Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 615
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Morita Y - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, cornual pregnancy has been treated by cornual resection or hysterectomy at laparotomy because it is usually hard to achieve hemostasis of the myometrial wound. We describe laparoscopic treatment with fibrin glue hemostasis in a woman with cornual pregnancy following salpingectomy. CASE: A 39-year-old woman who had a history ...
Bernasconi O - - 1997
PURPOSE: To suggest an explanation for the satellite dark dots seen by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) around the main focus of a toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis. METHODS: The authors analysed the evolution of ICG satellite dark dots in two cases of recurrent toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis receiving anti-toxoplasmic treatment not including corticosteroids. RESULTS: Both ...
Abbott P V - - 1997
During endodontic treatment of any tooth, aesthetics must be considered in the same manner as during any other dental treatment. The most common aesthetic challenge associated with endodontics is the discoloration of natural tooth structure. The discoloration may be a result of pulp pathosis, especially pulpal hemorrhage prior to or ...
Dizdar N - - 1997
Using microdialysis of human melanoma transplants in athymic mice we have shown that interstitial glutathione levels decreased during treatment with buthionine sulphoximine (BSO) and recovered after cessation of treatment. The cysteine concentrations also decreased, while 5-S-cysteinyldopa tended to increase during BSO treatment. Restoration of the glutathione levels was not seen ...
Barnhart K - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Medical management of ectopic pregnancy is effective in selected cases and is recommended to treat interstitial pregnancy to avoid surgery that may limit future fertility. Although successful medical management of interstitial pregnancy has been reported, evidence does not support success rates equal to that in other ectopic locations. CASES: ...
Messore M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bilateral ectopic pregnancy is a rare event and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. CASE: A unique case occurred of bilateral ectopic pregnancy involving the left fallopian tube and right cornu, or interstitial segment. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates the difficulty in diagnosing heterotopic pregnancies and in particular those pregnancies with ...
Baker V L - - 1997
With use of transvaginal ultrasonographic guidance, cardiac activity in an interstitial heterotopic pregnancy at 7 weeks' gestation was terminated. The interstitial pregnancy resolved, and a healthy term infant was delivered. If an early diagnosis of an interstitial heterotopic pregnancy is made, selective reduction may allow preservation of the intrauterine gestation ...
Ostrzenski A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The interstitial gestation prevalence ranges from 1 in 2,500-5,000 live births, with a mortality rate of 2-2.5%. Total abdominal hysterectomy is usually offered to clinically stable patients over 35 years old. For younger women who desire to preserve their child-bearing capacity, interstitial pregnancy excision with a salpingo-oopherectomy is offered. ...
Buckley L M - - 1997
This report describes an infant with multiple congenital anomalies born to a 20-year-old mother with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis who had been taking weekly low-dose methotrexate (MTX) during the first trimester of pregnancy. The abnormalities found were consistent with those associated with maternal ingestion of MTX at dosage levels used to ...
Swaim L S - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Interstitial pregnancies are often associated with significant morbidity. The surgical treatment of such ectopic gestations often requires laparotomy and cornual resection, thus obliterating tubal and uterine continuity. Methotrexate has been shown to be 94% successful in the management of tubally implanted ectopic gestations, but few reports describe its use ...
Louis-Sylvestre C - - 1997
The object of this report is to discuss diagnosis and treatment of heterotopic pregnancies. Thirteen consecutive cases referred to our institution are reviewed. In 54% of cases the heterotopic pregnancy was asymptomatic. The ectopic pregnancy was visualized prior to surgery in 69% of the cases. The treatment was surgical in ...
Spitzer D - - 1997
Recently, various conservative regimens for the treatment of cervical pregnancy have been introduced to preserve fertility in young women, with methotrexate being one of the most widely used drugs. The success of conservative treatment depends on early preoperative diagnosis. We report three cases of first trimester cervical pregnancy, successfully treated ...
