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Results 401 - 450 of 1013
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Ali R - - 2003
We observed 13 pregnant women of 70 females with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) from January 1992 through September 2002. Thirteen mothers with ITP gave birth to twelve babies and two fetuses died. One of the pregnancies produced twins. Seven of the cases were diagnosed with ITP before pregnancy and six ...
MacKenzie I Z - - 2003
In this paper, we aimed to identify changes in the indications for and timing of caesarean section over 20 years. This involved a prospective data collection by clinical record analysis throughout the 12-month periods for 1976, 1986 and 1996. The study was carried out in the maternity unit of a ...
Chauhan Suneet P - - 2003
The objective of this article was to review the recent English language literature on cesarean delivery for fetal distress to determine its incidence, diagnostic tests, and the contributing factors to this obstetric complications. A PubMed search (1990-2000) with items of "cesarean, fetal distress," "cesarean, non-reassuring fetal heart rate," "cesarean, neonatal ...
Merimsky Ofer - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The incidence of malignant musculoskeletal tumors during pregnancy is very low. The paucity of data precludes the drawing of solid conclusions regarding a standard approach. OBJECTIVES: To summarize our experience treating 13 pregnant women with malignant soft tissue or bone tumors. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 13 ...
Sansregret Andrée - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To compare maternal and neonatal morbidities between trial of labour (TOL) and elective Caesarean section in women with twin pregnancies who have had a prior Caesarean. METHODS: An observational study was conducted of women with a prior Caesarean who delivered twins at 28 weeks gestation or greater in Ste-Justine ...
O'Connell M P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between the practices of obstetric intervention in individual units. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the annual statistical returns to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of 222 units in the UK for 1997-98. RESULTS: A total of 212 units that delivered more than ...
Onagawa Tamaho - - 2003
A 28-year-old Japanese woman who had received continuous intravenous infusion of magnesium sulfate from 24 weeks of pregnancy until delivery underwent cesarean section at 30 weeks and gave birth to twins. Serum magnesium sharply declined to a subnormal level of 1.5 mg/dL on postpartum day 4. The patient exhibited sinus ...
Kannan S - - 2003
Control of hypertension during pregnancy may require the use of more than one agent. Occasionally, the combined effect of these agents can cause acute hypotension. This report describes a patient who underwent emergency caesarean section for concealed antepartum haemorrhage but had persistent hypotension most probably due to a combination of ...
Wong Kin Sun - - 2003
AIM: To clarify the usefulness of the fetal-pelvic index as a predictor of vaginal birth after previous lower segment cesarean section. METHODS: One hundred and seventy women with one lower segment cesarean section who attempted for trial of vaginal birth were enrolled. Pelvimetry was performed to measure maternal pelvic inlet ...
Delaney Tina - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes in twin gestations with a vertex presenting first twin undergoing either an elective repeat Caesarean section or a trial of labour subsequent to having had a Caesarean delivery in a prior pregnancy. METHODS: Maternal and newborn data from 1980 to 1999 in twin ...
Saleh S S - - 2003
This is a retrospective study analysing the reasons behind the observed increasing rate of caesarean section (C/S) over a 10-year period (1990-99) in the obstetric unit of Jordan University Hospital. All the indications of C/S carried out in the unit were analysed. The duration of the study was divided into ...
Jurkovic D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe first-trimester ultrasound diagnosis and management of pregnancies implanted into uterine Cesarean section scars. METHODS: All women referred for an ultrasound scan because of suspected early pregnancy complications were screened for pregnancies implanted into a previous Cesarean section scar. The management of Cesarean section scar pregnancies included transvaginal ...
Yang Ming-Jie - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy developing within a previous cesarean section scar is one of the rarest kinds of ectopic pregnancy. It can result in term pregnancy and therefore must be distinguished from cervical pregnancy. Irregular vaginal bleeding is common, but massive bleeding may lead to life-threatening situations. The treatment for postabortal or ...
