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Karl K - - 2012
Objectives: To assess whether at ultrasound scan at 11-13 weeks' gestation and in mid-trimester the biparietal diameter (BPD) in fetuses with open spina bifida is smaller than the reference range. Patients: In a multicenter retrospective analysis of data from 23 fetuses with open spina bifida diagnosed at 16-24 weeks, BPD ...
Karam Fatiha - - 2012
We aimed to estimate the reliability of the 4-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and its validity in predicting maternal depression and quality of life (QoL). Data regarding stress, depression and QoL were collected during pregnancy among a sub-sample from the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists Antidepressants in Pregnancy Cohort. The ...
Fanning Niall - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid volume is a major determinant of the intrathecal spread of local anesthetics. Ultrasound imaging of the lumbar spine allows measurement of dural sac dimensions, which may potentially be used as a surrogate of cerebrospinal fluid volume. The purpose of this study was to ...
Adiego Begoña - - 2012
This paper aimed to determine the feasibility of identification and measurement reproducibility of intracranial translucency (IT) in our population. This is a prospective study in which five accredited operators attempted to identify and measure the IT during first-trimester sonographic screening for aneuploidy in 990 fetuses. The presence or absence of ...
Youssef Aly - - 2012
The aim of the study was to evaluate the accuracy and reproducibility of fetal crown-rump length (CRL) measurement using three-dimensional ultrasound (3DUS). We included a series of women with singleton pregnancy at 6-13 + 6 weeks. Following CRL measurement by the two-dimensional ultrasound (2DUS), a 3DUS volume was acquired. On the reconstructed midsagittal ...
Fernández-Alonso Ana M - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of insomnia and sleepiness and related factors in the late third trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 370 singleton gravids completed a general questionnaire containing personal data, the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). In addition, maternal anthropometry was recorded ...
Naji O - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the visibility of Caesarean section (CS) scars by Transvaginal Sonography (TVS) in the pregnant state, to apply agreed methods and nomenclature for measuring Caesarean scars and to test their reproducibility throughout the course of pregnancy. METHODS: In this observational cohort study, 320 consecutive pregnant women with a ...
Welsh Alec W - - 2012
Objective Volumetric impedance indices derived from Spatio-Temporal Imaging Correlation (STIC) power Doppler (PD) might overcome the influence of machine settings and attenuation. We examine the application of these indices to anterior placentas in healthy pregnancies, assessing their feasibility, intra-observer reliability and correlation with conventional umbilical artery (UA) impedance indices. Methods ...
Bailey Caitlin - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of emergency providers (EPs) of various levels of training in determination of gestational age (GA) in pregnant patients using bedside ultrasound measurement of crown-rump length (CRL). METHODS: We conducted a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study of patients in obstetrical ...
Deka Deepika - - 2012
Fetal umbilical cord blood sampling is now being performed worldwide, using an ultrasound guided technique, for prenatal diagnosis in pregnancies at high risk for several congenital and genetic defects in the fetus. Awareness of feasibility of the procedure and indications for the same should be known to every obstetrician. To ...
Miller Elizabeth - - 2012
While teen pregnancy rates appear to be declining in the U.S.A. overall, the rate of decline among young Latinas has been less than other ethnic groups. Among the myriad factors associated with elevated pregnancy rates, for Latina girls living in the inner city, exposure to gang and community violence may ...
Rizzo Giuseppe - - 2012
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in values and reproducibility of three-dimensional(3D) vascular indices obtained on placental volumes using power Doppler(PD) or high-definition flow imaging(HDFI) techniques. Methods: A prospective study was performed on 121 uncomplicated singleton pregnancies at 11+0 to 13+6 weeks ...
Boers Kim E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The Disproportionate Intrauterine Growth Intervention Trial at Term (DIGITAT) compared induction of labor and expectant management in suspected intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) at term. In this subanalysis, we report neonatal morbidity between the policies based on the Morbidity Assessment Index for Newborns (MAIN). STUDY DESIGN: We used data from ...
