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Licata A A Sezione di Gastroenterologia & Epatologia, Sezione di Medicina Interna, Di.Bi.M.I.S., Università di Palermo, Palermo, - - 2014
Pregnancy is a para-physiologic condition, which usually evolves without any complications in the majority of women, even if in some circumstances moderate or severe clinical problems can also occur. Among complications occurring during the second and the third trimester very important are those considered as concurrent to pregnancy such as ...
Sun Ying Y Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of California at Davis School of Medicine, 451 Health Sciences Drive, Suite 6510, Davis, CA, 95616, - - 2014
Primary biliary cirrhosis occurs more frequently in women, and previous studies indicated that the average age of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) onset makes pregnancy in PBC patients uncommon. However, more recently, improved diagnostic testing has enabled detection of PBC in younger women, including those of childbearing age. This has led ...
Jabiry-Zieniewicz Zoulikha Z First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Faculty of Medicine, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, - - 2014
To review complications in pregnancy after liver transplantation and assess the time interval since transplantation on fetal development and preterm birth rate. A retrospective review of 53 pregnancies after liver transplantation among 45 women who delivered at the Medical University of Warsaw between 2001 and 2013. Mean duration of pregnancy ...
Koh Kwi Hye KH University of Illinois at - - 2014
CYP2D6, a major drug-metabolizing enzyme, is responsible for metabolism of approximately 25% of marketed drugs. Clinical evidence indicates that metabolism of CYP2D6 substrates is increased during pregnancy, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. To identify transcription factors potentially responsible for CYP2D6 induction during pregnancy, a panel of genes differentially expressed ...
Rodrigues Sandra C SC Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sao - - 2014
The liver plays an essential role in maternal metabolic adaptation during late pregnancy. With regard to lipid metabolism, increased secretion of VLDL is characteristic of late pregnancy. Despite this well described metabolic plasticity, the molecular changes underlying the hepatic adaptation to pregnancy remain unclear. As AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is ...
Ramirez Carlo B CB Thomas Jefferson University, 605 College Bldg., 1025 Walnut St., Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Women constitute >30% of patients undergoing liver transplantation (orthotopic liver transplantation, OLT) and about 8% are of reproductive age, and 5% are pediatric females who will mostly survive into adulthood and will consider pregnancy. Although pregnancy in OLT recipients is associated with an increased incidence of hypertension, preeclampsia, anemia, preterm ...
Mandic-Markovic Vesna D VD School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics "Narodni front", Belgrade, Serbia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Objective of our study was to evaluate changes in Doppler resistance indices in the common hepatic artery during normal pregnancy. Cross-sectional study included 210 healthy pregnant women gestational age 6-40 weeks, 40 healthy non-pregnant women and 30 women after delivery. We divided all pregnant women by pregnancy trimester. We registered ...
Blume C C Leibniz University Hannover, Institute of Technical Chemistry, Hannover, Germany; Department of Nephrology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this article, we focus on the biggest groups of organ transplant recipients, patients with a kidney or liver graft. Among these patients, about one sixth included women of childbearing potential. Therefore, the wish of getting pregnant is frequent in these peculiar patients, and careful planning and management of the ...
Azizian Hormoz H NIR Technologies Inc., Oakville, Ontario, Canada, L6M - - 2014
Currently, there are no direct and reliable methods to measure the body fat content of women during pregnancy. Estimates of fat accretion can significantly affect calculations of energy requirements. We report here the first direct measurement of determining the body fat content of two women during pregnancy using the Fourier ...
Bennett Sarah A SA King's Thrombosis Centre, Department of Haematological Medicine, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Where unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is attributed to an underlying maternal prothrombotic state, empirical prophylactic anticoagulation may be recommended. In the present study we used calibrated automated thrombography and rotational thromboelastometry to determine the procoagulant potential of these women as a rationale for anticoagulation. Fifty women with ≥three consecutive ...
Tronina O O Department of Transplantation Medicine and Nephrology, Transplantation Institute, Medical University of Warsaw, Warszawa, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) increases the risk of complications and mortality after liver transplantation. The incidence for HAT is increased in patients with risk factors (vascular reconstructions, coagulation disorders and acute rejection episodes amongst others). Early retransplantation improves the prognosis for patients, but owing to lack of donors, surgical and ...