Meininger Dirk - - 2003
Worldwide, long-acting bupivacaine is the most popular local anesthetic for spinal anesthesia in parturients undergoing elective cesarean delivery. With advances in surgical techniques, e.g., the Misgav Ladach method, and shorter duration of surgery, the local anesthetic mepivacaine, with an intermediate duration of action, may be a reasonable alternative. Our aim ...
Connolly Thomas - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) has historically remained a risk factor for obstetric patients, particularly those requiring cesarean section. The objective of this survey was to assess the response of general obstetricians to risk factor considerations for VTE prophylaxis and cesarean section. METHODS: A survey regarding VTE prophylaxis and cesarean section ...
Van den Kerckhove Eric - - 2003
The present study investigated the reproducibility of measurements with the Dermascan C on post-burn scars. Intra- and inter-rater reproducibility and test-retest reliability with a one week time lapse were examined on 40 post-burn scars of 6 volunteering burn patients by means of intra-class- correlation coefficients (ICC) and standard error of ...
Anteby Eyal Y - - 2003
Our ability to diagnose fetuses with congenital anomalies has dramatically increased over the past two decades and with improved surgical treatment for some defects, more women may choose to continue their pregnancies. Antenatal management is thus of increasing relevance. The literature on route of delivery suggests the following conclusions. Babies ...
Salomon L J - - 2003
Caesarean scar pregnancy (CSP), in which the pregnancy is located in the scar of a previous Caesarean section, is a rare situation that carries a high risk of uterine rupture. Improved ultrasound imaging allows early diagnosis of this condition, but there is no standard management. We report the first case ...
Armstrong Vanessa - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the ability of transvaginal ultrasound to detect cesarean scars and their defects in the nonpregnant state. METHODS: Asymptomatic, parous volunteers underwent transvaginal ultrasound of the cervix, uterus, and adnexa. Uterine measurements, the presence or absence of a cesarean scar, and the presence of a scar defect, defined ...
Phupong Vorapong - - 2003
Eisenmenger's syndrome in pregnancy is associated with a high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. When it occurs with severe preeclampsia, the morbidity and mortality are higher. We report the case of a 30 weeks' pregnant woman with Eisenmenger's syndrome and severe preeclampsia. Cesarean section was performed due to severe ...
Araf Mostafa A - - 2003
AIM: This study was conducted to reveal the determinants of obstetric interventions in El Shatby maternity hospital, the only obstetric care facility providing tertiary care in Alexandria METHODS: Parturient admitted to the delivery room during the morning and afternoon shifts between April and February 2002 were enrolled in the study. ...
Yamamoto Tetsuji - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The coexistence of pregnancy and liposarcoma is rare. Only 12 cases of pregnancy-associated liposarcoma have previously been reported in the English-language literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present two cases of liposarcoma occurring in pregnant patients: one myxoid liposarcoma in a 29-year-old woman at 29 weeks' gestation; another well-differentiated liposarcoma ...
Fengzhi Feng - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the high risk factors, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary embolism (PE) during pregnancy and the postpartum period. METHODS: Two cases of PE during pregnancy and postpartum period were reported retrospectively. RESULTS: The first case was a pregnant woman with congenital heart disease at 39-week gestation. ...
Sokolić V - - 2002
A case of 31-year old woman who underwent emergency caesarean section (CS) following suspicion of the HELLP syndrome was reported. She developed arterial hypertension in 33rd week. In 38th week of her gestation elevated liver enzymes and positive albumin in urine were reported and pathological flow in umbilical artery and ...
Chibber Rachana M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the course and outcome of pregnancy in 54 persistently HIV-1-seronegative pregnant commercial sex workers (prostitutes). STUDY DESIGN: Five hundred twenty-three initially HIV-1-seronegative prostitutes in Manipur, India, were studied between 1990 and 1999. Two hundred forty (46%) women seroconverted to HIV-1 during the study period. HIV-1 polymerase chain ...
