Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 617
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Rahimi M A - - 1999
Laparoscopic surgery is currently the preferred treatment for ectopic pregnancy. Interstitial tubal pregnancy is a rare and dangerous form of ectopic pregnancy that is usually treated by cornual resection or hysterectomy. In this patient, it was treated laparoscopically with a simple and safe method using three endoloops. The procedure is ...
Nezhat C H - - 1999
The objective of this study was to assess the outcome of pregnancy in a series of women who underwent laparoscopic myomectomy. A total of 115 women underwent laparoscopic myomectomy for pressure and pain (76.5%), abnormal bleeding (52.2%) and/or infertility (29.6%). Follow up data were obtained either by reviewing the patient's ...
Idama T O - - 1999
We report a case of a singleton cornual (interstitial) pregnancy following spontaneous conception in a primigravida with no risk factors for ectopic pregnancy. She presented at 30 weeks gestation with haemoperitoneum, due to a small rupture on the posterior surface of the cornual pregnancy. At laparotomy, an incision was made ...
Machi J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic ultrasonography (LUS) has been used increasingly over the last several years as a new imaging modality. To define the role of LUS during laparoscopic cholecystectomy, we evaluated LUS by prospectively comparing it with operative cholangiography (OC), by reviewing the literature on LUS, and by retrospectively comparing it with ...
- - 1999
Ectopic pregnancy is a major health problem for women of reproductive age and, in the United States, is the leading cause of pregnancy-related death during the first trimester. Diagnosis and treatment of tubal pregnancy before tubal rupture occurs decreases the risk of death. Early detection may make it possible for ...
Yitzhak M - - 1999
A case of cervical pregnancy resistant to intramuscular methotrexate therapy is presented, which was successfully treated by intra-arterial methotrexate followed by selective prophylactic hypogastric artery embolization to avoid aggravating the vaginal bleeding. It is suggested that, in cervical pregnancies in which fertility preservation is desired, a stepwise conservative approach should ...
Lin W Y - - 1999
Coronoid process hyperplasia with limitation of mouth opening is rare. The pathology is often ignored, but it can be easily detected using dental panoramic view of x-ray films. Definition of the coronoid process hyperplasia can be made by measuring the height of coronoid process and the ratio of coronoid/condyle height ...
Tulandi T - - 1999
Laparoscopic salpingostomy remains the definitive and universal treatment of ectopic pregnancy in patients who are hemodynamically stable and who wish to preserve their fertility. The reproductive performance after salpingostomy appears to be equivalent or better than salpingectomy, but the recurrent ectopic pregnancy rate may be slightly greater. Expectant management has ...
Crvenković G - - 1999
Traditional treatment of interstitial pregnancy includes cornual resection or hysterectomy by laparotomy, but advanced minimally invasive surgery allows successful endoscopic management. We report a case where interstitial pregnancy was successfully diagnosed by ultrasound and treated by laparoscopy. Patient had an unremarkable postoperative course. This case demonstrates that a laparoscopic approach ...
Takeuchi K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of ultrasonography (USG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the early diagnosis of interstitial pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Four cases of interstitial pregnancy that showed characteristic ultrasonographic and MRI findings were studied. All cases received cornual resection, and the presence of interstitial pregnancy was confirmed by ...
Natofsky J G - - 1999
Preliminary studies have demonstrated that salpingocentesis is a safe and effective treatment for unruptured ectopic pregnancies that are visible by transvaginal ultrasound. So far, experience with this technique has been confined to only a few centers around the world. The most promising results of these studies has been the virtual ...
Hafner T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of non-surgical management of interstitial pregnancy. DESIGN: A prospective interventional study. SUBJECTS: Eleven women with the ultrasound diagnosis of interstitial ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: Women with suspected early pregnancy complications were examined by transvaginal ultrasound. Those with the diagnosis of interstitial pregnancy were offered non-surgical treatment ...
