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Murphy Neil J NJ Alaska Native Medical Center, Anchorage, AK, - - 2014
Trauma complicates one in 12 pregnancies, and is the leading nonobstetric cause of death among pregnant women. The most common traumatic injuries are motor vehicle crashes, assaults, falls, and intimate partner violence. Nine out of 10 traumatic injuries during pregnancy are classified as minor, yet 60% to 70% of fetal ...
Farrar Diane D Maternal and Child Health, Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford Royal Infirmary, Duckworth Lane, Bradford, UK, BD9 - - 2014
Perineal damage occurs frequently during childbirth, with severe damage involving injury to the anal sphincter reported in up to 18% of vaginal births. Women who have sustained anal sphincter damage are more likely to suffer perineal pain, dyspareunia (painful sexual intercourse), defaecatory dysfunction, and urinary and faecal incontinence compared to ...
VAN Hook James W JW Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Acute kidney injury complicates the care of a relatively small number of pregnant and postpartum women. Several pregnancy-related disorders such as preeclampsia and thrombotic microangiopathies may produce acute kidney injury. Prerenal azotemia is another common cause of acute kidney injury in pregnancy. This manuscript will review pregnancy-associated acute kidney injury ...
Harland Karisa K KK 1 Injury Prevention Research Center, University of Iowa , Iowa City, - - 2014
Abstract Background: The prevalence of injuries during pregnancy is largely underestimated, as previous research has focused on more severe injuries resulting in emergency department visits and hospitalizations. The objective of our study was to estimate the frequency, risk factors, and causes of injuries in a population-based sample of pregnant women. ...
Bubols Guilherme B GB Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Laboratório de Toxicologia (LATOX), Departamento de Análises Clínicas, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2014
Since we have previously demonstrated the relation between polyphenol-rich foods (PRF) consumption and ductus arteriosus (DA) constriction, in this work pregnant sheep were submitted to oral PRF intake for 14 days to understand how this process occurs. Fetal Doppler echocardiography, oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers and total polyphenol (TP) excretion were evaluated. ...
Favaron Phelipe O - - 2014
Placental research in carnivores has concentrated on domestic species, which have zonary, labyrinthine placentas with an endotheliochorial barrier. Although the coati, Nasua nasua, is a widely distributed species in South America, data on the development of the placenta and the fetal membranes in this species are very sparse. Four placentas ...
Ferner Kirsten K Division of Systematic Zoology, Institute of Agriculture and Horticulture, Faculty of Life Science, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, D-10115, - - 2014
Placentation determines the developmental status of the neonate, which can be considered as the most vulnerable stage in the mammalian life cycle. In this respect, the different evolutionary and ecological adaptations of marsupial and placental mammals have most likely been associated with the different reproductive strategies of the two therian ...
Jewgenow Katarina K Leibniz-Institute for Zoo Biology and Wildlife Research, PF 700430, D-10324 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A review of lynxes' reproductive biology and comparison between the reproductive cycles of the domestic cat and lynxes is presented. Three of the four lynx species (the bobcat excluded) express quite similar reproductive pattern (age at sexual maturity, estrus and pregnancy length, litter size). Similarly to the domestic cat, the ...
Wake Marvalee H MH Department of Integrative Biology and Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, California, - - 2014
Live-bearing has evolved in all three orders of amphibians-frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Developing young may be either yolk dependent, or maternal nutrients may be supplied after yolk is resorbed, depending on the species. Among frogs, embryos in two distantly related lineages develop in the skin of the maternal parents' backs; ...
Tena-Betancourt Eduardo E Department of Ethology, Wildlife and Laboratory Animals, Department of Medicine and Zootechnia of Bees, Rabbits and Aquatic Organisms, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnia UNAM, Coyoacán, Mexico City, México. - - 2014
Extrauterine pregnancy (EP) is infrequent in mammalian species and occurs when fertilized ova implant and develop outside the uterus. A common outcome is abdominal pregnancy resulting in mummified fetuses (lithopedia). Here we describe an unusual case of abdominal pregnancy with early and near full-term lithopedia. Macroscopic findings supported the diagnosis ...
Parsley Laura M LM School of Zoology, University of Tasmania, Sandy Bay Campus, Private Bag 5, 7000, Tasmania, - - 2014
Maternally-derived testosterone (T) and 17-β-oestradiol (E2) provide epigenetic mechanisms by which mothers can actively influence offspring phenotype. In amniotes, maternal steroids may be derived from yolk or transferred across the placenta according to parity mode. Viviparous reptiles utilise both a yolk and a placenta to support their developing embryos, but ...