Stotland Naomi E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare four strategies for treating patients with a previous classic cesarean delivery by medical outcomes and quality-adjusted life years. STUDY DESIGN: A decision tree was designed that compared four strategies for a hypothetical cohort of 10,000 women with a previous classic cesarean ...
Joyce Rachel - - 2002
We performed a cross-sectional study of all Thames maternity units, 1994-96, including 540,834 live and stillbirths. In contrast to recent media speculation, no association of caesarean section rates with midwifery staffing levels was found after adjustment for confounders. The only association with staffing was with levels of junior obstetric staffing, ...
Weiner Zeev - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine prospectively the effect on pregnancy outcome of a management protocol, that adds ultrasonographic weight estimation in fetuses suspected clinically as large. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective follow up study of all singleton deliveries during a 1 year period. All patients underwent routine clinical estimation of fetal weight. When clinical ...
O'Brien Karen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether postpartum x-ray pelvimetry can be used to calculate the fetal-pelvic index (FPI) in future pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: In stage I of the study, 10 gravid women, after 36 completed weeks' gestation, underwent x-ray pelvimetry before delivery. Pelvimetry was repeated within two days after delivery. Comparisons between ...
Cobellis G - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to check whether there exists a difference in restitutio ad integrum of the uterus after myomectomy performed during Caesarean section and out of pregnancy. METHODS: Two different groups are considered: Group A (n=8) that underwent myomectomy during Caesarean section; Group B (n=10) in ...
Wang Jianshe - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of different delivery modes on immunoprophylaxis efficacy so as to clarify whether or not cesarean section reduces immunoprophylaxis failure. METHODS: Mothers with positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) were selected in the third trimester of pregnancy. Their babies were inoculated with hepatitis B immunoglobulin at ...
Gandhimathi K - - 2002
A case of secondary pulmonary hypertension complicating twin pregnancy and necessitating caesarean section is presented. A planned team approach involving senior consultants in obstetrics, cardiology, neonatology and cardiac and obstetric anaesthesia resulted in successful perioperative management. Continuous spinal anaesthesia was the chosen technique to give adequate operating conditions with least ...
Wu Jennifer - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In prior studies, mood disturbance has been associated with poor obstetric outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether depression during pregnancy is associated with a higher frequency of cesarean or assisted vaginal delivery. STUDY DESIGN: A mood disorders questionnaire, which included the standardized Center for Epidemiologic ...
- - 2002
Effective rehabilitation and modern reproductive technology may increase the number of women considering pregnancy who have spinal cord injuries (SCIs). It is important that obstetricians caring for these patients are aware of the specific problems related to SCIs. Autonomic dysreflexia is the most significant medical complication seen in women with ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2002
A 23-year old second gravida presented with 8 1/2 months of amenorrhoea. The fundal height corresponded with 36 weeks of pregnancy with a single live foetus. Ultrasonography revealed a live foetus and a cystic mass over lower sacral region. Emergency caesarean section was performed and the baby was delivered with ...
Vitoratos Nicolaos - - 2002
Colorectal carcinoma during pregnancy is a rare event. We report a 23-year-old primigravida with advanced stage adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon diagnosed at 34 weeks of gestation. A healthy female infant was delivered by cesarean section. The treatment of choice was chemotherapy. The patient died 3 months after delivery.
Astroff A Barry - - 2002
BACKGROUND: An integral component of developmental toxicity studies is the evaluation of fetal anatomy, which consists of external, visceral, and skeletal examinations. The visceral examination includes an assessment of the fetal head which, in the rat, is typically completed after chemical fixation. Because chemical fixation requires approximately 7 days, a ...
Schneider-Kolsky M E - - 2002
In pregnancy the feto-placental unit is the major source of activin A. However, the role(s) of activin A in late pregnancy remain uncertain and controversial. In particular, whether activin A levels alter in association with labour is unclear. In a cross-sectional cohort study, maternal serum samples were collected from women ...