Domínguez A - - 1999
The preexcitation syndrome is a rare entity during pregnancy. We present a 20-week pregnant patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and recurrent episodes of tachycardia with hemodynamic compromise refractory to medical treatment that required electrical cardioversion several times. Due to the poor evolution we performed a successful radiofrequency ablation of a right ...
Lécuru F - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Tubal effects of methotrexate injections have been poorly reported. CASES: Three fallopian tubes were examined with light microscopy 9-13 months after tubal methotrexate injection (one case) and intramuscular methotrexate injection (two cases) given for the treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancies. No evidence of tubal damage was found. CONCLUSION: These ...
Wiebe E R - - 1999
This was a dual-cohort study performed to determine if, by using methotrexate alone, abortions could be induced with fewer side effects, without sacrificing effectiveness and patient satisfaction. The subjects were 358 consecutive patients who requested elective medical termination of pregnancy at < 7 weeks gestation. Women were given information and ...
Chamogeorgakis T - - 1999
The purpose of this presentation is to investigate the effects and feasibility of laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy. We present three pregnant patients who underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for biliary colic during the early second and early third trimester of pregnancy. We also reviewed the literature regarding this topic. All three ...
Wilkinson C - - 1998
This case describes the use of ultrasound to diagnose an interstitial ectopic pregnancy and the subsequent management and ultrasound follow-up. Interstitial pregnancy is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of pregnancy. Management options depend upon the timing of diagnosis, and the desire for maintenance of fertility. Methotrexate injection, under ultrasonographic ...
Heard K - - 1998
Medical treatment of ectopic pregnancy with methotrexate has become the standard of care in many areas of the U.S. Rupture of ectopic pregnancy after medical treatment presents a diagnostic challenge to the Emergency Physician. We review a series of 11 patients with ectopic pregnancy treated with methotrexate who then required ...
Fernandez H - - 1998
Methotrexate treatment was compared to laparoscopic salpingotomy for conservative management of ectopic pregnancy in a prospective randomized study. One hundred patients were randomized into two groups using random numbers. Inclusion criteria were an ectopic pregnancy visualized by ultrasound with a pre-therapeutic score <13 as assessed by the following six criteria, ...
Sungurtekin U - - 1998
As a rare form of ectopic pregnancy, interstitial pregnancy threatens the future fertility of the patient. Methods of management include observation only, medical treatment with methotrexate either systemically or locally, or surgery either with laparotomy or laparoscopy. We present the case of a woman with recurrent interstitial pregnancy. Treatment with ...
Kang W H - - 1998
Melasma is a common problem in Asians, but treatments have not been satisfactory. In the present study, we evaluated the efficacy of a new formula containing 0.1% tretinoin, 5% hydroquinone, and 1% hydrocortisone (RHQ) in Korean patients with melasma. Twenty-five Korean females with therapy recalcitrant melasma applied RHQ on their ...
Colacurci N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the time length until the human chorionic gonadotropin titer became negative after medical or surgical treatment of ectopic pregnancy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Prospective, randomized study. PARTECIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: We compared time to resolution in 30 cases of tubal pregnancies successfully treated, 15 ...
Perdu M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to compare the use of a combination of methotrexate and mifepristone with methotrexate alone in the medical management of ectopic pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: This was a preliminary nonrandomized phase II study. All patients with progressing ectopic pregnancy meeting criteria for medical management were included. Treatment consisted ...
De Bruyne F - - 1998
We present a case of an intact interstitial pregnancy at 6 postmenstrual weeks and 4 days, which was successfully treated by combined local and systemic methotrexate administration. The embryonic cardiac activity stopped within 1 min after uneventful ultrasound-guided puncture and methotrexate instillation of the chorionic sac. While the beta-hCG serum ...