Andueza Donato - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the ability of near-infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIRS) to discriminate between pregnant and nonpregnant ewes in early stages of pregnancy after artificial insemination (AI) from blood plasma. Samples were collected using jugular puncture at 18 and 25 days after AI from 188 Rasa ...
Kaoutzanis Christodoulos - - 2012
Infective endocarditis is a rare but serious complication of pregnancy with high maternal and fetal mortality. Surgical intervention is an option when medical therapy fails. We report the case of a 23-year-old female with severe aortic valve regurgitation and hemodynamic compromise related to acute bacterial endocarditis of a congenital bicuspid ...
Ghi T - - 2012
Background: Second trimester emergency cerclage is an option for pregnant women presenting bulging fetal membranes. Despite a significant prolongation of pregnancy might be achieved, serious fetal and maternal events have been reported. Exclusion of infections through preprocedure amniocentesis has been proposed. Methods: A 37-year-old woman, gravida 4 para 1, was ...
Shinar Shiri - - 2012
: It has been suggested that Q fever infection in pregnancy is associated with various maternal and neonatal adverse outcomes, including intrauterine growth restriction, stillbirth, preterm delivery, intrauterine fetal death, and oligohydramnios. : We describe the cases of two pregnant women remote from term who presented with premature contractions and ...
Read Jennifer S JS Pediatric, Adolescent, and Maternal AIDS Branch, CRMC, NICHD, NIH, DHHS, Bethesda, USA. - - 2012
To evaluate cases of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 at multiple sites in Latin America and the Caribbean in terms of missed opportunities for prevention. Pregnant women infected with HIV-1 were eligible for inclusion if they were enrolled in either the NISDI Perinatal or LILAC protocols by October 20, 2009, and ...
Puccetti C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the outcome of pregnancies complicated by maternal Parvovirus B19 (B19) infection. METHOD: Among 175 pregnant women referred to our clinic because of suspicion of a B19 infection, 63 with confirmed laboratory diagnosis of acute/recent B19 infection were followed up by ultrasound and Doppler measurement ...
Ridpath Julia F - - 2012
While it has been demonstrated that persistent bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) infections can be established in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) following in utero exposure in the first trimester of gestation, there is little to no information regarding the outcome of infection in later stages of pregnancy in deer. Our ...
Pradhan Mandakini - - 2012
Maternal hepatitis infection, excepting hepatitis E, causing isolated fetal ascites with variable outcome has been reported previously. We present a case of maternal hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection causing isolated fetal ascites which resolved spontaneously during pregnancy and resulted in a term live-born baby with anti-HEV seropositivity. A 39-year-old primigravida ...
Cekin Ayhan Hilmi AH Clinic of Gastroenterology, Antalya Research and Training Hospital, Antalya, - - 2012
Chronic hepatitis B infection has a worldwide distribution, with approximately 350 million infected persons. While become more of an issue during pregnancy concerning maternal and fetal well-being and the influence of pregnancy itself on the course of the disease; the natural history of chronic hepatitis B infection during pregnancy has ...
Goncé Anna - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of maternal IgM to cytomegalovirus (CMV) as a predictive factor of fetal infection in fetuses with sonographic markers. METHODS: Observational study (2006-2011) including a consecutive series of 19 fetuses with sonographic markers of fetal infection and confirmed infection by positive CMV-DNA in amniotic fluid or ...
Puliyath G - - 2012
Leptospirosis is a direct zoonotic disease caused by spirochetes belonging to the genus Leptospira. Many animals act as carriers or vectors. Human infection results from accidental contact with carrier animals or environment contaminated with animal urine containing the organism. Epidemics of leptospirosis result from poor sanitation in urban areas and ...
Verma Ramesh R Department of Community Medicine, Rohtak, India. - - 2012
Rubella is a contagious viral disease, which mainly affects the fetus, if the mother is infected in the 1st trimester of her pregnancy. All adolescent girls (aged 11 to 19 y) and women of childbearing age are at risk of developing rubella. This disease is mild and self-limiting, and incubation ...
Nogareda C - - 2012
Possible factors related to seropositivity and seroconversion to Coxiella burnetii were examined in a dairy herd with a high Coxiella-seroprevalence and high excretion levels of the bacterium in the bulk tank milk. Antibodies were detected by using a commercial ELISA test in 50.7% of 603 parous cows. The likelihood of ...