Kacerovsky Marian M Biomedical Research Center, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Czech - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To evaluate Ureaplasma species and Mycoplasma hominis DNA in the umbilical cord blood and its correlation with its microbial load in the amniotic fluid, as a measure of microbial burden in fetal inflammatory response and neonatal outcome in pregnancies complicated by preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (pPROM). Study ...
Romero Roberto R Perinatology Research Branch, Program for Perinatal Research and Obstetrics, Division of Intramural Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, MD and, Detroit, MI, USA. - - 2014
This study was undertaken to characterize the vaginal microbiota throughout normal human pregnancy using sequence-based techniques. We compared the vaginal microbial composition of non-pregnant patients with a group of pregnant women who delivered at term. A retrospective case-control longitudinal study was designed and included non-pregnant women (n = 32) and pregnant women ...
Mech L David LD U. S. Geological Survey, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, Jamestown, North Dakota, United States of - - 2014
Using artificial insemination we attempted to produce hybrids between captive, male, western, gray wolves (Canis lupus) and female, western coyotes (Canis latrans) to determine whether their gametes would be compatible and the coyotes could produce and nurture offspring. The results contribute new information to an ongoing controversy over whether the ...
Reumer Jelle W F JW Natural History Museum , Rotterdam , The Netherlands ; Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University , Utrecht , The - - 2014
The number of cervical vertebrae in mammals is highly conserved at seven. We have shown that changes of this number are selected against due to a coupling with major congenital abnormalities (pleiotropic effects). Here we show that the incidence of abnormal cervical vertebral numbers in Late Pleistocene mammoths from the ...
Petricevic Ljubomir L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna, - - 2014
The presence of an abnormal vaginal microflora in early pregnancy is a risk factor for preterm delivery. There is no investigation on vaginal flora dominated by lactic acid bacteria and possible association with preterm delivery. We assessed the dominant vaginal Lactobacillus species in healthy pregnant women in early pregnancy in ...
Walther-António Marina R S MR Department of Surgical Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States of - - 2014
To assess the vaginal microbiome throughout full-term uncomplicated pregnancy. Vaginal swabs were obtained from twelve pregnant women at 8-week intervals throughout their uncomplicated pregnancies. Patients with symptoms of vaginal infection or with recent antibiotic use were excluded. Swabs were obtained from the posterior fornix and cervix at 8-12, 17-21, 27-31, ...
Dehnhard M M Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Methods for monitoring endocrine activities are useful tools for reproduction management. In particular, captive breeding of endangered felid species is considered to be an important part of the species conservation efforts. Within breeding programs, reliable methods for pregnancy diagnosis are highly demanded to prevent peri- and postpartal losses, but pregnancy ...
Ptak Grazyna E - - 2013
When a competent blastocyst stage embryo finds itself in an unreceptive uterus, it delays development. In around one hundred species representing various orders, this delay is known to be reversible, but this phenomenon - termed embryonic diapause (ED) - is not considered a general characteristic of all mammals. Recently, however, ...
Vallet J L - - 2013
Conceptus losses in livestock occur throughout gestation. The uterus and the embryo-placenta-fetus play interconnected roles in these losses, the details of which depend on the period of gestation and the species. Studies in sheep and pigs have indicated that the uterine glands are essential for full fertility, based on experiments ...
Morita Yuka - - 2013
A single radial immunodiffusion (SRID) assay and a chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) were initially developed for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) of the striped dolphin. Utilizing these developed assays, we investigated pregnancy-associated changes in the levels of AFP in the sera of fetuses and pregnant females of three dolphin species; samples were either collected ...
Pukazhenthi Budhan - - 2013
Tapirs (Tapirus sp.) have been studied extensively in the wild, yet little is known about their fundamental reproductive biology, information that is critical to establishing self-sustaining populations in captivity as a hedge against extinction. This paper reviews information on the reproductive biology of the 4 species of tapirs: Baird's (Tapirus ...