Fylstra Donald L - - 2002
Implantation of a pregnancy within the scar of a previous cesarean delivery is the rarest of ectopic pregnancy locations. Only 19 cases have been reported in the English medical literature since 1966. If diagnosed early, treatment options are capable of preserving the uterus and subsequent fertility. However, a delay in ...
Georgeson George D - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the antioxidant defense potential of human neonates according to gestational age and mode of delivery. STUDY DESIGN: Four study groups were established, full-term normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (FT-NSVD, n=24), full-term caesarean section (FT-CS, n=19), preterm normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (PT-NSVD, n=15) preterm caesarean section (PT-CS, n=21). The ...
Hayashi Masatoshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of placental trophoblasts and may regulate trophoblast invasion into the placental bed. M-CSF levels in peripheral blood show a significant increase in preeclampsia. Thus, the present study examined changes in blood levels of M-CSF before and after cesarean section and ...
Ben-Aroya Z - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare the success and complication rates of prostaglandin E2 tablets (PGE2) and a Foley catheter for the ripening of the uterine cervix in post-Cesarean section parturients. STUDY DESIGN: The study population in this retrospective cohort study consisted of parturients in their second pregnancy who had undergone Cesarean section ...
Bharti N - - 2002
Cerebellopontine-angle meningioma is a rare intracranial neoplasm. It presents a difficult problem in pregnancy. A 27-year-old multigravida presented with headache, vomiting and visual disturbances at 30 weeks' gestation and cerebellopontine angle meningioma and hydrocephalus were diagnosed. A ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed under general anesthesia to reduce the symptoms of raised ...
Ghezzi Fabio - - 2002
We report a case of a viable cesarean scar pregnancy diagnosed at 7 weeks of gestation. The patient was conservatively managed by chemotherapy, intra-amniotic instillation of potassium chloride, and bilateral uterine artery embolization. The gestational sac was not sonographically visible 44 days after the treatment. No surgical treatment was necessary.
Gilliam Melissa - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between prior cesarean delivery and placenta previa. METHODS: A hospital-based, case-control study was conducted in which 316 multiparous women with placenta previa were identified. Controls consisted of 2051 multiparous women with spontaneous vaginal deliveries. Information on prior cesarean delivery was examined in three forms: as ...
Weimin W - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the manifestation, diagnosis, and early management of early pregnancy on a previous cesarean section scar. METHOD: Fifteen cases of early pregnancies implanted on previous cesarean section scars were diagnosed and treated in two obstetrical centers. RESULTS: The 15 patients had light, painless vaginal bleeding and their serum ...
Coughlan Carol - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the mode of the next delivery for primigravid women who have an elective caesarean section for breech presentation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University teaching hospital. POPULATION: All primigravid women who had an elective caesarean section for a singleton pregnancy in the years 1992 to 1997 and ...
Devendra K - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic thrombocytopaenic purpura (ITP) is a common haematological disorder in young women. The management of ITP in pregnancy is controversial, particularly with regards to the mode of delivery. To date, there is no systematic study of the outcome of these pregnancies in Singapore. AIM: To study the outcomes of ...
Steier Johan A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the influence of gender on the disappearance of human chorionic gonadotropin by cesarean section after fullterm pregnancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine uncomplicated pregnancies: 26 had male (male group) and 23 had female (female group) fetuses. RESULTS: Before the cesarean section the serum human chorionic gonadotropin levels were ...
Drife J - - 2002
Obstetric intervention originally consisted of extraction of the baby, usually by the breech, to save the mother's life in obstructed labour. Forceps, introduced in the 17th century, were later refined by men-midwives like William Smellie. In Victorian times, Simpson championed chloroform anaesthesia, Lister pioneered antisepsis, and caesarean section was introduced. ...
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