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Al-Saleh Eyad - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Folate antagonists are widely used in the treatment of diverse cancerous states. A paucity of data on transport characteristics of one such widely used drug, methotrexate, in the human placenta, prompted us to study its permeation characteristics in vitro. METHODS: Placentas from normal pregnancies were collected post-partum. Methotrexate, along ...
Ko Ma-Lee - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report on the case of a woman who presented with lower abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding, and who was diagnosed with early interstitial pregnancy. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Medical center and teaching hospital. PATIENT: A 32-year-old woman with a previous history of ectopic pregnancy. INTERVENTION(S): Imaging study with ...
Pascual Maria Angela - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To describe three-dimensional ultrasonographic features of an ectopic pregnancy in a cesarean scar. DESIGN: Description of a case. SETTING: Case report of one patient. PATIENT(S): A 38-year-old women with three previous cesarean deliveries. INTERVENTION(S): Three-dimensional ultrasonography was performed for diagnosis and treatment. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Local administration of methotrexate ...
Lim Ji Eun - - 2007
The aim of this study was to explain possible relationships in cases of ectopic pregnancy between sonographic endometrial features and treatment outcome following methotrexate (MTX) injection. A total of 157 cases of unruptured tubal pregnancy were diagnosed and treated systemically with MTX. The sonographic endometrial pattern, endometrial thickness and treatment ...
Agostini Aubert - - 2007
Because early prediction of clinical outcome (one or more injections or surgery) of methotrexate treatment of ectopic pregnancy could ease the intensity of follow-up and patient compliance required, we studied the relationship between the change in hCG levels after methotrexate injection and outcome in 129 consecutive patients. A 20% decline ...
Ribic-Pucelj Martina - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the indications, surgical approach and pregnancy outcome in women undergoing surgical treatment of adnexal masses in pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, 51 women were enrolled. Preoperative sonographic appearance, the size of the tumor, patient's age, gestational age at the time of surgery and pregnancy outcome ...
Takeda Akihiro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is a minimally invasive procedure with many advantages. However, laparoscopic treatment of ruptured corpus luteum cyst of pregnancy with massive hemoperitoneum occurring in a young girl has not previously been reported. CASE: A 15-yr-old girl presenting with acute abdomen and hemoperitoneum was referred to our department. A ...
Meyer-Rochow Goswin Yason - - 2007
We describe the laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar performed on an 18-year-old woman in her second trimester of pregnancy. The laparoscopic removal of a gastric trichobezoar has not previously been described in an adult. Laparoscopy during pregnancy is never without the fear of harm including spontaneous abortion of the ...
Lin Yu-Shiou - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Interstitial (cornual) pregnancy is a rare and life-threatening disease. Although systemic treatment with methotrexate (MTX) in an unruptured interstitial pregnancy has been used to preserve the entirety of the uterus, surgery is often used as a rescue method in failed cases. Use of an ultrasound-guided local injection can be ...
Raughley Moune Jabre - - 2007
The treatment of ectopic pregnancies has evolved from a purely surgical route with routine removal of the fallopian tube to one with multiple options. Medical treatment can be administered systemically or via local injection. Local delivery of chemotherapeutic agents is a safe and proven modality that is especially indicated for ...
Buster John E - - 2007
Reproductive performance may be an important variable in treatment selection for unruptured ectopic pregnancy. The impact of treatment choice on reproductive performance is not known. We searched the literature and then tabulated published case reports on laparoscopic salpingostomy, multiple-dose methotrexate, single-dose methotrexate, and expectant management. From this analysis, we are ...
Al-Sunaidi Mohammed - - 2007
In most cases of ectopic pregnancy, medical treatment with methotrexate is successful. However, some cases still require surgery and laparoscopy is an effective approach. The candidates for surgical treatment include women who are not suitable to or have failed methotrexate treatment, those with heterotopic pregnancy, or those who are hemodynamically ...
Lipscomb Gary H - - 2007
Methotrexate for treatment of ectopic tubal pregnancy has become an accepted alternative to surgical options. Methotrexate is a folic acid analog that interferes with DNA synthesis. Protocols using planned multiple doses of methotrexate alternating with citrovorum rescue factor and one protocol using only a single planned dose are both currently ...