Trego Marisa L - - 2013
RECENT STUDIES HAVE VALIDATED THE USE OF BIOPSIES AS A MINIMALLY INVASIVE WAY TO IDENTIFY PREGNANT FEMALES IN SEVERAL SPECIES OF WILD CETACEANS: Balaenapteraacutorostrata , Delphinusdelphis , Lissodelphisborealis, and Lagenorhynchusobliquidens. These studies found that progesterone (P4) concentrations quantified from blubber attached to biopsy samples is diagnostic of pregnancy. Here we ...
Wang Xiaowei - - 2013
16S rRNA-based genomic analyses have revolutionized our understanding of infectious diseases. Many cases which were recognized as "idiopathic" are now known to have an infectious etiology. Here, we present a proof-of-concept study to examine the microbial link between intra-amniotic infection (IAI) and early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). Using culture independent methods, ...
Krepschi V G - - 2012
This study aimed to validate the enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for fecal progestin quantification of the species Mazama americana, define its excretion profile during periods of gestation and postpartum and determine the gestation period and resumption of postpartum ovarian activity in this species in captivity. Fecal samples were collected twice a ...
Rajani Shweta - - 2012
The aim of this study is to examine meiotic spindle in oocytes along with reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in follicular fluid of women undergoing IVF and to correlate these findings with embryo quality and pregnancy outcome. 167 women aged 25-35 years with endometriosis (Group A), polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) ...
De Sanctis Vitaliana - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pregnancy outcomes in women with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) diagnosis, treated between 1972 and 1999 at Department of Radiotherapy and Hematology of University "Sapienza" of Roma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively studied 99 female patients that conceived after treatment for HL. ...
Jayasekera Bodiabaduge A P - - 2012
Glioblastoma multiforme presenting during pregnancy presents unique challenges to the clinician. In planning treatment, potential benefits to the mother must be balanced against the risks to the fetus. In addition, evidence relating to timing of surgery and the use of radiotherapy and chemotherapy in pregnancy is limited. Management of peritumoral ...
Yagihashi Yusuke - - 2012
We report a case of pyelonephritis and secondary bacteraemia caused by Veillonella species during pregnancy. Veillonella is part of the normal flora from the oral cavity, gut and vagina. However, because Veillonella is usually isolated from cultures of clinical specimens as part of commensal flora, it is frequently regarded as ...
Tarnaris Andrew - - 2011
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Subarachnoid haemorrhage in pregnancy has traditionally been treated by surgical clipping however lately cases of successful coiling have been reported. Nevertheless, the long-term outcome of coiling is not well known in pregnant women. Mortality due to rebleeding of an incompletely treated aneurysm remains high. Only 15 cases ...
Achong Naomi - - 2011
Pregnancy in women with Cushing's syndrome (CS) is uncommon. It is associated with significant maternal and fetal complications. Pregnancy-induced Cushing's syndrome is exceptionally rare with fewer than ten cases reported in the world literature and none in Australia or New Zealand. We describe a woman with possible recurrent pregnancy-induced CS ...
Qasba Neena - - 2011
There is paucity of data regarding tick-borne diseases during pregnancy. Here, we report a case of human granulocytic anaplasmosis during pregnancy with successful treatment and a favorable neonatal outcome. We also review diagnosis, treatment, and outcomes of published case reports from 1983 to 2010 of human granulocytic anaplasmosis, Lyme disease, ...
Kornacki Jakub - - 2012
We report the case of fetal goiter which occurred in two consecutive pregnancies in the same patients. The first one, due to too late diagnosis and no intrauterine treatment, contributed to the immediate postnatal death of the newborn; the second one was properly diagnosed at 19 weeks and then effectively ...
Mandujano Alicia - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Compare self-reported pre-pregnancy weight & delivery weight with documented pre-pregnancy & delivery weight and determine if there are differences compared with the Institute of Medicine?s (IOM) guidelines. Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of 234 women. Inclusion criteria included documented height, self-reported pre-pregnancy weight, self-reported delivery weight, documented ...
Agarwal Anil - - 2011
Phaeochromocytoma is a rare cause of hypertension during pregnancy with potentially fatal consequences. If not detected and treated early in pregnancy, it is catastrophic for both the mother and the baby. Management requires close co-ordination between the obstetrician, anaesthesiologist, paediatrician and the endocrinologist. Perioperative management for an emergency caesarean section ...
Shah Prerana N - - 2011
Successful anaesthetic management for caesarean section in a case with previous pituitary tumour resection, with residual tumour, is reported. The pituitary gland undergoes global hyperplasia during pregnancy. Functional pituitary tumours may exhibit symptomatic enlargement during pregnancy. Growth hormone secreting tumour is associated with acromegaly which has associated anaesthetic implications of ...