D Laskin Matthew - - 2012
Abstract Objective. To determine whether preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) in the presence of a cerclage is associated with an increased incidence of intrauterine infection and/or adverse neonatal outcome compared to PPROM in the absence of cerclage. Study design. Patients diagnosed with PPROM with a cerclage (cases) between 24-34 weeks were ...
Gardner Elizabeth - - 2012
Infection with pork tapeworm, or Taenia solium, affects approximately 50 million people worldwide. The most important and potentially devastating form of the infestation, neurocysticercosis, occurs when the parasite invades the central nervous system. There has been a significant increase in the number of cases in the United States due to ...
Hotop Andrea - - 2012
Background. Treatment of Toxoplasma gondii infection acquired during pregnancy differs in many countries. In Germany, spiramycin is given until the 16th week of pregnancy, followed by at least 4 weeks of combination therapy with pyrimethamine, sulfadiazine, and folinic acid independent of the infection stage of the fetus. If infection of the ...
Taweevisit Mana - - 2012
Chronic histiocytic intervillositis (CHI) is an infrequent inflammatory placental disorder associated with unfavorable pregnancy outcomes and a high rate of recurrence. This disorder is thought to reflect a maternal delayed hypersensitivity response to fetal antigen(s) in placental tissue. We report a case of a 20-week-gestation hydropic fetus in which the ...
Hou Guang-Qiong - - 2012
Because pregnancy suppresses the immune system, women at any stage of pregnancy are more susceptible to bacterial and viral infection. Pregnant women might thus be at increased risk of complications from pandemic H1N1 virus infection, and illness may progress rapidly. A 23-year-old primigravida at 9 weeks' gestation was presented to ...
Bouyou-Akotet Marielle Karine - - 2012
In 1995, 2005 and 2011, cross-sectional studies of 611 parturients at the Centre Hospitalier de Libreville in Gabon assessed the prevalence of maternal malaria and anaemia; two indicators of poor pregnancy outcomes. The prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum infection in maternal peripheral blood decreased from 25% in 2005 to 6% in ...
Weiffenbach Johannes - - 2012
Intrauterine parvovirus B19 (B19V) infection can be asymptomatic or may cause severe fetal complications. Information on serological and virological findings of infection in the fetus is scarce. We determined B19V-DNA and anti-B19V antibodies in maternal and fetal blood samples obtained from 41 pregnancies that were complicated by prenatal B19V infection. ...
Baskaradoss Jagan Kumar - - 2012
Preterm (PT) and Low birth weight (LBW) are considered to be the most relevant biological determinants of newborn infants survival, both in developed and in developing countries. Numerous risk factors for PT and LBW have been defined in the literature. Infections of the genitourinary tract infections along with various biological ...
Nørgaard Mette - - 2012
Maternal infection during pregnancy may be a risk factor for epilepsy in offspring. Use of antibiotics is a valid marker of infection. To examine the relationship between maternal infection during pregnancy and risk of childhood epilepsy we conducted a historical cohort study of singletons born in northern Denmark from 1998 ...
Tan Peng Chiong - - 2012
Dengue is the most prevalent mosquito borne infection worldwide. Vertical transmissions after maternal dengue infection to the fetus and pregnancy losses in relation to dengue illness have been reported. The relationship of dengue to miscarriage is not known. We aimed to establish the relationship of recent dengue infection and miscarriage. ...
Straface Gianluca - - 2012
Infection with herpes simplex is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. Because the infection is common in women of reproductive age it can be contracted and transmitted to the fetus during pregnancy and the newborn. Herpes simplex virus is an important cause of neonatal infection, which can lead ...
De Santis Marco - - 2012
Congenital syphilis is still a cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Untreated maternal infection leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes, including early fetal loss, stillbirth, prematurity, low birth weight, neonatal and infant death, and congenital disease among newborns. Clinical manifestations of congenital syphilis are influenced by gestational age, stage of maternal ...
Gilboa Yinon - - 2011
A spontaneous intra-amniotic hemorrhage is a very rare condition, which has been previously described in symptomatic patients. We report a case of an asymptomatic spontaneous intra-amniotic hemorrhage at 38 weeks of gestation, resulting in a favorable maternal and neonatal outcome following sonographic antenatal detection of an intra-amniotic blood clot. This ...
