancy rate of IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of all the randomized controlled trials (RCTs). SETTING: Tertiary referral center for reproductive medicine and IVF. PATIENT(S): Women undergoing IVF or ICSI using the GnRH ...
N. Moslemizadeh
The aim of this study was to compare the rates of ovulation and pregnancy after tamoxifen citrate, clomiphene citrate and after adding estradiol (E&lt;SUB&gt;2&lt;/SUB&gt;) to clomiphene citrate among anovulatory women with infertility. This study was a randomized double blind clinical trial conducted from Aug. 2006 to Aug. 2007 in present ...
Moosavifar Nezhat - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To find the relationship between the number of follicles of different sizes and the stimulation protocol to the probability of multiple pregnancies. METHODS: Out of 2034 cycles of OI-IUI in a university based infertility center, between March 2003 to March 2006, there were 322 clinically pregnant cycles. The following ...
Hromatko Ivana - - 2008
Numerous studies have shown that menstrual cycle related variations in sex hormones influence various cognitive processes. These shifts are considered as the evidence for a hormone-mediated adaptive design underlying human mating motivation. In a series of related studies we have shown that (i) femininity does not vary across the menstrual ...
Giannaris D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To study the correlation between endometrial thickness and IVF outcome and factors affecting this relation. METHODS: Transvaginal ultrasound evaluation of endometrial thickness on hCG administration day in 112 IVF-ET cycles and comparison to indices of ovarian stimulation. Outcome was considered positive when fetal sac and fetal heart pulse were ...
Kawamura M - - 2008
PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: To determine if changes in basal body temperature (BBT) during the ovuratory phase are related to subsequent effects on pregnancy. METHODS: BBT records from 216 pregnant women in a spontaneous cycle or a clomiphene citrate cycle during a recent 6-year period were studied. The last day of ...
Check J H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the pregnancy rates with IVF-ET vs non-assisted reproductive technology in women of more advanced reproductive age with decreased egg reserve as manifested by elevated day 3 serum FSH. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was made in women aged > or = 38 with a day 3 serum FSH ...
Al-Inany Hesham G - - 2008
LH activity has been proposed to influence treatment response and outcome. In order to assess its clinical profile and efficacy, human menopausal gonadotrophin (HMG) was compared with recombinant FSH (r-FSH) in IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Computerized and hand searches were conducted for relevant citations. Primary outcome measures were live-birth ...
Ms Kamath - - 2008
To study the efficacy of gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist in In-vitro-fertilization/Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF/ICSI) cycles. Observational study. Reproductive Medicine Unit, Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu. GnRH antagonists were introduced into our practice in November 2005. Fifty-two women undergoing the antagonist protocol were studied and information gathered regarding ...
Pinkas Haim - - 2008
To evaluate the effect of oral contraceptive pills (OCP) pretreatment on IVF cycle outcome in GnRH-antagonist protocol. Retrospective cohort study. Major tertiary university-affiliated center. All patients treated with GnRH antagonist in our IVF unit during the last 3 years were included in the study. Overall 1,799 IVF cycles were performed. ...
Sinawat S - - 2008
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy among reproductive-aged women. Apart from infertility, women with PCOS often have other endocrine disorders, including insulin resistance,hyperinsulinaemia and hyperandrogenism. Metformin,combined with clomiphene citrate (CC), has been shown to be more effective in ovulation induction when compared with clomiphene citrate alone. The ...
Ghobara T - - 2008
Pregnancy rates following frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) treatment have always been found to be lower than following embryo transfer using fresh embryos. Nevertheless, FET increases the (cumulative) pregnancy rate, reduces cost, is relatively simple to undertake and can be accomplished in a shorter time period compared to repeated 'fresh' cycles. ...
Badawy Ahmed - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of anastrozole (1 mg) and clomiphene citrate (CC; 100 mg) used for ovulation induction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. DESIGN: Prospective controlled trial. SETTING: University teaching hospital and private-practice setting. PATIENT(S): The study comprised a total of 216 infertile women (469 cycles) with polycystic ...