Groutz A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Data concerning medical treatment of interstitial ectopic pregnancies are scarce. These pregnancies are characterized by late and serious clinical manifestations. We report a case of advanced interstitial pregnancy treated successfully by combining methotrexate (MTX) and hysteroscopy. CASE: A routine ultrasonic evaluation of a 10-week pregnancy revealed a right interstitial ...
Hajenius P J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe the monitoring of an unsuccessful case of methotrexate treatment of cervical pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 27-year-old woman, gravida 3, para 1, with a vital cervical pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): Feticide and methotrexate administered both locally and systemically. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Treatment success, defined as ...
Jiménez-Caraballo A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the efficiency of methotrexate therapy for unruptured ectopic pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: From November 1990 to December 1996, 60 patients diagnosed with unruptured ectopic pregnancies were treated by the Departamento de Ginecología y Obstetricia at the Hospital Virgen Macarena of Seville. Of these, 14 patients ...
Geisler J P - - 1998
To review the effect of non-gynecologic laparoscopic procedures performed during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy on pregnancy outcome. A review of the patient log for the antenatal obstetrical unit was used to identify the patients in this series from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 1997. Medical records ...
Gazvani M R - - 1998
In the search for a more potent alternative to a single i.m. injection of methotrexate for ectopic pregnancy, a randomized trial was organized. The efficacy of a combination of methotrexate and mifepristone was compared with methotrexate alone in the treatment of unruptured tubal pregnancies. The diagnosis of an unruptured tubal ...
Fisch J D - - 1998
Recent reports describe successful treatment of interstitial ectopic pregnancies using methotrexate. While the number of reported cases is increasing, no consensus exists regarding the management of this complication of pregnancy. We present the successful use of combined systemic and direct intrasac injection of methotrexate for an interstitial pregnancy with the ...
Grobman W A - - 1998
Cornual pregnancy traditionally has been treated with laparotomy and either cornual resection or hysterectomy. Recently, more conservative operations have been developed, and operative laparoscopy has provided yet another management option. This report describes the conservative management of a large cornual ectopic pregnancy and reviews the techniques and outcomes of conservative ...
Plancher S - - 1998
We evaluated the role of transvaginal color Doppler ultrasound in the treatment and follow-up after transvaginal instillation of methotrexate in ectopic pregnancy. Three patients diagnosed with ectopic pregnancies were treated with a single 50 mg dose of methotrexate, transvaginally instilled, under direct color sonographic guidance. Inclusion criteria required a gestational ...
Guex-Crosier Y - - 1998
PURPOSE: Satellite dark dots (SDD) seen by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) around the main retinochoroiditis focus are described in 75% of cases. Whether SDDs represent subclinical infectious foci or just a perilesional inflammatory reaction is not known. The purpose here was to report a case giving additional information on this ...
Namnoum A B - - 1998
In selected patients who are hemodynamically stable with an unruptured tubal pregnancy, systemic methotrexate has success rates comparable to laparoscopic salpingostomy. Larger randomized studies are necessary to adequately assess subsequent fertility. Local injection of methotrexate or other agents requires a sonographically visible ectopic as well as technical skills, and has ...
Halpern N B - - 1998
Symptomatic biliary disease during pregnancy may have serious consequences for both the mother and the fetus. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy was felt initially to be contraindicated in pregnancy, but clinical experience accumulated since 1991 has been extremely favorable. Specialists in the areas of anesthesiology, obstetrics and laparoscopic surgery should continue to carefully ...
Bernardini L - - 1998
Transvaginal colour and angio Doppler blood flow analysis combined with serial measurement of human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG) concentration is reported here for the first time to study the local vascularity of a cornual pregnancy and to monitor the effectiveness of medical therapy. Interestingly, a strong relationship between morphological changes of ...
Lipscomb G H - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review the largest single series of ectopic pregnancies treated with single-dose methotrexate reported to date. STUDY DESIGN: A review of 315 patients with unruptured ectopic pregnancies treated with single-dose methotrexate 50 mg/m2 from March 21, 1990, to March 1, 1997, was performed. ...
