Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 607
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Loret de Mola J R - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Heterotopic pregnancy occurs in about 1% of pregnancies achieved with assisted reproductive technologies. The incidence of cornual pregnancy is approximately 1% of all ectopics. CASES: Two patients became pregnant after treatment with IVF-ET. Both presented during the first trimester with evidence of an acute abdomen and ultrasonographic suspicion for ...
Pelosi M A - - 1995
A successful myomectomy was performed in the second trimester of pregnancy to remove a 1500-g, symptomatic myoma that was refractory to conservative therapy. A laparoscopic single umbilical puncture technique was used. We suggest that laparoscopic myomectomy can be performed safely and effectively during pregnancy. If further studies confirm our experience, ...
Hoek A - - 1995
A patient is presented with an advanced interstitial pregnancy, diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound and confirmed by laparoscopy. Amenorrhoea at the time of diagnosis was 57 days. Methotrexate was given systemically (4 x 50 mg i.m.). Because of persisting viability of the fetus, systemic methotrexate treatment was followed by local instillation ...
Posta C G - - 1995
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) are well-established surgical procedures. Although pregnancy initially was considered a contraindication to laparoscopic surgical procedures, successful reports of LC and LA during pregnancy have appeared in the surgical literature. Two cases are presented in this report, one LC and one LA, both in ...
Gomel V - - 1995
Laparoscopic treatment of tubal pregnancy is safe and effective. It permits performance of both radical and conservative procedures. Irrespective of the mode of access, conservative procedures carry the risk of retention of trophoblastic tissue. Systemic methotrexate administration is effective in the treatment of retained trophoblastic tissue, especially if the diagnosis ...
Buster J E - - 1995
Recent reports affirm that ectopic pregnancy has become a medical rather than a surgical disease. Early diagnosis is the key to effective nonsurgical treatment. Diagnostic algorithms using serum progesterone, serial beta-human chorionic gonadotropin measurements, ultrasound, and office curettage now make definitive diagnosis possible without laparoscopy. Laparoscopic salpingostomy, the surgical gold ...
Elson M L - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue augmentation is one of the most sought after cosmetic procedures around the world. It has been performed for centuries, but only in this decade or so have materials become available that allow effective therapy. OBJECTIVE: This review article discusses the use of materials for soft tissue augmentation ...
Dotters D J - - 1995
Until very recently cervical pregnancies have been treated with surgery, usually hysterectomy. The development of endovaginal ultrasound, which allows early diagnosis, and methotrexate chemotherapy have opened up new therapeutic options. A 45-year-old multigravida presented at 8 weeks' gestation with vaginal bleeding. Endovaginal ultrasound demonstrated a cervical pregnancy with a fetal ...
Mantalenakis S - - 1995
Cervical pregnancy was diagnosed in a nulliparous, 28-year-old woman who presented with intermittent vaginal spotting at 12 weeks of gestation. Sonographic evaluation revealed a cervical gestational sac with a fetus with cardiac activity. Methotrexate was instilled intraamniotically, followed by an intramuscular injection with folinic acid rescue. On the seventh day ...
Utili R - - 1995
Data on the efficacy and safety of pentavalent antimony in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis during pregnancy are scanty. A case of visceral leishmaniasis in a 39-year-old woman in the second trimester of pregnancy is reported here. The patient was hospitalized in poor condition with high fever and pancytopenia which ...
Iafrati M D - - 1995
Although laparoscopic cholecystectomy has become the surgical procedure of choice for most patients with cholecystitis, the safety of carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum during pregnancy has not been fully elucidated. Pregnancy causes many physiologic changes, resulting in compromised cardiac, pulmonary, and metabolic reserves. The use of CO2 pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy may ...
Rosati R - - 1995
Certain technical details are considered important to ease the laparoscopic performance of a Heller myotomy combined with a Dor antireflux procedure for esophageal achalasia. A special emphasis is given to intraoperative esophagoscopy combined with a mild balloon distension of the esophagogastric junction. These maneuvers prove helpful in identifying the esophagogastric ...
