Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1417
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Galvão K N - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of 3 methods of resynchronization of estrus and ovulation for lactating dairy cows of unknown pregnancy status on conception rate and time to pregnancy. Holstein cows (n = 495) were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: 1) control (n ...
Lamb G C - - 2008
We determined whether insertion of a CIDR for 7 days prior to the breeding season enhanced pregnancy rates and altered the date of conception in suckled beef cows mated naturally. Suckled beef cows (n=2033) from 15 locations were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: (1) cows received a CIDR ...
Turk R - - 2008
Serum PON1 is a HDL-associated enzyme that protects lipoproteins, both LDL and HDL, against oxidation and it is considered as an antioxidative/anti-inflammatory component of HDL. Dairy cows are highly susceptible to oxidative stress which commonly occurs in late pregnancy and early lactation. During the transition period, increased production of reactive ...
Wittek T - - 2007
The changes in abdominal dimensions and contour during late gestation and early lactation were investigated in 44 Holstein-Friesian cattle, 20 normal heifers and 17 normal cows, and seven cows that had a left displaced abomasum (LDA) surgically corrected by a right flank omentopexy in a previous lactation. Abdominal measurements were ...
Starbuck-Clemmer M J - - 2007
The association between conception rate at first service and numbers of follicles developed during a follicular wave was examined in 102 suckled beef cows and 14 heifers. Follicular development was monitored using ultrasonography for either two (trial 1) or three (trial 2) consecutive oestrous cycles (pre-breeding, breeding and post-breeding equivalent). ...
Roche J R - - 2007
The objective of the present study was to identify and quantify relationships among dairy cow body condition score (BCS) and body weight (BW) and production variables in pasture-based, seasonal-calving herds. More than 2,500 lactation records from 897 spring-calving Holstein-Friesian and Jersey dairy cows were used in the analyses. Six variables ...
Ghasemzadeh-Nava H - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of two periods of P4 therapy by CIDR on the 1st service Conception Rate (CR) of repeat breeder dairy cows. The cows were selected on the following basis: absence of dystocia, retained placenta and endometritis after the last parturition. They ...
Lay, Debbie
Plasma samples from dairy cows across two seasons (warm and cold) were re-assayed utilizing a more sensitive and uniform procedure in order to assess the use of progesterone and PGFM concentrations on the day of AI (Day 0) to day 8 in predicting future pregnancy status of the cow (pregnant ...
Banos G - - 2007
In this study, maternal effects were described as age of dam at first and second calving, first-lactation body condition score (BCS) of the dam during gestation, and milk yield of the dam. The impact of these effects on first-lactation daughter BCS, fertility, and test-day milk yield was assessed. The effect ...
Alnimer Mufeed A - - 2008
A study on postpartum dairy cows was done to evaluate the effect of using progesterone intravaginal device (CIDR) to synchronize return to oestrus of previously timed inseminated (TAI) cows and to evaluate embryo survival and pregnancy rate in the return to oestrus cows. All cows were subjected to TAI program. ...
Vonnahme K A - - 2007
The effect of early gestation maternal undernutrition followed by realimentation on placentomal vascular growth and angiogenic factor expression was determined in multiparous beef cows bred to the same bull. Cows gestating only female fetuses (n = 30) were fed in equal numbers to meet the NRC requirements (control) or were ...
Blum S - - 2007
A semiquantitative evaluation of potential bacterial pathogens was correlated to the severity of lesions during an outbreak of bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis (BNVV) on an Israeli dairy herd. Bacteriologic examination of 287 vaginal swabs from 104 post-calving heifers showed a highly significant correlation between Porphyromonas levii colony forming unit numbers and ...
Walsh R B - - 2007
Data generated from 796 Holstein cows enrolled in a clinical trial to investigate the health effect of a monensin controlled release capsule were analyzed to investigate the association between circulating serum beta-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) concentration in the peri-parturient period and subsequent reproductive performance. Overall, accounting for both repeated measures within cow ...