Parker J - - 1998
The use of single-dose intramuscular methotrexate for the primary treatment of ectopic pregnancy is increasing in frequency in many countries. We performed a systematic review of all available studies and case reports of intramuscular methotrexate to examine the therapeutic efficacy, side-effects and complication rates of this new treatment approach. The ...
DeLoia J A - - 1998
Methotrexate is a folic acid analogue that has been used successfully for the treatment of ectopic pregnancy and, in conjunction with misoprostol, for medical abortions of early intrauterine pregnancies. To administer the most efficacious treatment requires knowledge of the mechanism underlying the induction of methotrexate-induced abortion. This study was designed ...
Chen C D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy is a well-known complication of in vitro fertilization/embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Although ectopic pregnancy after IVF-ET in patients with prior bilateral salpingectomy is uncommon, it can occur and may be a cornual implantation. Because of the possibility of early rupture with severe hemorrhage, special attention to cornual pregnancy ...
Newlands E S - - 1998
Between 1979 and 1995 we have treated 272 consecutive women with high-risk (GTT including 121 previously treated patients who were treated with the weekly EMA/CO (etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D alternating with cyclophosphamide and vincristine). The median follow-up is 4.5 years (range 1-16 years). The cumulative 5 year survival is 86.2% ...
Borgatta L - - 1998
A woman with a small (6-mm gestational sac) interstitial pregnancy had complete resolution after medical therapy alone. A single cycle of methotrexate 50 mg/m2 was used as outpatient treatment without any operative procedure either for diagnosis or intervention. The guidelines that have evolved for selection of women for single dose ...
Bhavani-Shankar K - - 1998
PURPOSE: Respiratory acidosis during carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation has been suggested as a cause of spontaneous abortion and preterm labour following laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy. Capnography may not be adequate as a guide to adjust pulmonary ventilation during laparoscopic surgery and hence arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) monitoring has been recommended. ...
Dalkalitsis N - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a laparoscopic technique of cornual resection using the harmonic scalpel. METHODS: Four patients with unruptured interstitial pregnancies were treated laparoscopically using the harmonic scalpel at Ioannina University Hospital. RESULTS: There were no failures in the technique in any of our patients. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that interstitial ...
Thomas S J - - 1998
Pregnancy was once considered a contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy and appendectomy. The progression of laparoscopic techniques has resulted in a continued reassessment of laparoscopic procedures during pregnancy. There still exists some controversy as to the safety of laparoscopic procedures during pregnancy. This paper reviews our series of six pregnant patients ...
Padovan P - - 1998
A case of vaginal bleeding occurring in a patient with a cervico-isthmic pregnancy located in a previous caesarean section scar was treated with curettage and systemic methotrexate. Metrorrhagia and uterine rupture are severe complications of this kind of ectopic pregnancy and sometimes require demolitive surgery, still today. Early ultrasonographic diagnosis ...
Lecuru F - - 1998
The aim of this study was to compare direct and indirect costs of single-dose methotrexate and laparoscopy in the treatment of unruptured ectopic pregnancy. We conducted a prospective study between 1 January 1995 and 31 May 1997 and recorded costs accrued from outpatient and inpatient treatment with methotrexate (group I) ...
Mesogitis S A - - 1998
Management of ectopic pregnancy remains traditionally surgical. Early detection of unruptured ectopic pregnancies, using both ultrasound techniques and beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) assays, allows a more conservative treatment. Twenty-six tubal pregnancies, which were managed with local methotrexate (MTX) injection, are presented. A single dose of 10-12.5 mg of MTX was ...
Keefe K A - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate subsequent pregnancy outcomes in women who have been treated with methotrexate for tubal pregnancies. METHODS: Descriptive study of subsequent pregnancy outcomes in 170 women who were treated with methotrexate for tubal pregnancy at Brigham and Women's Hospital during 1989-1994. Patients who agreed to participate were administered a ...
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