Ford Jane B - - 2011
This study aimed to explore whether recording of a prior adverse pregnancy outcome (postpartum hemorrhage) in a medical record increases the likelihood that recurrence of the same event is reported in hospital data. Using a sample of 588 pregnancies [2 consecutive pregnancies for 294 randomly selected women with at least ...
Ahmed Masood - - 2011
Fetomaternal hemorrhage refers to the entry of fetal blood into the maternal circulation before or during delivery. Very small amount of fetal red cells are normally detectable in all pregnancies. Massive fetomaternal bleed is very rare and even rarer is the resultant severe anemia causing early neonatal death, despite an ...
Moodley J - - 2011
Pregnancy, with or without additional complications, constitutes a high-risk condition for complications of influenza infection and warrants early intervention with neuraminidase inhibitors such as oseltamivir, if influenza is suspected. Treatment should not be delayed for laboratory confirmation. In South Africa, the high burden of HIV infection is a further complication.
Matturri Luigi - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The authors aimed to describe the atherosclerotic lesions of the cerebral arterioles as a substrate of their rupture and bleeding. METHODS: The study was performed on the brain of nine Caucasian fetal victims of intra- and periventricular hemorrhage, all grade IV, and nine control cases. RESULTS: In the nine ...
Ruth Donna - - 2011
Hemorrhage remains a leading cause of pregnancy-related morbidity and mortality. A rapid collaborative approach to management of the woman experiencing excessive blood loss is required to optimize outcomes. Successful treatment of the hemorrhaging pregnant woman is dependent on early recognition of bleeding and clinical manifestations of shock, treatment of the ...
Ayedi Mohamed - - 2011
The factor V deficiency is a very rare hereditary disease of the coagulation, which is accompanied by a high hemorrhagic risk in the event of delivery and in the post-partum. We report the case of a woman having a factor V deficiency which had a pregnancy, and which gave birth ...
Sükür Yavuz Emre - - 2011
Uterine cervical varix (CV) is a very rare condition during pregnancy and may cause moderate to severe hemorrhage. We present the third reported case of huge CV coexisting with placenta previa in the English literature. A 40-year-old chronic hypertensive patient with marginal placenta previa also had cervical varix causing hemorrhage. ...
Marasinghe Jeevan P - - 2011
A 29-year-old pregnant woman presented with fever, right hypochondrial pain and fatigability at 29 weeks of gestation. Dengue hemorrhagic fever was diagnosed based on clinical, hematological and serological features. However, ultrasound scanning was suggestive of acute acalculous cholecystitis. The patient was managed symptomatically and made a good recovery 8 days following onset ...
Horng Huann-Cheng - - 2011
Although the effects of uterine arterial embolization (UAE) for the control of post-partum hemorrhage on menstruation, fertility and future pregnancy have been reported before, domestic reports on long-term outcomes are lacking. From April 2001 to March 2005, 9 patients who underwent UAE for post-partum hemorrhage were evaluated retrospectively. The analyses ...
De Santis Marco - - 2011
Epilepsy represents the most common maternal neurological disorder requiring continuous treatment during pregnancy. Maintaining optimum seizure control is an important objective in pregnancy, and the majority of women with epilepsy will need to continue antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). AEDs are frequently used to treat several other conditions, such as headaches and ...
Stead Latha Ganti - - 2011
The physical and emotional stress of pregnancy can precipitate new-onset seizures in a woman. In these cases, emergency department evaluations must rule out underlying pathology. Careful consideration of antiepileptic drug use must be considered in the first trimester as all antiepileptic drugs have been linked to some teratogenic effect. Eclampsia ...
Charlton Rachel A RA Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Bath, Bath, UK. - - 2011
Use of pregnancy registries is a common method of postmarketing surveillance of pregnancy outcomes to identify potential teratogens. However, with the increase in electronic capture of healthcare data for administrative, audit and research purposes, data generated during routine clinical practice might be used to address questions similar to those explored ...
Sun Yuelian - - 2011
Elevated maternal body temperature during pregnancy is of clinical concern as side effects have been reported. We estimated the association between maternal fever and sauna bathing during pregnancy and risk of epilepsy in the offspring. We identified 86,810 liveborn singletons from the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) and followed them ...
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