Flores R - - 2007
Two tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) forages, one an experimental host plant/endophyte association containing a novel endophyte (HM4) that produces low or nil concentrations of ergot alkaloids, and the other a typical association of Kentucky 31 tall fescue and the wild-type endophyte (Neotyphodium coenophialum; E+), were autumn-stockpiled following late-summer clipping ...
Kahraman M Mufit - - 2007
Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), a member of the transmissible spongiform encepahlopathies, has been a notifiable disease in Turkey since 1997. In 2002, the BSE status of Turkey was assessed by the EU Scientific Steering Committee as "it is likely but not confirmed". This study presents the results of a targeted ...
Martin J L - - 2007
A 2-yr study was conducted at 2 locations to determine if supplementing beef heifers with dried distillers grains (DDG) as an energy source affected growth or reproduction. Spring-born crossbred heifers (n = 316) were blocked by age or sire and age and assigned randomly to DDG or control (dried corn ...
Perea F P - - 2008
To control postpartum anestrus and reduce calving to conception interval, 167 crossbred non-pregnant cows that were 90-130 days postpartum were allotted randomly to one of the following treatments: PH (n=59), intra-vaginal sponge with 250 mg of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MAP) for 7 days plus 50mg of MAP and 5mg 17-beta estradiol ...
Cushman R A - - 2007
Genetic improvement in reproductive efficiency through selection is difficult because many reproductive traits are binomial and have low heritabilities. Before genetic markers can be generated for fertility in cows, greater characterization of reproductive phenotypes is needed to understand the components of the trait. The current study tested the hypotheses that: ...
Reisenauer Leesburg V L - - 2007
A bioeconomic computer model was used to evaluate alternate calving seasons in a cow-calf enterprise under range conditions representative of the Northern Great Plains. The simulated ranch utilized a rotational breeding system based on Hereford and Angus and had a fixed forage base (4,500 animal unit months of native range, ...
Friggens N C - - 2007
The objectives of this study were to see if the body condition score curve during lactation could be described using a model amenable to biological interpretation, a non-linear function assuming exponential rates of change in body condition with time, and to quantify the effect of breed and parity on curves ...
Wei Shang - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to define optimal timing and conditions for correcting an open bite side effect by manipulating the distraction site with orthodontic springs after mandibular distraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At 0, 1, 2, 3, and 8 weeks postdistraction, interarch springs were attached for 2 weeks ...
Neel J P S - - 2007
Angus-crossbred steers (n = 216) were used in a 3-yr study to assess the effects of winter stocker growth rate and finishing system on finishing performance and carcass characteristics. During winter months (December to April) steers were randomly allotted to 3 stocker growth rates: low (0.23 kg x d(-1)), medium ...
Powell Ann - - 2007
The bovine's long generation interval results in a delay of several years when evaluating mammary specific transgenes in genetically engineered animals. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of reducing that waiting period. Lactation was induced in prepubertal bull and heifer calves as a means of predicting transgene behaviour ...
Hildebrandt T B - - 2007
The objective of this study was to develop AI and to achieve first time pregnancy in a nulliparous rhinoceros. For this, one 24-year-old irregular cycling female white rhinoceros was selected, which had never been mated. The endocrine function was monitored by faecal and serum pregnane analysis. Ultrasound determined the optimal ...
Kawate Noritoshi - - 2007
We compared synchronization and pregnancy rates, and the increase in blood progesterone concentrations during luteal development, between (1) Ovsynch plus an intravaginal controlled internal drug release (CIDR) device protocol followed by timed embryo transfer (timed ET), and (2) a conventional estrus synchronization method using PGF(2 alpha) and ET in suckled ...
Chang Yu-mei - - 2007
A Bayesian procedure for analyzing longitudinal binary responses using a periodic cosine function was developed. It was assumed that, after adjustment for "seasonal" effects, the oscillation of the underlying latent variables for longitudinal binary responses was a stationary series. Based on this assumption, a single dimension sinusoidal analysis of longitudinal ...