Kiefer-Schmidt Isabelle - - 2012
Abstract Cardiotocography and echocardiography are currently standard for fetal heart monitoring. However, both do not provide adequate temporal resolution to measure fetal cardiac time intervals and detect arrhythmias, which can occur during normal sinus rhythm. Fetal magnetocardiography (fMCG) is a non-invasive technique measuring magnetic signals generated by fetal heart activity. ...
Ugur M G - - 2012
To compare obstetric outcomes between patients with positive and negative Berlin Questionnaire results. An observational study comparing outcome between these two groups was carried out in seven hospitals, representing seven different regions of Turkey. In each center, pregnant women who were admitted for normal pregnancy follow-up or labor, were consecutively ...
Rostami R - - 2012
To assess accessibility of iodinated salt and urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) during pregnancy. This cross-sectional study was carried out between October and December, 2009 in Urmia County, West Azerbaijan (WA), Iran. Data on demographic characteristics and iodinated salt accessibility were gathered through a questionnaire at 1st trimester. Household salt samples ...
Morof Diane - - 2012
To evaluate the reliability and validity of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (a U.K.-developed measure of pregnancy intention), in English and Spanish translation, in a U.S. population of women. A psychometric evaluation study of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP), a six-item, self-completion paper measure was conducted with ...
Antai Diddy - - 2012
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major public health problem with serious consequences for women's physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health. Reproductive health outcomes such as unwanted and terminated pregnancies, fetal loss or child loss during infancy, non-use of family planning methods, and high fertility are increasingly recognized. However, little ...
Armony-Sivan Rinat - - 2012
Maternal iron status is thought to be related to postpartum depressive symptoms. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between pre- and postnatal maternal iron status and depressive symptoms in pilot (n = 137) and confirmatory (n = 567) samples of Chinese women. Iron status was ...
White Helen E HE National Genetics Reference Laboratory (Wessex), Salisbury District Hospital, Salisbury, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Analysis of cell free fetal (cff) DNA in maternal plasma is used routinely for non invasive prenatal diagnosis (NIPD) of fetal sex determination, fetal rhesus D status and some single gene disorders. True positive results rely on detection of the fetal target being analysed. No amplification of the target may ...
Schneuber Susanne - - 2011
To examine the effect of twin-to-twin delivery time (TTDT) on neonatal outcome. We evaluated twin deliveries >34 weeks of gestation. Twin pregnancies with both twins delivered by cesarean section and pregnancies with antenatal complications were excluded. We analyzed TTDT and neonatal outcomes of the second twin (umbilical arterial pH value ...
Chi Bùi Kim - - 2011
The global HIV epidemic confronts pregnant women with hard reproductive choices. This paper offers a theoretically innovative and ethnographically sensitive exploration of the social processes through which 20 HIV positive women living in Northern Vietnam decide whether to continue or terminate their pregnancies. Arguing that human agency must be seen ...
Kalyanwala Shveta - - 2011
While several studies have documented the prevalence of unprotected pre-marital sex among young people in India, little work has explored one of its likely consequences, unintended pregnancy and abortion. This paper examines the experiences of 26 unmarried young abortion-seekers (aged 15-24) interviewed in depth as part of a larger study ...
C T-Arsenault Denise - - 2011
Abstract Diagnosis of a lethal fetal diagnosis (LFD) early in pregnancy is devastating for parents. Those who choose to continue with the pregnancy report intense emotional reactions and inconsistent, often insensitive treatment by health care providers. This qualitative descriptive study sought to clarify the experiences and needs of families in ...
Török Olga - - 2011
X-linked hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIGM) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder caused by mutation in the gene encoding the CD40 ligand (CD40L) expressed on activated T cells. Prenatal genotyping in carriers with twin pregnancies is more challenging than in women with single pregnancies. In addition, women with twin pregnancies may decide on ...
