Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1012
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Garg Vibha Kailash - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Prior to 1996, most women who had undergone two previous cesarean deliveries were offered only cesarean delivery at Al-Hasa Health Centre. A policy of trial of labor was instituted in 1996. We compared the outcome of trial of labor versus cesarean delivery in women with a history of two ...
Morawietz Gerd - - 2004
This is the third part of a series of three articles on trimming instructions of rat and mouse protocol organs and tissues in regulatory type toxicity studies, covering the urinary, nervous, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, and lymphoreticular systems. The article is based on the experience of the European RITA and American NACAD ...
Orme R M L E - - 2004
Although heart disease is now the joint leading cause of maternal mortality in the UK, critical aortic stenosis is rarely encountered in parturients. Caesarean section is advisable in these patients to minimise the haemodynamic stress of labour and delivery. The use of an opioid-based general anaesthetic technique also helps to ...
Yildirim Cuma - - 2004
The case of a severely traumatized pregnant patient, in whom a perimortem cesarean section, in the emergency department, led to the birth of a viable baby, with long-term survivor, is described. A postmortem cesarean section, resulting in fetal survival, performed after 45 minutes of maternal cardiopulmonary resuscitation is reported in ...
Ikechebelu, Joseph I; Department ...
Background: Fetal distress has significantly contributed to the rising caesarean section rate, which is as high as 20?25%. Caesarean section for clinically diagnosed fetal distress has been criticized as being unjustified in many instances. Objectives: To assess the fetal outcome in women delivered by caesarean section following a clinical diagnosis ...
Zimmer E Z - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether uterine contractions at the time of a Cesarean section have an impact on future presence and location of a cervical Cesarean scar. METHODS: A targeted transvaginal ultrasound examination of the fetus, uterus and cervix was done in 2973 consecutive women at 14-16 weeks' gestation. The sonographer ...
Fox Linda K - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to assess feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) pelvimetry in conjunction with fetal ultrasonography as a technique in evaluating patients with previous cesarean sections for cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD). STUDY DESIGN: Pregnant patients with one previous cesarean section for CPD who planned a trial of labor ...
Seyrek-Intas Kamil - - 2004
During caesarean section of bitches a beginning tissue necrosis of the uterus is often encountered. These alterations mostly require ovariohysterectomy that means the end of breeding life. The aim of this study was to create a model for unilateral hysterectomy during dystocia and to evaluate subsequent fertility. Unilateral cornuectomy was ...
Auer M - - 2004
We report a case of prenatal diagnosis of premature closure of the ductus arteriosus following maternal diclofenac therapy at 35 weeks of gestation. Fetal echocardiography at 37 weeks of gestation revealed a dilated right ventricle with moderate tricuspid regurgitation, pulmonary insufficiency and complete closure of the ductus arteriosus. Immediate Cesarean ...
Kjaer Klaus - - 2004
Pregnancy in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) increases the risk of complement activation, hemolysis, and thrombosis. We describe the anesthetic management of a patient with PNH who underwent general anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Steroids, heparin, and blood products were administered early to minimize the likelihood of a hematologic emergency. ...
Arakawa M - - 2004
Pregnancy has been reported to enhance the sensitivity of nerves to local anesthetics and to decrease anesthetic requirements during regional anesthesia. In this study, whether pregnancy increased the efficacy of lumbar epidural anesthesia was evaluated. Two populations (14 pregnant and 14 non-pregnant women) undergoing lumbar epidural anesthesia were studied and ...
Hensle T W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the obstetric and urological outcomes during and after pregnancy following urinary tract reconstruction, as pregnancies after such surgery can have a significant effect on the function of the reconstructed urinary tract, and the reconstruction can significantly affect the delivery of the fetus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively ...
Shorten Allison - - 2004
This paper presents the development and pilot testing of an evidence-based decision-aid for pregnant women who have experienced previous caesarean section and who are considering options for birth in a subsequent pregnancy. The Ottawa Decision Support Framework (DSF) has been utilised and modified in the development of a tailored booklet ...
Bergholt Thomas - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess Danish obstetricians' and gynecologists' personal preference and general attitude towards elective cesarean section on maternal request in uncomplicated single cephalic pregnancies at term. DESIGN: Nation-wide anonymous postal questionnaire. POPULATION: Four hundred and fifty-five obstetricians and gynecologists identified in the records of the Danish Society of Obstetrics and ...
Tourtier J P - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To survey French anaesthetic practice regarding acid aspiration prophylaxis and compare it with an earlier survey. METHODS: A confidential questionnaire was sent to all 800 maternity units in France to assess three major topics: (a) drugs used for pharmacological prophylaxis; (b) regional anaesthesia for labour and Caesarean ...
Scharrer I - - 2004
The clinical presentation of VWD shows sex-related differences of symptoms. In women the most typical symptoms are menorrhagia, bleeding during and after delivery or abortion and bleeding in connection with caesarean section or gynaecological surgery. Menorrhagia is one of the most common symptoms presented to gynaecologists. In 7-20% of menorrhagia ...