Blum S - - 2008
Bovine necrotic vulvovaginitis (BNVV) is characterized by the development of a necrotic vulvovaginal lesion, almost exclusively in post-parturient first-lactation cows, associated with Porphyromonas levii. The scope of this survey was to evaluate the impact of BNVV on herd productivity as a means to rationally evaluate the resources that should be ...
Stevenson J L - - 2007
The objectives of the current study were to evaluate the correlation between reproductive status and steady-state levels of Myxovirus resistance gene (MX2) mRNA in peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) of dairy heifers and the reliability of using change in MX2 messenger RNA (mRNA) for identification of nonpregnant heifers 18 to 19 ...
Schneider M Del P Mdel - - 2007
The interaction of the effects of pregnancy status and veterinary-treated clinical mastitis on culling in Swedish dairy cattle was analyzed with survival analysis. The data were from 978,780 cows with first calvings between 1988 and 1996. Four breeds (Swedish Red and White (SRB), Swedish Friesian (SLB), Swedish Polled Breed and ...
Faustini M - - 2007
Concentration of progesterone in milk may be used to predict pregnancy status of dairy cattle by the 21st day after insemination. However, the accuracy of this method may be affected by fat-solubility of progesterone and sample storage conditions. After coagulation of a milk sample with rennet, an alternative method is ...
Cavestany D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a reproductive management program consisting of combinations of Ovsynch/TAI and prostaglandin (PG) F(2alpha) treatments in Holstein dairy cows under a pasture-based dairying system. DESIGN: Field trial. PROCEDURE: A total of 1177 cows in 8 commercial dairy farms were randomly allocated to control and treatment ...
Chang Y M - - 2007
Genetic variation in the number of 21-d opportunity periods required to achieve pregnancy after the voluntary waiting period (VWP) had passed was examined using 44,901 lactation records of 29,422 lactating Holstein cows on 61 large commercial dairy farms in the United States. Cows were allowed a maximum of 8 opportunity ...
Hussain Mushtaq - - 2007
Fecal contamination of drinking water is the major cause of water borne illnesses. For long time coliforms are exploited as fecal contamination indicator. However, recent studies indicate low survival rate of coliforms in stress conditions, hence it's use as indicator of fecal pollution is being abandoned in many parts of ...
Turin Lauretta - - 2007
Fetal cells and DNA have been detected in the maternal circulation during and after pregnancy in a few mammalian species. The incidence of similar microchimerism in cattle could have repercussion for the application of modern biotechnologies such as the transfer of transgenic embryos. To determine if feto-maternal leakage can occur ...
von Keyserlingk Marina A G - - 2007
We provide a critical summary of the literature on maternal behavior in cattle. The studies we review increase our basic understanding of this behavior and provide insights into practical problems in cattle production. When domesticated cattle are permitted to rear their young, the behaviors associated with maternal care are for ...
Schafer D J - - 2007
This experiment was designed to compare pregnancy rates in postpartum beef cows resulting from fixed-time AI (FTAI) after treatment with 1 of 2 protocols to synchronize estrus and ovulation. Cross-bred, suckled beef cows (n = 650) at 4 locations (n = 210; n = 158; n = 88; and n ...
Busch D C - - 2007
The objective of the experiment was to compare pregnancy rates resulting from fixed-time AI after administration of either 1 of 2 controlled internal drug release (CIDR)-based protocols. Heifers at 3 locations (location 1, n = 78; location 2, n = 61; and location 3, n = 78) were assigned to ...
López-Gatius F - - 2007
The present study was designed to establish whether plasma pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1) measurements during the early fetal period can be associated with early fetal loss. Blood samples were obtained and ultrasound controls performed on days 35, 42, 49, 56, and 63 of gestation or until pregnancy loss from 98 lactating ...
