Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1408
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Sartori R - - 2006
Conception rates (CR) are low in dairy cows and previous research suggests that this could be due to impaired early embryonic development. Therefore, we hypothesized that CR could be improved by embryo transfer (ET) compared with AI. During 365 days, 550 potential breedings were used from 243 lactating Holstein cows ...
Bartolome J A - - 2006
Embryonic and fetal mortality reduce reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows. The objectives of this study were to reduce pregnancy loss by administering a deslorelin implant (GnRH agonist) during the late embryonic period, to reduce follicular growth, induce accessory corpora lutea, and increase plasma progesterone concentrations. Lactating dairy cows received ...
Hendricks K E M - - 2006
Two experiments were performed to determine the effects of repeated administration of PGF2alpha in the immediate post partum period on the prevalence of clinical endometritis at 22 and 58 days post partum, and the probability of pregnancy at first insemination, in post partum dairy cows. In Experiment 1, 228 cows ...
Moen Ad - - 2005
In a closed dairy herd all animals were tested serologically for BVD antibodies twice a year during a 6-year period. Seroconversions were detected every year. At the start of the 6-year monitoring period blood samples from all animals were examined by virus isolation. No persistently infected animals were identified. Entire-herd ...
McDougall S - - 2005
AIM: To define the incidence rate of pregnancy loss and risk factors for those losses in pasture-fed dairy cattle in the Waikato region of New Zealand. METHODS: Cows (n=2,004) from 10 pasture-fed, spring-calving dairy herds in the Waikato were enrolled following confirmation of pregnancy 29-45 days after insemination, for inseminations ...
Starbuck Melanie J - - 2006
Initiation of long-term treatment with rbST (Posilac, Monsanto, St. Louis, MO) coincident with first insemination increased pregnancy rates in dairy cattle, but neither the efficacy of using only the initial injection, nor its effects on retention of pregnancy are known. Lactating dairy cows, dairy heifers, and lactating beef cows were ...
Yilmaz A - - 2006
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is an anabolic polypeptide involved in reproductive performance in several species. The objectives of this study were to determine relationships of pregnancy rate, and age of heifers at puberty and at first calving with serum IGF-I concentration in Angus beef cattle. Data were obtained from an ...
de Vries A - - 2005
Trends in reproductive performance from 1976 to 2002 were studied for dairy farms located in Florida and Georgia using 2,897,517 Dairy Herd Improvement Association lactation records of Holstein cows. One-half of the 1552 herds in the final edited records had measures for at least 8 yr. Measures of reproductive performance ...
McDougall S - - 2005
Nutrient balance affects the resumption of ovarian cyclic activity following calving in dairy cattle. However, few data are available about the relationships between nutrient balance and expression of oestrus or conception. It was hypothesised that previously anoestrous cows that conceived to first insemination and cows that expressed oestrus at the ...
Flower F C - - 2005
To explore how hoof pathologies affect the gait of dairy cattle, we studied gait profiles of cows with no visible injuries (n = 17), sole lesions (n = 14), and sole ulcers (n = 7). Video recordings of dairy cows were digitized using motion analysis software to calculate 6 stride ...
López-Gatius F - - 2006
It was hypothesized that gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) treatment at the time of insemination and 12 days later increases conception rates. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of GnRH treatment at the time of insemination or at the time of insemination and 12 days later on ...
García-Ispierto I - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to establish whether temperature-humidity index values, as a measure of heat comfort, from Days 1 to 40 of gestation could be associated with the pregnancy loss rate in high producing dairy cows. Data from 1391 pregnancies were recorded. Pregnancy was diagnosed by transrectal ...
Overton M W - - 2005
This study compared the calving to conception intervals for cows in AI pens with cows exposed to natural service sires, controlling for milk production, mastitis occurrence, parity and calving month effects. Records from 10 western United States dairy herds (mean herd size = 2058 cows) were evaluated retrospectively over an ...
Johnson S K - - 2005
Reproductive efficiency is critical to economic viability for cow/calf producers; however, very few producers take advantage of available reproductive technologies that can increase profitability. Today, more opportunities are available for producers who want to capture value from known genetics. Through the use of artificial insemination (AI), the average producer has ...
Ellis R W - - 2005
Crossbred (Bos taurus) yearling beef bulls were assessed for breeding soundness and physical traits prior to multi-sire natural mating at pasture. Bulls (n = 60) were assigned to six groups of nine or 10 bulls and two bull-groups were rotated on 14-day intervals during a 63-day mating season in each ...
Colazo M G - - 2006
The objective was to determine the efficacy of a previously used CIDR or melengestrol acetate (MGA; 0.5mg/head/day) for resynchronization of estrus in beef heifers not pregnant to timed-AI (TAI). In three experiments and a field trial, heifers were reinseminated 6-12 h after first detection of estrus. Pregnancy diagnosis was done ...
Eilts Bruce E - - 2005
A retrospective analysis was performed to determine the effects of age, breed, parity, and litter size on the duration of gestation in the bitch. Bitches at two locations were monitored from breeding to whelping. A total of 764 litters whelped from 308 bitches (36 large hounds, 34 Golden Retrievers, 23 ...