Tulandi T - - 1995
The conventional treatment of interstitial pregnancy has been cornual resection of hysterectomy by laparotomy. We have used a laparoscopic approach to treatment of interstitial pregnancy, consisting of cornual excision in four patients and salpingotomy incision via the myometrium in another. In all five cases, the procedure was associated with minimal ...
Slaughter J L - - 1995
Ectopic pregnancy has become a surgical epidemic over the past two decades. To minimize the morbidity, mortality, and financial burden created by this rapidly growing health problem, nonsurgical alternatives have been investigated, including treatment with methotrexate. We reviewed current literature to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and costs associated with methotrexate ...
Yamashita Y - - 1995
We report two cases with interstitial pregnancy, which showed completely different MR appearances. In case 1, a gestational sac was demonstrated and the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy was straightforward. In case 2, a hypervascular mass was shown without demonstration of a gestational sac, the findings usually seen in gestational trophoblastic ...
Laury D - - 1995
Interstitial (cornual) pregnancies occur rarely, estimated at 1 for every 2500 to 5000 live births. Since the morbidity and mortality are high, the correct diagnosis must be made and treatment begun promptly. A number of management options have been described, including conservative treatments such as expectant management, methotrexate injections (local ...
Silva P D - - 1995
The increasing frequency of pelvic inflammatory disease and use of ovulation-induction agents has resulted in a corresponding increase in the frequency of heterotopic pregnancy. In most reported cases the diagnosis was made retrospectively at the time of laparotomy. With improvements in ultrasonography and operative laparoscopy, the diagnosis can be made ...
Nakamura M - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of lansoprazole on basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) during the healing of gastric ulcers in comparison with famotidine and rebamipide. Alteration of the localization and concentration of bFGF was examined in gastric mucosa obtained endoscopically from ulcer patients. The bFGF ...
Boulet L P - - 1995
Administration of the long-acting beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist salmeterol from a new, easy-to-operate, multidose powder inhaler (Diskus) containing 60 sealed doses in a foil strip has been compared with administration from a Diskhaler inhaler in a multicenter, double-blind, double-dummy, parallel-group study. Asthmatic patients taking anti-inflammatory treatment, with baseline FEV1 > or ...
Tur E - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Retinoic acid (RA) cream treatment alters epidermal proliferation and differentiation in photoaged skin. OBJECTIVE: To study the changes in the expression of markers of epidermal differentiation in photoaged skin following RA cream treatment. METHODS: Ten subjects with photoaged skin were examined before treatment and at regular intervals during 12 ...
Yaron Y - - 1995
Cases of coexisting ovarian hyperstimulation and ectopic pregnancy are rare, and pose a difficult diagnostic problem. The routine attempts at laparoscopic diagnosis and treatment of these pregnancies may prove to be hazardous. Such cases may be better managed nonsurgically either by methotrexate or, in selected cases, by expectant management while ...
Stovall T G - - 1994
By combining diagnostic modalities such as serial human chorionic gonadotropin titers, transvaginal sonography, and suction curettage, most unruptured ectopic pregnancies can be diagnosed without laparoscopy. When the diagnosis can be made in this manner, methotrexate may be the treatment of choice. It certainly should be considered as an alternative form ...
Henry M A - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the efficacy of single-dose methotrexate as a treatment option for ectopic pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: Patients were recruited from a tertiary teaching hospital setting. They had (1) a gestational sac < 3.5 cm, (2) no fetal cardiac activity, and (3) no significant pelvic pain or ...
Donnez J - - 1994
The rationale for the conservative management of ectopic pregnancy is the preservation of reproductive potential. Removal of trophoblast through a linear incision (salpingotomy) can be easily performed by endoscopy. The injection of vasopressin into the broad ligament is required in less than 10% of cases and its routine use is ...
Floridon C - - 1994
The last decade has witnessed an increasing number of reports indicating that ectopic pregnancy (EP) can be successfully and safely treated with methotrexate (MTX). This review summarizes the results. In large series, as many as 45% of a population of women with EP has been treated with MTX. Success rates ...