Merrill M L - - 2007
Objectives of these studies were to determine the effects of flunixin meglumine (FM) administration on early embryonic mortality and circulating PG and cortisol concentrations in transported and non-transported cows. Cows (n = 483) from 3 locations were used to evaluate the effects of transportation and FM approximately 14 d after ...
Tauck S A - - 2007
The objective of this study was to determine if factors associated with the biostimulatory effect of bulls alter breeding performance of primiparous, suckled beef cows using a progestin-based estrous synchronization protocol. We tested the hypotheses that the estrous synchronization response and AI pregnancy rates differ among cows exposed to bulls, ...
Larson Sandra F - - 2007
Poor conception rates in highly productive lactating cattle is especially prevalent in large, intensively-managed commercial herds. One of the causative factors is sub-optimal pre-implantation embryonic development which appears to result from inadequate circulating concentrations of progesterone. In the present study, the efficacy of very modest progesterone supplementation, between Days 3.5 ...
Walsh R B - - 2007
Lactating Holstein cows (located in 4 dairy herds) that had failed to display estrus as defined by increased pedometer activity by 63 +/- 3 d in milk, were enrolled to investigate the effect of a progesterone-releasing intravaginal device (PRID, n = 268) relative to a placebo intravaginal device (PID, control, ...
Bicalho R C - - 2007
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of treatment with a controlled internal drug-release (CIDR) insert containing progesterone in a PGF2alpha-based presynchronization protocol on pregnancy rates at first service in lactating Holstein cows. A total of 1,318 (656 treatment and 662 control) cows from 5 farms were ...
Sarkar M - - 2008
The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of induction of estrus, synchronization of ovulation and timed artificial insemination in anestrous yaks using the Heatsynch protocol. In Experiment 1, 10 anestrous yaks were administered an analogue of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) followed by prostaglandin (PG)F2alpha 7 days later ...
Kim Ui-Hyung - - 2007
We studied the effects of administering estradiol benzoate (EB) plus progesterone (P4) as part of a CIDR-based protocol during the growth or static phases of dominant follicle development on follicular wave emergence, follicular growth, synchrony of ovulation and pregnancy rate following CIDR withdrawal, treatment with PGF(2alpha) and GnRH, and fixed-time ...
Meyer J P - - 2007
Timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocols use PGF(2alpha) and GnRH injections to synchronize ovulation. The objective was to evaluate the PGPG protocol (d 0, PGF(2alpha); d 3, GnRH; d 11, PGF(2alpha); d 13, GnRH and TAI) for first TAI and also examine methods for second TAI in nonpregnant cows. A factorial ...
Mainar-Jaime R C - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and geographical distribution of 'lumpy jaw' (LJ) in a population of white-tailed deer (WTD; Odocoileus virginianus) and mule deer (MD; Odocoileus hemionus) farms from the western Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta, and to identify factors associated with its occurrence. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, in ...
Meadows Cheyney - - 2007
The effect of a contract breeding program offered by a breeding co-operative was assessed using parametric frailty models with event-time analysis technique in a field study of Ohio dairies. The program featured tail chalking and daily evaluation of cows for insemination by co-operative technicians; dairy employees no longer handled estrus ...
Kasimanickam R - - 2008
The objective was to determine the sire effect on the pregnancy outcome in beef cows in which stage of estrus was synchronized with progesterone based fixed-time artificial insemination (AI) protocols. Three Angus sires with more than 300 breedings were evaluated for differences in pregnancy outcome from 1868 inseminations. Angus cross ...
Hanh, NV
One of the big obstacles in management of reproductive activity in water buffaloes is their silent estrus. This characteristic prevents the determination of time for artificial insemination (AI), resulting in lengthening of the calving interval (Nguyen et al. 1990 Proc. FAO Workshop, Bulgaria, 210–216). Pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) measurement in maternal ...
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