Zi Xiang-Dong - - 2006
The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the induction of estrus and fertility in yak cows treated with Co-Synch regimens or progesterone (P(4)). In Experiment 1, postpartum suckled yaks were assigned to three treatments: (1) A (n=28), insertion of an intravaginal device containing P(4) (CIDR) on Day 0, ...
McDougall S - - 2005
Anestrus is a major reproduction problem in pasture-based dairy operations that results in poorer reproductive outcomes than herdmates detected in estrus before the start of the seasonal breeding program. The objective of the current study was to assess a combined progesterone and estradiol benzoate treatment program including resynchrony with no ...
Horsley B R - - 2005
We previously reported that ovulation rate, but not pregnancy rate or litter size at d 30 after mating, was enhanced by treatment with P.G. 600 (400 IU of PMSG and 200 IU of hCG, Intervet America, Inc., Millsboro, DE) in gilts fed the orally active progestin, altrenogest (Matrix, Intervet America, ...
Zarghami Nosratollah - - 2005
Pregnancy is associated with significant, but reversible changes in thyroid function studies, which are among the most profound seen as a result of a normal physiologic state. The present study was carried out to find out alterations in thyroid function tests in each trimester in normal pregnant women as compared ...
Wang Andrea - - 2006
Anal incontinence (AI) is a significant problem that causes social and hygienic inconvenience. The true prevalence of AI is difficult to estimate due to inconsistencies in research methods, but larger studies suggest a rate of 2-6% for incontinence to stool. There is a significant association between sonographically detected anal sphincter ...
Scott H Morgan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intrauterine administration of ceftiofur sodium on fertility and the risk of culling in postparturient cows with retained fetal membranes (RFM), twins, or both. DESIGN: Single-blind randomized clinical trial and prospective cohort study. ANIMALS: 2442 cows that calved from January 1, 2000, to May 31, ...
Gilbert Robert O - - 2005
Hostein cows (n=141) in five commercial dairy herds in central New York were examined for endometritis by examination of endometrial aspirates for presence of inflammatory cells, principally neutrophils, by endometrial cytology at 40-60 days postpartum. The prevalence of cytologically-diagnosed endometritis was 53%; within herds the prevalence varied from 37 to ...
Petersson K-J - - 2006
Environmental effects on fertility measures early in lactation, such as the interval from calving to first luteal activity (CLA), proportion of samples with luteal activity during the first 60 days after calving (PLA) and interval to first ovulatory oestrus (OOE) were studied. In addition, traditional measurements of fertility, such as ...
Kauffold Johannes - - 2005
This study investigated the relationship between follicle size (FS) and developmental competence of calf oocytes. Cumulus-oocyte-complexes (COCs) from follicles>8 (L-COCs; n=19), 4-8 (M-COCs; n=54), and 2-3 mm (S-COCs; n=155) were recovered from non-stimulated 1-4 months old dairy calves post mortem and ex vivo (laparoscopy), and in parallel from slaughtered adult ...
Funston R N - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine whether administration of hCG approximately 5 d after AI would increase plasma progesterone concentrations and conception rates in beef heifers. Heifers from two locations (Location 1: n = 347, BW = 367 +/- 1.72 kg; Location 2: n = 246, BW = ...
Hides S J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of drying times of umbilical cords of dairy calves and to determine if cord dryness is a reliable indicator of age. DESIGN: An observational study was undertaken in a spring calving herd in Victoria, of the umbilical cords of 188 calves (82 Friesian bulls, 82 ...
Angioni Alberto - - 2005
The behavior of pyrethrins and piperonyl butoxide (PB) on peaches has been studied after field treatment. Three experiments were carried out at 1, 5, and 10x the concentration recommended by the manufacturer. In all experiments, the initial deposition was below the maximum residue level (MRL), and the half-life time calculated ...
Campanile Giuseppe - - 2005
The aim was to determine the factors that contribute to embryonic mortality in buffaloes mated by AI during a period of increasing day length which corresponds to a natural decline in reproductive activity. Italian Mediterranean buffalo cows (n=243) showing regular estrous cycles were synchronized using the Ovsynch-TAI program and mated ...
López-Gatius F - - 2005
Twin pregnancies are undesirable in dairy cattle as they increase the risk of abortion and have many negative effects on the profitability of the herd. The purpose of this study was to evaluate manual reduction of a twin embryo in dairy cows bearing unilateral twins. On day 34 of gestation, ...
Ambrose J D - - 2005
The overall objective was to compare the efficacy of GnRH, porcine LH (pLH) and estradiol cypionate (ECP), in a modified Ovsynch/fixed-time AI (FTAI) protocol that included a controlled internal drug [progesterone] release (CIDR) device. In Experiment 1, heifers received a CIDR on Day -10, and PGF (25mg) on Day -3. ...
Celik H A - - 2005
In the study, the relationship of follicular growth waves, oestradiol and pregnancy rates were investigated during oestrus cycle in cows. A total of 22, Brown Swiss cows (3-5 years old) were used for the study. The ovaries of animals were examined from sixth day of cycle to next oestrus by ...