Yang Seung Boo - - 2007
Interstitial ectopic pregnancy is a rare condition of pregnancy and may be very dangerous if not identified and treated urgently. We report a case of successful treatment of an interstitial pregnancy using selective uterine artery embolization. A 27-year-old woman with interstitial pregnancy was treated by uterine artery embolization after failure ...
Kairi-Vassilatou E - - 2007
Gestational choriocarcinoma usually arises in the uterine cavity and is associated with coincident or antecedent pregnancy. Extrauterine choriocarcinomas are very rare entities, and most of these are located in the uterine cervix. In our case, a 43-year-old woman was admitted in our hospital because she had amenorrhea for 2 months ...
Shippey Stuart H - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We present a case in which an adnexal mass caused symptoms that eventually lead to the identification of a primary hepatic pregnancy. CASE: A young woman presented with abdominal pain, a positive hCG test result, an empty uterus, and a pelvic mass. Diagnostic laparoscopy revealed a cystic adnexal mass. ...
Erickson Deborah R - - 2007
Painful bladder syndrome (PBS) and interstitial cystitis (IC) often affect women of child-bearing age. This article includes information of interest to PBS/IC patients who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy, and to the clinicians who care for them. One topic is how pregnancy affects PBS/IC symptoms, although little is known at ...
Bocca Silvina - - 2007
Laparoscopic surgery with the assistance of the da Vinci robotic system has been recently introduced in gynaecology, as this new technology provides three-dimensional vision and easier suture capability. This study reports, for the first time, the case of an uncomplicated full term pregnancy after laparoscopic myomectomy with the assistance of ...
Ciavattini Andrea - - 2007
Angular-interstitial pregnancy is a rare and potentially dangerous occurrence of ectopic pregnancy for which appropriate treatment has not been established. A 41-year-old woman with a history of ectopic pregnancy was treated with a combined regimen of conservative treatment comprising medical therapy with methotrexate and a minimally invasive laparoscopic-assisted surgical approach. ...
Marcus Dawn A - - 2007
Conventional wisdom teaches that chronic headaches typically improve and often abate during pregnancy, leading many clinicians to take a wait-and-see approach of delaying treatment in hopes of seeing spontaneous improvement. Although headaches do improve in later pregnancy for up to 50% of chronic headache sufferers, headaches persist and may even ...
Herman Howard - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to compare the efficacy, safety, patient preference, and cost-effectiveness of once-daily budesonide aqueous nasal spray (BANS), fluticasone propionate nasal spray (FPNS), mometasone furoate nasal spray (MFNS), and triamcinolone aqueous nasal spray (TANS) for treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) in adult patients. METHODS: A ...
Barnhart Kurt - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and acceptability of a novel dosing regimen of methotrexate to treat ectopic pregnancy. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Three academic medical centers. PATIENT(S): One hundred one patients with ectopic pregnancy who elected to have medical therapy. INTERVENTION(S): Intramuscular methotrexate 50 mg/m(2) was administered on days 0 ...
Malinowski Ann - - 2006
OBJECTIVE(S): To clarify the respective definitions of cornual and interstitial pregnancy and to explore the difficulties in diagnosing these entities, particularly in the context of Müllerian fusion defects. DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: Community and tertiary-care hospitals. PATIENT(S): Female with recurrent pregnancy loss initially diagnosed with an interstitial pregnancy but subsequently ...
Api O - - 2006
We report a case of cervical ectopic pregnancy successfully treated with systemic methotrexate. Conservative management with single-dose methotrexate was undertaken, but owing to the failure of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels to fall by 15% by day 7 and the persistence of fetal cardiac activity, two further doses of methotrexate ...
Goffman D - - 2006
We report a case of a fetus with shortened proximal long bones, ambiguous genitalia, intrauterine growth restriction and abnormal umbilical artery Doppler velocities observed on antenatal ultrasound exam. At 34 weeks the patient revealed methotrexate/misoprostol exposure at 6 weeks gestational age in attempted medical termination of pregnancy. On newborn exam, ...