Horrigan T J - - 1997
Pneumonitis is an infrequent complication of methotrexate therapy. Described is a case of pneumonitis after treatment of an ectopic pregnancy. A 20-year-old white woman, gravida 3, para 0, ectopic pregnancy 2, was treated for her third ectopic pregnancy with 88 mg (50 mg/m2) of intramuscular methotrexate. Four days later acute ...
Clasen K - - 1997
From March 1989 to December 1995, 194 cases of ectopic pregnancy were diagnosed in our centre and treated following a strict laparoscopic protocol. A total of 193 cases was treated surgically and only one case was treated medically, because general anaesthesia was contraindicated. Altogether, eight laparotomies (4.1%) had to be ...
Yuen P M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: To assess the use of laparoscopy in the management of persistent adnexal mass during the second trimester of pregnancy. SUBJECTS: Six consecutive pregnant women undergoing laparoscopic surgery for persistent adnexal masses in the second trimester. RESULTS: Laparoscopic removal of an adnexal mass was successfully performed in all patients. The ...
Hidlebaugh D - - 1997
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare three treatment options for ectopic pregnancy-laparotomy, laparoscopy, and methotrexate-including clinical aspects, costs, and reproductive outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective review of outpatient and inpatient records of all patients with a diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy insured by Fallon Community Health from 1990 to 1995. SETTING: Multispecialty group practice and ...
Parker J - - 1997
There is a widespread belief that salpingostomy is the treatment of choice for ectopic pregnancy. The ability to treat most ectopic pregnancies via a laparoscopic approach has been a major advance in gynaecological surgery. Despite the well publicized benefits of laparoscopy over laparotomy only 50% of patients with ectopic pregnancies ...
Batioglu S - - 1997
This report describes a woman with cornual pregnancy, documented by ultrasonography and laparoscopy, who was successfully treated with two doses of methotrexate under laparoscopic and ultrasonographic guidance. The serum beta human chorionic gonadotropin level was 20,000 mIU/ml and increased to 43,800 mIU/ml after the first methotrexate injection and to 44,400 ...
Kaaijk E M - - 1997
The feasibility of ultrasound-guided transvaginal interstitial laser treatment of the ovary (TILT) and its efficacy for ovulation induction was investigated in 3 hormone-therapy-resistant patients with chronic hyperandrogenic anovulation. TILT was performed at powers of 1-2 W and exposures of 75-600 s. Clear-cut hyperechogenic zones developed during laser irradiation with diameters ...
Graczykowski J W - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the incidence of persistent ectopic pregnancy after linear salpingostomy can be reduced by prophylactic administration of a single dose of methotrexate postoperatively. METHODS: Women who underwent linear salpingostomy for treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy and who agreed to participate in the study (n = 129) were ...
Scarpellini F - - 1997
Ectopic pregnancy is one of the most common and dangerous complications of the early pregnancy period. Until now diagnosis has been late because major symptoms occur after tubal rupture and so only demolitive surgery has been possible. At present, with the appearance of ultrasound in obstetrics an earlier diagnosis of ...
Jain A - - 1997
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to establish the 585 nm flashlamp-pulsed tunable dye laser (PTDL) as a potentially effective modality in the treatment of plantar verrucae. Furthermore, this study attempted to identify if certain regions of the plantar surface yielded a different clearance rate in comparison ...
Lemaire B M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is known for its many advantages, but the use of this modality during pregnancy is still under discussion. METHODS: The subjects in this discussion are the unknown influence of the pneumoperitoneum and the fear of damaging the uterus while inserting the Veress needle and trocars. In a ...
Nezhat F R - - 1997
To review the literature regarding the role of laparoscopy during pregnancy, particularly adnexal mass and non-obstetric surgery, incorporating the results of a series of 9 cases of laparoscopy during pregnancy at our centers. A Medline search was performed to review the literature, and the reference lists provided by those articles ...