Amirabi Afsane A Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, - - 2011
Preeclampsia is a serious complication of pregnancy, and it is vital to diagnosis the condition as early as possible. Proteinuria is an important symptom of preeclampsia, and repeated urine analysis to screen for the condition is part of the standard antenatal care. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Millery Mari - - 2011
A cohort of individuals with perinatally acquired HIV is maturing into reproductive age. This study describes pregnancy incidence and outcomes among females ages 15-25 with perinatally acquired HIV infection receiving comprehensive family-centered services in New York City. Chart reviews from 1998-2006 indicated 33 pregnancies among 96 young women. Twenty-six percent ...
O'Leary Joann - - 2011
This article presents bereaved parents' perceptions of their parents' (the grandparents) reactions at the time of loss and in the pregnancy that follows. Data originated from two phenomenological studies conducted to understand bereaved parents' experiences during their loss and subsequent pregnancy. However, this article reports a secondary thematic analysis focused ...
Foster Diana G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the number of unintended pregnancies averted through the provision of family planning services to low income women in Family PACT, California's Medicaid waiver program. STUDY DESIGN: We use a Markov model to estimate the number of pregnancies in the absence of Family PACT based on the contraceptive ...
Miese-Looy Germaine - - 2012
Prenatal mortality is a prime concern for commercial swine industry in North America. Fetal losses occur throughout gestation but cluster in early (~day20) and mid (~day50) pregnancy. Adequate vascularization of the attachment site has emerged as a key factor contributing to fetal success. Since Insulin-Like Growth Factor (IGF) family members ...
James Sindiwe - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: to explore and describe the experiences of teenage pregnancy among Xhosa families, and, depending on the results of the study, to recommend a strategy to assist midwives to enhance pregnancy outcomes. DESIGN: a qualitative, explorative, descriptive, phenomenological and contextual research design. In-depth face-to-face interviews were performed to collect data. ...
Jeyasuria Pancharatnam P Department of Obstetrics, University of Pittsburgh, Magee Women's Research Institute, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2011
Preserving the uterus in a state of relative quiescence is vital to the maintenance of a successful pregnancy. Elevated cytoplasmic levels of uterine caspase 3 during pregnancy have been proposed as a potential regulator of uterine quiescence through direct targeting and disabling of the uterine contractile architecture. However, despite highly ...
Gallagher Mary - - 2011
It is the midwife's role to assess the client's general health, explore her medical, surgical, menstrual, gynaecological, obstetric, psycho-emotional, social and family history thoroughly to ascertain if there are indicators of potential complications in her pregnancy, labour and birth and puerperium. In this article we examine the case of Carla; ...
Balendran Jananie - - 2011
Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is common in the third trimester of pregnancy. In this case-control study, 22.5% of 211 women had RLS. The RLS cases had a history of growing pains (GP) more frequently than controls (P = 0.042). A family history of GP (P = 0.025) and RLS (P = 0.018) was more frequent among ...
Aniteye Patience - - 2011
Unsafe abortion is one of the major contributors to high levels of maternal mortality in Ghana, despite a relatively liberal legal environment. This paper presents findings from a semi-structured hospital-based survey of 131 Ghanaian women who had experienced unsafe abortion. The majority of respondents were young and single, with no ...
Mariath Aline B - - 2011
The present study reviews the possible role of Se status during pregnancy regarding adverse pregnancy outcomes, with emphasis on those related to diminished antioxidant activity and increased oxidative stress. Studies have reported that Se could play an important role in adverse outcomes such as miscarriages, neural tube defects, diaphragmatic hernia, ...
Larizza Daniela - - 2011
The prevalence of Turner syndrome (TS) at birth has been estimated as approximately 1 in 2500 live female births. An increased risk of TS in subsequent pregnancies for couples who already have a daughter with TS has not been reported. We reviewed the records of 140 patients to evaluate the ...