Mohamed-Suphan Nurhidayati - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Uterine and cervical prolapse is a rare occurrence in pregnancy. It can be associated with minor cervical desiccation and ulceration to devastating maternal fatalities. The scope of complications includes urinary retention, preterm labor, premature delivery, fetal demise, maternal sepsis, and urinary retention. METHODS: We present a case of a ...
Mhallem Gziri Mina - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Due to its rarity, there is no standard treatment for tongue cancers that concur with pregnancy. Treatment depends on the stage of cancer, gestational age of the pregnancy, and the wish of the mother to maintain the pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to review the literature and ...
Rémi Jan - - 2011
Postpartum cerebral angiopathy (PCA) is a cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome developing shortly after delivery, without signs of preceding eclampsia. The risk for recurrence of PCA is unknown. Here, we report on a closely monitored, uneventful pregnancy of a woman with a previous severe episode of PCA. In summary, this case report ...
Blasi Immacolata - - 2011
The improvement of antenatal management and surgical techniques has greatly increased the survival rate of infants with spina bifida. More of these women are reaching adulthood and reproductive age and therefore could become pregnant. Pregnancy complications depend on the kind of spina bifida and subject's condition.We report a case of ...
Modayil Veena - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Although rare, cervical ectopic pregnancy (EP) represents a potentially lethal variation of a common first-trimester disease entity. CASE REPORT: We report a case of low abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding diagnosed as a cervical EP by point-of-care ultrasound. CONCLUSION: Familiarity with cervical EP and its sonographic appearance is essential ...
Bircher C - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Bircher C, Smith R, Seckl M, Brown D, Short D, Rees H, McCarthy A, Nirmal D. Metastatic choriocarcinoma presenting and treated during viable pregnancy: a case report. BJOG 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03062.x.
Stevens Erin E - - 2011
Cesarean scar ectopic pregnancies have been diagnosed with increasing frequency in the last decade. There is no consensus of management for these pregnancies; however, prior reports have suggested best results using either combination methotrexate therapy or surgical excision. We present a case of failed systemic and local methotrexate therapy requiring ...
Shah Ami J - - 2011
The number of patients who have had successful pregnancies following hematopoietic stem cell transplant during childhood remains under investigation. As the number of survivors increase and enter adulthood, we continue to learn more about fertility in these patients. In this case report we report the case of a 27 year-old ...
Brudie Lorna A - - 2011
Choriocarcinoma is a highly malignant tumor arising from any gestation. Several cases of metastatic choriocarcinoma have been reported in the literature during viable intrauterine pregnancies. We present a case of choriocarcinoma metastatic to the lungs, liver and brain in a 28-year-old female who received systemic chemotherapy, consisting of etoposide-methotrexate-actinomycin D-cyclophosphamide-vincristine ...
Ciavattini Andrea - - 2011
Background. Pregnancies in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are subject to an increased risk of complications. Methods. We have made a systematic review of the literature concerning pregnancies in women with CF to evaluate prognostic factors of pregnancy outcome such as lung function and nutritional status, also including and describing the case ...
Copland Rachel J - - 2011
To determine the prevalence of self-reported pregnancy among sexually experienced high school students, and the association between teenage pregnancy and access to primary health care. Between March and October 2007, 96 high schools throughout New Zealand participated in Youth'07, a cross-sectional Health and Wellbeing survey. The dataset included 2,620 (1,217 ...
Taylor N - - 2011
Adequate antiretroviral therapy is essential for HIV-positive pregnant women to prevent mother-to-child transmission. We report a small case series of five women receiving raltegravir as part of their antiretroviral regimen during pregnancy.
Baffoe P - - 2011
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy with very high morbidity and mortality for both the mother and the foetus. Diagnosis and management can pose some difficulties especially in low-resource centres. High index of suspicion is vital in making prompt diagnosis in such situations. A case of abdominal ...
Curtis Siân S Department of Maternal and Child Health, Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA. - - 2011
Contraceptive discontinuation is a common event that may be associated with low motivation to avoid pregnancy. If this is the case, a substantial proportion of pregnancies that follow discontinuation will be reported as intended. Demographic and Health Survey data from six countries (Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic, Kazakhstan, Kenya, the Philippines ...
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