Zullo F - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The use of methotrexate (MTX) by systemic administration in the treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy has been reported as a safe and effective method. CASES: We report three cases (one hematosalpinx and two pelvic hematocoeles) of complications after the use of MTX in the treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancies. ...
Benifla J L - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate medical treatment of interstitial pregnancy. METHODS: This series was a retrospective study of medical treatment of interstitial pregnancies which was managed in two French Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology (Bichat public Hospital. Paris and A. Béclère public Hospital, Clamart, France). Fifteen patients with clear evidence of an ...
Korhonen J - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate recovery times and need for laparoscopy in women with ectopic pregnancy who were treated for 5 days 2.5 mg/day of oral methotrexate or placebo. METHODS: Sixty women with ectopic pregnancy among patients of an outpatient clinic specializing in early pregnancy disorders were selected for medical treatment in ...
Maymon R - - 1996
The two main conservative treatment alternatives for tubal pregnancy, methotrexate administration and laparoscopic salpingostomy are under constant review. Recently, expectant management of tubal pregnancy has become increasingly popular. In this review, we assess the outcome of conservative management modalities for extrauterine pregnancy and compare the results of treatment with methotrexate ...
Andreoli M - - 1996
A pregnant patient with gallstone-induced pancreatitis initially responded to medical treatment, but the pancreatitis recurred. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and laparoscopic cholecystectomy were done at 28 weeks' gestation. The remainder of the pregnancy was unremarkable. Although 20 cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy have been reported for cholecystitis during pregnancy, this is the ...
Isaacs J D JD - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy with methotrexate is an increasingly common alternative to surgical management. Initial reports of methotrexate therapy described a very low incidence of complications. We report our experience with two patients who developed profound toxicity following methotrexate treatment of ectopic pregnancy. CASE: The first patient received ...
Eichenberg B J - - 1996
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the method of choice for symptomatic cholelithiasis. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy is also becoming more accepted, as illustrated by several recent publications on this subject. In the third trimester, however, laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been less commonly attempted, with only a few case reports. We present a ...
Dutta S - - 1996
We report four cases (three women, one man) having delusions of pregnancy seen over a four month period at a short - stay in-patient facility in a General Hospital Psychiatry Department. None had organic factors and all could be explained on the basis of psychological mechanisms. Delusions of pregnancy may ...
Zilber U - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to determine whether laparoscopic salpingostomy is preferable to laparoscopic methotrexate injection in the management of unruptured tubal gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Forty-eight patients with unruptured tubal pregnancy were prospectively randomized to either laparoscopic salpingostomy or laparoscopic local methotrexate injection in a university medical center. Operation time, duration ...
Annunziata N - - 1996
Medical therapy in ectopic and ovarian pregnancies in particular, can be a valid alternative to the surgical approach, since it can guarantee the reproductive function in a better way. More and more attempts with methotrexate, which can induce the death of both embryo and trophoblastic tissue, are being made. Both ...
Atri M - - 1996
Although diagnostic laparoscopy is still considered the standard reference in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (EP), use of high-resolution endovaginal sonography, in conjunction with qualitative serum assays of the beta subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG), allows detection of earlier and smaller EPs. The most common endovaginal sonographic finding of ...
Alexander J M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To compare the economic costs between two strategies for management of the small unruptured ectopic pregnancy: initial treatment with methotrexate versus initial treatment with laparoscopic salpingostomy. METHODS: We assumed that both treatment strategies would result in identical clinical outcomes: resolution of the ectopic pregnancy without maternal mortality or long-term ...
Dehaene I - - 1996
We report four patients with internuclear ophthalmoplegia and torsional nystagmus, ipsiversive to the side of the medial longitudinal fasciculus (MLF) lesion. The MLF lesion could be responsible for an inactivation of the ipsilateral interstitial nucleus of Cajal inducing a contraversive slow phase. The presence of a corrective ipsiversive quick phase ...