Mahboob Urooj - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy is the most important cause of maternal mortality and morbidity in the first trimester. Over the past few decades, the management of ectopic pregnancy has been revolutionized; various modalities of treatment are currently in practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency ofthese modes ...
Elito Junior Julio - - 2006
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: As there is little information about fertility outcomes among women following clinical treatment (methotrexate and expectant management) and surgery (salpingectomy) consequent to ectopic pregnancy, we evaluate the results from hysterosalpingography subsequent to treatment. The objective was to evaluate contralateral tubal patency using hysterosalpingography following surgery and clinical ...
Truzzi Jose Carlos - - 2006
A 34-year-old woman was diagnosed by ultrasound with a six-week ectopic pregnancy with implantation of the gestational sac in the bladder wall. She was initially treated with methotrexate 50 mg/m(2) i.m. Although a 22% reduction in the levels of beta-hCG was observed at first, there was a rupture of gestational ...
Matteo Maria - - 2006
Cervical pregnancy (CP) is an uncommon ectopic pregnancy that accounts for approximately less than 1% of extrauterine gestations. This case report describes a case of a viable ectopic CP successfully treated with systemic methotrexate therapy combined with hysteroscopic local endocervical resection of the heterotopic gestational sac. This approach, if validated, ...
Campos Emilio C - - 2006
A brief review is provided on the role of experimental modulation of the visual system during its plastic period. The importance of several substances has been demonstrated. Potential clinical applications of available studies on the treatment of amblyopia are summarized. The role of the dopaminergic system and particularly of dopamine ...
Wang Chia-Chen - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Q-switched (QS) pigmented lasers and intense pulsed light (IPL) successfully treat pigment disorders. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare efficacy and side effects of QS alexandrite laser (QSAL) and IPL for freckle and lentigo treatment in Asians. METHODS: In all, 15 patients with freckles and 17 patients with lentigines were ...
Kirk E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of conservative management in the treatment of cervical ectopic pregnancies. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all cervical ectopic pregnancies diagnosed in women attending our early pregnancy unit between April 1997 and September 2004 inclusive. The diagnosis of cervical ectopic pregnancy was made using ...
Tang Amy - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Medical treatment of the rare interstitial ectopic pregnancy with methotrexate has been considered an alternative to surgical resection. AIM: To determine the treatment success rate with a single-dose intravenous methotrexate/folinic acid regimen and to identify predictors of treatment outcome. METHODS: A 5-year audit (April 2000-August 2005) was carried out, ...
Ciavattini Andrea - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess pregnancy course and outcome after laparoscopic cryomyolysis. DESIGN: Open, one-arm, observational clinical pilot study. (Canadian Task Force classification II). SETTING: University-affiliated public hospital. PATIENTS: Nine women who underwent laparoscopic cryomyolysis, with nine pregnancies observed. INTERVENTION: Laparoscopic cryomyolysis was performed by penetrating along the long axis of ...
Wang C-B - - 2006
We report three cases of first-trimester Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) treated with evacuation therapy. In one patient with a gestational age of 7 weeks and with deep sac implantation, there was massive uterine bleeding and uterine perforation following evacuation. The other two patients, both with a pregnancy < 7 weeks ...
Klimek Marek - - 2006
Interstitial pregnancy is a rare condition of tubal pregnancy with a mortality rate of 2-2.5% [4] that can easily be misdiagnosed. The prevalence of interstitial pregnancy is 0.8% in normal population and it increased during the past few decades due to reproduction techniques development even up to 11% in groups ...
Seidahmed Mohammed Zain - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate (MTX) embryopathy was described nearly 50 years ago, when this agent began to be used as a cancer treatment and abortifacient. In this report we describe a case with typical features of MTX syndrome together with new features to expand the phenotype. CASE: A 29-year-old woman decided to ...