Asher G W - - 2005
The present study aimed to relate feed intake of red deer hinds in the later stages of gestating wapitixred deer crossbred foetuses on dam body condition, gestation length, birth weight and calf growth. Multiparous hinds (N=18) conceiving at known dates to either wapiti (n=12) or red deer (n=6) sires were ...
López-Gatius F - - 2005
The possible direct relationship between climate variations and abortion in Neospora caninum-infected cows has not been studied. The objective of this study was to determine whether climate changes could be a risk factor for abortion in N. caninum-infected cows, and was based on yearly serological screening for neosporosis and on ...
Asher G W - - 2005
The present study aimed to relate feed intake of red deer hinds during late pregnancy to dam body condition, foetal development and calf growth. Across 3 years, multiparous (n=33) or primiparous (n=18) hinds with known conception dates were housed in individual pens from days 150-220 of pregnancy, during which time ...
Sewalem A - - 2005
The aim of this study was to use a Weibull proportional hazards model to explore the impact of type traits on the functional survival of Canadian Jersey and Ayrshire cows. The data set consisted of 49,791 registered Jersey cows from 900 herds calving from 1985 to 2003. The corresponding figures ...
Cole J B - - 2005
The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of implementing routine national calving ease (CE) genetic evaluations of Brown Swiss (BS) and Jersey (JE) sires that include records of crossbred calvings. Records were available for 11,793 BS calvings, 3431 BS-sired crosses, 65,293 JE calvings, and 7090 JE-sired crosses. ...
Bartolome J A - - 2005
Pregnancy rates were compared in lactating dairy cows (n = 1083) assigned to protocols for resynchronization of ovulation based on stages of the estrous cycle, or presence of ovarian cysts or anestrus. Cows were detected not pregnant by ultrasonography 30 d after a previous AI (study day 0) and classified ...
Bartolome J A - - 2005
The objective was to compare pregnancy rates and pregnancy losses in lactating dairy cows that were diagnosed not pregnant and re-inseminated following either the Ovsynch or Heatsynch protocols. Also evaluated were the effects of stages of the estrous cycle, ovarian cysts and anestrus on pregnancy rates for both treatments. Non-pregnant ...
Sakase M - - 2005
Our objectives were to compare: (1) conception rates (in early postpartum Japanese Black beef cows) to timed-artificial insemination (timed-AI) among Ovsynch and Ovsynch plus CIDR protocols, and a protocol that used estradiol benzoate (EB) in lieu of the first GnRH of the Ovsynch plus CIDR; and (2) the effects of ...
López-Gatius F - - 2005
Poor detection of estrus, still a major problem in the dairy industry, has prompted the development of electronic estrous detection technologies. One of the features of estrous behavior is a marked increase in walking activity. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of various management factors ...
López-Gatius F - - 2005
Ovulation failure and double ovulation rates were examined in 1917 inseminations performed in high-yielding dairy cows under standard commercial conditions. The ovulation rate was determined 11 days post-insemination by ultrasound detection of at least one corpus luteum in the ovaries. Analyzing the double ovulation and pregnancy rates, the study population ...
Bartolome J A - - 2005
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of GnRH (100 microg i.m.) treatment 5 and 15 days after timed insemination (TAI) on pregnancy rate and pregnancy loss in lactating dairy cows subjected to synchronization of ovulation. The study included 831 lactating dairy cows subjected to a Presynch-Ovsynch ...
Tantasuparuk W - - 2005
The aim of the present study was to investigate the ovulation rate and its relationship to number of total piglets born in purebred gilts under tropical climatic conditions. This study was conducted in two swine breeding herds (A and B) in the northeastern part of Thailand. The sources of swine ...
Castillo C - - 2005
In the last few years, the detection of free radical damage and the body's defences against it have become increasingly important in clinical medicine as a complementary tool in the evaluation of metabolic status. The aim of this study was to evaluate, under field conditions, the anti-oxidant status of healthy ...
Portaluppi M A - - 2005
Our objectives were to determine pregnancy rates after altering times of the second GnRH injection, insemination, or both in a combined Presynch + Ovsynch protocol, to accommodate once-daily lockup of dairy cows. Lactating dairy cows (n = 665) from 2 dairy herds in northeastern Kansas were studied. Cows ranged from ...
López-Gatius F - - 2005
There is an evidence that the epidemiology of neosporosis differs in dairy and beef cattle, such that beef cattle carry a lower risk of abortion. The aim of the present study was to establish whether artificial insemination using semen from beef bulls could reduce the risk of abortion in dairy ...
López-Gatius F - - 2005
This present study, was designed to establish whether Neospora caninum infection affects the fertility of high-producing dairy cows, and was based on yearly serological screening for neosporosis and on the confirmation of N. caninum infection in aborted foetuses. Assessment was made of 7518 artificial inseminations (AI) (applied to parous cows) ...
McFadden A M - - 2005
AIM: To describe the reproductive performance of beef cow herds in New Zealand and to develop reference ranges for assessing the reproductive performance of individual herds from in-calf rates, that take into account variation in the length of mating periods. METHODS: Veterinary practices throughout New Zealand involved in beef cattle ...
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