Hirt Raphaël - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a successful pregnancy after a semi-natural IVF cycle for a BRCA1 gene mutation carrier. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old patient with BRCA1 gene mutation. INTERVENTION(S): Semi-natural IVF cycle and intracytoplasmic sperm injection. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Pregnancy rate. RESULT(S): A modified natural IVF cycle ...
Brodin Thomas - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether menstrual cycle length correlates with success rates at IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and could be used as a marker of ovarian reserve. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Private infertility centre. PATIENT(S): A total of 6271 IVF/ICSI treatment cycles. INTERVENTION(S): Self-reported mean number of menstrual days during ...
McGovern Peter G - - 2008
We investigated whether poor adherence with metformin tablets may have contributed to the poor success rates seen in the metformin-containing arms of the Pregnancy in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PPCOS) Trial. Median adherence for both metformin and clomiphene citrate tablets was within acceptable limits and unrelated to ovulation: thus, failure to ...
Ceyhan S Temel - - 2008
To evaluate the effect of luteal estrogen supplementation on pregnancy rates in normal responder IVF patients treated with recombinant FSH and fixed multidose GnRH antagonist, patients were randomized into two groups to receive vaginal 600 mg/d micronized progesterone for luteal phase supplementation with or without transdermal estrogen supplementation (100 microg/d). ...
Grinsted A - - 2007
It has previously been noted that there are drops in global sea level (GSL) after some major volcanic eruptions. However, observational evidence has not been convincing because there is substantial variability in the global sea level record over periods similar to those at which we expect volcanoes to have an ...
Ghesquiere Sophie L - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to determine the relationship between the number of mature ovarian follicles and the (multiple) live birth rate after controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and intrauterine insemination. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 2463 intrauterine insemination cycles performed during a natural cycle (n = 118), or after ...
Waugh Esther J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cognitive dietary restraint (CDR) may mediate subclinical ovulatory disturbances, which may result in loss of bone mineral density (BMD). CDR is associated with greater physical activity, which may modify the effect of CDR and ovulatory disturbances on bone mass. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relations among CDR, ovulatory ...
Vimercati Antonella - - 2007
The effect of myomectomy on implantation and pregnancy rates prior to assisted reproduction treatments is controversial. This study was designed to assess clinical outcomes of IVF cycles in women with uterine fibroids. A retrospective single-centre assessment of clinical outcomes of IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatments in infertile women in a ...
Duggavathi R - - 2008
The mechanisms of ovulatory compensation following unilateral ovariectomy (ULO) are still not understood. In the present study, we investigated the short- and long-term effects of ULO in sheep using transrectal ovarian ultrasonography and hormone estimations made during the estrous cycle in which surgery was done, the estrous cycle 2 mo ...
Schachter Morey - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the addition of one dose of preovulatory GnRH agonist could improve implantation and pregnancy rates in GnRH antagonist IVF cycles. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. SETTING: University-affiliated IVF and infertility unit. PATIENT(S): Two hundred twenty-one patients intended for GnRH antagonist protocol IVF. INTERVENTION(S): Patients were prospectively ...
Kucuk Tansu - - 2007
To compare the effectiveness of using recFSH commenced in the luteal phase with a long GnRH agonist protocol or in the early follicular phase with a short GnRH agonist protocol, in infertile women designated as poor responders undergoing treatment with assisted reproduction in a prospective, randomized, controlled study. Forty-two couples ...
Palomba Stefano - - 2008
This study was intended to assess the effects of oral contraceptives given before treatment in infertile anovulatory patients with polycystic ovary syndrome who receive gonadotropins for controlled ovarian stimulation. Pretreatment with oral contraceptives increased the mono-ovulatory cycles, the duration of stimulation for noncanceled cycles, and the number of vials of ...
Wei Hsiao-Jui - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test and pregnancy outcome after women's first IVF cycle. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Infertility center at a private tertiary hospital in Taiwan. PATIENT(S): All 280 patients who went through their initial IVF cycle at the hospital between January 2004 ...
Sunkara Sesh Kamal - - 2007
Many randomized trials have evaluated the use of various pituitary suppression regimens to improve outcome of poor responders undergoing IVF treatment. A systematic review was conducted of the trials of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist long regimen, GnRH agonist short regimen, GnRH antagonist regimen, as well as other pituitary suppression regimens ...
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