Ecker Jeffrey L - - 2004
Although vaginal delivery has long been assumed to be the preferred route of delivery in women who have not had a prior cesarean delivery, some have recently advocated that women be offered the option of elective, primary cesarean delivery in all pregnancies. Available outcome data, however, do not permit ready ...
Funakoshi Yasunobu - - 2004
In 1998, a 32-year-old woman in week 38 of pregnancy was referred to our hospital because of swelling of the lower extremities and dyspnea at rest. A massive pulmonary embolism and thrombi in the right and left atria were detected. After a successful cesarean section, emergent pulmonary embolectomy was performed ...
Maymon R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to supplement the mostly individual case reports on the rarely occurring and life-threatening condition of ectopic pregnancy developing in a Caesarean section scar. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight of all the patients treated in our department between 1995 and 2002 had been diagnosed for ectopic pregnancy that ...
Pekin T - - 2004
A 33-year-old pregnant woman of 38 weeks' gestation with massive peritoneal ascites presented. A cesarean section was performed and a viable 3.100 g male infant was delivered. Biopsy of the nodular enlargements from the omentum revealed a malignant epithelial peritoneal mesothelioma. Malignant mesothelioma is a rare malignancy which has not ...
Groutz Asnat - - 2004
AIMS: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in young women is usually the result of pelvic floor injury during vaginal delivery. Whether cesarean section delivery may prevent such injury is questionable. We undertook a prospective study to compare the prevalence of SUI among primiparae 1 year after spontaneous vaginal delivery versus elective ...
SkoczyƄski Mariusz - - 2004
Caesarean section is one of the most frequently performed surgical procedures in current obstetric practice. There are several reasons for this upward tendency, including well developed hemotherapy, anesthesia, antibiotic treatment and skilled doctors. Despite such risks as uterine rupture, necessity of blood transfusion or the possibility of the necessity of ...
Compagnoni G - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Oxygen (O2) plays a critical role in the O2-reduction reactions indispensable for life, but can produce free radicals that are involved in many diseases. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), acting as a redox carrier in the respiratory chain, occupies a central position in the energy metabolism and oxidative defence. Neonates seem ...
Cohain Judy Slome - - 2004
Some clinicians have used a single, poorly-designed, retrospective study of single-layer vs. double-layer repair of the uterus during cesarean surgery to justify denying women the option of a trial of labor on subsequent pregnancies. This paper reviews the latest research and suggests the adoption of four new protocols for women ...
Jacquemyn Yves - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To assess Flemish obstetricians' preferences about mode of delivery for themselves or their partners and to determine the frequency of caesarean section on demand in Flanders. STUDY DESIGN: A structured anonymous postal questionnaire was sent to all 672 registered gynaecologist-obstetricians in Flanders. RESULTS: The response rate was 44%. In ...
Maglione Annamaria - - 2003
Only five pregnant women with multiple myeloma have been reported in literature. We present the case of one woman with multiple myeloma diagnosed in early pregnancy, who decided to postpone therapy until after delivery. A cesarean section was performed at the 34th week due to the progression of the disease ...
Bremerich D H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, long-acting bupivacaine is most commonly used for spinal anesthesia in parturients undergoing elective Cesarean delivery. However, advances in surgical technique and shorter duration of surgery make short-acting local anesthetic like mepivacaine appropriate, particularly if combined with opioids to enhance postoperative maternal pain relief. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We assessed ...
Goldberg Roger P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The object of this study was to determine the prevalence of anal incontinence among women with previous multiple pregnancy and childbirth and assess risk factors. STUDY DESIGN: A 77-item questionnaire was administered to 769 mothers of multiples. Statistical analyses included chi(2), Student t test, and logistic regression. RESULTS: Seven ...
Lao Hsuan-Chih HC Department of Anesthesiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2003
Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) from an arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in pregnancy is quite rare and could lead to exceedingly high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. We report a 26-year-old woman at 36 weeks' gestation who sustained ICH due to two huge AVMs. For preventing from progressive increased intracranial pressure (IICP), ...
Smith Gordon C S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of disorders of placentation in subsequent pregnancies, but effects on the rate of antepartum stillbirth are unknown. We aimed to establish whether previous caesarean delivery is associated with an increased risk of antepartum stillbirth. METHODS: We linked pregnancy discharge data from ...
Van Horenbeeck A - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Abnormal uterine bleeding is a frequent symptom in gynecology, caused by functional as well as by anatomic genital tract abnormalities. CASE: An endocervical diverticulum was diagnosed in a patient with secondary infertility, intermenstrual bleeding, and a prior cesarean delivery. Dehiscence of the cesarean scar was visualized by ultrasound, hysterosalpingogram, ...
Weerasekera D S - - 2003
This study was performed to determine the obstetric and neonatal outcome in women who become pregnant at and after 40 years of age compared to pregnancies below the age of 40. The study was performed at Colombo South Teaching Hospital in Sri Lanka and the study population included 150 women ...
Tabedar S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to compare the insertion characteristics and incidence of PDPH between 25 gauge Quincke needle and 26 gauge Eldor needle for spinal anaesthesia in elective c/s. METHOD: 60 pregnant women (aged 19-35 yrs and weighing 58 -67 kg) undergoing elective caesarean section were randomized into group ...