Kelly Hanna - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Medical therapy with methotrexate is a standard practice for the commonly encountered problem of ectopic pregnancy. Methotrexate is excreted predominantly by the kidney and should be used with extreme caution in renal insufficiency. All physicians who administer methotrexate must understand its mechanism of action, distribution, and elimination to minimize ...
Biertho L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are experienced by up to 85% of pregnant women. Some young women on maintenance proton pump inhibitor (PPI) treatment are choosing surgery to stop their medical treatment and avoid severe symptoms during pregnancy. There are no reports describing the effect of pregnancy on ...
Mori Shunsuke - - 2006
We report that a-63-year-old woman developed Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP) as a complication from treatment with infliximab for rheumatoid arthritis. Although there was neither symptoms of dyspnea nor typical observations on a chest X-ray examination, low levels of oxygen saturation and findings of high-resolution chest computed tomographic scanning suggested a ...
Ross Reneita - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To introduce a novel tubal-sparing regimen for the treatment of nonruptured cornual pregnancies. DESIGN: Case report and systematic review of the literature. SETTING: Tertiary Care University setting. PATIENTS: Two patients referred for care in our subspecialty clinic. INTERVENTIONS: Laparoscopic surgery, dilation and evacuation, and postoperative methotrexate injection. Systematic ...
Dalkalitsis N - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reproductive outcome of women who have received methotrexate or been treated by laparoscopic salpingotomy (LS) for ectopic tubal pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: The study consisted of 123 participants, all women with tubal pregnancies, who had been treated either by methotrexate per os or by laparoscopic salpingotomy. The ...
Klemm Petra - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: After the confirmation of an intact interstitial pregnancy through sonographic diagnosis and laparoscopy, systemic and local methotrexate therapy is a well established conservative treatment to preserve the uterus. The parameters of successful treatment are the course of serum hCG value and sonographic changes. In this case series we describe ...
Verma Usha - - 2005
Unruptured live tubal ectopic pregnancies are often managed surgically. Significantly elevated beta-hCG levels in these patients make treatment with methotrexate ineffective. However, achieving cardiac asystole via sonographically guided injection of potassium chloride (KCl) along with systemic methotrexate can improve treatment outcome. We describe the successful conservative management of 3 cases ...
Persadie Richard J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: An ectopic pregnancy developing in a Caesarean section scar is extremely rare. This type of ectopic pregnancy carries with it a high risk of morbidity related to uterine rupture and extensive hemorrhage. Conservative treatment in the form of local or systemic injection of methotrexate or local injection of potassium ...
Østensen Monika - - 2005
BACKGROUND: A 25-year-old woman with a 3-year history of rheumatoid arthritis presented 6 months before her first planned pregnancy. At the time of presentation, she was being successfully treated with infliximab and methotrexate. During her pregnancy, the patient discontinued infliximab and methotrexate and her arthritis relapsed. She was treated with ...
Deruelle Philippe - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Interstitial pregnancy is a rare and dangerous form of ectopic pregnancy which is treated by surgery, medical treatment, or both. Management options are not standardized. Currently, conservative nonsurgical treatment seems to be an alternative method in case of interstitial pregnancy. CASE: A right interstitial pregnancy was diagnosed in a ...
Carver Thomas W - - 2005
Appendectomy is the most common nongynecologic surgery performed during pregnancy. Although many surgeons offer laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) as an alternative to open appendectomy (OA) during early pregnancy, few studies have compared the effects of LA versus OA on the fetus and the outcome of the pregnancy. Twenty-eight consecutive females undergoing ...
Lim K S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: We describe a patient who developed an acute generalised pustular eruption associated with pyrexia at 33 weeks of gestation. CLINICAL PICTURE: Her condition was complicated by preterm labour, requiring an emergency caesarean section delivery. A diagnosis of impetigo herpetiformis was made on clinicopathological grounds. TREATMENT: Initial treatment with topical ...
Cassik P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To identify demographic, morphological and biochemical characteristics of interstitial pregnancies that are associated with a successful outcome of conservative treatment (expectant management or medical treatment with methotrexate). METHODS: Over a period of 6 years all clinically stable women with a certain ultrasound diagnosis of interstitial ectopic pregnancy were managed ...
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