Kippen Rebecca - - 2011
This article uses reconstituted family data from birth, death, and marriage registers to measure ex-nuptial fertility and premarital pregnancies in nineteenth-century Tasmania. It also examines the extent to which convict origins of European society on the island caused a departure from English norms of family formation behavior, during a period ...
Moslemi Mohammad K - - 2011
Infertility is an important medical and social problem that has an impact on well-being. A significant development in the last 10 years in the study of human infertility has been the discovery that oxidative sperm DNA damage has a critical role in the etiology of poor semen quality and male ...
Roblin Douglas - - 2010
Background and Aims: African American adults generally have higher prevalence of morbidities than whites in the United States. Living in lower socioeconomic status (SES) neighborhoods increases the likelihood of poor health. The extent to which lower SES contributes to a higher rate of pregnancy complications for African Americans requires investigation. ...
Bisinotto R S - - 2010
Objectives were to investigate 2 intervals from induction of ovulation to artificial insemination (AI) and the effect of supplemental progesterone for resynchronization on fertility of lactating dairy cows subjected to a 5-d timed AI program. In experiment 1, 1,227 Holstein cows had their estrous cycles presynchronized with 2 injections of ...
Green J C - - 2010
Cattle that are not pregnant to first fixed-time artificial insemination (TAI) may be resynchronized for a second TAI if they are found nonpregnant at pregnancy diagnosis. The specific interval between first and second TAI ranges from 4 to 8 wk. The selected interval depends on the available method of pregnancy ...
Borda Maria R - - 2010
Unintended pregnancies can lead to poor maternal and child health outcomes. Family planning use during the first year postpartum has the potential to significantly reduce at least some of these unintended pregnancies. This paper examines the relationship of menses return, breastfeeding status, and postpartum duration on return to sexual activity ...
Bech-Sàbat G - - 2010
The problem of pregnancy loss during the late embryonic/early foetal period due to non-infectious causes in dairy cattle is on the rise, especially in high milk producing cows. This review discusses recent therapeutic approaches designed to reduce the incidence of early foetal loss. These strategies are based on the fact ...
Hockey C D - - 2010
A prospective observational study was conducted in two Australian dairy herds to assess the potential for improving pregnancy rates (proportions of inseminations that result in pregnancy) to artificial insemination (AI) if the time of ovulation could be predicted with more certainty. Herd 1 calved year-round and inseminations were performed during ...
Marques F A C - - 2011
Neospora caninum is a protozoan parasite that causes the most important reproductive problems in cattle worldwide. The objective of this study was to evaluate the possibility of vertical transmission of N. caninum in zebus breed beef cows (Bos indicus) submitted for slaughter at an abattoir in the northern region of ...
von Krueger X - - 2010
Embryonic losses contribute considerably to low pregnancy rates. Between d 8 and 17 after breeding, the conceptus secretes interferon-τ as a mechanism for maternal recognition of pregnancy and maintenance of the corpus luteum. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandin F(2α) by suppressing the enzyme cyclooxygenase. Flunixin meglumine (FM) ...
Green J C - - 2011
The objective was to compare two resynchronization programs; one that used a blood-based ELISA for pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (PAG) for pregnancy diagnosis so that non-pregnant cows were re-inseminated at 28 d after first TAI, and another that used transrectal ultrasonography for pregnancy diagnosis so that non-pregnant cows were re-inseminated at 35 ...
Chebel R C - - 2010
Objectives were to evaluate the effects of inseminating cows observed in estrus following a PGF(2α)-based presynchronization protocol on reproductive and lactation performance. Weekly, Holstein cows (260 primiparous and 379 multiparous) were balanced by parity, body condition score at 3 d in milk (DIM), and previous lactation milk yield (multiparous cows) ...
Galvão Kn - - 2010
Our objectives were to determine the effects of early ovulation on fertility and uterine health of dairy cows. Four hundred and forty-five Holstein cows (185 primiparous and 260 multiparous) from five herds were used. Blood samples were collected at 21, 35 and 49 days in milk (DIM) and cows were considered ...
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