Joseph K S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the contribution of changes in maternal characteristics (namely, age, parity, prepregnancy weight, weight gain in pregnancy, smoking status) and obstetric practice (namely, labor induction, epidural anesthesia, delivery by an obstetrician, midpelvic forceps delivery) to recent increases in primary cesarean delivery rates. METHODS: We studied all deliveries in ...
Onifade R A - - 2003
The maximum cervical dilatation achieved by parturients who went through labour prior to their primary caesarean births were related to the mode of delivery in the subsequent birth to ascertain if there is a link between the two. The success rates of vaginal births after primary Caesarean sections (VBAC) for ...
Geohas Chris - - 2003
Pregnancy in the setting of pulmonary hypertension and Eisenmenger physiology is associated with a substantial maternal and fetal risk. Such patients are advised against pregnancy. We report a case of a woman with an Eisenmenger atrial septal defect diagnosed during the last trimester of pregnancy. On presentation, she was critically ...
Lashbrook Daphne L - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study explored residents' views about pregnancy during residency and the effect leaves of absence had on the quantity of surgical procedures performed. STUDY DESIGN: Physicians who graduated from an obstetrics and gynecology residency between 1994 and 2002 were contacted by mail. Respondents completed a questionnaire and consented to ...
Mankuta David D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The risk of perinatal death associated with labor after previous cesarean section appears higher than with a repeated cesarean section. On the other hand, repeated cesarean sections are associated with increased maternal morbidity and mortality from placental pathologic conditions (previa or accreta) on subsequent pregnancies. The study was undertaken ...
Kraus Susan F - - 2003
The current world literature estimates the incidence of appendicitis in pregnancy at approximately 1 case per 1500 normal deliveries. Observations of one physician and review of records from Saint Anthony Hospital in Oklahoma City have suggested potential benefit to routine examination of the appendix at the time of cesarean section ...
Elter Koray - - 2003
OBJECTIVE(S): To investigate whether the mode of delivery effects the birthweight. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, 3092 singleton live births following uncomplicated pregnancies were analyzed. Birthweights were expressed as multiples of the median (MoM) for the relevant gestational week. The birthweight of children born vaginally was compared with those ...
Stallard Timothy C - - 2003
The emergency department is a suboptimal location for delivery, and the greater prevalence of complicated presentations and emergency deliveries results in higher morbidity and mortality. Any woman greater than 20 weeks' gestation in labor is considered medically unstable and should be triaged quickly. Fetal viability occurs after 24 to 26 ...
Figueroa R - - 2003
A 33-year-old primipara with a previous low transverse Cesarean delivery underwent labor induction at 41 weeks' gestation with a 10-mg dinoprostone vaginal insert. Eleven hours later, with the cervix fully dilated, an emergency Cesarean delivery was performed because of repetitive variable decelerations followed by fetal bradycardia. A posterior uterine wall ...
Cook Jennifer R - - 2003
A total of 43 pregnancies that occurred subsequent to endometrial ablation were reported to July 2002. Only 17 of these pregnancies had progressed beyond 20 weeks. We report a successful planned pregnancy following endometrial ablation and sterilization reversal, culminating in vaginal birth after a previous Caesarean section. The English literature ...
Faiz Shakeel A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review the peripartum clinical course of patients whose pregnancies were complicated by umbilical cord prolapse and to evaluate its impact on neonatal outcome. METHODS: All cases of cord prolapse managed in King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between 1990-2000 were identified. There were 111 patients ...
Okogbenin S A - - 2003
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, indications, associations and complications of obstetric hysterectomy in our centre with a view to suggesting ways of improving outcome. This is a descriptive study of patients who had obstetric hysterectomy in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital from January 1986 ...
Rane S M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of parity on the relationship between pre-induction cervical length and the risk of Cesarean section in women undergoing induction of labor for prolonged pregnancy. METHODS: In 382 singleton pregnancies, induction of labor was carried out at 41 + 3 to 42 + 1 weeks of ...
Landau Ruth - - 2003
We report the successful management and outcome of spinal anesthesia for Cesarean delivery in a woman with a surgically corrected Arnold Chiari Type 1 malformation, a seizure disorder, and idiopathic thrombocytopenia of pregnancy.
Hvidman Lone - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to identify prepregnancy, pregnancy and delivery correlates of urinary incontinence postpartum (PP UI) as reported by women in a cross-sectional population sample. METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was carried out in 1998 in a random population sample of 3900 20- to 59-year-old ...
Sadan Oscar - - 2003
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to assess the feasibility of vacuum delivery through a nonfully dilated cervix. The study group consisted of 39 women with vacuum deliveries through a nonfully dilated cervix larger than 9 cm and station of the head at S or more +2 cm. These ...
Ali R - - 2003
We observed 13 pregnant women of 70 females with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) from January 1992 through September 2002. Thirteen mothers with ITP gave birth to twelve babies and two fetuses died. One of the pregnancies produced twins. Seven of the cases were diagnosed with ITP before pregnancy and six ...
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