Sgrignoli A R - - 1994
In a review of 96 consecutive perinatal autopsies (42 nonautolyzed stillborn and 54 liveborn infants 12 h or less of age) with histologic sections of placental tissues and an undistended lung, we were impressed by the frequent occurrence of lymphocytic infiltrates in the interstitium of the lung. To study this ...
Tzafettas J - - 1994
Methotrexate (MTX, 100 mg) was administered to 36 patients with early ectopic pregnancy locally, either under laparoscopic control into the distended fallopian tube (group A, n = 16), or transvaginally into the gestational sac directly, under ultrasound guidance (group B, n = 20). In cases with persistent beta-hCG levels (n ...
Glock J L - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of single-dose systemic methotrexate (MTX) in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy (EP). DESIGN: A database was started and continued prospectively for 35 patients meeting criteria for MTX therapy from June 1991 to October 1993. Follow-up was performed retrospectively on all patients with EPs ...
Chen G D - - 1994
Interstitial pregnancy is a rare and extremely dangerous form of ectopic pregnancy. Preoperative diagnosis of this condition prior to rupture is difficult, and early detection is essential to avoid a fatal outcome. Six cases in our series were diagnosed as interstitial pregnancy. Their clinical features were missed period, positive pregnancy ...
Voigt R R - - 1994
Until now, the traditional management of interstitial pregnancy has been surgical. Lately, we have advocated conservative treatment with methotrexate as an option for infertility patients. This is the first publication of a rupture with abundant intra-abdominal bleeding during systemic treatment with methotrexate of a patient with an interstitial pregnancy. Signs ...
Edelman D S - - 1994
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy had been considered contraindicated during pregnancy. A few brief clinical reports have appeared in the literature, but no trials attesting to the safety to the fetus (and mother) have been published. Laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy has advantages for the mother in that it speeds her recovery, giving her ...
Zalel Y - - 1994
A case of interstitial pregnancy is described. Transvaginal ultrasound examination, performed at 8 weeks' gestation, revealed an empty endometrial cavity with an eccentric gestational sac in the left uterine corner, with a clear separation between the uterine cavity (endometrium) and the gestational sac. Expectant management, consisting of repeated sonographic examinations ...
Tulandi T - - 1994
Laparoscopic removal of the products of conception remains the treatment of choice for ectopic pregnancy (EP). Systemic administration of methotrexate (MTX) is a promising new treatment; however, its efficacy has to be established in clinical trials. Local treatment by laparoscopy with MTX, prostaglandin, or other substances is not as effective ...
Costantino G N - - 1994
Acute calculus cholecystitis during pregnancy can be a difficult management problem. Two pregnant patients with cholecystitis refractory to conservative management underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a community hospital. One patient was treated under epidural anesthesia. Pregnancy should not be an absolute contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy, and epidural anesthesia should be considered.
Timor-Tritsch I E - - 1994
We evaluated the feasibility of transvaginal methotrexate injection of viable cervical pregnancies to avoid complications of the "classic" surgical procedures in use and to preserve future fertility. Five viable cervical pregnancies, at 6 to 8 weeks, were treated. In three patients a spring-loaded automated puncture device and in two a ...
Shaked G - - 1994
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has gained great popularity during the last few years. This procedure has advantages over the traditional open operation, thus making it the standard method for removal of the gallbladder at present. Only a few cases of laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy have been reported. On the other hand, some ...
Tauber R - - 1994
Antegrade sclerotherapy has been used since 1987 to treat patients with varicocele. The method has proved to be easy to perform, safe, economical and effective. The treatment results in 285 patients who had undergone sclerotherapy for a total of 317 varicoceles are presented and discussed. This followup study revealed that ...
Hoppe D E - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a single outpatient methotrexate injection successfully treats persistent ectopic pregnancy. METHODS: Nineteen consecutive patients with increasing beta-hCG titers after conservative surgery for ectopic pregnancy were treated with a single intramuscular methotrexate (50 mg/m2) injection. RESULTS: All 19 patients had resolution of their beta-hCG titers without subsequent ...