Hung T H - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To review our experience with early ultrasonographic diagnosis and fertility-preserving complete medical treatment of cervical pregnancy. METHODS: From January 1989 to December 1994, 11 cases of cervical pregnancy diagnosed by ultrasonography and treated with methotrexate were evaluated. Patients were treated as follows: systemic administration of methotrexate with leucovorin rescue, ...
Scharff L - - 1996
In a previous study, 30 pregnant women suffering from headaches were treated with physical therapy, relaxation training, and biofeedback. Eighty percent of these women experienced significant relief of headaches following treatment. Although this study demonstrated the effectiveness of nonmedical treatment during pregnancy, little is known about the influence of changing ...
Timor-Tritsch I E - - 1996
Puncture and injection (usually by methotrexate) of ectopic pregnancies are relatively new modalities of treatment. Lately, these have been applied to cornual ectopic pregnancies. We describe here a proposed transvaginal ultrasound-guided puncture route, leading the needle into the cornual ectopic pregnancy, first traversing the myometrium and approaching the gestational sac ...
Parker W H - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the surgical management and outcome of laparoscopic removal of benign cystic teratomas during pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The records of women with benign cystic teratomas who were managed with operative laparoscopy during pregnancy were reviewed. RESULTS: Twelve women had laparoscopic removal of a benign cystic ...
Floridon C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate tubal morphology, trophoblast proliferation, and inflammatory reaction in response to methotrexate (MTX) treatment of ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled study. SETTING: Academic hospital. PATIENTS: Archival specimens from 10 EP unsuccessfully treated with MTX and 10 cases primarily treated by surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Ki67/hCG and Ki67/human placental lactogen ...
Kahl-Nieke B - - 1996
The aim of the present long-term follow-up study of orthodontically treated patients was to analyze postretention changes in arch width dimension and to isolate factors that may serve as predictors of long-term prognosis. Pretreatment, end-of-treatment, and postretention (at least 10 years) models of 226 cases with different malocclusions were used ...
Mijnster M J - - 1996
The morphological plasticity of an identified population of synaptic boutons in the rat neostriatum was investigated 24 h (short-term treatment) or 14 days (long-term treatment) after administration of the depot neuroleptic, haloperidol decanoate. Specific methionine(5)-enkephalin antiserum was used to label bouton profiles in the dorsal neostriatum. The size and shape ...
Schaff E A - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of methotrexate and misoprostol to induce abortion in pregnancies up to 8 weeks when uterine or cervical anomalies make suction curettage difficult or impossible. METHODS: Four consecutive women, 8 weeks pregnant or less and with failed suction curettage, were given methotrexate 50 mg per square ...
Maiolatesi C R - - 1996
Early diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy can provide women an alternative to surgical therapy. Nonsurgical treatment using methotrexate is cost-effective, restores subsequent fertility, and decreases the morbidity and morality intrinsic to traditional surgical procedures. This article reviews the risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnostic techniques, and nursing care for medically treated ...
Stahl S - - 1996
The incidence of carpal tunnel syndrome is increased during pregnancy. The common conventional therapeutic approach is conservative, as symptoms usually abate after delivery. We describe our experience with 65 hands (50 patients), who were treated initially by a conservative approach and later, when required, surgically. We found that all patients ...
Darai E - - 1996
Between November 1988 and December 1993, 100 patients with a common, unruptured ectopic pregnancy were treated with 1 mg/kg injection of intratubal methotrexate under transvaginal sonographic control. Patients were not excluded from this series on the basis of the size of the adnexal mass, the term of ectopic pregnancy or ...
Ferris L E - - 1996
Dr. Ellen R. Wiebe's study of the use of methotrexate and misoprostol in combination for early termination of intrauterine pregnancy (see pages 165 to 170 of this issue) is the first Canadian study of the use of this drug combination for medical abortion. The authors compare Wiebe's findings with those ...
Carringer M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ureteric stone treatment by ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy during pregnancy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four pregnant women (mean age 29.5 years, range 27-35) with five episodes of ureteric stones were treated by ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy when the fetus was at 26-35 weeks ...
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