Foulot H - - 1994
We report on two cases of peritoneal trophoblastic tissue implants, one after salpingostomy, and one after salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy. During each secondary laparoscopy, simple excision of implants with laparoscopic biopsy forceps resulted in persistent elevated beta-human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-HCG) levels. Methotrexate therapy was used. Removal of all trophoblastic tissues ...
Creinin M D - - 1993
Methotrexate is cytotoxic to trophoblast and, in low doses, has minimal side effects. It is used to treat gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and ectopic pregnancy and has recently been shown to have similar effects on intrauterine trophoblast. A prior study suggested that methotrexate may successfully cause abortion of an early pregnancy ...
Ishikawa M - - 1993
Pancreatic arteriovenous malformation is a rare condition that may cause gastrointestinal bleeding. A 66-year-old man with large arteriovenous malformation at the pancreatobiliary region is described. The patient had recurrent episodes of hemobilia after cholecystectomy performed for the treatment of cholelithiasis. Enlargement of the arteriovenous malformation was documented by angiography performed ...
Hagley M T - - 1993
A 30-year-old, white woman, gravida 4, para 2, abortus 1, was hospitalized at 21 weeks' gestation because of a symptomatic pericardial effusion. Extensive evaluation including pericardial biopsy failed to reveal a specific cause. Treatment with pericardiotomy and intrapericardial hydrocortisone was followed by relief of symptoms. The remainder of the pregnancy ...
Ackerman T E - - 1993
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship of the endometrial canal and decidua vera to the interstitial gestational sac and to determine if this relationship can be used to increase the predictive value of ultrasound (US) in the diagnosis of interstitial ectopic pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The US findings in 12 patients ...
Creinin M D - - 1993
Methotrexate is cytotoxic to trophoblast and, in low doses, has minimal side effects. It is used to treat both gestational trophoblastic neoplasia and ectopic pregnancy. The cytotoxic effects of methotrexate on intrauterine trophoblast should be equivalent. To test this hypothesis, ten pregnant women, < 8 weeks' gestation were treated with ...
Pansky M - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate reproductive outcome after laparoscopic local methotrexate (MTX) injection for tubal pregnancy. DESIGN: Follow-up was performed after 77 women were treated with local MTX injection between January 1, 1987 and December 31, 1990. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in a university medical center. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Concise ...
Schorr R T - - 1993
The risk of operation during pregnancy is a concern to both patients and surgeons. Operative treatment for gallstone disease during pregnancy is therefore performed only when the severity of symptoms exceeds the tolerance of the patient. The insufflation of the abdomen during laparoscopy and the concerns regarding adequate exposure are ...
Stovall T G - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to report an expanded clinical trial with a nonlaparoscopic approach to ectopic pregnancy diagnosis combined with single-dose intramuscular methotrexate treatment. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of 120 women with an ectopic pregnancy < or = 3.5 cm in greatest dimension was enrolled. RESULTS: Patients had a ...
Goldenberg M - - 1993
Reports of successful treatment of ectopic pregnancies by administration of methotrexate have recently attracted a great deal of attention. This review summarizes the results of therapy with methotrexate in tubal pregnancy. Different technical approaches and pharmacological doses have been reported. These methods, however, present various problems, including the occurrence of ...
Elerding S C - - 1993
It has been stated that pregnancy is an absolute contraindication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy. After failed medical management, five gravid patients underwent successful laparoscopic cholecystectomy with single-film intraoperative cholangiography. One patient was in the first trimester, three were in the second trimester, and one was in the third trimester. All carried ...
Chao K H - - 1993
Although cervical pregnancies account for a very small number of the ectopic pregnancies, they sometimes result in a tragic outcome due to the difficulty of surgical treatment and subsequent intractable hemorrhage. We report our experience with four cases of cervical pregnancy which were treated successfully with methotrexate. All four patients ...
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